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Factors determining community participation in afforestation projects in River Nyando basin, Kenya
JN Maraga, JK Kibwage, BO Oindo
African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology , 2010,
Abstract: Factors determining community participation in afforestation projects were investigated. Data was collected from 150 respondents who were selected from a sample population of 1,928 households using systematic random sampling technique. Data was collected using a standardized questionnaire, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. Chi-square (χ2) test was used to establish the relationship between community participation (dependent variable) and socio-cultural, economic and environmental factors (independent variables) and also to test the strength of the relationship. The results of the study indicated that there was a strong positive relationship between community participation and the benefits obtained from the afforestation projects (χ2 α 0.05 = 0.000). There was also a positive relationship between environmental degradation and community participation in the afforestation projects (χ2 α 0.05 = 0.001). However, there was no relationship between community participation and cultural factors (χ2 α 0.05 = 0.824). There was also no relationship between respondents’ household status and community participation in the afforestation projects (χ2 α 0.05 = 0.156). The study concluded that for conservation projects to succeed, socio-economic benefits must be tangible to the project participants/ beneficiaries.
Factors Affecting Youth Participation in Community Development in Remo North Government Area of Ogun State
O.A. Akinboye,E. Ayanwuyi,F.A. Kuponiyi,J. Oyetoro
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: This study investigated the factors affecting youths participation in community development projects in eights rural communities in Remo-North Local Government Area of Ogun state. Eighty youths were randomly sampled and interviewed through a well-structure interview schedule. The data were analyzed with the aid of frequency counts, percentages and chi-square analysis for testing the research hypothesis. The study reveals the various constraints militating against the participation of youths in community development projects which include lack of cooperation from other community members, parental influence, inadequate assistance from the government at the grass root level and inadequate recognition of the youths as a formidable labour force in the community. The finding also reveals the socioeconomic characteristic of the youths as well as their level of participation in community development project. Statistically, it was revealed that there was significant relationship between the youths occupation, level of education and access to information and factors affecting youths participation in community development projects.
Limiting Factors’ Study on Community Participation in Tourism: A Case Study of Luchong in Chengjiang County, Yunnan Province  [PDF]
WANG Jiang,LUO Shiwei
Journal of Chongqing Normal University , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, approaches of questionnaire and interview are used in the Yunnan, Luchong community, through limiting factor analysis on community participation in tourism development, to explore how local communities can better participate in tourism. The study suggests that no skills, poor governance, low quality of their own, insufficient funds, older age, lack of time, poor image, intense competition, are all the limiting factors of local community residents in taking part in tourism. At last, in order to achieve the tourism community participation in tourism development in science and sustainability, the author explains the limiting factors of community residents’ participation in tourism development, and puts forward some relevant advices, for example, departments of tourism administration shall exercise its right functions to the community, supply and demand twoway mechanism should be formed between residents and developers, good communication mechanism to provide the exchange platform and proper training opportunity for the community residents.
Physical, Cognitive and Emotional Factors Contributing to Quality of Life, Functional Health and Participation in Community Dwelling in Chronic Kidney Disease  [PDF]
Ulla K. Seidel, Janine Gronewold, Michaela Volsek, Olga Todica, Andreas Kribben, Heike Bruck, Dirk M. Hermann
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091176
Abstract: Background Quality of life (QoL) impairment is a well-known consequence of chronic kidney disease (CKD). The factors influencing QoL and late life functional health are poorly examined. Methods Using questionnaires combined with neuropsychological examinations, we prospectively evaluated physical, cognitive, and emotional factors influencing QoL, functional health and participation in community dwelling in 119 patients with CKD stages 3–5 including hemodialysis (61.5±15.7years; 63% men) and 54 control patients of the same age without CKD but with similar cardiovascular risk profile. Results Compared with control patients, CKD patients showed impairment of the physical component of QoL and overall function, assessed by the SF-36 and LLFDI, whereas disability, assessed by LLFDI, was selectively impaired in CKD patients on hemodialysis. Multivariable linear regressions (forced entry) confirmed earlier findings that CKD stage (β = ?0.24; p = 0.012) and depression (β = ?0.30; p = 0.009) predicted the QoL physical component. Hitherto unknown, CKD stage (β = ?0.23; p = 0.007), cognition (β = 0.20; p = 0.018), and depression (β = ?0.51; <0.001) predicted disability assessed by the LLFDI, while age (β = ?0.20; p = 0.023), male gender (B = 5.01; p = 0.004), CKD stage (β = ?0.23; p = 0.005), stroke history (B = ?9.00; p = 0.034), and depression (β = ?0.41; p<0.001) predicted overall function. Interestingly, functional health deficits, cognitive disturbances, depression, and anxiety were evident almost only in CKD patients with coronary heart disease (found in 34.2% of CKD patients). The physical component of QoL and functional health decreased with age and depressive symptoms, and increased with cognitive abilities. Conclusions In CKD, QoL, functional health, and participation in community dwelling are influenced by physical, cognitive, and emotional factors, most prominently in coronary heart disease patients.
