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Intraductal biliary and pancreatic endoscopy: An expanding scope of possibility  [cached]
Joel R Judah, Peter V Draganov
World Journal of Gastroenterology , 2008,
Abstract: Intraductal endoscopy describes the use of an endoscope to directly visualize the biliary and pancreatic ducts. For many years, technological challenges have made performing these procedures difficult. The “mother-baby” system and other various miniscopes have been developed, but routine use has been hampered due to complex setup, scope fragility and the time consuming, technically demanding nature of the procedure. Recently, the SpyGlass peroral cholangiopancreatoscopy system has shown early success at providing diagnostic information and therapeutic options. The clinical utility of intraductal endoscopy is broad. It allows better differentiation between benign and malignant processes by allowing direct visualization and targeted sampling of tissue. Therapeutic interventions, such as electrohydraulic lithotripsy (EHL), laser lithotripsy, photodynamic therapy, and argon plasma coagulation (APC), may also be performed as part of intraductal endoscopy. Intraductal endoscopy significantly increases the diagnostic and therapeutic yield of standard endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERCP), and as technology progresses, it is likely that its utilization will only increase. In this review of intraductal endoscopy, we describe in detail the various endoscopic platforms and their diagnostic and clinical applications.
PROFESSIONALS IN MEXICO AGRONOMY: INTELLECTUALS OF CONSENSUS IN AGRICULTURAL POLICY. THE CASE OF THE CURRICULUM OF THE FACULTY OF AGRONOMY OF THE UNIVERSIDAD AUTóNOMA DE SINALOA  [cached]
Jorge Gastélum Escalante
Ra Ximhai , 2009,
Abstract: This article refers to the professionals (intellectuals, in Gramsci’s terms) formed by the Agronomy Faculty of Sinaloa’s Autonomous University (F of A/UAS, for its initials in Spanish), which are catalogued as State’s professionals since the notion formulated by Peter Cleaves, and from the concept of State (extended by the notion of hegemony) of Antonio Gramsci. This leads us to the history of the agronomic Mexican education from its origin in the nineteenth century, but concretely from the decade of the forties of the twentieth one, in relation with the meddling of the Mexican state as propellant of the agricultural development and of such an education, up to the present. The particular case in study is the curriculum (Tyler, Taba) with the one that above-mentioned F of A/UAS forms its graduates, since its foundation in 1961, in relation with its moments of re-foundation, and with the episodes of Sinaloa’s agriculture from this year and up to the current globalization, through the North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA).
Aims and Scope  [cached]
editor support
International Journal of Science and Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.12777/ijse.v2i2.1285
Abstract: Aims and Scope
Aims and Scope  [cached]
editor support
International Journal of Science and Engineering , 2011, DOI: 10.12777/ijse.v2i1.1286
Abstract: Aims and Scope
Expanding public health professionals’ roles in promoting and supporting breastfeeding as optimal infant feeding: A pilot study with online tutorial implications  [PDF]
Amna Umer, Roger A. Edwards
Open Journal of Preventive Medicine (OJPM) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojpm.2013.32025
Abstract:

Background: Their knowledge of preventive health, coupled with their dynamic roles in the community, puts public health professionals in a key position to expand their roles in the health promotion and support of breastfeeding as optimal infant feeding. This online tutorial was created to increase public health professionals’ knowledge about breastfeeding and to assess their attitudes in supporting healthy behaviors related to infant feeding as a health promotion strategy. Method: The study utilized an online breastfeeding tutorial based on the US Breast-feeding Committee recommendations for minimum breastfeeding knowledge for health professionals. Pre- and post-tutorial questionnaires assessed breastfeeding knowledge, and an attitudinal survey evaluated attitudes of public health professionals after the tutorial. Exposing public health students to this information can facilitate the early shaping of their attitudes and understanding about the importance of breastfeeding. Results: Fifty-two Northeastern University MPH students and alumni (62% response rate) completed the study. There was an overall gain in participants’ fundamental knowledge regarding breastfeeding as assessed by pre- (77%) to post-tutorial (97%) correct responses (p = 0.00001). The post-tutorial attitudinal survey showed that 92% of participants were comfortable in answering questions about breastfeeding as part of their professional responsibilities. Conclusion: This pilot study highlights the important role that a short online tutorial can play in expanding public health professionals’ knowledge about breastfeeding. Greater use of online methods can enhance awareness of critical health behaviors, such as breastfeeding, that have not received adequate attention in public health curricula. This pilot study provides the foundation for a larger study. Integration of breastfeeding into public health professionals’ core training could support broader social change.

