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PENGEMBANGAN TATA KELOLA INDUSTRI KECIL-MENENGAH DI MADURA  [cached]
Rachmad Hidayat,Yudha Herlambang
Jurnal Teknik Industri , 2009,
Abstract: This research aims to investigate the effectiveness of the governance assistance for the Maduranese Small Medium Enterprises. The aids were given though cooperation between SMES and state-owned companies, the easiness to get credit loans, entrepreneurial trainings. The Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) was employed to test the hypotheses which emerged from those conditions. Moreover, the AMOS 4.0 was also used to perform the SEM. The results showed that the easiness to get credit loan has not improved the SMEs’ performance directly, contradictively, it decreased their performances. Additionally, centralized entrepreneurial trainings also could not boost their performances. The only factor which has a positive impact was the cooperation between the SMEs and the state-owned companies. Based on these results, we therefore, propose policies that include the cooperation between state-owned as well as public companies and SMEs. Moreover, they also should aware on the Maduranesse culture. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Penelitian ini mengkaji pengaruh tata kelola pembinaan pemerintah (bantuan Badan Usaha Milik Negara dan kredit perbankan dan kewirausahaan) terhadap kinerja Industri Kecil dan Menengah (IKM). Analisis yang digunakan untuk menjawab hipotesis adalah Structural Equation Modeling (SEM) dengan menggunakan program AMOS 4.0. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pembinaan yang dilakukan pemerintah melalui pemberian kredit perbankan ternyata tidak serta merta dapat meningkatkan kinerja tetapi malah menurunkan kinerja. Demikian juga pola pendidikan kewirausahaan yang formal dan tersentralisasi terbukti tidak dapat meningkatkan kinerja IKM di Madura. Perumusan tentang beberapa kebijakan operasional yang perlu mendapatkan perhatian pihak pemerintah terutama penguatan di bidang usaha spesifik kekhasan budaya lokal. Pola kerja sama dengan Badan Usaha Milik Negara dengan pola bisnis murni mungkin bisa menjadi alternatif pembinaan pemerintah dengan berpegang teguh pada budaya masyarakat Madura. Kata kunci: bantuan Badan Usaha Milik Negara, kewirausahaan dan kinerja Industri Kecil Menengah.
Kajian Pendekatan Pemasaran Kewirausahaan dan Kinerja Penjualan Usaha Kecil  [cached]
Ernani Hadiyati
Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan , 2009,
Abstract: The concept of entrepreneurship marketing is a scientific discipline that studies about the value, the ability and the person's behavior in dealing with various problems related to business opportunities in an effort to get done. Through the concept of entrepreneurship marketing is by itself capable of creating a more focused business conditions related to attempt the achievement of those objectives. The purpose of this study is the first to know and analyze the variables include entrepreneurship marketing : concepts, strategies, methods and market intelligence simultanously influence sales performance. Second, to identify and analyze variables include entrepreneurial marketing concepts, strategies, methods and market intelligence influenced partially to the sales performance. Third, to identify and analyze variables include entrepreneurial marketing concepts, strategies, methods and market intelligence dominate the sales performance. Location of research on chips and small industries tempe in Malang. Type of research is explanatory research that analyzed the relationship the dependent variable and independent variables. Tool is a multiple linear regression analysis using SPSS for windows 16:00. To test the hypothesis by using F tests and t tests. From the analysis found that, first of entrepreneurial marketing variables that includes concepts, strategies, methods and market intelligence simultanously influence sales performance. Second, the variables include entrepreneurial marketing concepts, strategies, methods and market intelligence is partially an effect on the performance of the sale. Third, the strategy is entrepreneurial marketing variables that influence most of sales performance.
