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Alchemy, Chymistry, and Process (report)
Joseph E. Earley
Hyle : International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry , 2006,
Abstract: report of Alchemy, Chymistry, and Process
Lawrence M. Principe (ed.): "Chymists and Chymistry" (book review)
Vladimír Karpenko
Hyle : International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry , 2008,
Abstract: book review of Lawrence M. Principe (ed.): "Chymists and Chymistry"
Early Cartesianism and the Journal des S avans, 1665–1671
Mihnea Dobre
Studium : Tijdschrift voor Wetenschaps- en Universiteits-Geschiedenis , 2012,
Abstract: The appearance of scientific journals in the second half of the seventeenth century not only presented new opportunities for the dissemination of knowledge, but also offers the historian a privileged view of the shared knowledge within the scientific community. The Journal des S avans, founded in 1665, proclaimed its ambition to disseminate news about books and people concerning the République des lettres. Given the reportedly high interest in and opposition to the rise of Cartesianism among contemporary philosophers, this paper explores the discussion of Cartesianism within the pages of the Journal. It is shown that debates on Cartesianism formed only a small portion of the articles in the Journal. Although the majority of commentaries referred to the metaphysical foundations of Cartesian philosophy, a considerable number of instances were found referring to empirical tests of the theory. Finally, as the Journal does not mention the condemnations or censorship of Cartesianism, we cannot speak of a general feeling of hostility against Cartesian philosophers among the editors or intended audience of the Journal.
William R. Newman and Lawrence M. Principe: "Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry" (Chicago 2002) (book review)
Vladimir Karpenko
Hyle : International Journal for Philosophy of Chemistry , 2004,
Abstract: book review of William R. Newman and Lawrence M. Principe: "Alchemy Tried in the Fire: Starkey, Boyle, and the Fate of Helmontian Chymistry" (Chicago 2002)
Chymists and Chymistry: Studies in the History of Alchemy and Early Modern Chemistry
Lawrence M. Principe ed.
Aestimatio : Critical Reviews in the History of Science , 2011,
Abstract:
Atoms and Alchemy: Chymistry and the Experimental Origins of the Scienti c Revolution by William R. Newman
Antonio Clericuzio
Aestimatio : Critical Reviews in the History of Science , 2007,
Abstract:
Systemic interactions between law, economics and organizations: considerations about the rupture with the cartesianism and the law as cost to the Business activity As intera es sistêmicas entre direito, economia e organiza es: considera es sobre o rompimento com o cartesianismo e o direito como custo para Atividade empresarial  [cached]
Luciano Vaz Ferreira
Scientia Iuris , 2008,
Abstract: In the study of epistemology, two opposite theories can be found in an endless combat. On the one hand, the Cartesian proposal, which sees the world as a precise and predictable object, capable of being dissected into totally independent pieces without any communication among them, to make comprehension easier. On the other hand, there is the systemic approach, which states the contrary: the interaction between the parts is important for the functioning of the whole object. Thus, it is possible to conclude that, while the basis of the first theory is the separation of different disciplines, the second defends interdisciplinarity. Reality is rich to show numerous examples of mutual influence among Law, Economics and Administration. In this scenario, the Law, Economics and Organizations approach appears as an interesting mechanism for the solution of law controversies by the overcoming of the Cartesian paradigm. No estudo da epistemologia, duas vertentes opostas encontram-se em constante combate. De um lado, a proposta cartesiana, que vê o mundo como um objeto preciso e previsível, capaz de ser dissecado em partes totalmente independentes, sem comunica o entre elas, de modo a facilitar sua compreens o. Como contraponto, tem-se a abordagem sistêmica, a qual prega que a intera o entre as diversas partes é fundamental para o funcionamento do objeto como um todo. Dessa maneira, pode-se concluir, que enquanto o fundamento para a primeira está na separa o das diversas disciplinas, a segunda prima pela interdisciplinaridade. A realidade é rica em demonstrar variados exemplos de influências mútuas entre Direito, Economia e Administra o. Nesse cenário, a abordagem da “Análise Econ mica do Direito e das Organiza es” (Law, Economics and Organizations) revela-se ser um interessante mecanismo para a solu o das controvérsias jurídicas, por meio da supera o do paradigma cartesiano.
Christian Wolff tussen cartesianen en newtonianen  [cached]
C. Hakfoort
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Techniek , 1982,
Abstract: Christian Wolff between Cartesians and Newtonians In the traditional view on the period 1700-1750 a sharp distinction is drawn between two antagonistic scientific schools, Cartesianism and Newtonianism. The scientific work of Christian Wolff (1679-1754), which was recently called Cartesian, serves as an example to show the limitations and false suggestions of such a polar view. Wolffs attitude in the discussions on Descartes' vortices and Newton's gravitation, as well as on Newton's new theory of light and colours, is analysed. In addition, his ideas on the method and structure of science are discussed. Wolffs scientific position turns out to be neither Cartesian, nor Newtonian. The introduction of an additional 'ism' (neo-Cartesianism or Leibnizianism) is found to be premature.
Descartes in debat met Voetius. De mislukte introductie van het cartesianisme aan de Utrechtse universiteit (1639-1645)  [cached]
K. van Berkel
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Techniek , 1984,
Abstract: The debate between Descartes and Voetius. The failed introduction of Cartesianism in the university of Utrecht (1639-1645) The debate between Descartes and Voetius has been described by many authors before. Nevertheless, we are justified in taking another look at it, because in doing so we can get an answer to the question why the introduction of Cartesianism failed in Utrecht while it succeeded in Leiden. We show that the social and institutional conditions in Utrecht, which made it possible for orthodox protestants to have a direct influence on the university, in addition to Descartes's misconception of the nature of tolerance in the Dutch Republic, explain his failure in Utrecht. Under different institutional conditions, and with a strategy of accomodation instead of confrontation, the Cartesians in Leiden succeeded where Descartes had failed. In the end, therefore, it was not Descartes, but his one-time defender in Utrecht, Regius, who was the real loser in the debate.
Cartesiaanse en newtoniaanse natuurwetenschap aan de Leuvense Artesfakulteit
G. Vanpaemel
Tijdschrift voor de Geschiedenis der Geneeskunde, Natuurwetenschappen, Wiskunde en Techniek , 1982,
Abstract: Cartesian and Newtonian science al the Leuven Faculty of Arts The dissemination of Cartesian and Newtonian science in the Leuven Faculty of Arts shows that in both cases the direct influence of Descartes and Newton was replaced by an indirect influence through the Cartesian and Newtonian textbooks. At the same time the sharp controversy between both systems did not occur at the level of science education. To define the 'Cartesian' and 'Newtonian' points of view in the curriculum, we cannot use the criteria of conceptual resemblance (e.g. between Descartes and Cartesianism) or controversial antithesis (between Cartesianism and Newtonianism). We have to look more closely at the role of the textbooks, the position of their authors, their styles, and the people who did or did not read them. Whatever may come out as 'Cartesian' or 'Newtonian' should in the first place be the description of a historical process, rather than based on rigorous methodological or epistemological issues.
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