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Fertility Trends in South Asian Countries
Md. Ripter Hossain
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: This paper is an attempt to explore the current and future fertility trends in South Asian countries, 1980-2040s. The demographic impact of rapid declination in the general fertility pattern has been studies and obtained a significant change in the fertility rates in South Asian countries. The results of this studies also shows the fertility transitions has begun in South Asian countries, its impact varies from country to country. As the fertility and crude birth rates reduce the growth rate of South Asian countries are also reduce in parallel way. Afghanistan shows an extra ordinary nature in 1980s to 1990s.
Mortality Transition in South Asian Countries
Pakistan Journal of Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper an attempt is made to explore the current and future mortality trends in South Asian countries, 1980-2040s, using data from the different published surveys. Mortality transitions started in South Asian countries due to the demographic change. Using stepwise regression technique it is found that the factors crude birth rate, crude death rate and Total fertility rate have negative effect and median age has positive effect on expectation of life at birth.
The evolution of immunohematology in South Asian countries  [cached]
Woodfield Graeme
Asian Journal of Transfusion Science , 2009,
Abstract: Many factors have resulted in the slow development of transfusion services in some South Asian countries. Despite difficulties, there have been some excellent developments and the outlook for the future is very positive. The biggest problems relate to the availability of the truly voluntary altruistic blood donors and considerable work is still needed to upgrade this aspect of the work. Screening for transfusion transmissible diseases is now widespread although there is still a requirement to enhance quality assurance procedures and to improve statistical definitions and collection. Other factors that have affected the evolution of immunohematology are outlined and there is now optimism for the future.
Exclusive Breast Feeding and Child Survival in Pakistan and Other South Asian Countries
Y.M. Imtiaz,M. Saleem
Pakistan Journal of Nutrition , 2009,
Abstract: Not Available
Trends in prevalence of diabetes in Asian countries  [cached]
Ambady Ramachandran,Chamukuttan Snehalatha,Ananth Samith Shetty,Arun Nanditha
World Journal of Diabetes , 2012, DOI: 10.4239/wjd.v3.i6.110
Abstract: Diabetes is a major lifestyle disorder, the prevalence of which is increasing globally. Asian countries contribute to more than 60% of the world’s diabetic population as the prevalence of diabetes is increasing in these countries. Socio-economic growth and industrialization are rapidly occurring in many of these countries. The urban-rural divide in prevalence is narrowing as urbanization is spreading widely, adversely affecting the lifestyle of populations. Asians have a strong ethnic and genetic predisposition for diabetes and have lower thresholds for the environmental risk factors. As a result, they develop diabetes at a younger age and at a lower body mass index and waist circumference when compared with the Western population. The adverse effect of physical inactivity and fatty food are manifested as the increasing rate of overweightness and obesity, even among children. The health care budgets for the disease management are meager and the health care outcome is far from the optimum. As a result, complications of diabetes are common and the economic burden is very high, especially among the poor strata of the society. National endeavors are urgently needed for early diagnosis, effective management and for primary prevention of diabetes. This editorial aims to highlight the rising trend in prevalence of diabetes in Asia, its causative factors and the urgent need to implement national strategies for primary prevention of type 2 diabetes.
Estimating child mortality due to diarrhoea in developing countries
Boschi-Pinto,Cynthia; Velebit,Lana; Shibuya,Kenji;
Bulletin of the World Health Organization , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0042-96862008000900015
Abstract: objective: the major objective of this study is to provide estimates of diarrhoea mortality at country, regional and global level by employing the child health epidemiology reference group (cherg) standard. methods: a systematic and comprehensive literature review was undertaken of all studies published since 1980 reporting under-5 diarrhoea mortality. information was collected on characteristics of each study and its population. a regression model was used to relate these characteristics to proportional mortality from diarrhoea and to predict its distribution in national populations. findings: global deaths from diarrhoea of children aged less than 5 years were estimated at 1.87 million (95% confidence interval, ci: 1.56-2.19), approximately 19% of total child deaths. who african and south-east asia regions combined contain 78% (1.46 million) of all diarrhoea deaths occurring among children in the developing world; 73% of these deaths are concentrated in just 15 developing countries. conclusion: planning and evaluation of interventions to control diarrhoea deaths and to reduce under-5 mortality is obstructed by the lack of a system that regularly generates cause-of-death information. the methods used here provide country-level estimates that constitute alternative information for planning in settings without adequate data.
