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Sustainability Indicators Integrating Consumption Patterns in Strategic Environmental Assessment for Urban Planning  [PDF]
Valentina Castellani,Serenella Sala
Sustainability , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/su5083426
Abstract: Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) practices in Europe have been traditionally applied to assess potential environmental impacts due to socio-economic drivers implying specific land use ( viz. infrastructure, building and industrial development). However, other socioeconomic drivers related to citizen behavior, such as household consumption, may significantly contribute to the overall local impacts, but are usually neglected in SEA. Aiming at enlarging the traditional approaches adopted in SEA, the present study integrates two environmental sustainability indicators capturing different aspects of consumption patterns: ecological footprint and carbon balance. The two indicators are calculated in addition to a more traditional set of environmental indicators in order to: (i) understand if the level of consumption of the local community exceeds the limits of natural resources of the area (in a perspective of self-sustainment at the local scale); and (ii) identify the role of spatial planning choices in determining the environmental sustainability of the entire system. The two indicators are calculated and discussed in the context of the SEA of the urban master plans of four municipalities in northern Italy. The two indicators may represent a good proxy for lifestyle impacts, even if some strengths and weaknesses arose from the application to the case study.
Journal of Sustainability Science and Management , 2012,
Abstract: The development of local sustainability indicators has become a primary concern in implementing and monitoring sustainable development agenda and progress. Following the execution of local Agenda 21, researchers and managers continue to debate the appropriate methods for developing indicators that suit local circumstances, i.e. the dichotomy between top-down and bottom-up approaches. The input level from local stakeholders and experts are also concerned. This study served to initiate a sustainable development indicator for rice-cultivation areas in Sabah, Malaysia. It also addressed the need to ensure the continuity of rice production for food security and self-sufficiency. Therefore, in an effort to guide policy-makers in addressing the issue, the identification of indicators for sustainable rice production is critical. The Delphi method was applied in collecting information and opinions from stakeholders to develop a set of indicators for sustainable development in Sabah rice-growing areas. The Delphi survey method enables potential indicators to be evaluated and short-listed, before additional filtering using factor analysis. Indicators derived from this process were applied in the field to measure the sustainability level of rice cultivation in four different villages in the study area. Results of the analysis showed that a set of 14 indicators developed through this study measures various dimensions of sustainable development of rice growing areas such as economic, social, support services and environmental. The ability of the developed set of indicators to differentiate the level of sustainability of the study areas showed that it can be used as a tool to measure the sustainable development of rice-growing areas, particularly in Sabah. The findings also indicated that extensive involvement from local people and experts in the development of indicators provide a good foundation for the integration of top-down and bottom-up approaches in the development of sustainable indicators at the local level, particularly in developing countries.
Methodology of Sustainability Indicators Determination for Enterprise Assessment  [cached]
Loreta Kinderyt?
Environmental Research, Engineering and Management , 2010, DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.52.2.73
Abstract: Lithuanian small and medium enterprises (SMEs) need the indicators system for evaluating their sustainability. Because of some difficulties to quantify the aspects of sustainability, not only quantitative but also qualitative indicators are recommended. To select sustainability indicators, an initial set of quantitative indicators was compiled from both sustainability indicators and separate environmental indicators systems. A qualitative indicators set was compiled from one developed qualitative indicators system. The survey of experts was organized for determining qualitative and quantitative sustainability indicators. Budget allocation processes were used as a weighting method. To adjust indicators and weighting coefficients for enterprises in developing or developed countries determination and weighting procedure by national experts should be repeated. Assessment according to the standardized methodology can show only essential problems and it is the first step towards the improvement process.
