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Profiling urban IDPs  [PDF]
Anne Davies,Karen Jacobsen
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: New methodology used for profiling urban IDPs is enablingresearchers to assess and contextualise the particular needs of thisgroup and to address the implications for humanitarian action.
Olu Ojo
Lex et Scientia , 2008,
Abstract: This paper focuses on the social responsibility of business organizations in Nigeria. It examines the extent of their involvement in the concept of social responsibility with a view to recommend the strategic importance of being socially responsible to all the stakeholders. The methodology employed was that the researcher examines the Annual Reports and Accounts of randomly selected companies and compared their turnover with their investment in social responsibility. The result revealed that these companies have contributed infinitesimal amount of their gross earnings in social responsibility. Thus, they need to increase their involvement in social responsibility to boost their reputation capital.
Corporate Social Responsibility and Community Development: A Case Study of Pamol (Nigeria) Limited, Cross River State, Nigeria
H.M. Ndifon,R.O. Echua,N.M. Nkang
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: The study investigated the relationship between Corporate Social Responsibility functions of PAMOL (Nigeria) Limited and the community development (felt) needs of its host communities in Cross River State, Nigeria. A total of 342 respondents comprising 192 males and 150 females were randomly selected from 16 communities in Odukpani and Calabar Municipal Local Government Areas of the State which make up the host communities. Both descriptive and inferential statistical tools were employed in the analysis of data that were collected. The findings show that the Corporate Social Responsibility functions carried out by PAMOL in the area include employment, building and equipping of town halls and class room blocks, HIV/AIDS awareness/prevention campaign, etc. while the host communities development needs are construction and maintenance of community roads, employment of indigenes, provision of healthcare facilities and potable water, educational advancement by granting of scholarships to indigent students as well as electricity supply. Further results indicate that the Corporate Social Responsibility functions of PAMOL have no significant relationship with the felt needs of its host communities in Cross River State. This suggests that perhaps PAMOL did not carryout a proper need assessment before embarking on the projects. Based on the findings, the study surmises that there is need for PAMOL to adapt its Corporate Social Responsibility functions to the felt needs of host communities in order to prevent restiveness by aggrieved parties, as well as ensure sustainability in their operations in the area.
Evrim üSTüNLüO?LU
Journal of Theory and Practice in Education , 2009,
Abstract: This study was conducted in order to investigate the perceptions of university students and teachers regarding responsibilities and abilities related to autonomous learning, and the autonomous activities both inside and outside the classroom. The study also investigated whether these responsibilities, abilities and activities changed significantly according to motivation level and gender. Qualitative data was gathered from 320 students and 24 teachers, together with quantitative data through interviews. The results suggest that students do not take responsibility for their learning although they have the ability, and teachers, themselves, take on most of the responsibilities, by perceiving their students incapable of fulfilling their responsibilities. This study suggests that both students and teachers need to understand the necessity of learner independence, and a training program on autonomous learning should be included in the language curriculum, particularly with regard to administration.
Corporate Social Responsibility and Mobile Telecommunication Competitiveness in Nigeria: The Case of MTN Nigeria  [PDF]
John Efiok Nsikan, Victor A. Umoh, Mbaa Bariate
American Journal of Industrial and Business Management (AJIBM) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ajibm.2015.58052
Abstract: In Nigeria, the aftermath of the Niger Delta crises had spark off research interest on corporate social responsibility (CSR) and environmental sustainability. However, how telecommunication firms in Nigeria perceive and practice CSR and the link with competitive advantage is rarely investigated. This study examines the extent of relationship between CSR and mobile telecommunication competitive advantage. The survey design was adopted, making use of random sampling to select 200 participants from staff of MTN. Structured questionnaire was employed to collect relevant primary data and analysis was carried out through regression analysis and Chi-square technique. Results showed that except staff welfare, significant relationship existed between environmental awareness, community wellbeing and competitive advantage. To further enhance competitiveness, the firm’s social responsibility to its workforce should be improved upon by introducing flexible working hours, facilitating work/life balance, ensuring prompt promotion, and considering internal advancement as a strategic option.
