Abstract:
Learning mathematics has been recognized by many as important. It does not only develop students’ ability to think in quantitative terms but can also enhance skills such as analytical and problem solving skills. However, to enable us to tell our students how important mathematics is we have to understand students’ beliefs in learning mathematics so as to find ways to improve students’ performance in mathematics. The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between business students’ beliefs in learning mathematics and demographic factors. Data were collected from three hundred and seventy six students in three higher learning institutions enrolled in business mathematics class. Descriptive statistics will be used to describe the sample and Pearson chi-square test will be used to test students’ beliefs and the relationship between students’ beliefs and demographic factors (gender, institutions, previous mathematics grade, secondary education and major). Our results suggest that students’ beliefs are positive and significant in learning mathematics. Using Pearson chi-square test, generally the results suggest that there are significant differences in means between students’ beliefs based on institutions and mathematics grade. In addition, we find that overall there are no significant differences in means between beliefs based on gender, secondary education and major.

Abstract:
This study aims to investigate the beliefs about the nature of Mathematics, Mathematics teaching and learning among teacher trainees. The sample is consisted of 100 teacher trainees from two higher institution of learning in Selangor, Malaysia. Research tool used is a Mathematical belief questionnaire which consists of three dimensions: beliefs about the nature of Mathematics, beliefs about teaching and beliefs about learning of Mathematics. Descriptive statistic was used to describe and summarize the data. In addition, t-test was used to test the hypothesis. The results indicate that the beliefs of Mathematics trainee teachers are positive towards the constructivism approach. Teacher trainees believe that mathematical problems can be solved in many ways. Teacher trainees also believe that teaching Mathematics should involve the opportunity to use Mathematics in daily situations and in learning Mathematics students need to understand the concepts, principles and strategies of Mathematics. Lastly, the findings also found that there were significant differences regarding the beliefs about the nature of Mathematics and beliefs about learning of Mathematics based on gender.

Abstract:
The purpose of this study was to determine the beliefs of pre-service mathematics teachers. This study involved 83 respondents from the pre-service teachers from a public higher education institution (IPTA) in Malaysia. The instruments used in this study consist 42 items of mathematics beliefs. There are three dimensions in these instruments, namely beliefs about mathematics as nature, beliefs about learning mathematics and beliefs about the teaching of mathematics. The findings showed that pre-service teacher’s beliefs mathematics can be used in everyday life. For the beliefs about learning mathematics, the respondents agreed that students should be able to give reasons to support each solve mathematical problems. Finally, about the beliefs on mathematics teaching, the respondents agreed that the teaching of mathematics to students should be encouraged by explaining the mathematical ideas.

Abstract:
In recent years, there has been an increasing recognition that mathematics anxiety plays an important role in students’ learning of mathematics and thus, mathematics anxiety has gained heightened awareness by mathematics educators as an important factor in the teaching of mathematics (Bursal & Paznokas, 2006; Thomas & Higbee, 1999; McLeod, 1988; Singh, Granville, & Dika, 2002; Sloan, Daane, & Geisen, 2002; Vinson, 2001; Zettle & Raines, 2000). Math anxiety defined by Richardson & Suinn (1972) as a “feelings of tension and anxiety that interfere with the manipulation of numbers and the solving of mathematical problems in a wide variety of ordinary life and academic situations”. Research demonstrated that the physiological, cognitive, and behavioral consequences of math anxiety may impair life functioning. For example, students who have math anxiety exhibit physiological reactivity to numeric stimuli and have faulty beliefs and negative attitudes regarding their problem solving abilities. These students also may avoid environment and careers that require utilization of math skills, and will sacrifice accuracy for speed when performing numeric tasks (Ashcraft & Kirk, 2001). Purpose and significanceThe purpose of this research is to examine whether there is a significant difference between the attitudes, anxieties, and self-efficacy beliefs towards mathematics lessons high school students’ in terms of gender, types of school and students’ grades. It is very important to reveal relationships between attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs to develop high school students’ positive attitudes towards mathematics lessons.MethodsIn this study, descriptive research method was conducted. A total of 418 students, from three different school types participated in the study. The schools are Anatolian High School, Vocational High School and Public High School. Three scales were implemented on students to reveal relationships between students’ attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs. The results obtained from scales were analyzed with SPSS 13.0.ResultsIt was observed in the findings of study that there are no statistically significant differences between students’ gender and scores of attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anxieties towards mathematics lessons and self-efficacy beliefs. But there are statistically significant differences between students’ types of school and students’ grades and scores of attitudes towards mathematics lessons, anx

Abstract:
The present work set out to analyze the beliefs, attitudes, and emotional reactions that students experience in the process of learning mathematics. The aim was to be able to demonstrate that the existence of positive attributes, beliefs, and attitudes about themselves as learners are a source of motivation and expectations of success in dealing with this subject. We used a sample of 346 students of the second cycle of Obligatory Secondary Education (ESO) of high schools in Badajoz. The participants responded to a questionnaire on beliefs and attitudes about mathematics. It was found that neither the students' gender nor their year of studies influenced their beliefs about their self-concept of mathematics.