Kreativitas dan Inovasi Berpengaruh Terhadap Kewirausahaan Usaha Kecil  [cached]
Ernani Hadiyati
Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan , 2011,
Abstract: The role of SMEs can be said to be very important in the national economy. The role is mainly in the aspects such as increased employment opportunities,equity, income ,rural economic development ,and increase non-oil exports. Entrepreneurship is the ability to be creative and innovative basic, tips, and resources to look for opportunities to success. The essence of entrepreneurship is the ability to create something new and different through creative thinking and innovative action to create opportunities. The purpose of the study include: first to identify and analyze variables influence creativity and innovation simultaneously towards entrepreneurship. Second, to identify and analyze variables influence creativity partially towards entrepreneurship. Third, to identify and analyze the innovation variables the partial effect on entrepreneurship. Fourth, to identify and analyze the dominant influence between creativity and innovation of entrepreneurship. Location of the research done on small welding shop in the district of Malang regency Pujon. Number of respondents 53. This type of research is exploratory. Types of data used is data collected by primary and save a list of questions. The results are as follows: first, variables influence creativity and innovation simultaneously towards entrepreneurship. Second, creativity variables partially influence on entrepreneurship. Third, innovation variables partially influence on entrepreneurship. Fourth, innovation variables have the most impact on entrepreneurship.
Macro issues of Mikro Primary School
E Bray
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2007,
Abstract: Mikro Primary School is an Afrikaans medium public school whose governing body refused to accede to an order of the Western Cape Department of Education to change the language policy of the school so as to convert it into a parallel medium Afrikaans/English school. The Supreme Court of Appeal held that section 29(2) of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, means that everyone has a right to be educated in an official language of his or her choice at a public educational institution to be provided by the State if reasonably practicable, but not the right to be so instructed at each and every public educational institution, subject only to it being reasonably practicable to do so. The court held that the language policy and admission policy of Mikro were not contrary to any provision of the Constitution, the South African Schools Act 84 of 1996, the Western Cape Provincial School Education Act 12 of 1997 or the Norms and Standards. The MEC and the department were prohibited and restrained from compelling or attempting to compel the school or its principal to admit learners for instruction otherwise than in compliance with its language policy and applicable provisions of the Schools Act and the Norms and Standards. The court declared the conduct of the department’s officials to be an unlawful interference with the government and professional management of the school in contravention of section 16 of the Schools Act and prohibited and restrained them from interfering unlawfully. The court rejected a previous interpretation of the term “organ of state” and relied on the Constitution which determines that any institution exercising a public power or performing a public function in terms of any legislation is an organ of state (section 239(b)(ii)). This means that the public school (acting through its governing body) is clearly an organ of state because as an institution it exercises a public-education power and performs public-education functions in terms of the Schools Act, for example
Macro Issues of Mikro Primary School  [PDF]
E Bray
Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad , 2007,
Abstract: Mikro Primary School is an Afrikaans medium public school whose governing body refused to accede to an order of the Western Cape Department of Education to change the language policy of the school so as to convert it into a parallel medium Afrikaans/English school. The Supreme Court of Appeal held that section 29(2) of the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa, 1996, means that everyone has a right to be educated in an official language of his or her choice at a public educational institution to be provided by the State if reasonably practicable, but not the right to be so instructed at each and every public educational institution, subject only to it being reasonably practicable to do so. The court held that the language policy and admission policy of Mikro were not contrary to any provision of the Constitution, the South African Schools Act 84 of 1996, the Western Cape Provincial School Education Act 12 of 1997 or the Norms and Standards. The MEC and the department were prohibited and restrained from compelling or attempting to compel the school or its principal to admit learners for instruction otherwise than in compliance with its language policy and applicable provisions of the Schools Act and the Norms and Standards. The court declared the conduct of the department’s officials to be an unlawful interference with the government and professional management of the school in contravention of section 16 of the Schools Act and prohibited and restrained them from interfering unlawfully. The court rejected a previous interpretation of the term “organ of state” and relied on the Constitution which determines that any institution exercising a public power or performing a public function in terms of any legislation is an organ of state (section 239(b)(ii)). This means that the public school (acting through its governing body) is clearly an organ of state because as an institution it exercises a public-education power and performs public-education functions in terms of the Schools Act, for example.
