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Women in Charge: Politics in a Women Majority Local Council in Australia  [cached]
Hilde Bj?rn?
Commonwealth Journal of Local Governance , 2012, DOI: 10.5130/cjlg.v0i10.2689
Abstract: The article is based on a study of a local council in Australia where women representatives hold a majority of the seats. How do these representatives understand their role in this context? What is their preferred style of doing politics, and what can explain their political aims and behaviour? What we find is that these women representatives are oriented toward green politics and prefer deliberative decision-making. This case study of a local council in Queensland suggests that the political objectives and style of women representatives largely reflect the specific local context, the electoral system and the political composition of the council, and not just the fact that women hold more than 70% of the seats. However, women representatives do feel that “numbers matter” for their ability to be acting out “who they are” in politics.
Ethnic and Racial Stereotypes: A Critical Appraisal of Identity Politics in Nepal  [PDF]
Ram Chandra Paudel
Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies , 2013, DOI: 10.3126/ctbijis.v1i1.10471
Abstract: As per the scope of this paper, it attempts, in its first part, to offer an operational definition of the term "stereotype." Then it scrutinizes three visual images to demonstrate how racial /ethnic stereotypes are constructed. The first image is extracted from Jo Sharp's Geographies of Postcolonialism. The second image comes from Mike Chappel's The Gurkhas and the third carton sketch is taken from The Kathmandu Post. In its final part, the paper explains how some ethnocentric elites in Nepal, motivated and funded by western agencies, are attempting to homogenize /stabilize the complex social racial and ethnic texture. The paper concludes that such stereotypical and monolithic representations can provoke racial and ethnic issues resulting in disintegration, xenophobia and conflict in Nepali society. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.3126/ctbijis.v1i1.10471 Crossing the Border: International Journal of Interdisciplinary Studies Vol.1(1) 2013; 79-84
An upbeat west side story: Puerto Ricans and postwar racial politics in Chicago  [cached]
Gina M. Pérez
Centro Journal , 2001,
Abstract: Chicago Puerto Ricans have inhabited a number of ideological positions since their arrival en asse in the late 1940s, ranging from their short-lived tenure as the city's "model" minority in the 1950s and 1960s and, eventually, to their membership in urban America's alleged "culture of poverty" and "underclass". Using historical and ethnographic data, this article analyzes the different ways in which Chicago Puerto Ricans have been portrayed and imagined differently over time; explores the role of the state in constructing and disseminating particular constructions of Puerto Rican migrants in Chicago; and demonstrates how varying constructions of Puerto Ricans are related to both their shifting location in Chicago's political economy as well as their relationship vis-à-vis ethnic and racial and ethnic Others in the city.
On the significance of saying “sorry” – politics of memory and Aboriginal Reconciliation in Australia  [PDF]
Isabelle Auguste
Coolabah , 2009,
Abstract: 2007 marked the 40th anniversary of the 1967 Referendum. Back on May 27th1967, more than 90% of Australian eligible voters said “yes’ to two changes of theAustralian Constitution considered discriminatory to Aboriginal people. This event isoften considered as the first stage of Reconciliation in Australia. 2007 also marked the10th Anniversary of the release of the Bringing Them Home Report that highlighted theforced removal of Aboriginal children from their family as part of an assimilationpolicy. From 1997, the issue of an apology became a sine qua non condition toReconciliation. It was an important element of the recommendations the Council forAboriginal Reconciliation submitted to Parliament in 2000. But, Liberal Prime MinisterJohn Howard, in office for more than ten years, refused to say the word “sorry” on thebasis that Australians of today are not responsible for the actions of the past and thatguilt is not hereditary. His focus was on what is called “practical reconciliation”. Somechanges are now on the way as Labor leader, Kevin Rudd, who defeated him at the lastfederal election in November 24th 2007, has promised to make a formal apology to thestolen generation. Why is it important to say “sorry”? At a time of dramaticdevelopments in Indigenous Affairs, this paper deals with the significance of an apologyfor Reconciliation in Australia.
