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Evaluation for Innovation Ability of National Agricultural Science and Technology Parks in Jiangxi Province  [PDF]
Jun Yang, Ling Lin, Can Huang, Xin Feng
American Journal of Plant Sciences (AJPS) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ajps.2018.912177
Abstract: Innovative ability is an important indicator for judging the effectiveness of the national agricultural science and technology park construction. Based on the statistical data of four national agricultural science and technology parks built in Jiangxi Province, this paper constructs an evaluation system consisting of three first-level indicators, eight second-level indicators and 24 three-level indicators. Based on the combined weighting method, the comprehensive scores of the innovation capabilities of the parks are obtained. It is found that the gap in innovation capability of each park is wide, and the radiation-driven function has not yet appeared. It is necessary to promote the improvement of innovation capabilities by promoting the synergy and innovation of agricultural science and technology in the park, encouraging the park to construct agricultural technology business incubators, and building and improving innovation platforms.
Gender Equality in Interface Organizations between Science, Technology and Innovation
Vehvil?inen,Marja; Vuolanto,Pia; Ylijoki,Oili-Helena;
Journal of technology management & innovation , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-27242010000100005
Abstract: the article addresses the question of gender equality in the context of interface organizations between science, technology and innovation, focusing on gendered work practices in science parks. drawing upon the notions of gendered work practices, feminization of work and feminist science and technology studies, the article explores: 1. key aspects of work practices in science parks; 2. gender segregation embedded in these practices; and 3. practices which help to promote gender equality in intermediary work. the study is empirically based on interviews with top managers and female experts of four finnish science parks, complemented by one focus group interview with representatives of funding agencies, ministries and intermediary organizations. the study demonstrates that work in science parks is simultaneously future-oriented knowledge work and service work characterized by features of feminization and care (i.e. sensitivity to the needs of clients). gender segregation commonly seen in the science, technology and innovation sector is reproduced in novel ways in the work practices of the science parks, especially due to the gendered patterns of professional recognition and male networking. this implies that - in spite of the feminised work practices - women do not find easy careers in science parks. the data show, however, that there are also several practices which are used to counteract segregation and promote gender equality, including a number of positive actions developed by women themselves in order to promote recognition and networking in science parks.
Networking System and Innovation Outputs: The Role of Science and Technology Parks  [cached]
Alessandro Basile
International Journal of Business and Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v6n5p3
Abstract: During recent years, research has, provided evidence that increasing interorganizational collaborations (networking) play a central role in determining firms innovation by demonstrating that the locus of innovation is an interorganizational system of actors. Both the relationship between networking and innovation and the role of science partners in interorganizational relationships and R&D networking have been given a great deal of attention. The interest is stimulated by the contribution to economic development, competitive advantage creation, firms performance, expecially in high-tech industry. The main purpose of this study is to explore the dynamic of the relationship between networking and innovation and science parks’ role in providing the linkages to all firms and agents in interorganizational system of innovation. The empirical evidence of the paper consists of a survey of 15 Italian Science Parks and show networking process facilitate the innovation projects but it will not necessarily lead to innovation success.
Evaluating the Economic Performance of High-Technology Industry and Energy Efficiency: A Case Study of Science Parks in Taiwan  [PDF]
Min-Ren Yan,Kuo-Ming Chien
Energies , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/en6020973
Abstract: High-technology industries provide opportunities for economic growth, but also raise concerns because of their energy-demanding nature. This paper provides an integrated evaluation of both economic benefits and energy efficiency of high-technology industries based on the real data from one of the globally recognized high-technology industrial clusters, the national science parks in Taiwan. A nation-wide industrial Input-Output Analysis is conducted to demonstrate the positive effects of science parks on national economic developments and industrial upgrades. The concept of energy intensity and an energy-efficient economy index are applied to an integrated assessment of the relationship between economic growth and energy consumption. The proposed case study suggests that economic and energy efficiency objectives can be simultaneously achieved by the development of high-technology industries, while three energy policy implications are considered. First, a nation-wide macro viewpoint is needed and high-technology industries should be considered as parts of the national/regional economies by governmental agencies. Second, a proper industrial clustering mechanism and the shared environmental facilities supported by the government, such as planned land and road usage, electricity and water supply, telecommunications system, sewerage system and wastewater treatments, can improve energy efficiency of high-technology industries. Third, the governmental policies on the taxing and management system in science parks would also direct energy-efficient economy of high-technology industries.