Assessing the Influence of Demographic Factors on Community Participation in a Demand Driven Development Project: The Case of Hazina Ya Maendeleo Ya Pwani Approach in Coastal Kenya  [PDF]
Farida A. Hassan, Hilda A. Ong’ayo, Melckzedeck K. Osore
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2019.71018
Abstract: While recognizing that community participation stimulates local self-reliance and reduced dependency on outside agencies, it is also appreciated that a number of factors influence participation. This study was conducted to determine the demographic factors that influence community participation by using empirical data collected from a sample of 326 community members who participated in the implementation of the Hazina Ya Maendeleo Ya Pwani (HMP) project. The research was carried out at the Kenya coastal region comprising six counties namely, Mombasa, Taita Taveta, Kwale, Kilifi, Lamu and Tana River. Data was collected using a semi-structured questionnaire. Using a multinomial logistic regression, the study examined the extent to which demographic factors comprising age, gender, type of economic activity and level of education influenced community participation in development initiatives. Study findings revealed that gender and level of education were the two demographic factors that significantly influenced community participation, with women showing greater participation. The study also revealed that demographic factors comprising age and type of economic activity had no significant influence on community participation. The study concludes that in order to stimulate optimal community participation in development initiatives at the grass-root level, it is worthwhile to make gender and educational level considerations. The study recommends that there is a need to enhance the participation of men in development interventions considering the many socially constructed roles already assumed by women.
The Influence of Psycho-social Factors on Participation Levels in Community-based Breast Cancer Prevention Programs in Tehran, Iran
Maryam Ahmadian,Asnarulkhadi Abu Samah,Ma’rof Redzuan,Zahid Emby
Global Journal of Health Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/gjhs.v4n1p42
Abstract: Background: Although significant consideration has been devoted to women participation in breast cancer prevention programs, our understanding about the psychosocial factors which influence participation remains incomplete. Method: The study applied a quantitative approach based on the cross-sectional survey design and multistage cluster random sampling. A total of 400 women aged 35-69 years, were surveyed at 4 obstetric and gynecologic clinics affiliated to Tehran University of Medical Sciences in Tehran: the participation levels of 86 women who have had a mammogram were analyzed based on their self-efficacy, belief, social influence, and barriers concerning mammography utilization. Results: Consistent with the study framework, in bivariate analysis, the higher level of women’s participation in breast cancer prevention programs was significantly related to more positive belief about mammography (p< .05), greater social influence on mammography (p< .01) and fewer barriers to mammography (p< .01). Self efficacy (p= .114) was not significantly related to the higher level of participation. Conclusion: Results suggest that women’s participation levels in breast cancer prevention programs might be associated with the specific psychosocial factors on breast cancer preventive behavior such as mammography screening.
DETERMINANTS OF COMMUNITY PARTICIPATION IN ORADEA  [PDF]
SAVEANU TOMINA GABRIELA
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: The present paper is part of the research of the PhD thesis made by the author, having the title: Community Participation in Oradea, registered at the University of Oradea - Faculty of Social and Human Sciences. The general objectives of the paper are the explanation of different types of citizens involvement in the life of their community, the investigation of the existing relationships between different forms of participation, the interpretation of the effects different forms of participation have on the studied communities and the identification of relevant mechanism for the stimulation social involvement. The citizens' political and civil participation, social responsibility, community spirit, civic activism together with other concepts from the civil society's rhetoric entered the agenda of public debates together with the intensifying efforts for adhering to the European Community, being the subject of numerous studies conducted in this field. The need for a strong civic society, with interested and involved citizens in the life of the community which they belong to, for social and economical development belong to the same discourse of the strong democratic society, being challenged in the literature, starting with Tocqueville, Almond and Verba, to Putnam and many others. In parallel to the civil society's rhetoric and the analysis coming from this direction, are the studies and theories of community development, which on one side are based on development policies, regulations, institutional framework of development, but contain also aspects of citizens' involvement in evaluating the community problems, the decision making processes and in the actual implementation of solutions. Moreover the aspects of network belonging and social trust which are reflected in the concept of social capital are sources both for participation as well for economic and social development. The present paper reflects the analysis of the determinant factors which can increase the engagement rates in the community life of the Romanians, engagement which is relevant on the production of different types of collective goods. The analysis is based on data obtained with the CEEX research, coordinated by Adrian Hatos, "Leaders, Participants and Viewers. Determinants of community participation in the urban Romania". The tested hypotheses in the research part, based on the results of different studies and theoretic approaches, derive from the general question of the paper: which are the factors that determine the community participation of the people living in Oradea. Thus, the pa