Does consanguinity increase the risk of bronchial asthma in children?  [cached]
El Mouzan Mohammad,Al Salloum Abdullah,Al Herbish Abdullah,Al Omar Ahmad
Annals of Thoracic Medicine , 2008,
Abstract: There is a high prevalence of consanguinity and bronchial asthma in Saudi Arabia. The objective of this study is to explore the effect of parental consanguinity on the occurrence of bronchial asthma in children. The study sample was determined by multistage random probability sampling of Saudi households. The families with at least one child with asthma were matched with an equal number of families randomly selected from a list of families with healthy children, the latter families being designated as controls. There were 103 families with children having physician-diagnosed bronchial asthma, matched with an equal number of families with no children with asthma. This resulted in 140 children with bronchial asthma and 295 children from controls. The age and gender distribution of the children with bronchial asthma and children from controls were similar. There were 54/103 (52.4%) and 61/103 (59.2%) cases of positive parental consanguinity in asthmatic children and children from controls respectively ( P = 0.40). Analysis of consanguinity status of the parents of children with asthma and parents among controls indicates that 71/140 (51%) of the children with asthma and 163/295 (55.3%) of the children from controls had positive parental overall consanguinity ( P = 0.43). The results of this study suggest that parental consanguinity does not increase the risk of bronchial asthma in children.
Energy-Growth Causality: Asian Countries Revisited  [cached]
Evan Lau,Xiao-Hui Chye,Chee-Keong Choong
International Journal of Energy Economics and Policy , 2011,
Abstract: Understanding the impact of energy consumption on economic growth is an important consideration in the formulation of both energy and environmental policies. Motivated by this development, this paper empirically re-examines the direction of causality and the sign (in the panel sense) between energy consumption (EC) and the gross-domestic product (GDP) for seventeen selected Asian countries. Results reveal long-run stable equilibriums in these countries, while the EC brings about a positive impact on GDP. Causality runs from EC to GDP in the short-run, while the long-run causal linkage exists from GDP to EC. This indicates that energy is a force for economic growth in the short-run, but in the long-run, the EC is fundamentally driven by economic growth. Efficient coordination and cooperation towards the implementation of energy conservation policies to support sustainable economic development should be in the regional agenda.
Health Aspects of Organophosphorous Pesticides in Asian Countries  [PDF]
M Balali-Mood,K Balali-Mood,M Moodi,B Balali-Mood
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2012,
Abstract: Organophosphorous (OP) pesticides are used frequently in agriculture, particularly in Asian countries over the pastdecades. Poisoning by these agents, either as acute or chronic in these nations, is a serious health problem. OP pesticidesresidue in fruits and vegetables that may not induce early clinical features, could also affect the human health.Therefore, medical and health professionals should be aware and learn more on the toxicology, prevention and proper management of OP poisoning. The well-known mechanism of OP toxicity is the inhibition of acetyl cholinesterase,resulting in an accumulation of acetylcholine and continued stimulation of acetylcholine receptors. Therefore, they arealso called anticholinesterase agents. Determination of blood acetyl cholinesterase and butyryl cholinesterase activities remains a mainstay for the rapid initial screening of OP pesticides. Quantitative analysis of OP and their degradation products in plasma and urine by mass spectrometric methods is a more specific method, but is expensive and limited to specialized laboratories. Therefore, history of OP pesticides exposure and clinical manifestations of a cholinergic syndrome is sufficient for management of the exposed patients. However, electrophysiological tests may be requiredfor the diagnosis of delayed neuropathy of OP poisoning. The standard management of OP poisoning includes decontamination,atropine sulphate with an oxime. Recent advances focus on blood alkalinisation and magnesium sulphate as promising adjunctive therapies. Preventive measures in OP exposure are of great importance in human health in developing countries. Therefore, regulations and controls on safe use of OP particularly in Asian countries are recommended.
Export and FDI in Asian countries: panel causality analysis
Abbas Rezazadeh Karsalari,Mohsen Mehrara,Maysam Musai
Hyperion Economic Journal , 2013,
Abstract: The FDI of Multinational Companies (MNCs) can be export-oriented or market-oriented, intended to capture the international or local markets respectively. Since the MNCs have better export performance than local firms, in case of export-oriented FDI, this would lead local firms to mimic foreign firms in the same way. On the other hand, the reverse causality running from exports to FDI can also exist. It is argued that FDI is attracted to countries with a higher trade potential both in terms of imports and exports. This paper investigates the causal relationship between Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) and exports in 40 Asian countries by using panel unit root tests and panel cointegration analysis for the period 1970-2010. The results show a strong causality from exports to FDI in these countries. Moreover, FDI does have significant effects on export in short- and long-run. So, the findings imply bidirectional causality between foreign direct investment and export in these countries.
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