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DAMPAK ALIH FUNGSI LAHAN SAWAH TERHADAP PEMANFAATAN SUMBERDAYA AIR UNTUK MENUNJANG KETAHANAN PANGAN  [cached]
I Gusti Ngurah Santosa,Gede Menaka Adnyana,I Ketut Kartha Dinata,I Gusti Alit Gunadi
Bumi Lestari , 2010,
Abstract: Land and water resources are important roles to keep the sustainability of food production. However, these resources tend to decrease because of developing infrastructure as well building, road, industry, tourism, property, etc. In two decades, it was predicted that land farm alleviation in Indonesia was about 10,000 ha per year. On the other side, food demand tended to increase because of population growth. Consequently, study has to be done to get some information about land area, irrigation facilities, and crops production. The location of the study on one unit area of irrigation, named Daerah Irigasi (DI) Mambal. This study was conducted by survey and field experiment on rice package technology. Survey method was done by interview and literature study. The field experiment was done by some modified input i.e. younger seedling, minimum dosage of complete fertilizer, and minimum water irrigation. These treatments were compared to farmera€ s technology, and the result was analyzed by t test. The result of the study revealed that the land alleviation was 38.17% (4,280 ha to 2,980 ha) in a period of 30 years at DI Mambal and the land alleviation at Subak Sempidi was 26% (135 ha to 99 ha) in a period of 24 years. The supply of irrigation water debit at DI Mambal decreased 15% (from 3,596 l/sec to 3,038 l/sec) in a period of 30 years. On the other hand, the supply of irrigation water debit at Subak Sempidi increased 26% (from 168 l/sec to 212 l/sec) from 2005 to 2008. As a final point, supply of irrigation water debit increased from 1.70 l/sec/ha on 2005 a€“ 2007 to 2.14 l/sec/ha on 2008. Paddy yield on experiment of technology package was 12.39 ton of dry grain harvest and it was 11.47 ton of dry grain harvest by the farmera€ s technology. From the result of the study was suggested that technology package have to be done by two or three times of cultivation to identify the stability of each harvest yield.
Buku: Ketahanan Pangan Berbasis Rumah Tangga, Victoria C. Doo (2007)  [PDF]
Wilson Therik
The Interdisciplinary Journal of NTT Development Studies , 2009,
Abstract:
Memahami Kebijakan Pangan dan Nutrisi Indonesia: Studi Kasus Nusa Tenggara Timur 1958-2008 (Understanding Food and Nutritional Policy in NTT Province 1958-2008)  [PDF]
Jonatan Lassa
The Interdisciplinary Journal of NTT Development Studies , 2009,
Abstract: Penghidupan berbasis subsisten (atau sederhananya makan dari produksi sendiri), seolah tidak bisa lagi diandalkan. Dalam lima puluh tahun terakhir kontribusi food crops terhadap PDRB NTT turun drastis dari lebih dari 53.7% di akhir tahun 1960an hingga ke level 21% ditahun 2006. Seiring dengan menurunnya kontribusi pertanian (agriculture) terhadap PDRB. Food crops lebih banyak tertekan karena peralihan kepada ekonomi uang yang kita alami hari ini dalam konteks degradasi ekologi NTT dan prospek implikasi perubahan iklim. Perubahan ini cenderung irreversible. Agenda perubahan mengalami stagnasi karenalemahnya institusi lokal baik formal maupun informal dalam menopang ketahanan pangan NTT adalah variabel lain.Advokasi berbagai pihak baik pemerintah maupun aktor non pemerintah dan sains khususnya kebijakan meningkatkan resilience komunitas desa dalam kemandirian pangan secara lokal lebih terkesan mitos tanpa dibarengi oleh skenario kelembagaan, teknologi, inovasi, anggaran, aturan main, adaptasi perubahan iklim dan degradasi ekologis, politik pangan dan food governance yang jelas.Riset independen ini menelusuri konflik interpretasi dan cara pandang terhadap kelaparan dan ketahanan pangan di Nusa Tenggara Timur dalam waktu sepuluh tahun terakhir, namun dapat ditelusuri lebih dalam ke akarnya dari studi-studi orientalisme yang dilakukan para akademisi di paruh pertama abad ke 20 di mana logika keterberian alam yang minim(argumentasi ekologis) dan ketersediaan produksi yang minim, tingkat pertumbuhan penduduk yang tinggi menjadi dominan.Argumentasi