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Dr. Arjun Singh Sirari,Mr. Narendra Singh Bohra
International Journal of Economics and Research , 2011,
Abstract: ABSTRACT FDI is a tool for economic growth through its strengthening of domestic capital, productivity and employment. FDI also plays a vital role in the up gradation of technology, skills and managerial capabilities in various sectors of the economy. The present paper attempts to analyze significance of the FDI Inflows in Indian service sector since 1991 and relating the growth of service sector FDI in generation of employment in terms of skilled and unskilled.
Impact of Economic Liberalization on Technical Efficiency of Firms: Evidence from India’s Electronics Industry  [PDF]
Dipayan Datta Chaudhuri
Theoretical Economics Letters (TEL) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/tel.2016.63061
Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to analyze the impact of economic liberalization on technical progress and technical efficiency of electronics hardware manufacturing firms in India. In this study, Translog stochastic frontier production function is estimated in order to measure technical progress and technical efficiency of firms in an era of economic liberalization. The results indicate that electronics hardware manufacturing firms in India have experienced a significant improvement in technical progress during 2002-2010 but the average level of technical efficiency of firms has declined during the same period. The study therefore, concludes that a number of firms have failed to appropriate the benefits of technical progress in India’s electronics industry. It has also been observed that implementation of the Information Technology Agreement (ITA) of World Trade Organization (WTO) does not have any significant impact on technical efficiency of firms operating in the electronics industry.
Impact of FDI on GDP: A Comparative Study of China and India  [cached]
Gaurav Agrawal,Mohd. Aamir Khan
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n10p71
Abstract: Present paper attempts to investigate the effect of FDI on economic growth of China and India. To take care of the issue of structural change in economy, time period of the study is taken to be 1993-2009. First of all we built our modified growth model from basic growth model. The factors included in growth model were GDP, Humal Capital, Labor Force, FDI and Gross Capital Formation, among which GDP was dependent variable while rest four were independent variables. After running OLS (Ordinary Least Square) method of regression we found that 1% increase in FDI would result in 0.07% increase in GDP of China and 0.02% increase in GDP of India. We also found that China’s growth is more affected by FDI, than India’s growth. The study also provides possible reasons behind China’s great show of FDI and the lessons India should learn from China for better utilization of FDI.
A Review of the Impact of Foreign Direct Investment on Indian Retailing  [cached]
Mukesh Mundrab,Manju Singh
International Journal of Sciences : Basic and Applied Research , 2013, DOI: sheetal mundra
Abstract: Retailing is the largest private industry in India and second largest employer in the Indian economy. At present, India’s retail sector is largely unorganized, with about 15 million tiny outlets. Organized retail is restricted to few cities and catering largely to a small portion of population. In spite of development in organized retailing and its immense contribution to economy, the growth of organized retailing in India has been much slower as compared to rest of the world and one of the major reason is that retailing is one of the few sector where foreign direct investment ( FDI) is not fully allowed. Liberalizing flow of FDI into the retail sector has been a subject of active debate for a long time. This paper examines the global trends of FDI in retailing and its contribution in economic development. The paper reviews that post liberalization, FDI has stimulated the growth in different sector in India. The paper finds that FDI in retailing can be a powerful catalyst for development of organized retail and the fears being perceived by unorganized retail have no logical or historical base. The intense competition will have positive impact for all the stakeholders.
Effects of FDI on Capital Account and GDP: Empirical Evidence from India  [cached]
Sushant Sarode
International Journal of Business and Management , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v7n8p102
Abstract: Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is boomed post reform in India. FDI inflows changed not only the domestic investment but also the trade situation. Then it related to balance of payments tightly. This paper aims to find the link between FDI and its impact on Indian economy. In this paper, data of some variables affecting current account balance and capital & financial account balance from 1997 to 2011 is used to generate some results. I have utilized Granger causality test and impulse response function to analyze effect of FDI to capital and financial accounts and GDP of India. The empirical results indicate that FDI has a negative effect on current account and a positive effect on capital account.
