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The Influence of Emotional and Non-emotional Concepts Activation on Information Processing and Unintentional Memorizing
Monika Paw owska, Ewa Magier- akomy
Polish Psychological Bulletin , 2011, DOI: 10.2478/v10059-011-0020-z
Abstract: The aim of the work is to compare mechanisms of semantic and emotional processing and memory. Targets (words and non-words) were primed (100 ms) by category name (semantic in Experiment 1 and emotional in Experiment 2). The congruency of prime and target was manipulated. The reaction time of lexical decisions and the effects of unintentional memorizing of word targets were measured. Activation of semantic (Experiment 1) and emotional (Experiment 2) nodes leads to faster processing of related concepts: congruent targets are processed faster than incongruent. Processing congruent primed emotional concepts depends on their modality: anger and joy words are processed faster than sadness. Thus, congruently primed activating emotional concepts are processed differently from congruently primed deactivating concepts. The effectiveness of unintentional memory of emotional and non-emotional concepts (words) is based on different mechanisms: congruently primed emotional words are better remembered than incongruently primed. The results are discussed in the framework of spreading activation theory and theory of emotional memory.
THE ROLE OF PARTIAL INFORMATION A PHONETIC PROVIDES IN LEARNING AND MEMORIZING NEW CHARACTERS
声旁部分信息在儿童学习和记忆汉字中的作用

Shu Hua,Bi Xuemei,Wu Ningning,
舒华
,毕雪梅,武宁宁

心理学报 , 2003,
Abstract: Phonetic awareness has been reported to be important in acquisition of Chinese characters. Using a learning-testing task, which is almost the same as the task a teacher uses in the classroom, the present study examined the role of partial information a phonetic provided for pronunciation of character in learning and memorizing new characters. The basic method is, in a serials of experiments, children are asked to learn and memorize three types of characters: (1) Characters in which the phonetic provides full information (onset, rime and tone) for pronunciation of the whole character, that is regular character. (2) Characters in which the phonetic provides partial information for pronunciation of the whole character, like tone-different character (onset and rime) and onset-different character (rime). (3) Characters in which the phonetic provides no information for pronunciation of the whole character, like phonetic-unknown character. The results showed: (a) Characters in which the phonetic provides full information were better learned than characters in which the phonetic provides partial information, and characters in which the phonetic provides partial information were learned better than characters in which the phonetic provides no information. (b) Children got higher score on tone-different semi-regular characters than on onset-different characters. All these suggested that children can make use of partial information and they are sensitive to different degrees of partial information. So partial information is helpful for children in learning and memorizing new Chinese characters.
Phenomenon of perceiving and memorizing historical buildings and sites  [PDF]
Alihod?i? Rifat,Kurtovi?-Foli? Na?a
Facta Universitatis Series : Architecture and Civil Engineering , 2009, DOI: 10.2298/fuace0902107a
Abstract: The interactive relationship between psychology and architecture is still being neglected when the possibilities potentially obtainable by perceiving and memorizing architectural forms and space are considered . The contemporary architects, or a part of them are well aware of these possibilities while designing their buildings, and it is of great interest to ascertain how professionals and ordinary people perceived and memorized buildings and sites through history. The paper presents certain psychological methods that could be very helpful in this research. One of those methods have The Gestalt principle is the initial method of one such method, because the memorizing process strongly relies on the concept of 'crystallization' of a perceived event with the passage of time. Some examples, well known through building history have been analyzed and compared in order to demonstrate how the interaction between psychology and architectural forms and spaces.
Minimal Perceptrons for Memorizing Complex Patterns  [PDF]
Marissa Pastor,Juyong Song,Danh-Tai Hoang,Junghyo Jo
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: Feedforward neural networks have been investigated to understand learning and memory, as well as applied to numerous practical problems in pattern classification. It is a rule of thumb that more complex tasks require larger networks. However, the design of optimal network architectures for specific tasks is still an unsolved fundamental problem. In this study, we consider three-layered neural networks for memorizing binary patterns. We developed a new complexity measure of binary patterns, and estimated the minimal network size for memorizing them as a function of their complexity. We formulated the minimal network size for regular, random, and complex patterns. In particular, the minimal size for complex patterns, which are neither ordered nor disordered, was predicted by measuring their Hamming distances from known ordered patterns. Our predictions agreed with simulations based on the back-propagation algorithm.
Information Retrieval Methods in Libraries and Information Centers
EO Onwuchekwa, OR Jegede
African Research Review , 2011,
Abstract: The volumes of information created, generated and stored are immense that without adequate knowledge of information retrieval methods, the retrieval process for an information user would be cumbersome and frustrating. Studies have further revealed that information retrieval methods are essential in information centers for storage and retrieval of information. The paper discusses the concept of Information retrieval, the various information retrieval methods. It examines the users of these information methods and their information behavior. The conclusion emphasizes the need for a continuous evaluation of the information retrieval methods to make for and effective and efficient information retrieval system
The Mathematical Structure of Information Bottleneck Methods  [PDF]
Tomá? Gedeon,Albert E. Parker,Alexander G. Dimitrov
Entropy , 2012, DOI: 10.3390/e14030456
Abstract: Information Bottleneck-based methods use mutual information as a distortion function in order to extract relevant details about the structure of a complex system by compression. One of the approaches used to generate optimal compressed representations is by annealing a parameter. In this manuscript we present a common framework for the study of annealing in information distortion problems. We identify features that should be common to any annealing optimization problem. The main mathematical tools that we use come from the analysis of dynamical systems in the presence of symmetry (equivariant bifurcation theory). Through the compression problem, we make connections to the world of combinatorial optimization and pattern recognition. The two approaches use very different vocabularies and consider different problems to be “interesting”. We provide an initial link, through the Normalized Cut Problem, where the two disciplines can exchange tools and ideas.
The Electronic Information Resources and Methods of Information Retrieval
电子信息源及其检索

