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Slavery, religion, and abolition in Suriname
Johannes Postma
New West Indian Guide , 1997,
Abstract: [First paragraph] "Om werk van jullie te hebben": Plantageleven in Suriname, 1730-1750. RUDI OTTO BEELDSNIJDER. Utrecht: Vakgroep Culturele Antropologie - Bronnen voor de Studie van Afro-Surinaamse Samenlevingen, 1994. xii + 351 pp. (Paper NLG 35.00) Surinaams contrast: Roofbouw en overleven in een Caraibische plantagekolonie 1750-1863. ALEX VAN STIPRIAAN. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1995. xiii + 494 pp. (Paper NLG 60.00) Strijders voor het Lam: Leven en werk van Herrnhutter broeders en zusters in Suriname, 1735-1900. MARIA LENDERS. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1996. xii + 451 pp. (Paper NLG 65.00) Fifty Years Later: Antislavery, Capitalism and Modernity in the Dutch Orbit. GERT OOSTINDIE (ed.). Leiden: KITLV Press, 1995; Pittsburgh: University of Pittsburgh Press, 1996. viii + 272 pp. (Paper NLG 45.00, US$ 22.50, Cloth US$ 45.00) The publication of the books under review is evidence of a growing scholarly interest in the history of Dutch activities in the Atlantic. Three of them are doctoral dissertations on Suriname history; the fourth contains the published proceedings of a conference held in 1993 that focused on the abolition of slavery in the Dutch colonies. Three were published by the Royal Institute of Linguistics and Anthropology (KITLV), which exhibits an increasing interest in publishing scholarly books about Dutch overseas history.
Craig Langston
Australasian Journal of Construction Economics and Building , 2012,
Abstract: RED MAN GREEN MAN by Jayne Cox, David Fell and Mark Thurstain-Goodwin
Abolition of Commercial Motorbikes and Its Implication on Transportation and Criminality in Calabar Metropolis  [cached]
Christopher Eraye Michael,Usman Adekunle Ojedoku,Eke Chijioke Chinwokwu
International Journal of Social Science Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.11114/ijsss.v1i1.103
Abstract: The study examined the abolition of commercial motorbikes and its implications on transportation and criminality in Calabar Metropolis. The main objective of the study was to assess the implications associated with the abolition of commercial motorbikes as a means of transport and its effect on criminality in Calabar Metropolis. To achieve this objective, the study elicited data through questionnaire from 984 randomly selected respondents. Simple percentages and chi-square were employed to analyze elicited data at 0.05 levels of significance. The findings revealed that factors such as upsurge in criminal activities, rise in traffic accidents, traffic congestion and recklessness on the part of the operators of commercial motorbikes among others account for the abolition of motorbikes as a means of transportation in Calabar Metropolis. The study findings also revealed that the abolition of commercial motorbikes resulted in the delay of workers getting vehicles to their workplaces, increased in transportation fare charges and quarrel amongst commuters as they struggle to access few available transport vehicles. Furthermore, the study findings revealed that the abolition has resulted to an increase in criminal activities such as armed robbery, pick-pocketing, theft and snatching of valuables. The study recommends among others: the provision of alternative jobs for the displaced youths who have been affected by the government action, government should partner with private sectors to establish avoidable transport system for the masses and government should ensure that urban taxi cabs maintained approved standard transport fares in all routes to avoid arbitrary and unavoidable charges.
Endangered man*  [cached]
J. H. Coetzee
Koers : Bulletin for Christian Scholarship , 1978, DOI: 10.4102/koers.v43i6.1189
Abstract: The primary aim of this thesis is to identify the threat or threats confronting man.
The impact of the abolition of corporal punishment on teacher morale: 1994–2004
M Naong
South African Journal of Education , 2007,
Abstract: There is a direct correlation between (teacher) morale and (learner) discipline at sch ool. Since the scrapping of corporal punishment, a sense of despair seems to have taken over amongst teachers in South Africa. The findings of this study indicated that more than 65% of teachers, out of a sample population of 80 respondents from scho ols located in B loem fon tein in the Free State, claimed that discipline at schools had deteriorated, and that their passion for teaching and the joy they had once found in their work had been adversely affected since the decision had come in to effect. Amongst the many reasons for low morale, cited by the teachers, lack of dis cip line was clearly the most prevalent and common concern, and generally seemed to be attributed to the abolition of corporal punishment. I explore this concern and its impact on overall teacher morale.
Abolition of Peroxiredoxin-5 Mitochondrial Targeting during Canid Evolution  [PDF]
Valérie Van der Eecken, André Clippe, Sophie Dekoninck, Julie Goemaere, Geoffroy Walbrecq, Paul P. Van Veldhoven, Bernard Knoops
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0072844
Abstract: In human, the subcellular targeting of peroxiredoxin-5 (PRDX5), a thioredoxin peroxidase, is dependent on the use of multiple alternative transcription start sites and two alternative in-frame translation initiation sites, which determine whether or not the region encoding a mitochondrial targeting sequence (MTS) is translated. In the present study, the abolition of PRDX5 mitochondrial targeting in dog is highlighted and the molecular mechanism underlying the loss of mitochondrial PRDX5 during evolution is examined. Here, we show that the absence of mitochondrial PRDX5 is generalized among the extant canids and that the first events leading to PRDX5 MTS abolition in canids involve a mutation in the more 5′ translation initiation codon as well as the appearance of a STOP codon. Furthermore, we found that PRDX5 MTS functionality is maintained in giant panda and northern elephant seal, which are phylogenetically closely related to canids. Also, the functional consequences of the restoration of mitochondrial PRDX5 in dog Madin-Darby canine kidney (MDCK) cells were investigated. The restoration of PRDX5 mitochondrial targeting in MDCK cells, instead of protecting, provokes deleterious effects following peroxide exposure independently of its peroxidase activity, indicating that mitochondrial PRDX5 gains cytotoxic properties under acute oxidative stress in MDCK cells. Altogether our results show that, although mitochondrial PRDX5 cytoprotective function against oxidative stress has been clearly demonstrated in human and rodents, PRDX5 targeting to mitochondria has been evolutionary lost in canids. Moreover, restoration of mitochondrial PRDX5 in dog MDCK cells, instead of conferring protection against peroxide exposure, makes them more vulnerable.