Socio-Economic Factors Influencing Farmers’ Participation in Community Development Organizations in Obubra Local Government Area of Cross River State, Nigeria  [cached]
Augustine O. Angba,Paul Itari
Canadian Social Science , 2012, DOI: 10.3968/2317
Abstract: This study was carried out to determine the factors that influence farmers’ participation in social organizations in Obubra LGA in Cross River State. To achieve this, a multistage random sampling technique was used to select five out of 27 clans. Two local organizations were randomly selected from each of the five clans and finally 6 members were also randomly selected from each of the organization, resulting in a total of 60 respondents. The results indicate that half of the respondents (50%) were young people (below 30 years) and they were majority (93.3%) Christians who mostly cultivate small farm holdings of less than 2ha. Majority (68.3) belonged to just one organization, while 20 percent belonged to two organizations. Majority (56.7%) also earned less than N4,000 per month. The members joined local organizations basically for economic benefits and farm supports. Their participation was affected by mutual distrust among members and lack of confidence in their leadership. They were also not sure of having expected organizational benefits. Chi-square (χ2) test result indicated a significant relationship between farm size, educational level, income and participation (P>0.05; 56.0, 9.623 and 7.607). Organizational environment that will encourage effective participation should be encouraged by ensuring due enforcement of organisation’s code of conduct, rules and regulations. Local organizations should also be used as a channel to assist farmers in micro-credit and input delivery. This will be made possible by ensuring good organizational leadership. Key words: Community; Development; organization and Participation Résumé Cette étude a été réalisée afin de déterminer les facteurs qui influencent la participation des agriculteurs dans les organisations sociales dans l’Obubra à l’état de Cross River. Pour ce faire, une technique d'échantillonnage à plusieurs degrés au hasard a été utilisée pour sélectionner cinq des 27 clans. Deux organisations locales ont été choisis au hasard dans chacune des cinq clans et enfin 6 membres ont également été choisis au hasard dans chacune des organisation, résultant en un total de 60 répondants. Les résultats indiquent que la moitié des répondants (50%) étaient des jeunes (moins de 30 ans) et ils étaient la majorité (93,3%) qui pour la plupart chrétiens cultivent de petites exploitations agricoles de moins de 2 ha. La majorité (68,3) appartenait à une seule organisation, tandis que 20 pour cent appartiennent à deux organisations. La majorité (56,7%) ont également gagné moins de N4, 000 par mois. Les membres qui ont rejoint
Reflection on Farmers’ Participation in Rural Community Cultural Construction  [cached]
Xiaoxia Zhang,Yonggui Lu
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n9p240
Abstract: Farmers are the subject for rural community cultural construction. Development of rural community cultural construction can not go without participation of farmers. At present, there exist a lot of factors that impede farmers’ participation in community cultural construction. Firstly, basic cultural facilities and occasions are lacking for participation of farmers. Secondly, farmers have no enough knowledge in community cultural construction and have relatively low autonomy in participation. Thirdly, the relatively low cultural quality of farmers also constrains the ability of farmers to participation in community cultural construction. This article puts forward several measures to promote farmers to participate in community cultural construction, such as, to strengthen community education, enhance the quality of farmers and intensify the enthusiasm and ability of farmers to participate; to enlarge capital investment to set up cultural facilities and occasions and to offer solid material foundations for farmers’ participation; to cultivate positively community cultural organizations and to push forward farmers to participate in community cultural construction; to resort to community culture and elegant culture to enhance the rural cultural level and to absorb farmers to participate in community cultural construction.
Citizens' participation in local environmental protection system
?iki? Jovana
Sociologija , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/soc1203549c
Abstract: Changes in theoretical approach but also practice of planning environmental protection brought forth the issue of citizens’ participation. Active citizens’ participation is particularly stressed at the local environmental protection system because local community is considered as a framework of citizens’ everyday life. At the same, capacity for citizens’ participation is determined by interactions of three factors: a) general social conditions, b) characteristics of environmental protection system and c) characteristics of citizens’ environmental awareness. The analysis, based on the results of the empirical research, is focused on role of citizens as social actors in environmental protection system at the local community level (city of Novi Sad). The research starts from the premise that although there is an elementary citizens’ environmental awareness, its manifest dimension is not well developed primarily due to the to lack of tradition in political participation, but also inadequate cooperation with relevant institutions within the system, as well as hierarchy of everyday life problems that citizens have to deal with that, for the most of them, do not leave enough space and motives for the engagement of this kind. The purpose of this paper is to depict factors that stimulate or inhibit needs and capacities for citizens’ participation within the processes of defining, decision making and implementation of decisions important for environmental protection.
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