Ding Shentao,
丁申桃

现代图书情报技术 , 1998,
Abstract: This article introduces the kinds of electronic information resources,and the main electronic publications and Internet resources,also the article introduces the methods to retrieval and use the electronic publication esp.the information resources from Internet.
Vocabulary Memorizing Strategies by Chinese University Students  [cached]
Wei-dong YANG,Wei-ping DAI
International Education Studies , 2012, DOI: 10.5539/ies.v5n1p208
Abstract: The findings of the study indicate that students prefer to engage in the vocabulary learning strategies that would be most appealing to them and that would entail less manipulation of the language. Of the four vocabulary memorizing strategies cited in the study (rote repetition, structural associations, semantic strategies, and mnemonic keyword techniques), students apparently tended to favor the second and the third ones, though rote repetition remains appealing to some of them. Mnemonic devices such as keyword method were rather unpopular to most of the students because they would involve the learners in more active performance of the target language.
OPTIMAL CONTRACTS OF THE MAIN-AGENT MODEL IN CONDITIONS OF SYMMETRIC INFORMATION  [PDF]
Tudor Colomeischi
Economics and Finance Review , 2011,
Abstract: This paper draws up an approach over the Main Agent model, in conditions of information symmetry. At the beginning, the Main Agent model is emphasized in a general way, mentioning the main contributions brought in time on its development, its characteristics and the basic principles. Then, the hypothesis of the general model isillustrated, drawing a conclusion as regards the model’s situations: Main neutral and Agent with risk aversion, Agent neutral and Main with risk aversion, and both partners having risk aversion.
Testing Methods and Analysis of the Main Electrical Properties of Modernized Locomotives  [cached]
Dragutin Kosti?,Nenad Jevti?,Petar Markovi?
International Journal for Traffic and Transport Engineering , 2011,
Abstract: In the Laboratory of Traction and Rolling Stock systematic research into the methods of testing a traction drive, using the real models has been conducted. The aim of this research was to completely define all elements of the system for testing the main electrical and mechanical properties which include the selection of measuring transducers, the selection and implementation of the system for conditioning and transmitting signals to processing methods and analysis by using application software. This kind of approach has made it possible for a target test of an electric locomotive on the field to be performed in a reliable manner and without failure.
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