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Moldova and the Transnistrian Conflict / Chapter 4 of Europeanization and Conflict Resolution: Case Studies from the European Periphery  [PDF]
Marius Vahl,Michael Emerson
Journal on Ethnopolitics and Minority Issues in Europe , 2004,
Abstract: The Transnistrian conflict emerged with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in the late 1980s. The two sides have been unable to agree on any of the proposals tabled by the international mediators, Russia, Ukraine and the OSCE. The EU played a neglible role during the first decade of the Transnistrian conflict, but has recently become more engaged. This was preceded by a growing emphasis on the EU and Europeanization in Moldovan political discourse. Disillusionment with the negotiating format has grown in Moldova, increasing support for Europeanization of Moldova independently of the settlement of the conflict. The EU engagement has led to a growing resentment towards the EU in Transnistrian political discourse. Differences among the major external actors have become more pronounced, with Russia disapproving of the 'interference' of the West and the growing engagement of the EU.
Hierarchy in Moldova-Russia Relations: the Transnistrian Effect
Matthew Crandall
Studies of Transition States and Societies , 2012,
Abstract: This article examines the effect of the Transnistrian area on Moldova-Russia relations. David Lake’s concept of hierarchy will be used as the theoretical framework. The article examines why Russia’s mechanisms of infl uence should be seen as a reflection of a hierarchical relationship between Russia and Moldova. The article begins by explaining why this work has chosen a hierarchical framework and a brief introduction of Transnistria. This is followed by two sections of analysis: security and economy.These two sections will also contain subsections on events that highlight the hierarchical nature of the Moldova-Russia relationship. This article shows that Russia clearly has a hierarchical relationship with Moldova. David Lake’s theory proves to be a useful tool in understanding Moldovan-Russian relations.
Cristian BEN?E
Societate ?i Politic? , 2011,
Abstract: The main purpose of this article is to analyze themechanisms developed by the Organization for Security and Co-operation inEurope (OSCE) in order to protect the human rights. The OSCE, whichoriginally began as a series of meetings in Helsinki under the name of theConference on Security and Co-operation in Europe (CSCE), now includes fifty-sixparticipating states from throughout Europe, as well as the Confederation ofIndependent States, Canada, and the United States. The first part of this articledescribes the historical evolution and the structure of the OSCE and the secondpart focuses on the specific issues related to the protection of human rights.
OSCE and European Security
Mark Sigler
Revista CIDOB d'Afers Internacionals , 1997,
Abstract: Afirma Sigler, que desde una perspectiva multidimensional de la seguridad, el papel de la OSCE en la seguridad europea seguirá siendo importante tras la ampliación de la OTAN. El autor examina los instrumentos y mecanismos con que la OSCE aborda la prevención de crisis y conflictos, especialmente las actividades desarrolladas en Bosnia, Chechenia, el Báltico y el Cáucaso. La OSCE, que intenta reforzar la cooperación en temas de seguridad, es una organización única para abordar los retos actuales y futuros para la seguridad del continente, incluyendo situaciones en algunas zonas de la antiguaUnión Soviética. Su tama o –54 miembros– su capacidad de innovar y su flexibilidad, y su toma de decisiones consensuada hacen que la OSCE sea efectiva en temas como la temprana prevención de conflictos, Derechos Humanos, asuntos sociales, desarrollo económico, preocupaciones medioambientales y acuerdos de control de armamentos.No obstante, Sigler se ala que el papel de la OSCE en temas de seguridad viene limitado por las características de las actividades de mantenimiento de la paz, ya que éstas requieren el acuerdo político previo de las partes implicadas en un conflicto.
Valentin Sofroni,Anatolie Pu?untic?,Mihaela Iacob
Present Environment and Sustainable Development , 2009,
Abstract: Due to the relatively varied Moldova’s relief and its extension from North to South, average and extreme data of rime production are different. The map shows that the most vulnerable territories to rime deposition are in the Central and NorthWestern regions: the Central Moldova and Northern-Moldova Plateau. The least vulnerable are the Balti and Southern Moldova Plains. The low frequency of the complex rime depositions in the above mentioned regions occurs due to the fact that their altitudes are lower than of that of the adjacent regions and thus they are better protected from cold winds.
Of the OSCE field operations in transition countries  [PDF]
Trapara Vladimir
Medjunarodni Problemi , 2011, DOI: 10.2298/medjp1101099t
Abstract: Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe (OSCE) currently has 18 field operations in transition countries throughout Southeastern and Eastern Europe, Caucasus and Central Asia. These operations employ around 3000 staff members and spend 80 percent of OSCE annual budget. Effectiveness of these operations in performing their tasks in all phases of conflict cycle depends on consensus between Great Powers; they also employ an informal decision-making process to supplement the consensus in order to be flexible in responding to changes in the situation. Today, those operations are challenged by shifts in global power relations, and their future depends on the outcomes of the current security dialogue which takes place in the OSCE. That dialogue is also an opportunity for transition countries (including Serbia) to benefit from the OSCE field operations reform, in a way that the operations would now become more able to address the real security problems of these countries.
The road to conflict resolution: A comparative analysis of frozen conflicts in the OSCE area
Trapara Vladimir,Jon?i? Milo?
Medjunarodni Problemi , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/medjp1203275t
Abstract: In this paper the authors comparatively analyze the frozen conflicts in the OSCE area with an objective to discover specific features of the road to their solution. An accent has been put on the post-Soviet conflicts, while Kosovo and Cyprus are treated as subsidiary cases. A decisive element of the frozen conflict definition is a disharmony between the legal and factual state regarding territorial changes which took place as a consequence of an armed conflict. Thus, the international law aspect is the most important in considering possibilities for settlement of these conflicts. Other aspects which are analyzed in the paper are security, energy, economic, and democratic ones. The common conclusion of the analysis of each of these aspects is that the USA and Russia are the key actors which influence these frozen conflicts’ resolution. In the absence of their consensus, these conflicts are doomed to remain frozen in the long run.
Modern Jewelry Art of Moldova
Revista Romaneasca pentru Educatie Multidimensionala , 2010,
Abstract: In this article the author examines some problems concerning formation of the jewelry industry in the territory of Bessarabia, Moldavian RSS and the Republic of Moldova, for the considerations that contemporary art jewelry is presented as a subject very poorly investigated, despite having an interest for historical researchers, the study art, ethnography and culturology. Are determinate some aspects of the evolution of different types of jewelry manufacturing workshops and articles Jewelry Plant “Giuvaier” from Chisinau, founded in 1972.
Journal of Plant Development , 2007,
Abstract: Construction phases of the Moldova Vegetation Exposition from the Botanical Garden of Chi in u are presented. Twelve forest micro-expositions, one steppe vegetation exposition, one grassland micro-exposition and an area of rare plants have been created during last 35 year on an area of 14 ha. The Moldova Vegetation Exposition includes 400 species of vascular plants.
Remittances in the Republic of Moldova:Lost opportunities
Revista Romana de Economie , 2011,
Abstract: The article covers the problem of the relationship between remittances and economic growth as well as the use of remittances for productive investment in order to contribute to long-run development. Also, there are given some stylized facts of remittances in the Republic of Moldova and their impact over the national economy. Because of its business and investment climate, because of its financial system and macroeconomic policies that were conducted, Moldova has lost almost all opportunities to benefit from remittances.
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