keterberian alam dan ekologis bertahan selama 50 tahun terakhir. Kemiskinan adalah narasi klasik namun argumentasi yang tetap dominan, dengan justifikasi bantuan internasional.Argumentasi sosiologi perilaku merujuk pada karakter orientasi daratan masyarakat NTT diklaim sebagai fakta empirik karenaminimnya pemanfaat sumberdaya laut. Kemiskinan struktural, keberhakan, indeks pembangunan manusia, politik anggaran,risiko bencana (kekeringan/banjir), perubahan iklim, lemahnya kebijakan dan anggaran sektoral hingga reformasi agrariadalam kemasan Kedaulatan Pangan adalah contoh-contoh narasi baru dalam menjelaskan akar persoalan. Yang hilang dariperdebatan-perdebatan ketahanan pangan argumentasi institusi dan governance yang poly-centric dan multi-level sebagaiprasyarat utama dalam menghadapi keterbatasan alam dan kompleksitas sosial-ekonomi-politik yang berkaitan dengan pangandan penghidupan. Tulisan ini memperkenalkan kerangka analisis alternatif yang mencoba menghubungkan argumentasiargumentasiparsial menjadi suatu pende
KETAHANAN HIDUP PENDERITA KANKER SERVIKS DI RUMAH SAKIT KANKER DHARMAIS, JAKARTA  [cached]
Anna Maria Sirait,Farida Soetiarto,Ratih Oemiati
Bulletin of Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: KETAHANAN HIDUP PENDERITA KANKER SERVIKS DI RUMAH SAKIT KANKER DHARMAIS, JAKARTA
THE CLOWER CONSTRAINTS MODEL DARI SURPLUS ATAU DEFISIT FISKAL PEMERINTAH
Jonni Manurung
Jurnal Manajemen dan Kewirausahaan , 2006,
Abstract: This study has something as a purpose to building the empirical models and the new hypothesis between the broad money, surpluses or fiscal deficit, the general price index or inflation rate, demand for monetary base and demand for bank deposit. This study also head for optimal interest rate for bank deposit at the given value of broad money, surplus or fiscal deficit, general price index, demand for monetary base, and demand for bank deposit. The model build consist to balance central bank, intertemporal budget constraint at the maximum expected utility for hold monetary base and bank deposit. The evaluation of the surplus or fiscal deficit stabilization is with the alteration of the requirement reserve ratio, Gross Domestic Product, general price index and interest rate. The results of the study show that the requirement reserve ratio, Gross Domestic Product, general price index and interest rate is very respect to surplus or deficit fiscal. The contribution requirement reserve ratio and interest rate for surplus or deficit fiscal are relatively high. This results show that the clower constraint model can explain the necessary of fiscal and monetary coordinate. Fiscal policy still weak and cause the real business cycle slow down, high inflation and interest rate. The other hands, monetary policy is very strong and cause fiscal surplus is relatively high. The prudent of government and monetary authority are needed to build the fiscal and monetary policy for create the dynamic economy, lower inflation, requirement reserve ratio and interest rate, and the monetary and fiscal dynamic equilibrium. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Studi ini bertujuan membuat model empiris dan hipotesis baru tentang faktor-faktor broad money, surplus dan defisit fiskal, tingkat bunga secara umum, atau tingkat inflasi, permintaan uang primer dan deposito. Selain itu studi ini juga mencari tingkat suku bunga deposito optimal pada nilai tertentu dari faktor-faktor tersebut di atas. Model yang dibangun berhubungan dengan neraca bank sentral, pembatas anggaran intertemporal pada expected utility maksimum, untuk menahan uang primer dan deposito. Evaluasi dari stabilitas surplus dan defisit fiskal diamati dari giro wajib minimum, produk domestik bruto, indeks harga umum, dan tingkat bunga. Hasil studi bahwa giro wajib mnimum, produk domestik bruto, indeks harga umum, dan tingkat bunga berhubungan dengan surplus atau defisit fiskal. Kontribusi dari giro wajib minimum dan tingkat suku bunga terhadap surplus atau defisit fiskal relatif tinggi. Hasil ini menunjukan bahwa clower constraint
PENGEMBANGAN BIBIT UNGGUL PORANG (Amarphopallus oncophilus) MELALUI TEKNIK KULTUR IN VITRO UNTUK MENDUKUNG KETAHANAN PANGAN NASIONAL  [cached]