Abolition in Brazil: slave resistance, intellectuals and politics (1870-1888)  [cached]
Salles, Ricardo
Revista de Indias , 2011,
Abstract: The Abolition of Slavery in Brazil raises the following questions: what was the social character of abolitionism? What historical meaning did it have? Was it a revolution or simply a step in the transition towards capitalism in the country? What interests did the abolition movement defend? What social groups were the movement’s protagonists? What role did the slave play in the process? What did the abolitionist intellectuals defend and whom did they represent? These are the questions that lead this article to reflect on the relationship between where the intellectuals stood and the possibilities and limitations of joining forces, or the construction of a slave and free population as a national class at the end of the period of slavery in Brazil. La abolición de la esclavitud en Brasil plantea las siguientes preguntas históricas: Cuál es el carácter social del abolicionismo? Cuál es su sentido histórico? Fue una revolución o apenas un episodio en la transición al capitalismo? Qué intereses defendía el movimiento abolicionista? Qué grupos sociales protagonizan este movimiento? Cuál es el papel de los esclavos en el proceso? O, qué defendían y qué representaban los intelectuales abolicionistas? Son estas cuestiones las que guían el presente artículo, en el sentido de pensar la relación entre el lugar de los intelectuales abolicionistas y las posibilidades y los límites de la formación, o el acontecimiento , de la población esclava y liberta en cuanto clase nacional en el periodo del final de la esclavitud en Brasil. [pt] A Aboli o da Escravid o no Brasil coloca as seguintes quest es históricas: qual o caráter social do abolicionismo? Qual seu sentido histórico? Foi uma revolu o ou apenas um lance na transi o para o capitalismo no país? Que interesses defendia o movimento abolicionista? Que grupos sociais protagonizaram o movimento? Qual o papel dos escravos no processo? O que defendiam e quem representavam os intelectuais abolicionistas? S o estas indaga es que guiam esse artigo no sentido de pensar a rela o entre o lugar dos intelectuais abolicionistas e as possibilidades e os limites de forma o, ou o acontecimento da popula o escrava e liberta enquanto uma classe nacional no período final da escravid o no Brasil.
Critical Analysis of Abolition of Death Penalty in International Law: An Analysis of Death Penalty under the United States and Nigerian Laws
JO Anwo, GA Arowolo
Nnamdi Azikiwe University Journal of International Law and Jurisprudence , 2011,
Abstract: The death penalty has been an issue of debate for decades and several reasons have been given that make recourse to the death penalty appears necessary, such as, that it serves as a deterrent, it meets the need for retribution and that of public opinion demands its imposition. Conversely, more convincing arguments have been raised for its abolition, amongst which is the argument that it is a violation of human rights. Africa is seen as one of the “death penalty regions” in the world, as most African states still retain the death penalty despite the growing international human rights standards and trends towards its abolition. Further, the African Charter on Human and People’s Rights makes no mention of the death penalty. The death penalty in Africa is therefore an issue that one has to be particularly concerned about. During the 36th Ordinary Session in 2004 of the African Commission on Human and People’s Rights, for the first time, the death penalty was one of the issues discussed by the Commission. This article examines the death penalty in some states especially the United States and Nigeria and concludes that joining the international trend for the abolition of the death penalty ought to be universal, considering that the justificat ions for the retention of death penalty are fundamentally flawed, and that alternatives to the death penalty exist. It concluded with a number of recommendations geared towards the abolition of the death penalty in Africa.

海洋科学 , 1985,
Abstract: This paper attempts to make a comment on the abolition of ocean trace analysis data. The reasons for inaccurate results of analysis are expounded. A variety of Remedial measures to ensure the analysis quality are proposed, including: establish, evaluate, and issue Standard Reference Materials, and group them together. This will help to raise the analysis quality.
Din Bir Müessesenin Sonu: Hilafet’in lgas /// End of the Institution of a Religious: The Abolition of the Caliphate
Mahmut AKKOR
History Studies : International Journal of History , 2012,
Abstract: s a religious institution of caliphate appeared after the death of the Prophet (Mohammed) was under the controlled by many states and families until the abolition of it. Besides, during certain periods, we could see more than one caliphate. After the captured of Egypt by Ottoman Sultan, Yavuz Sultan Selim, caliphate got into a new process. Especially it has been wished to use more effective towards at the end of Ottoman State. But outbreak of World War I, thoroughly focused on the discussions about the authority of the caliphate. After losing the war with the occupation of the territories of the Ottoman Empire and the starting of National Struggle, a new transformation would raise whether in society or state institutions. In this article, general assessments have been aimed to make that happened in the process of the abolition of the caliphate, Parliament’s attitude and Mustafa Kemal Pasha’s approaching to the debate.
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