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Organizational Entrepreneurship and Innovation at Medical Sciences Universities of Iran  [PDF]
Reza Dehghan,Kambeiz Talebi,Abolghasem Arabioun
Payavard Salamat , 2012,
Abstract: Background and Aim: This study aimed to assess the factors affecting organizational innovation and entrepreneurship at medical sciences universities in Iran. Such universities provide a wide range of services and products including prevention (hygiene), treatment (medical care), rehabilitation and palliative care, as well as their important mission, i. e., higher education and research in related fields. Materials and Methods: In this study, the researchers developed and examined a model for organizational innovation and entrepreneurship, including 16 factors classified into structure, content (behavior) and context (periphery) of the subject. The data collection instrument was a pre-structured questionnaire containing 58 core questions on the Likert scale. The validity of the questionnaire was computed by elites, and its reliability was estimated using Cronbach's Alpha (94%). Of 389 questionnaires, 325 were collected and their data were analyzed by SPSS software, version 18.Results: The three factors -- structural (structure), behavioral (content) and peripheral (context) -- which affect innovation and entrepreneurship are not favorable at medical universities.Conclusion :This study shows that structural, behavioral and peripheral factors are the most important, which affect innovation and organizational entrepreneurship at medical sciences universities.
Aphthous Ulcer and the Effective Factors on It`s Incidence among the Students of Golestan Medical Sciences University in the North of Iran  [PDF]
Saeedeh Eris,Ezzat Ollah Ghaemi,Abdolvahab Moradi,Azad Reaza Mansourian
Journal of Biological Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and probable predisposing factors of Aphthous ulcer among the medical students. This project was a cross-sectional and descriptive study, which was carried out on 485 students of Golestan University of medical sciences in the north of Iran. Data was collected by filling the questionnaire. The gathered informations entered into SPSS software and were analyzed by Chi square method. The mean age of the students was 21.8 years. 36.9% (179 persons) of subjects had positive history and 8.9% (43 persons) of them had present Aphthous ulcer at the time of interview. 70.6% of students with positive personal history of Aphthous ulcer had positive family history of Aphthous ulcer too. Internal labial mucosa was the commonest site of the lesion among the subjects with present Aphthous ulcer. We found that gender, positive family history, the field of study, the form of diet and stress had a major correlation with the incidence of Aphthous ulcer.
An introductory on medical ethics history in different era in Iran
Bagher Larijani,Farzaneh Zahedi
DARU : Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences , 2006,
Abstract: Medical ethics has a long history worldwide, and the move towards a transcultural ethics must be based on an appreciation of the history that has produced the present relationships. It is often thought that medical ethics history has begun at the time of Hippocrates, however it is much older. It is clear that various cultures such as Babylonia, ancient Egypt, Greece, and the Persians have attempted to regulate medicine and to protect patients' rights in the known ancient world. One of the earliest written provisions in this field that comes back to about 1750 BC is the code of Hammurabi. In medieval, great Iranian physicians had paid special attention to ethics in their practices, teachings and manuscripts."nIn this paper we aimed to explore the roots of medical ethics in Persian history, particularly after adherence of Iranians to Islam. History of medicine in Iran has begun at about fourth century BC. There was a gap between the ancient civilizations and the Renaissance era in Europe, commonly called the dark ages. The immense strides have been made by the Persians in that long interval which is briefly reviewed.
Evaluation of Periodicals Journals and Community of Medical Sciences in Iran
A Najari,SJ M. Ghazisaid,NR Ghorbani,RN Heidari
Iranian Journal of Public Health , 2010,
Abstract: "nBackground: Medical journals are scientific resources where utilization of knowledge is availed and create an environment of competitiveness. To speed up the growth and increase scientific production and in order that the rank of Iranian journals be defined regionally and globally, journal standardization is necessary. This study was done to evaluate the country's medi-cal journals from 2004-2006. "nMethods: This is a descriptive/analytical study. Evaluation was based on the following; scientific credibility, registry and year of service, journal management, technical quality and accessibility. The number of journals evaluated during 2004-2006 were 86, 103 and 93, respectively and the process involved 3 phases 1) defining the journal's structural indicators and de-signing the evaluation form 2) collection, sharing and final confirmation of information with the publication staff 3) data en-try, analysis and ranking"nResults: Improvement and growth of publication depends largely on 5 parameters and its development were based on the follow-ing; publication management (61.62 points), scientific credibility (43.80 points), quality of accessing the journals (37.05 points), quality of publication (14.80 points) and registry and year of service (0.02 points). Based on the study, an up-ward developmental trend of the country's medical journals can be seen and the tools were sufficient in terms of validity and reliability. A revised and more comprehensive checklist that would evaluate all aspects of a publication basing on latest indi-cators is developed. "nConclusion: Evaluations of the country's medical journals not only promote compliance to international standards but also led to more indexing of journals in accredited international indices.
