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Research on SDN Enterprise’s Collaboration Innovation Mechanism  [cached]
Li Chen,Fuyuan Xu
Asian Social Science , 2010, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n1p88
Abstract: SDN enterprise’s collaboration innovation is the amalgamation of enterprise’s collaboration innovation theory and SDN management idea. The paper illustrates the important meaning of SDN enterprise’s collaboration innovation, and through compare with different kinds of enterprise alliance between SDN and supply chain, the paper gives the four characteristics of SDN enterprise’s collaboration innovation, and then builds the concept model of SDN enterprise’s collaboration innovation.
Revealing the intricate effect of collaboration on innovation  [PDF]
Hiroyasu Inoue,Yang-Yu Liu
Computer Science , 2013,
Abstract: We study the Japan and U.S. patent records of several decades to demonstrate the effect of collaboration on innovation. We find that statistically inventor teams slightly outperform solo inventors while company teams perform equally well as solo companies. By tracking the performance record of individual teams we find that inventor teams' performance generally degrades with more repeat collaborations. Though company teams' performance displays strongly bursty behavior, long-term collaboration does not significantly help innovation at all. To systematically study the effect of repeat collaboration, we define the repeat collaboration number of a team as the average number of collaborations over all the teammate pairs. We find that mild repeat collaboration improves the performance of Japanese inventor teams and U.S. company teams. Yet, excessive repeat collaboration does not significantly help innovation at both the inventor and company levels in both countries. To control for unobserved heterogeneity, we perform a detailed regression analysis and the results are consistent with our simple observations. The presented results reveal the intricate effect of collaboration on innovation, which may also be observed in other creative projects.
Interfirms Collaboration - the Basis for Interorganizational Innovation  [PDF]
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2010,
Abstract: In the current economic environment, interfirm collaboration for innovation is increasingly present because of the opportunities for growth and development that it offers to the partners involved and it is included in the company’s strategy, designed primarily to obtain high competitiveness. This paper aims to highlight the forms/modalities of inter-firm collaboration through which interorganizational innovation is achieved (strategic alliances, strategic entrepreneurship), and organizational levels at which this occur (subsidiaries of multinational organizations, departments of R & D).
Open Collaboration for Innovation: Principles and Performance  [PDF]
Sheen Levine,Michael Prietula
Computer Science , 2014,
Abstract: The principles of open collaboration for innovation (and production), once distinctive to open source software, are now found in many other ventures. Some of these ventures are internet-based: Wikipedia, online forums and communities. Others are off-line: in medicine, science, and everyday life. Such ventures have been affecting traditional firms, and may represent a new organizational form. Despite the impact of such ventures, questions remain about their operating principles and performance. Here we define open collaboration (OC), the underlying set of principles, and propose that it is a robust engine for innovation and production. First, we review multiple OC ventures and identify four defining principles. In all instances, participants create goods and services of economic value, they exchange and reuse each other's work, they labor purposefully with just loose coordination, and they permit anyone to contribute and consume. These principles distinguish OC from other organizational forms, such as firms or cooperatives. Next, we turn to performance. To understand the performance of OC, we develop a computational model, combining innovation theory with recent evidence on human cooperation. We identify and investigate three elements that affect performance: the cooperativeness of participants, the diversity of their needs, and the degree to which the goods are rival (subtractable). Through computational experiments, we find that OC performs well even in seemingly harsh environments: when cooperators are a minority, free riders are present, diversity is lacking, or goods are rival. We conclude that OC is viable and likely to expand into new domains. The findings also inform the discussion on new organizational forms, collaborative and communal.
Managerial Perspective on Open Source Collaboration and Networked Innovation
Henttonen,Katja; Pussinen,Pasi; Koivum?ki,Timo;
Journal of technology management & innovation , 2012, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-27242012000300012
Abstract: this study explores the managerial perspectives towards open source software and networked innovation. we analysed six software companies who use open source software as a significant part of their product or service offering. the study found notable differences in managerial attitudes, expected benefits and key challenges related to open source software and its role in innovative activities. while all companies were using same pieces of software with open source communities, there were different levels of engagement in the development of the software and information flows between companies and communities. a deeper level of involvement enables the exchange of more than just the code: like ideas, influences, opinions and even innovations or parts of them. the differences in managerial views on open source and networked innovation may be explained by industry domains, value chain position and leadership style.
Evaluation of the effect of co-financing on collaboration between health care, social services and social insurance in Sweden  [cached]
Eva-Lisa Hultberg,Knut L?nnroth,Peter Allebeck
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2002,
Abstract: In this paper, we present an ongoing research project aimed to determine the impact of co-financing on collaboration around patients with musculoskeletal disorders. A trial legislation that allows the social insurance, social services and health care services to unite in co-financing under joint political steering has been tested in different areas in Sweden. In a series of studies, we compare collaboration processes and health outcome for patients with musculoskeletal disorders between health centres with co-financing projects and control health centres without co-financing projects. In this paper the studies are described and some preliminary results are discussed.