The development of an interdisciplinary nurse educator doctoral program: Issues for consideration and goals for success  [PDF]
Marietta P. Stanton, Donna R. Packa
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.23037
Abstract: The nursing shortage is exacerbated by the faculty shortage, as faculty approach retirement age and too few faculty exist to replace them. Masters-prepared nurse with limited preparation for teaching may be unable to attend traditional educational programs because of work and family commitments. Without further academic preparation, these nurses are illprepared for the faculty role. The College of Nursing partnered with the College of Education to develop a nurse educator degree program to prepare nurses for the faculty role. Blended and online courses are provided by the Colleges of Nursing. The EdD. in Instructional Leadership for Nurse Educators degree can be completed in three years of coursework followed by dissertation research.
DISTANCE EDUCATOR: A Multiskill Personality
Sangeeta MALIK
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2013,
Abstract: When we talk about a distance educator and a conventional educator the difference we found nd about both of them is that, a distance educator needs to play multiple roles as compared to a conventional educator. They require more skills and knowledge cater to the needs of the learner. In this article we will cover all the responsible areas of a distance educator & why we should consider them as a multiskill personality?
A national clinician–educator program: a model of an effective community of practice  [cached]
Jonathan Sherbino,Linda Snell,Deepak Dath,Sue Dojeiji
Medical Education Online , 2010, DOI: 10.3402/meo.v15i0.5356
Abstract: Background: The increasing complexity of medical training often requires faculty members with educational expertise to address issues of curriculum design, instructional methods, assessment, program evaluation, faculty development, and educational scholarship, among others. Discussion: In 2007, The Royal College of Physicians & Surgeons of Canada responded to this need by establishing the first national clinician–educator program. We define a clinician–educator and describe the development of the program. Adopting a construct from the business community, we use a community of practice framework to describe the benefits (with examples) of this program and challenges in developing it. The benefits of the clinician–educator program include: improved educational problem solving, recognition of educational needs and development of new projects, enhanced personal educational expertise, maintenance of professional satisfaction and retention of group members, a positive influence within the Royal College, and a positive influence within other Canadian academic institutions. Summary: Our described experience of a social reorganization – a community of practice – suggests that the organizational and educational benefits of a national clinician–educator program are not theoretical, but real.
Expanding Internal Control Functionality Scope
Mykola M. Vuitsiv
European Researcher , 2012,
Abstract: The article reviews the influence of western concepts of the information needs of management process provisions on forming and developing the up-to-date model of Internal Control. An attempt has been made to develop the approach to solve urgent management tasks by applying the ideas of controlling and management accounting via the traditional national approach to the content of control. The place of control in the enterprise management information system has also been reviewed.
Nurse Faculty Enrichment and Competency Development in Oral-Systemic Health  [PDF]
Maria C. Dolce
Nursing Research and Practice , 2012, DOI: 10.1155/2012/567058
Abstract: Nurses are positioned to play a significant role in oral health promotion and disease prevention across the life cycle. Oral health has not been a high priority in nursing practice, and educating nurses about oral health has been inadequate particularly regarding the interrelationship between oral health and overall health. The first step for developing a nursing workforce with core competencies in oral health promotion and disease prevention is to prepare nurse faculty with the requisite knowledge, skills, attitudes, and best practices in oral-systemic health. The purpose of this paper is to present Smiles for Life: A National Oral Health Curriculum as a knowledge framework that nurse faculty can use for faculty enrichment and competency development in oral health across the life cycle. A variety of teaching-learning strategies and resources are provided to assist nurse faculty with integrating oral-systemic health into existing nursing curricula. 1. Introduction Nurses are positioned to play a significant role in oral health promotion and disease prevention across the life cycle, and in expanding access to preventive care services especially for vulnerable and underserved populations across health care settings [1–5]. Oral health promotion and preventive care services, such as basic risk assessments, oral health examinations, referrals, counseling, and anticipatory guidance, are well within the scope of professional nursing practice. Recognizing the significance of oral health in achieving overall health and well-being, nurses can empower individuals, families, and communities with oral health information and resources to support healthy choices regarding oral hygiene, diet, tobacco, and alcohol use. Historically, oral health has not been a high priority in nursing practice [1]. Education and training of nurses about basic oral health and oral-systemic health has been inadequate [5–7]. In 2007, a survey of academic deans and administrators from accredited dental schools in the United States and Canada found that only 2.3% of respondents strongly agreed that nurses and physicians in their health science center or academic campus were well educated about oral-systemic health [8]. The potential role of nurses in improving oral health outcomes across the life cycle and expanding access is contingent upon enhancing nursing curricula in undergraduate- and graduate-level programs and professional development programs for practicing nurses [1]. The initial step for developing a nursing workforce with core competencies in oral health promotion and disease
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