oalib
匹配条件: “” ,找到相关结果约100条。
列表显示的所有文章,均可免费获取
第1页/共100条
每页显示
Need to implement corporate governance in the Romanian companies  [PDF]
Sorin COSNEANU,Corneliu RUSSU,Vergina CHIRI?ESCU,Leonardo BADEA
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2013,
Abstract: Under the background of the current economic realities, characterized by uncertainty and mistrust, of increased complexity of the environment in which they operate, the Romanian companies must demonstrate good organization, flexibility, skills, good risk management and be trustworthy economic and social partners. The answer to many of these challenges is provided by a modern management system, which makes proof of more convincing development possibilities, namely corporate governance.This article is an attempt to summarize the major theoretical and practical issues related to corporate governance models, as well as a vision of the need to apply this management system in the Romanian companies. At the same time, the paper will briefly present the current state of corporate governance system implementation in the Romanian companies.
CORPORATE GOVERNANCE- A TRANSPARENCY INDEX FOR THE ROMANIAN LISTED COMPANIES  [PDF]
Cuc Sunhilde,Kanya Hajnalka
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2009,
Abstract: The purpose of this research is to analyze the corporate governance information disclosed by Romanian listed companies on the internet, with the objective of assessing the extent and the influence of several corporate characteristics on the level of infor
Determinants of Corporate Philanthropy in Pakistan
Muhammad Abdul Majid Makki,Dr. Suleman Aziz Lodhi
Pakistan Journal of Commerce and Social Sciences , 2008,
Abstract: The importance of corporate philanthropy and its related philosophy of corporate social responsibility have captured the attention of researchers and humanitarian groups in WTO era. Corporate donations have been considered as a critical tool to improve corporate image in a highly competitive environment. This paper explores the determinants of corporate donations based on LSE-25 index companies over the five year period 2002-06. Multiple regression techniques have been used for gauging the determinants of corporate philanthropy after collecting data from audited financial reports of companies. The study is a pioneering attempt in measuring the determinants of philanthropy in corporate sector of Pakistan.
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY DURING THE ECONOMIC CRISIS. THE CASE OF THE ROMANIAN COMPANIES  [PDF]
IAMANDI Irina-Eugenia,CONSTANTIN Laura-Gabriela,JOLDES Cosmin-Silviu-Raul
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: The aim of the present paper is to identify and comment on the existing relationship between corporate social responsibility (CSR) and the current economic crisis, by focusing on the experience of the Romanian companies. After briefly defining the concept of CSR, the article presents the above mentioned relationship from a triple perspective: the lack of ethics as a cause of the economic crisis, the threat of CSR in periods of crisis and the opportunity of CSR in periods of crisis, considering that the last perspective could be maximized if companies are going to approach CSR from a strategic point of view. Finally, the second part of the paper presents what Romanian companies really do, but, more important, what they should do in order to increase their effectiveness in terms of CSR implementation when social budgets seem to remain constant or even decrease.
Is there Needed an Industry Approach on Corporate Default Risk? Case Study on Companies Listed on Romanian Stock Exchange
Cristina Maria Triandafil,Petre Brezeanu,Marius Petrescu,Leonardo Badea
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2009,
Abstract: This paper focuses on applying Black and Scholes structural approach on credit risk in the case of the companies listed on Romanian Stock Exchange. We conduct a case-study on 35 companies belonging to five industries (energetic, materials, chemistry, pharmaceuticals, equipments) during a period of 10 years in order to highlight out default point/threshold and its essential factors evolution across industries. Research approach is concentrated also on the specific characteristics of the Romanian capital market (especially in terms of illiquidity and lack of transparency additional costs), macroeconomic environment and corporate finance decision process. We compute default point from the perspective of the arbitrage between assets and leverage; in accordance with the most recent theories on specific features corporate default within emerging countries (Galytskyy, 2006), a key element will be represented by the assets volatility which will be correlated with the country risk premium in order to highlight out a potential macroeconomic impact on corporate failure.