An Empirical Study on Fiscal Sustainability in Malaysia  [PDF]
Hussin Abdullah,Muszafarshah Mohd Mustafa,Jauhari Dahalan
International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Fiscal sustainability has become a prominent issue in developing countries, and fiscal sustainability assessments have become an increasingly demanded component of macroeconomic analysis. Unfortunately, there is no single basic source of information on fiscal sustainability. Country economists who are new to fiscal sustainability analysis could rely on sample work by other economists and could delve into scattered journal articles for the theoretical background. This paper focuses on a particular country: Malaysia. The main purpose of this paper is to monitor fiscal sustainability in Malaysia using empirical analysis, and see whether the fiscal sustainability indicators are consistent with the co-integration framework. We employ VAR analysis as it is simple to compute and easily automated. We show how it is possible to analyze a change of policy within a VAR framework. We also use a Multivariate Co-integration Test methodology to conduct inference about the co-integrating relationship between fiscal sustainability indicators and output (GDP). Empirical validation from the time series analysis finds that fiscal sustainability indicators and Gross domestic Product (GDP) are co-integrated, which provides some support for the position that Malaysia’s fiscal sustainability is sustainable in the long run in sampling period. This finding suggests that the Government should improve the presentation of sustainability of fiscal policy and develop the analysis, review the sustainability indicators, and strengthen the role of the long term estimates in the design of short term fiscal policy.
Environmental and Socioeconomic Indicators for Bioenergy Sustainability as Applied to Eucalyptus  [PDF]
Virginia H. Dale,Matthew H. Langholtz,Beau M. Wesh,Laurence M. Eaton
International Journal of Forestry Research , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/215276
Abstract: Eucalyptus is a fast-growing tree native to Australia and could be used to supply biomass for bioenergy and other purposes along the coastal regions of the southeastern United States (USA). At a farmgate price of $66 dry Mg?1, a potential supply of 27 to 41.3 million dry Mg year?1 of Eucalyptus could be produced on about 1.75 million ha in the southeastern USA. A proposed suite of indicators provides a practical and consistent way to measure the sustainability of a particular situation where Eucalyptus might be grown as a feedstock for conversion to bioenergy. Applying this indicator suite to Eucalyptus culture in the southeastern USA provides a basis for the practical evaluation of socioeconomic and environmental sustainability in those systems. Sustainability issues associated with using Eucalyptus for bioenergy do not differ greatly from those of other feedstocks, for prior land-use practices are a dominant influence. Particular concerns focus on the potential for invasiveness, water use, and social acceptance. This paper discusses opportunities and constraints of sustainable production of Eucalyptus in the southeastern USA. For example, potential effects on sustainability that can occur in all five stages of the biofuel life cycle are depicted. 1. Introduction As society moves forward toward considering energy options other than petroleum-based fuels, bioenergy is an important alternative to evaluate. In addition to developing the ability to provide energy, it is important to identify ways to do so in a sustainable manner. The concept of sustainability refers to activities that support long-term balance in environmental, social, and economic conditions in particular circumstances. Brundtland [1] defined it as the capacity of an activity to operate while maintaining options for future generations. Yet development and use of energy always has some environmental impacts, for example, on water and air quality and biodiversity. The challenge, therefore, is to develop means to address tradeoffs in the costs and benefits in energy choices while considering effects on both environmental and socioeconomic aspects of sustainability. The first step in determining these effects is developing a means to quantify and measure Brundtland’s broad definition of sustainability. Building on prior efforts, this paper discusses proposed indicators of sustainability and attempts to apply them to evaluate the potential for using Eucalyptus for sustainable bioenergy in the southeastern United States (USA). However the application of sustainability indicators in this
Integrating Sustainability in Management Education  [PDF]
Emmanuel Raufflet
Humanities , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/h2040439
Abstract: Over the last decade, numerous modules, courses, and programs in Management Education have integrated sustainability into their curricula. However, this “integration” has translated into very diverse forms and contents. This article aims to clarify these ambiguities. It maps four forms of sustainability integration in Management Education. These four distinct forms are (1) discipline-based integration, in which the anchoring point is the business discipline (sustainability is added as a dimension of this body of knowledge); (2) strategic-/competitive-based integration, in which the anchoring point is the strategy of the organization (sustainability is viewed as a potential contributor to the firm’s competitive advantage); (3) integration by application, in which managerial tools and approaches from business disciplines are applied so as to contribute to addressing a sustainability challenge; and, last, (4) systemic integration, in which the anchoring point is a social-ecological-economic challenge defined from an interdisciplinary perspective. Implications of this chapter for the design of courses and programs and the practice of sustainability in Management Education are twofold. First, this article contributes to going beyond the prevailing tendency of studies in the field of sustainability in Management Education to focus mainly on tools and applications. In doing so, this article helps frame these challenges on the level of course and program design. Second, this article helps management educators map what they are intending to achieve by the integration of sustainability into the Management Education curriculum.