Dwi Suheriyanto,,Romaidi,,Ruri Siti Resmisari
Jurnal Biologi el-Hayah , 2012,
Abstract: Porang (Amarphophallus. oncophyllus) is a type of plant tubers that have the potential and prospects for development in Indonesia. In addition to readily available, plants are also capable of producing carbohydrates and high harvest index. The last few years a very large porang needs. Porang plant propagation is vegetative and generative in which to make the seeds are ready to harvest takes between 4-6 months. This study aims to determine kinds of the appropriate medium for growing plants porang network and determine the concentration of each medium, so we get a superior porang plants. Research using factorial completely randomized design. The first factor is a growth regulator BAP concentration: 0 mg / l, 0.5 mg / l, 1.0 mg / l, 1.5 mg / l and 2.0 mg / l, while the second factor is the concentration of IBA 0 mg / l, 0.5 mg / l and 1.0 mg / l, in order to obtain 15 treatments and each treatment made 15 replications. Data were collected for the pengkalusan, contamination callus, callus mortality rate, number of buds, leaf buds height, number of leaves and root. The results showed that the addition of plant growth regulators (hormones) BAP in MS medium effect on the number of shoots, buds and the high number of young leaves. The addition of hormone IBA in MS medium pengkalusan affect the process and the number of roots. The addition of hormone BAP and IBA on MS medium did not significantly affect mortality contamination callus and callus. The interaction between BAP and IBA hormone given on MS medium did not significantly affect the pengkalusan, contamination callus, callus mortality rate, number of buds, leaf buds height, number of leaves and root
MODEL KETAHANAN PANGAN TINGKAT RUMAH TANGGA PADA DESA HORTIKULTUR [Food Security Model at Household Level on Horticulture Village]  [cached]
Dadang Sukandar
Jurnal Teknologi dan Industri Pangan , 2004,
Abstract: The Objective of this study is to formulate operational concept of Food Security at household level and to formulate the indicator of food security on Horticulture Village. Renggasbandung is a research location where 60 household were selected through stratified random sampling with proportional alocation. Data collected were food consumption, expenditure, education, house condition and agricultural data. Food security indicator were determined by applying correlation analysis and discriminant analysis to obtaine food security model. House size (m2/capita), number of chicken and electricity capacity are obtained as component of food security model at household for Horticulture Village
PELESTARIAN SUBAK DALAM UPAYA PEMBERDAYAAN KEARIFAN LOKAL MENUJU KETAHANAN PANGAN DAN HAYATI  [cached]
Ni Gst.Ag.Gde Eka Martiningsih
Bumi Lestari , 2013,
Abstract: This paper present in accordance with the field research findings (empirical data), observation conducted by the writer. This research is a case study in Subak Wangaya Betan (SWB) focus on preserving Subak through revitalizing local knowledge . Now a days it is very rare researches focus on local knowledge roles in Subak, how ever in fact its very important to empower local knowledge in strong cultural community. SWB is one of successful subak in Bali on preserving local knowledge to be a core rule on sustainable agriculture. Many debates on issue that Bali only focus on tourism industry will be refused when SWB will nominate by UNESCO being one of natural cultural heritage of Bali province. The focus of this research is to observe how SWB still exist and developed preserving their activities on agriculture areas and how strugling of SWB face of many dispute of environment and natural disaster. The findings of this research are the involvement of local knowledge activities and ritual on somehow was ignorance, but in fact its very tough to consolidate community to encourage their awreness of environment problem. In order to get food security and biosecurity interest, the research need to more deeper observe the implementation of the rituals activities and local knowledge roles in the reality of farmer life.