A decade of integration and collaboration: the development of integrated health care in Sweden 2000-2010  [cached]
Bengt Ahgren,Runo Axelsson
International Journal of Integrated Care , 2011,
Abstract: Introduction: The recent history of integrated health care in Sweden is explored in this article, focusing on the first decade of the 2000s. In addition, there are some reflections about successes and setbacks in this development and challenges for the next decade. Description of policy and practice: The first efforts to integrate health care in Sweden appeared in the beginning of the 1990s. The focus was on integration of intra-organisational processes, aiming at a more cost-effective health care provision. Partly as a reaction to the increasing economism at that time, there was also a growing interest in quality improvement. Out of this work emerged the "chains of care", integrating all health care providers involved in the care of specific patient groups. During the 2000s, many county councils have also introduced inter-organisational systems of "local health care". There has also been increasing collaboration between health professionals and other professional groups in different health and welfare services. Discussion and conclusion: Local health care meant that the chains of care and other forms of integration and collaboration became embedded in a more integrative context. At the same time, however, policy makers have promoted free patient choice in primary health care and also mergers of hospitals and clinical departments. These policies tend to fragment the provision of health care and have an adverse effect on the development of integrated care. As a counterbalance, more efforts should be put into evaluation of integrated health care, in order to replace political convictions with evidence concerning the benefits of such health care provision.
Analysing Micro-Innovation Processes: Universities and Enterprises Collaboration  [cached]
Pertti Saariluoma,Esa Kannisto,Tuomo Kujala
Communications of the IBIMA , 2009,
Abstract: This paper discusses one form of inno-vation work in the area of human technology and its research at universities with The focus is on how to get swiftly advancing basic research knowledge quickly into product development processes. The paper discusses a innovation improvement model. The industrial feedback demonstrates that the innovation improvement model works well in organizing the implementation of basic research into product development. The innovation cycle is new in the area of human technology for conveying basic research findings into industrial innovation process.
Study on the Collaborative Innovation Oriented SDN Enterprise Ecological Collaboration Model  [cached]
Li Chen,Fuyuan Xu
International Business Research , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ibr.v4n2p112
Abstract: By comparing the similarities between SDN (Supply and Demand Network with multifunctional and opening characteristics for enterprise) and natural ecosystem, the ecological characteristics of SDN enterprise are summarized in this article. The relationship among biological species groups in the natural ecosystem is used to describe the relationships of SDN enterprise in the collaborative innovation, and the collaborative innovation model among SDN enterprises based on the biology is generalized. In addition, four kinds of collaborative innovation oriented SDN enterprise ecological collaborative models are expounded respectively in detail.
University-SME Collaboration and Open Innovation: Intellectual-Property Management Tools and the Roles of Intermediaries
Isabelle Deschamps,Maria G. Macedo,Christian Eve-Levesque
Technology Innovation Management Review , 2013,
Abstract: In 2009, the Conseil de la science et de la technologie du Québec (CST) made 13 recommendations to the Government of Quebec in order to shift innovative actors towards open-innovation practices adapted to the province's context: diversified economic sectors, a majority of small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs), public universities, etc. Among these recommendations are: i) to set up flexible mechanisms to promote research collaboration between public-private sectors such as universities and SMEs, and ii) to optimize intermediation bodies’ contribution to establish open-innovation practices. Furthermore, the lack of adequate understanding and tools for the management of intellectual property (IP) was identified as a major inhibitor of open-innovation practices, to which actors should pay specific attention. In this article, we present results and recommendations from a field study focused on two groups of actors: i) companies involved in collaborative innovation and ii) intermediary agents enabling innovation and technology transfer. Our first goal was to shed some light on factors that facilitate open innovation through improved university-enterprise collaborations and, more importantly, that attempt to overcome the irritants related to IP management. Our second goal was to analyze the roles of diverse intermediaries in the fostering of successful collaborations between universities and SMEs. Our study yielded three findings: i) SMEs do not care about understanding and improving their capabilities about IP and are not equipped with adequate tools and best practices for managing IP and for managing the overall collaborative mechanisms in general; ii) this gap in preparation for open innovation is persistent, since even the intermediaries, whose role is to guide SMEs in university-enterprise collaborations, suffer themselves from the lack of appropriate IP transfer and sharing tools, and do not perceive the need to offer better support in this regard; and iii) overall, current IP-transfer and collaboration-management tools are not sophisticated enough to provide appropriate support for the implementation of open innovation, by which we mean more open and collaborative innovation in the context of university-enterprise collaborations.
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