Sustainability Assessment of Wastewater Systems: An Environmental and Economic Approach  [PDF]
Alejandro Padilla-Rivera, Juan Manuel Morgan-Sagastume, Leonor Patricia Güereca-Hernández
Journal of Environmental Protection (JEP) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/jep.2019.102014
Abstract: To address current challenges regarding sustainable development of wastewater treatment and provide scientific support in decision procedures towards sustainable solutions, new approaches, frameworks and methodologies about different possible solutions and their potential sustainability implications are needed. One way to facilitate sustainability assessment of wastewater is Life Cycle Assessment (LCA) methodology; however, it fails to map the full scope of wastewater impacts. This paper presents a framework to evaluate the performance of Wastewater Treatment Facilities (WWTF) taking into consideration various factors for insuring environmental sustainability. A total of nine indicators, seven environmental and two economic related to four wastewater treatment facilities, were assessed. Apart from evaluating the sustainability, this study also discussed the link of life cycle approach and social aspects of wastewater. The results show that for the environmental dimension using LCA provides information on different types of environmental activities and different impact categories. LCA can thus be used to quantify and compare the multiple types of impacts caused by one type of use or emission, as well as the various resource uses or emissions that contribute to one type of impacts. For the economic dimension, there is still a need for consistent and robust indicators and methods. The empirical results suggest that the environmental sustainability framework can be used in the first phase of the decision procedure that leads to a strategic choice for sustainable resource recovery from wastewater in developing countries. This motives researchers and decision-makers to consider the whole picture, and not just individual aspects, when considering different futures scenarios.
Sustainability Performance Indicators for Industrial Enterprise Management  [cached]
Jurgis K. Stani?kis,Valdas Arba?iauskas
Environmental Research, Engineering and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5755/j01.erem.48.2.13
Abstract: Sustainable development is increasingly considered to be a driving strategy for development. Despite the fact that sustainability performance evaluation receives broad attention from international organizations, industrial enterprises and researchers, a lot of unanswered questions remain in this area. It is commonly agreed that the use of performance indicators is a most effective way to evaluate sustainability performance, but design/ selection of sustainability performance indicators and their application wait to be explored at both national and enterprise levels until the consensus concerning the most effective performance indicator systems and methodologies for their application is achieved. This article (i) provides an overview of different sustainability performance evaluation systems with identification of their strengths and weaknesses in respect of improved management effectiveness at an enterprise level; (ii) presents recommendations for development/ selection of sustainability performance indicators that would make it possible to increase effectiveness of decision-making and to promote application of preventive measures, and (iii) provides recommendations how the process of sustainability performance evaluation could be carried out by industrial enterprises in practice.
The indicators of urban development following principles of sustainability  [PDF]
Mojca ?a?ek Divjak
Urbani Izziv , 1998,
Abstract: Development in space reflects the consequences of development decisions in all areas of life and work. For this purpose all questions with regard to spatial planning should be solved comprehensively, in connection with economic and social development, while taking into consideration natural potentials and limitations and observing the principles for sustainable balanced development. To measure the sustainability of a place a series of indicators have to be devised. An example of the use of these indicators is presented.
Institutional Barriers to Developing Community Indicators in New Zealand: A Preliminary Assessment  [cached]
Ali Memon,Karen Johnston
Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance , 2008, DOI: 10.5130/cjlg.v1i0.755
Abstract: There has been enormous activity in many countries and by international agencies during the last few decades to develop indicators to measure trends in different attributes of the environment, including indicators for community wellbeing and for sustainable development. Identifying appropriate indicators of economic, social, environmental, cultural and democratic progress across local government boundaries, as a basis for a strategy to enhance community governance, and as part of a national system of sustainability indicators, is a challenging task. An important dimension that is implicit rather than explicit in the current literature is the significance of institutional barriers to developing indicators. Informed by recent New Zealand experiences, our objective in this paper is to examine those institutional barriers within the context of achieving the wider objectives of the New Zealand Local Government Act 2002 to strengthen participatory democracy and community governance, and the ‘whole-of-government’ sustainable development paradigm that underpins it. We argue that the significance of undertaking the task of indicator development in a collaborative and participatory as well as technically satisfactory manner should not be under-estimated.
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