The Relation between the Romanian Commercial Banking Companies and the Corporate Social Responsibility
Laura Mure?an,Carmen Adriana Gheorghe
Bulletin of the Transilvania University of Bra?ov. Series VII : Social Sciences and Law , 2009,
Abstract: The relatively recent legal regulation regarding the field of the banking service consumer protection has been determined by the abusive commercial activity of the commercial banking companies. If the commercial banking companies had been aware of the need to comply with certain ethical principles in their relation with consumers – having a socially responsible behavior – then these principles would not legally have been sanctioned. That is why we consider that the significant sanctions to which the banks expose themselves at present are a consequence of the flagrant and repeated breach of the ethical principles in the field of consumer protection.
Corporate Philanthropy, Political Influence, and Health Policy  [PDF]
Gary J. Fooks, Anna B. Gilmore
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0080864
Abstract: Background The Framework Convention of Tobacco Control (FCTC) provides a basis for nation states to limit the political effects of tobacco industry philanthropy, yet progress in this area is limited. This paper aims to integrate the findings of previous studies on tobacco industry philanthropy with a new analysis of British American Tobacco's (BAT) record of charitable giving to develop a general model of corporate political philanthropy that can be used to facilitate implementation of the FCTC. Method Analysis of previously confidential industry documents, BAT social and stakeholder dialogue reports, and existing tobacco industry document studies on philanthropy. Results The analysis identified six broad ways in which tobacco companies have used philanthropy politically: developing constituencies to build support for policy positions and generate third party advocacy; weakening opposing political constituencies; facilitating access and building relationships with policymakers; creating direct leverage with policymakers by providing financial subsidies to specific projects; enhancing the donor's status as a source of credible information; and shaping the tobacco control agenda by shifting thinking on the importance of regulating the market environment for tobacco and the relative risks of smoking for population health. Contemporary BAT social and stakeholder reports contain numerous examples of charitable donations that are likely to be designed to shape the tobacco control agenda, secure access and build constituencies. Conclusions and Recommendations Tobacco companies' political use of charitable donations underlines the need for tobacco industry philanthropy to be restricted via full implementation of Articles 5.3 and 13 of the FCTC. The model of tobacco industry philanthropy developed in this study can be used by public health advocates to press for implementation of the FCTC and provides a basis for analysing the political effects of charitable giving in other industry sectors which have an impact on public health such as alcohol and food.
Benefit Perception About the Understanding of Corporate Social Responsibility in Pprivate Sector in Turkey: Using Web Sites for Announcing of Corporate Social Responsibility Activities  [PDF]
Nuray YILMAZ SERT
AJIT-e : Online Academic Journal of Information Technology , 2012, DOI: 10.5824/1309‐1581.2012.4.003.x
Abstract: As a consept that adds value to both the society and the corporation, understanding of Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR), contributes to the development of social welfare on the one hand and also forms a basis for sustaining the existence of corporations in a society on the other hand. Consequently as distinct from philanthropy, two-sided benefits including institutional and social taken into account in Corporate Social Responsibility activities. Therefore especially in order to ensure the corporate benefit, it is important to be aware of the public about their works of social responsibility. Today it is observed that corporate web sites are used effectively for announcing these works. This paper first of all aims to explore the perception of social and institutional benefit about the understanding of Corporate Social Responsibility in Private Sector in Turkey. In addition, the usage of corporate web sites for announcing of CSR activities, in order to ensure the corporate benefit, is also investigated in this study. In the first section of the study, the contents of CSR concept, its historical development and differences from philanthropy are described. In the second section, economic approaches that related to CSR are discussed. Subject of this study is examined in a scientific frames by doing a literature review for each of these two sections. In the third section which is based on research, according to results –announced 2011- of “Turkey’s Top 500 Private Companies” research conducted by Capital magazine, a questionnaire was applied to the companies that headquarted in Istanbul then evaluation of the datas obtained from survey are given. In addition it is specified that whether CSR activities are taken place in the web sites or not by examining the corporate web sites of the companies which applied the survey. According the results of the study, although the majority of corporations accept the institutional benefit of Corporate Social Responsibility, they have an opinion that social benefit of CSR is more than its institutional benefit. It is observed that % 67,6 of corporations, which look after only social benefit from CSR, don’t explain this kind of activities on their corporate web sites however, %79,1 of corporations which look after both social and institutional benefits from CSR, announce such activities on their corporate web sites.