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2013,
Abstract: A perusal of India's FDI policy vis-à-vis other major emerging market economics (EMEs) reveals that though India's approach towards foreign investment has been relatively conservative to begin with, it progressively started catching up with the more liberalized policy stance of other EMEs from the early 1990s onwards, inter alia in terms of wider access to different sectors of the economy, ease of starting business, repatriation of dividend and profits and relaxations regarding norms for owning equity. This progressive liberalization, coupled with considerable improvement in terms of macroeconomic fundamentals, reflected in growing size of FDI flows to the country that increased nearly 5 fold during first decade of the present millennium. FDI inflows to India witnessed significant moderation in 2010-11 while other EMEs in Asia and Latin America received large inflows. This had raised concerns in the wake of widening current account deficit in India beyond the perceived sustainable level of 3.0 per cent of GDP during April-December 2010. This also assumes significance as FDI is generally known to be the most stable component of capital flows needed to finance the current account deficit. Moreover, it adds to investible resources, provides access to advanced technologies, assists in gaining production know-how and promotes exports. This paper has been organized as follows: Section 1 FDI Policy Framework in India Pre and Post Liberalization period. Section 2 Trends in FDI Inflows to India, Section 3 FDI slowdown – Explanations Offered Section 4 what caused dip in FDI flows to India during 2010-11? And the last Section 5 is presents the conclusions and some suggestions.
Zaman Gheorghe,Vasile Valentina,Cristea Anca
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: This survey analyses aspects of the relationship between FDI and sustainable development within the Romanian economy, focusing in particular on volume, dynamics and structure of FDI companies in Romania, impact on imports and exports as well as ratio between repatriated profit and profit reinvested in the host country. A series of proposals have been made for increasing the contribution of FDI in the sustainable development of Romania by attracting FDI in particular to the tradable sector and for increasing the favourable propagation effects to Romanian companies.
Review of Research , 2012,
Abstract: Foreign direct investment provide an inflow of foreign capital and funds, investment in addition to increases in the transfer of skills, technology and job oppurtunities.Foreign investment in India is announced by government of India name as FEMA (Foreign exchange management act).The Government's liberalization and economic reforms program was initiated in July 1991 under the new Industrial Policy Resolution. The Industrial policy reforms have substantially reduced the industrial licensing requirements, removed restrictions on expansion and facilitated easy access to foreign technology and Foreign Direct Investment. The main objective of this research paper is to know about the flows and impact of Foreign Direct Investment in India. The impact of Foreign direct investment on India is 51%.The decision to hold back Foreign direct Investment in Multi brand retail will have strong impact on the domestic and foreign investor segment. The current market situation in India on retail sector is one of the pillars of its economy an account for about 15% GDP(Gross domestic Product).The Retail market estimated to be US $450billion.India already allow Foreign direct investment in Cold Chain Infrastructure to the extent of 100%.India as the second most FDI destination after China for transnational corporations during 2010-2012. The sectors which attracted higher inflows were services, telecommunication, construction activities.FDI equity inflows in India during 2011-2012(Upto January 2012 122,307crore in us $26,192 million. The growth rate was 92%
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2013,
Abstract: Retail is the sale of goods to end user not for resale, but for use & consumption by the purchaser. According to Philip Kotlar, “Retailing includes all the activities involved in selling goods & / or services to the ultimate consumer for personal, nonbusiness use.” Thus retailing is a marketing activity involved in the sale of products to the final consumer. It consists of all activities involved in the marketing of goods & services directly to the consumers for their personal, family or household use.
Indian Streams Research Journal , 2013,
Abstract: The Fast Moving Consumer Goods (FMCG) are popularly named as consumer packaged goods. The fast moving consumer goods (FMCG) segment is the fourth largest sector in the Indian economy and has a market size of US$13.1 billion. FMCG industry has witnessed heavy foreign direct investment (FDI) inflows as they accounted for 2.1percent of the country's total FDI during April 2000 to March 2010. Food processing is the most popular FMCG category, it attracts over 53percent of total FDI in the country. India currently allow 100percent FDI in cash and carry segment and 51 percent in single-brand retail. This study helps to find out impact of FDI intervention on FMCG market and its effect on Indian economy. The FMCG sector is measuring its height pose a impact of FDI to enhance their impressions both qualitatively and quantitatively. The aim of the paper is to represent a empirical framework for measuring impact of FDI intervention on FMCG market in India. The objective of the paper is to present and critically evaluatedifferent theoretical approaches to impact of FDI on FMCG market. The conclusions of the paper are that the effects of FDI on FMCG market can be positive. They depend upon FDI investment and concentrated on FMCG market, sector, scale, duration, location of business, density of local firms in the sector and many other secondary effects. Rather than proposing narrowly defined pro-FDI policies, attractive terms to investors should be seen as part of a country's overall industrial policy and be available on equal terms to FMCG market, foreign as well as domestic. Creating a theoretical framework for better understanding the impact of FDI on FMCG this paper might contribute establishing more realistic approach when attracting the foreign direct investment to FMCG markets.
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