ANALISIS PENGARUH EKSPOR-IMPOR KOMODITAS PANGAN UTAMA DAN LIBERALISASI PERDAGANGAN TERHADAP NERACA PERDAGANGAN INDONESIA  [cached]
Yusuf Yusuf,Widyastutik Widyastutik
Jurnal Manajemen & Agribisnis , 2007,
Abstract: Peran utama sub sektor tanaman pangan adalah pemenuhan kebutuhan pokok penduduk Indonesia. Berdasarkan data BPS sebagian besar pangan masih diimpor dari luar negeri, akibatnya neraca perdagangan produk pangan Indonesia selalu mengalami defisit. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis pengaruh ekspor-impor komoditas pangan utama terhadap neraca perdagangan non-migas Indonesia dan menganalisis pengaruh liberalisasi perdagangan komoditas pangan terhadap neraca perdagangan non-migas Indonesia. Dalam penelitian ini metode analisa yang digunakan adalah erorr correction model (ECM) dan data yang digunakan adalah data time series triwulanan dari tahun 1993 sampai 2005 dengan tahun dasar 1996. Hasil Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa ekspor, impor dan liberalisasi perdagangan komoditas pangan berpengaruh negatif terhadap neraca perdagangan Indonesia baik dalam jangka pendek maupun dalam jangka panjang.
Dasar fiskal dan asakan keluar mengikut sub-sektor perbelanjaan kerajaan di Malaysia
Nor Asmat bt Ismail,Abdul Ghafar Ismail,Zulkifly Osman
Jurnal Kemanusiaan , 2011,
Abstract: Tujuan utama kajian ini ialah untuk menguji kesan asakan perbelanjaan kerajaan terhadap penggunaan swasta berasaskan pengalaman di Malaysia untuk tempoh 1970-2008 dengan menggunakan kaedah penganggaran GMM. Untuk tujuan ini, regresi yang berasingan dilakukan ke atas perbelanjaan mengurus dan perbelanjaan pembangunan. Hasil kajian mendapati bahawa setiap sub sektor perbelanjaan mengurus dan perbelanjaan pembangunan memberi kesan yang berbeza ke atas penggunaan swasta. Perbelanjaan mengurus bagi pertahanan, pertanian dan pembangunan luar bandar dan pengangkutan dan perhubungan mempunyai hubungan negatif dengan penggunaan swasta. Sebaliknya, perbelanjaan mengurus bagi keselamatan dalam negeri, kesihatan dan perdagangan dan perindustrian pula mempunyai hubungan positif denganpenggunaan swasta. Sementara itu, perbelanjaan pembangunan bagi keselamatan dalam negeri, kesihatan dan perkhidmatan am mempunyai kesan negatif ke atas penggunaan swasta. Perbelanjaan pembangunan bagi pertahanan, pendidikan, pertanian dan pembangunan luar bandardan perdagangan dan perindustrian pula memberi kesan positif ke atas penggunaan swasta. Implikasinya, kejutan dasar fiskal secara total tanpa membuat sebarang pilihan keutamaan tidak mungkin dapat meransang pertumbuhan ekonomi atau menjadi penimbal bagi mengimbangi kesan putaran dagangan.
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