Faktor-faktor yang Mempengaruhi Pengusaha Kecil dan Mikro Mendaftar Menjadi Wajib Pajak Orang Pribadi
Diaz Priantara,Bambang Supriyadi
Jurnal Akuntansi dan Keuangan , 2011,
Abstract: Tax has a siginicant role in achieving the Government budget. Therefore, the government expects the number of personal taxpayer who have already met the subjective and objective requirements will increase. The easiest approach to increase taxpayer is to encourage the employers to require all their employees to register themselves as taxpayer, otherwise the employees will be withheld with higher tax rate. On the other side registration of individual who does not have employee status to be personal taxpayer is highly depend on his tax compliance. This research studies the factors of need, convenience, sanction and perception that affect registration compliance of individual. The primary data is obtained through ques-tionnaires with Likert scale from retail traders or small businessmen at traditional market, Menteng Pulo, South Jakarta. Logistic regression is used in this study. The result proves that the need and convenience factors have significant effect on adherence individual to be personal taxpayer. While sanction and perception factors show the opposite. However, all factors simultaneously have significant effect on compliance to personal taxpayer.
Potensi Klaster Agroindustri Usaha Mikro Kecil dan Menengah di Provinsi Jambi
Junaidi, Amri Amir, Hardiani
Jurnal Perspektif Pembiayaan dan Pembangunan Daerah , 2014,
Abstract: The purpose of research is to 1). Analyzing the agro-industry group of SMEs that have the potential to be developed as an agro-industry clusters of SMEs in Jambi Province; (2. Analyze the various potentials, opportunities, barriers and challenges in the development of agro-industry SMEs in Jambi Province. The data used consist of primary data and secondary data. Primary data were collected from experts and stakeholders associated with agro-industry and agro-industry businesses. Collecting data using a structured questionnaire and interview. Secondary data sourced from related institutions / organizations at the national, provincial, district and sub-district. To identify and analyze the potential for agro-industry SME cluster development is done with consideration of the number of business units and discussions with the experts to get the cluster potential agro-industry group. Furthermore, to analyze the potential, opportunities, barriers and challenges of development of agro-industry cluster analyzed descriptively based on surveys and direct observation in the agro-industry businesses that have the potential clusters in Jambi Province. . The analysis was done by descriptive against internal and external conditions of SMEs. The results found that there are five groups of agroindustrial SMEs that have the potential to be developed in clusters, namely: industrial tempe / tofu soy: copra industry; industrial crackers, chips, dent and the like; industrial woven from rattan and bamboo instead of wood furniture as well as industry. Furthermore, in terms of business development, SMEs in Jambi Province showed relatively good progress, especially when seen from the development of production volume, revenue / turnover, product selling prices, raw material prices and profits. However, there are major obstacles in the development of the agro-industry is the future of SMEs, especially those related to the availability of raw materials, labor, market share and production equipment
KEBERLANGSUNGAN AGENSI KREDIT MIKRO DALAM MEMBANGUN PEDAGANG KECIL : BAITUL MAL WAT-TAMWIL DI PROVINSI RIAU
KHAIDIR SAIB
JEBI (JURNAL EKONOMI DAN BISNIS ISLAM) , 2016,
Abstract: One of the micro-finance agency, is Baitul Mal wat-Tamwil considered as Islamic micro finance agencies that can provide financial services to people with low income. Islamic micro finance agencies in the past have always shown considerable achievements in terms of quantity, the contribution of the absorption of labour power to the gross national income, so that efforts to empower communities through the development of its own capabilities and social and economic institutions that can reach and serve more commu-nities busi-ness unit that cannot be reached directly by the general banking or Islamic banking. Looking a t the development effort, it is necessary to network better security, so that the existence of Baitul Mal wat-Tamwil in-creasingly power-ful, healthy and sustainable. The methodology used in this study qualitative approach. This study shows that there are some factors that affect the sustainability of the BMT finesse Access Capital, Ability to resolve problems installment payment, strict control function, Employee Collabora-tion (teamwork), willing and Challenges Facing obstacles and Supply of Human Resources.