Abstract:
This research reports an experiment which took place in an Arab middle school in Israel. The experiment was led by three pre-service teachers who were carrying out their final project in the field of teaching mathematics using mobile phones. The pre-service teachers worked with 32 eighth grade students to carry out authentic real life outdoor activities in the nature. We used discourse analysis and grounded theory to analyze the perceptions of the students regarding their mathematics learning using mobile phones. We found that the novelty of the experiment and the use of mobile phones in mathematics learning were the main characteristics perceived by the students as influencing their decision to join the experiment. Furthermore, the students perceived various qualities of the mathematics learning that were enabled by the use of mobile phones: (1) exploring mathematics independently (2) learning mathematics through collaboration and team work; where the collaboration is on equal terms (3) learning mathematics in a societal and humanistic environment (4) learning mathematics in authentic real life situations (5) visualizing mathematics and investigating it dynamically (6) carrying out diversified mathematical actions using new and advanced technologies (7) learning mathematics easily and efficiently. In the overall, the students were positively impressed by the potentialities and capabilities of the mobile phones used in the mathematics learning process. This indicates that mathematics education could benefit form utilizing these new technological tools.

Abstract:
There is widespread current interest in language learning studies regarding the extent to which student beliefs can influence the language learning process. Whilst institutions may set up frameworks to enable students to learn languages successfully, many researchers contend that ultimately it is the belief systems of the students themselves which will contribute most to the final outcome of the teaching process. This article explores the idea that the language learning process among students is substantially influenced by their beliefs about this process. A questionnaire based on Horwitz’s (1987) BALLI instrument was used to assess students’ beliefs in terms of language learning, and the issues are discussed within the categories of aptitude, motivation, learning and communication strategies, the nature of learning, and the difficulty of language learning. The results indicate that the beliefs of the students can have a negative influence on their learning strategies which, in turn, affect the success or otherwise of the language learning process. This article thus concludes with suggestions on how to address the negative mindsets of the students concerned in order to create environments that would be more conducive to achieving positive results.

Abstract:
This study aims to determine the types of learning styles and intrinsic motivation of IKTBNS students and to the relationship between learning styles and intrinsic motivation of students; and difference in learning styles and intrinsic motivation based on gender. This study was carried out by survey research method. The sample consists of 78 students from two departments in National Advanced Youth Skill Training Institute of Sepang (IKTBNS). The Inventory of Learning instrument was used, which postulated four learning styles and three types of intrinsic motivations which are practised by the students in learning mathematics. Data gathered were analyzed descriptively and inferentially using the SPSS package. Result from the descriptive analysis found that the students showed high learning style of surface, while the highly practised intrinsic motivation is self-efficacy as compared to efforts and worry. Inferential analysis results found a significant relationship between hard work learning styles and effort intrinsic motivation. There is a significant difference between genders in organisation learning style as well as genders in effort intrinsic motivation. The implications of this study indicate that motivational factors play an important role in determining the selection of learning styles practised by the students.

Abstract:
The aim of this study is to measure the consistency of beliefs about mathematics teaching and learning, and the perception of the effectiveness of prospective teachers. A total of 554 prospective teachers studying in the Kocaeli University, including 306 mathematics and 248 elementary prospective teachers participated in the research. Mathematics Beliefs Instrument was applied to the mathematics and elementary prospective teachers. In conclusion, it has been understood that majority of the prospective teachers have positive beliefs about mathematics. Mathematical beliefs of freshmen and sophomores or juniors change significantly. Similarly, Significant differences appeared in the belief average points of female and male prospective teachers.

Abstract:
This paper describes the perceptions of middle school students regarding learning mathematics with cellular phones and web applets, their perceptions regarding the differences between these two electronic devices and their preferences regarding using the devices in learning mathematics. To analyze these perceptions I used the grounded theory approach which involves: open coding, axial coding, and selective coding, where the unit of analysis was the sentence in each of the interviews. The research findings imply that the participants perceived different aspects of both of the electronic devices: the availability of the device, the collaboration aspect, the communication aspect, the size of the device, and the swiftness of working with the device. These aspects influenced the participants’ decisions when, where and how to use each of the devices for the learning of mathematics. More participants preferred the cellular phone over the applet primarily for its small size which makes easy its portability as well as for its communication facilities.