Tehran University of Medical Sciences: Participation in Twenty Five Percent of Pediatric Science Production in Iran  [PDF]
Susan Amirsalari,Zahra Khalili Matinzadeh,Shahla Afsharpayman,Morteza Javadipour
Iranian Journal of Pediatrics , 2008,
Abstract: Objective: Scientific articles are indicators of research interests and efforts in every country. The aim of our study was to compare the scientific output between universities of medical sciences in Iran on pediatrics in the Pubmed database.Methods: In a descriptive study, we searched in Pubmed in order to assess the Iranian pediatrics publications with these words: "(Pediatric [*MeSH] OR Neonate [MeSH] OR Newborn[MeSH] OR Infant [MeSH] OR Child [MeSH] OR Children [MeSH] OR Adolescent[MeSH] OR Adolescence [MeSH])" AND (Iran [*AD] OR Iranian [AD] OR Persian [AD]). The identified articles were published May 1957 to December 2007 and we selected all articles from universities of medical sciences in Iran. We extracted year of publication, affiliation of authors and impact factor from hard copy of articles.Findings: From 819 papers published, 565 were authored by members of universities of medical sciences. Tehran University of Medical Sciences with 142 articles (17.3% of all, 25.1% from publications of universities of medical sciences) held the first place, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences with 116 (14.2% of all, 20.5% from publications of universities of medical sciences) the second place and Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences with 88 (10.7% of all, 15.5% from publications of universities of medical sciences) the third place. Regarding Impact Factors (IF) Tehran, Shaheed Beheshti and Shiraz Universities of Medical Sciences with 153, 93 and 81 were in the first, second and third place, respectively.Conclusion: Tehran University of Medical Sciences had twenty five percent of pediatric science production in Iran. This university had published higher number of papers on pediatrics among universities of medical sciences in Iran.
Social Support among Nurses at Iran University of Medical Sciences
N Rezaee,M Ghajeh
Hayat Journal of Faculty of Nursing & Midwifery , 2008,
Abstract: Background & Aim: Social support is known as a factor in buffering negative effects of occupational stress. There are several stressful situations in nursing which could cause job dissatisfaction, low work performance, quit or turnover among nurses. These situations cause physical and mental problems which mostly lead to irreparable damages in nursing care. The purpose of this study is to determine the rate of social support among nurses. Methods & Materials: In this cross-sectional study, 373 nurses who worked in Iran university of medical sciences affiliated hospitals were selected randomly. The inclusion criteria were nurses who had no management experiences and at least had a six-month nursing experience. Data were gathered using a demographic form and the McCain and Marklin Social Integration Scale. Data were analyzed using SPSS 13. Results: Eighty five percent of nurses mentioned that the support they receive from their coworkers, head nurses, and supervisors were moderate, high (10.7%), and low (4.3%), respectively. A significant association was found between social support and shifts. Perceived support from coworkers (mean=24.83) were more than perceived support from head nurses and the supervisors (mean=19.37). Conclusion: Most of the nurses received moderate level of support; whilst, they desired to have more relationship with their coworkers and nurses managers. Head nurses and supervisors can arrange excursions and traveling tours to establish more relationship with their staff. Key words: nurse, social support, Iran
Preparedness of the Iran University of Medical Sciences Hospitals Against Earthquak
SM Hosseini Shokouh,M Arab,A Rahimi,A Rashidian
Journal of School of Public Health and Institute of Public Health Research , 2008,
Abstract: Background and Aim: Hospital disaster-management planning and preparedness are essential, considering earthquake threats in Iran. The objective of this study was to assess preparedness of hospitals affiliated to Iran University of Medical Science (IUMS) in Tehran against earthquakes in 2007 (1386 Iranian year).Materials and Methods: This was a cross-sectional, descriptive-analytical study, involving 21 governmental and private hospitals affiliated to IUMS selected by random sampling. Data were gathered using checklists, questionnaires, interviews, and observation. The SPSS software was used for analysis of the data, and the Fisher exact test was employed for statistical analysis.Results: The data showed that, on the whole, 28.6 %, 61.9 %, and 9.5 % of the hospitals were at a weak, moderate, and good preparedness level, respectively. The hospitals preparedness level with regard to equipment safety and hazardous materials planning increases with their degree of specialization, the association being statistically significant (p = 0.038). The findings also show that there is a significant relationship between the hospital preparedness level (as regards planning for building dangers reduction) and crisis management training courses (p = 0.034).Conclusion: Training courses are very effective for creating hospital preparedness against earthquakes.