Travel, Politics and the Limits of Liminality During Australia’s Sixties  [cached]
Jon Piccini
PORTAL : Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies , 2013,
Abstract: Victor Turner describes the individual experience of travel as ‘liminal’. Opening new vistas of possibility, it upturns ordinary social conventions and codes, constructing in their place new communities of hope and change. Such utopian moments of encounter are, however, just that—moments that are fleeting and generally inconsequential. This paper seeks to understand and critique Turner’s ideas of liminality, pilgrimage and communitas within the context of Australian social movements in the ‘long’ and ‘global’ 1960s. Though often ignored or marginalised in local and international scholarship, Australia had a much more complex and interesting experience of this period than the paucity of scholarly work would indicate. In fact, a variety of activists in areas ranging from Indigenous rights to the peace and workers movements pushed the boundaries of political discourse during a period marked by stultifying social and cultural climates. Through a focus on three travel narratives—those of Brisbane radical Brian Laver and young Communist Party of Australia (CPA) members to Czechoslovakia and Bulgaria during 1968, Sydney Trotskyite Denis Freney to Algeria in the early 1960s and five Indigenous activists to a Black Power conference in Atlanta, Georgia in 1970—this paper will highlight the importance of global connections to Australian social movements. The notion of liminality will initially be critiqued through a focus on pre-histories to travel: the ideas, rumours and local problems that can be glossed over in work heralding the power of the moment. Such moments of encounter were, however, still transformative for these activists, with their variety of experiences facilitating what Turner called communitas, spontaneous affinities and solidarities across borders of race, culture and understanding. The pilgrims’ return concludes this discussion, with their ‘translation’ of global ideas into new, local contexts giving them the role not just of a missionary, but also a mediator—disrupting travel’s supposed fleetingness and locating its importance to the transnational flow of ideas during the Sixties.
Remembering the Battle for Australia  [cached]
Elizabeth Rechniewski
PORTAL : Journal of Multidisciplinary International Studies , 2010,
Abstract: For the last two years, Australia has commemorated, on the first Wednesday in September, the ‘Battle for Australia Day’, to mark the role of Australian forces fighting the Japanese in the Pacific in WWII. The aim of this article is to identify the agents involved in the campaign for the gazetting of this day and the justifications advanced; to trace the conflicting narratives and political and historical controversies surrounding the notion of a ‘Battle for Australia’; and to outline the shifts in domestic and international politics and generational change that provide the context for the inauguration of this day.
Racial Hierarchy and the Global Black Experience of Racism  [PDF]
Hyacinth Udah
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.53012
Abstract: This article aims to raise awareness on the life conditions of black people in Australia and beyond, and to renew public interest and discussion on how racial inferiority discourses, beliefs, and stereotypes about black people acquired and disseminated generations ago during colonialism together with institutional racism continue to limit their life opportunities and push them to the margins of the society. Therefore, this article explores racial hierarchy, white privilege and the socioeconomic challenges faced by black people. It does this by discussing how structures of inequality generated by the concept of race and its use in racialization continue to impact on the global black experience and condition. The article argues that racial inequality is perpetuated, especially, when racism codified in the institutions of everyday life is not acknowledged.
Depois da democracia racial
Guimar?es, Antonio Sérgio Alfredo;
Tempo Social , 2006, DOI: 10.1590/S0103-20702006000200014
Abstract: in this article, i trace a scenario that is becoming increasingly actual and close to brazilians. in that scenario racial inequalities coexist with a popular state regime in which black ngos participate in the implementation of multicultural policies and racial democracy ceases to be a hegemonic discourse. we have acquired consciousness of the limitations of our democracy, of the multicultural nature of our national formation, and of our invidious system of racial inequalities, but we are not successful in stopping it from reproducing itself. i take this scenario as an occasion to point to two current misinterpretations in the sociological literature: neither are racial inequalities in brazil the product of racial democracy, neither can racial inequalities result from the mere existence of racial categories.
A??o afirmativa no ensino superior: entre a excelência e a justi?a racial
Moehlecke, Sabrina;
Educa??o & Sociedade , 2004, DOI: 10.1590/S0101-73302004000300006
Abstract: the current debates around the brazilian higher education are faced with the challenge of finding solutions to racial inequality in students' access and maintenance. some public universities have already taken action and established racial or social quotas in their admission process. however, these experiences have provoked significant controversies. to explore the discussion on racialized politics and their arguments, this paper analyzes two of its most polemic issues, the complex equality concept and the racial identification it demands, and describes their impact on the united states universities.
Racial Exclusion in the Online World  [PDF]
Rebecca J. West,Bhoomi K. Thakore
Future Internet , 2013, DOI: 10.3390/fi5020251
Abstract: As the internet has become an integral part of everyday life, it is understood that patterns of racial stereotyping and discrimination found in the offline world are often reproduced online. In our paper, we examine two exclusionary practices in an online environment for adult toy collectors: First, the exclusion of non-white individuals who are expected to form immediate friendships with other non-white members; and second, the essentializing of racial issues when concerns over the lack of racial diversity in the toys are discussed. This dismissal is often directly connected to non-white members’ decisions to no longer participate, resulting in a new form of segregation within virtual space.
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