Peningkatan Kinerja Melalui Orientasi Kewirausahaan, Kemampuan Manajemen, dan Strategi Bisnis (Studi pada Industri Kecil Menengah Bordir di Jawa Timur)  [cached]
Rahayu Puji Suci
Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan , 2009,
Abstract: This research is conducted to investigate the influence of entrepreneurship orientation with emphasis on the management skills of the entrepreneur, and business strategy towards performance.the research is applied to the small and middle enterprise (sme) of embroidery industries in east java which have to encounter dynamic and uncertain environment and high intensity competition and need good management skills and appropriate business strategy in order to win in the competition. The population of the research is the entrepreneurs who are also the owners and managers of the small and middle embroidery industries in east java. The research used survey method and for that reason samples are needed. The sampling techniques needed two stages (it was a two stage technique). The total samples were 314 samples taken from 5 research areas. Meanwhile, the testing of the influence of management skills variable towards business strategy showed that the business strategy was influenced by the management skills of sme. Besides, the management skills influence performance, the higher the management skills of the entrepreneurs the higher their performance.
PERANAN UNIVERSITAS DALAM MEMOTIVASI SARJANA MENJADI YOUNG ENTREPRENEURS (Seri Penelitian Kewirausahaan)  [cached]
Yohnson Yohnson
Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan , 2003,
Abstract: The role of university to motivate the fresh graduate to be young entrepreneurs is very important to increase the number of entrepreneurs. Be Increasing of young entrepreneurs will decrease unemployment and it will even open more job vacancies. How the university can produce young entrepreneurs. The role of university is explained by some expert of entrepreneurship .One of them is explained by Thomas Zimmerer . He explained that one factor that triggers the growth of entrepreneurship is educational entrepreneurship. Mr.Douglas.A Gray suggested that people should start their own business as soon as possible. For example, when the students are still studying in the university they can try to start their own business. By empirical data, research has been done to Petra Christian University Student about the dominant factor that influences the student to be young entrepreneurs. The result of the research shows that the dominant factor is opportunity. Therefore the university should play it's roles which are giving information about the advantages of becoming entrepreneurs, giving educational entrepreneurship and providing some activities where they can practice their knowledge and feel the entrepreneurship world. With those roles of the university, young entrepreneurs can be produce successfully. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Peranan Universitas dalam memotivasi sarjana menjadi wirausahawan muda sangat penting dalam menumbuhkan jumlah wirausahawan . Dengan meningkatnya wirausahawan dari kalangan sarjana akan mengurangi pertambahan jumlah pengangguran bahkan menambah jumlah lapangan pekerjaan. Pertanyaannya adalah bagaimana pihak universitas dapat mencetak wirausahawan muda. Peranan universitas dijelaskan oleh beberapa pendapat para ahli bidang kewirausahaan .Salah satunya dijelaskan oleh Thomas Zimmerer bahwa salah satu faktor pendorong pertumbuhan kewirausahaan adalah pendidikan kewirausahaan. Selain itu Douglas A.Gray menyarankan untuk memulai usaha sejak dini misalnya pada waktu masih kuliah . Sedangkan data secara empirical juga didapatkan melalui penelitian yang dilakukan pada alumni Universitas Kristen Petra tentang faktor paling dominan memotivasi alumni menjadi wirausahawan. Hasil penelitian tersebut menyebutkan bahwa faktor kesempatan yang mendorong alumni memutuskan menjadi wirausahawan. Jadi pihak universitas berperan menjadi pemberi informasi tentang kesempatan apa yang akan didapat jika menjadi wirausahawan, serta memberikan pendidikan kewirausahaan dan memberikan wadah bagi mahasiswa dalam menerapkan ilmunya dengan mendirikan bisnis kecil di l
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