Identifying and prioritizing innovation criteria of projects in science and technology parks using fuzzy VIKOR
Javad Siahkali Moradi,Yaser Ghorbanzad,Mina Beig
Management Science Letters , 2012,
Abstract: The idea of Science and Technology parks has been widely used in many countries and many innovative plans are initiated in these places. In this paper, we present a multiple criteria decision making plan to prioritize important factors influencing the success of an innovative plan. The study uses fuzzy triangular numbers to gather decision makers' feedback on different criteria and rank them using fuzzy VIKOR method. The results of our survey indicate that it is important to be the first who introduce the idea, the idea must be important for customers and market and it must be scientifically justified. Among other important criteria, the availability of experts to support the ideas and applicability in the area of human and social science are of important criteria. The plan also does not need to have huge amount of investment and a complicated technology and finally it should come to market in short amount of time.
A Study on the Functions, Target, Influential Factors and Evaluation System of Science Popularization Capability Construction of University Science and Technology Parks  [PDF]
Xinming Han, Shukun Tang, Li Zhao
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.511003
At present, the scientific literacy of Chinese citizens is still at a low level, and it is still a long way to go for the nation to improve its science popularization capability. University science and technology park is a gathering place and transformation hub for its scientific and technological achievements, which is crucial for promoting the national career of science communication. This paper starts from the definition of science popularization capability of university science and technology park. The study illustrates the basic functions of science popularization capability construction of university science and technology park in three aspects: speeding up the transformation university scientific and technological achievements; improving the quality of innovative and entrepreneurial talents cultivation; promoting the scientific literacy of university and local area citizens. The essay also puts forward the ultimate goal for the science popularization capacity construction of university science and technology park. It analyzes its key influential factors on science popularization capability construction: science popularization environment; the popularization ability on science and technology resources; communication skills and operation on science popularization jobs. At last, the paper constructs the evaluation system of science popularization ability of university science and technology park.
Introduction to the Special Issue on Using Technology in Mathematics and Science Education  [cached]
Lisa Ann Donnelly,Michael Mikusa
Journal of the Research Center for Educational Technology , 2010,
Abstract: The articles in this special issue of the RCETJ on mathematics and science investigate the role of educational technology in promoting student learning in mathematics and science. Manuscripts selected for this special issue include studies in which K-12 students are being studied in the context of technology-rich environments, that look at the impact of the use of various technologies on student learning, and illustrate how combined efforts at technology-rich professional development affect teachers’ use of technology to teach their classes.
Science & Technology, Development and Local Power: Elements for Analysis of the Brazilian Context  [cached]
Sueli Goulart,Marcelo Milano Falc?o Vieira
Journal of technology management & innovation , 2007,
Abstract: This paper discusses the theoretical aspects of the relationship between scientific and technological production of universities and local development. The central argument is that this relationship is potentialized when produced knowledge permits the occupation of a position in the scientific field and is linked to specific forms of local insertion. In the context of globalization, which keeps the center-periphery structure of the world economic system practically intact, articulation is proposed between global and local dimensions of the environment. The recovery of theoretical-empirical categories formulated by Economic Commission for Latin-America and the Caribbean helps to place the discussion in a political sphere, and to characterize local development as an expression of social change on territorially demarcated scales.
The Entrepreneurship of the Young Population in the Ecuadorian Context, Showing from the Approach of the Science, Technology and Society  [PDF]
Tannia Cristina Poveda Morales, Cecilia Parra Ferié, Fabián Fonseca, Roberto Frias
Journal of Service Science and Management (JSSM) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/jssm.2016.91004
Abstract: The creation of a dynamic company with high values is a very complex process that needs the entrepreneurs overcome barriers that they present daily. The social studies of the science and the technology can offer a valuable contribution for the critical examination of the different problems of the business management and the entrepreneurship phenomenon. A fundamental aspect that contributes is the beginning of which any techno-economic activity that needs to be valued for his/her social context. What was taken as an aim for the present research is to offer the panoramic view of how to involve the STS approach in the entrepreneurship population graduated from the University UNIANDES extension Riobamba. For those, we applied theoretical investigation methods like analysis-synthesis, induction-deduction, historically-logically.
Knowledge Transfer Processes in Product Development—Theoretical Analysis in Small Technology Parks  [PDF]
Seppo Saari, Harri Haapasalo
Technology and Investment (TI) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ti.2012.31006
Abstract: Large science parks and their knowledge transfer processes have been studied extensively while only a few papers on small parks exist. Characteristic to them is that the institutions and services are fewer than in the large ones. The main target of this paper is to create a framework to analyse further knowledge transfer processes in small technology parks. The framework resulting from the study has two main phases: the innovation enabler and product development process analyses. The innovation enabler analysis starts with a local innovation system and a technology park analysis, including links to other geographical levels, and links to sectoral innovation systems. It is continued with a social capital assessment and a network analysis. The product development process analysis explores the product development processes as the targets of the knowledge transfer, and transfer of different types of knowledge through and from the local innovation system.
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