Rethinking Banks Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in Nigeria
International Journal of Finance and Accounting , 2013, DOI: 10.5923/j.ijfa.20130201.05
Abstract: The Nigerian economy is faced with a multiplicity of challenges ranging from high unemployment rate, poverty, corruption, youth restiveness, security and political crises which threatens investments, economic growth and the goal of the Nigerian banks to be the financial hub of Africa in the year 2020 as well as the nation’s goal to be one among the top 20 largest economies in the world by the year 2020. Since banks provide linkages to all sectors of the economy, there is need for the Nigerian banks to rethink Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) in all the key sectors (such as education, power, health, agriculture, and small and medium-sized enterprises) of the economy. This study examines how socially responsible is the Nigerian banks in addressing these challenges and enhancing the economic growth of Nigeria through Small and Medium Scale Enterprises (SMEs) financing, which is one of the key sector that can drive the economic growth of the nation. Using the data on commercial banks loans to SMEs provided by the CBN statistical bulletin for the period of ten years (from 2001-2010). The results of the descriptive statistics and sample t-test shows that, bank consolidation in Nigeria has led to a decline in SMEs financing to less than one percent on average in the study period, and there is no significant improvement in SMEs financing in Nigeria before and after bank consolidation. This clearly indicates that Nigerian Banks are not committed to their CSR (economic responsibilities) of financing to SMEs which is critical in mitigating these economic challenges and enhancing economic growth. The study recommends among others that, there should be further diversification in SMEs financing. In order to improve the CSR of Nigerian banks, there is also the need for banks to help in the training of SMEs owners as a matter of necessity on the need to maintain proper accounting records in the country.
Land, IDPs and mediation  [cached]
Baptiste Raymond
Forced Migration Review , 2010,
Abstract: Unmanaged resettlement of IDPs in eastern DRC might threaten an already fragile security situation.
Social Responsibility Performance of Educational Institutions of Higher Learning in Nigeria
Justin M. Odinioha Gabriel,Wadike George
International Journal of Asian Social Science , 2013,
Abstract: Over the years, society has witnessed an unprecedented neglect in the area of corporate social responsibility; this situation has diversely been greeted with several conflicts between host communities and the guest enterprises resulting in kidnapping, hostage takings, total shutdown of company facilities and eventual financial losses. In this paper, we examined the social responsibility performance of higher educational institutions in Nigeria. Four research questions were asked to produce the findings that: (1) host communities rate the institutions moderate in their social responsibility performance,(2) the most acknowledged social responsibility of the institutions by the communities is the offer of concessionary admission to indigenes of host communities, (3) host communities expect special employment opportunities from the institutions and (4) that the level of satisfaction of the communities regarding social responsibility of the institutions is very low. The paper concludes that higher institutions should boost their relationship with host communities through increased response to social issues.
Information Needs of Rural Secondary School Adolescents in Nigeria
U.I. Udofia
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: In determining information needs of specific group of user, the research instrument is a vital factor of identifying the need areas and various influences which define such user’s needs. This study is based on identifying primary areas of information needs of rural adolescents. From a sample population of 800 rural secondary school students spread through six of the Eastern states of Nigeria, it was found that 267 (60.3%) males and 207 (58.0%) females need information on ‘occupation’. Their second highest area of information need was on ‘health’ with 126 (28.4%) males and 105 (29.4%) female. Respondents also showed interests in ‘social services’ with 38 (8.6%) males and 24 (6.7%) females indicating information need in this area. The survey findings further revealed high influence of parents’ occupation in information generation among the students’. The majority of respondents are from the ‘lower’ and ‘middle’ class social structure and the extent to which this factor affects the shift of emphasis from education to occupation needs is also discussed. In developing rural area, the paper advocates for special attention to be focused on the information needs of rural adolescents to enhance development.
Kuang-Hui Chiu,Chien-Lung Hsu
International Journal of Electronic Business Management , 2010,
Abstract: Technological developments and globalization have led to scientific controversies associated with advanced technologies, and increased risk of ecological damage. The uncertainty factors of “risk society” have increased the complexity of modern life. Numerous sources of uncertainty are unidentifiable to the public. Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) refers to the task of reducing the uncertainty. In a risk society, CSR is a stabilizing force, preventing the occurrence and expansion of risk. The main purpose of this research is to discuss the relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR)and corporate image in the risk society, especially the electromagnetic fields that are produced by the mobile telecommunications industry. Whereas modern people are blessed by the convenience of mobile telecommunication, they also take the risks associated with exposure to electromagnetic fields. If corporations do not meet their social responsibility, then the effects of such exposure may have irreparable consequences. As well as posing a threat to mobile ‘phone users, the effects of electromagnetic fields can undermine the corporate image. Ulrich Beck called this effect “the boomerang effect.” If corporations do not act responsibly and to maintain their image, then the social and capital costs incurred will be great when the risks have evolved to crises. This study probes the relationship between CSR and corporate image. Risk society here, is taken as the moderator and to further examine the correlations between CSR and Corporate Image. The results show that perceptions of risk in the context of corporate social responsibility (CSR) and corporate product image (CPI) lead to expectations that are the opposite of the results presented in this investigation: when the degree of perceived risk is higher, CSR has a more positive effect on CPI.
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