IS THE WEBSITE MARKETING STRATEGY CORRELATED WITH THE COMPANIES OUTCOMES? EVIDENCE FROM ROMANIAN IT INDUSTRY  [PDF]
Constantinescu-Dobra Anca
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2012,
Abstract: With a constant yearly growth of more than 20% over the last five years and adding up to10% of the GDP, the Romanian Information Technology (IT) sector has an important potential for development. Emphasizing on websites marketing in this sector could enhance more profitability. Even though this tool is considered to be much depersonalized, the users like getting a sense of the company behind the website. Having a wide range of information facilitates this understanding. In a very competitive environment, the IT managers have to realize that the overall site is what represents their organization to users. Prospectors look at product pages and read the site content when they are evaluating an organization as a possible vendor, business partner, employer, investment opportunity. Therefore, websites marketing is one of aspects that need to be constantly reevaluated in an ever-changing word of communication. Given this facts, the present study identifies the extent to which the most valuable IT Romanian companies practice webpagea€ s marketing. Specifically, we examine the content, in-time communication tools, navigability and style of the websites in correlation with their outcome and size. Moreover, the paper analyzes the differences between websites characteristics of Romanian IT SMEs and large companies from top 100, according to their turnover. The specific objectives in order to investigate the websites marketing of Romanian IT companies are: -To evaluate the websites marketing policies of the software developer, hardware and IT distributors; -To analyze in depth the Romanian IT companies websites performance in correlation with their profit, turnover and number of employees; -To assess the differences between websites policy of SMEs and large companies from Romanian IT industry; This study is exploratory and consists in a qualitative assessment of websites from top100 software, hardware and IT distributor companies. The sample consists of 93 functional websites. The corporate website of each company was analyzed and subsequently codified on 97 variables clustered in four dimensions: content, handling, interactivity and layout. The results outline the fact that firms engage in websites marketing activities to a relatively high extent. There is a strong correlation between websites content and companiesa€ turnover, profits and number of employees. Moreover, a positive correlation was revealed between interactivity and turnover. The research outcomes reflect high disparity between Internet marketing policy of software, hardware and distributors.
Assessing the Effects of Corporate Governance Attributes on the Quality of Directors-Related Information Disclosure: The Empirical Study of Malaysian Top 100 Companies
American Journal of Economics , 2013, DOI: 10.5923/j.economics.20130302.05
Abstract: This study attempts to investigate the effects of corporate governance (CG) mechanisms towards the quality of directors-related information (DRI) disclosure of Malaysian Top 100 companies, after controlling variables of firm-specific characteristics such as firm size and auditor size. A DRI disclosure was measured using scoring worksheet developed by Ramli (2001) to score the items in the corporate annual reports. Consistent with expectations, the Spearman correlation showed there are statistically proven the positive associations between board independence, board diversity managerial ownership and DRI disclosure at 5 percent level, with the exception of CEO duality. The result appears to suggest that there were positive impact of the CG mechanisms on the quality of DRI disclosure among Malaysian Top 100 largest companies which were ranked by the Minority Shareholders Watchdog Group (MSWG) based on their market capitalisation. However, the regression model reported R2 of 38.1 percent which means that almost 62 percent of those factors influencing the DI disclosure have not been captured by the model. These other factors may perhaps be identified through future research involving larger sample or other research method such as by questionnaire surveys or interviews.
第1页/共100条
每页显示


Home
Copyright © 2008-2017 Open Access Library. All rights reserved.