Correlation between Grades in the Medical Basic Science Course and Scores on the Comprehensive Basic Sciences Exam in Iran
Hamidreza Mahboobi,Ebrahim Khajeh,Nazanin Sharif,Zahra Jahangiri
Electronic Physician , 2010,
Abstract: Introduction: Medical students in Iran are required to undertake a Basic Sciences Comprehensive Exam (BSCE) at the end of their BS course in order to progress to the next stage of medical education. BSCE results are widely used to evaluate medical education programs among different medical universities. The aim of this study is to explore the correlation between BSCE results and students’ mean BS course scores.Methods: A cross-sectional study, using secondary data analysis, was carried out in 2007 in Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences (HUMS) in Iran. Data from the 20th BSCE (held in 1998) to the 36th BSCE (held in 2006) was collected. All medical students who took these exams and for whom the mean results of the BS course and the BSCE were available were eligible for inclusion in the study. For each medical student, data were obtained regarding age at the time of participation in BSCE, together with sex, entrance year, zone as categorised by the national quota system, mean BS course scores, BSCE result, duration of BS course (number of semesters) and number of failed semesters. Students whose data was not complete were excluded from the study. Data was analysed by using SPSS 15 (SPSS Inc., Chicago, Illinois, USA) software.Results: 372 students undertook the BSCE during the research study period. Complete data was available for 365 medical students (98.1%). Among the participants, 224 (61.4%) were female and 141 (38.6%) were male. The mean age at the time of sitting the BSCE was 22.01±1.22. Mean BSCE scores were higher among students who had not previously failed a semester and who also finished the BS course within five semesters. Students with higher BS course scores had higher BSCE scores (P=0.000).Conclusions: Students’ BS course scores were found to correlate to BSCE results. Hence it may be prudent to identify medical students with low BS course scores, in order to provide additional educational support to improve their medical knowledge and thereby enhance their performance on the BSCE.
Assessment of the Eating Disorders in Female Students of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Yazd, Iran, 2011  [cached]
Azadeh Nadjarzadeh,Niloofar Vaziri,Ali Mohammad imanesh,Zahra Naderi
Journal of Community Health Research , 2012,
Abstract: Introduction: Up to now, the number of epidemiological studies about eating disorders (ED) in Iran is still limited. This study determined the prevalence of eating disorders in female students of Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences. Materials & Methods: A randomly selected group of 400 female students studied at Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences had been assessed. After measuring height and weight, participants were invited to complete the Eating Attitude Questionnaire (EAT-26). Results: Questionnaire was completed by 366 students (91.5%). An average prevalence of anorexia (13.11%) was found for female students. Current dieting for losing weight was reported by 20% of participants. 11.5% of participants were thin and 88% of them were not satisfied with their own weight. Frequency of eating disorders was significantly higher among overweight/obese students (p<0.001). Conclusion: Eating disorders were present in over 13 percent of female university students. Preventive programs in order to decrease the progression of these disorders should be addressed.
Factors Influencing Creativity and Innovation of the Senior Managers of Iran University of Medical Sciences-2010
Reza Dehnavieh,Elaheh Hasanzadeh,Mohamad Hossein Mehralhasani,Hosein Ibrahimi Pour,Marzieh Shahheidari,Somayeh Noori Hekmat
Research Journal of Biological Sciences , 2012, DOI: 10.3923/rjbsci.2010.708.712
Abstract: The overall purpose of this research is to determine the most important of individual and organizational factors that influence on creativity and innovation of the senior managers of Iran University of Medical Sciences. A sample of 66 managers was used to achieve the research purpose. Data collection was done through questionnaire. The questionnaires were handed out to all senior managers of university and after being collected were analyzed by the statistical software SPSS. The most significant factors influencing the creativity of the people, under the study were organizational factors (average 68.2%) and the most important factors influencing the innovation of people, under study were individual factors (average 89.4%). By studying the factors that can influence them, university understand that it is necessary to pay more attention to recruit creative managers in university and focus on factors relating to knowledge, information and expertise.
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