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THE ROMANIAN BANKING COMPETITION AND THE ACCESSION TO EU  [PDF]
Bogdan Capraru
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: In this study we try to assess banking competition in the Romania for 2001 – 2008, taking into account the evolution of market share of the top five, Herfindahl-Hirschman Index (HHI), performances indicators like ROA and ROE and evolutions of deposit and loans rates. We observed that the competition in the Romanian banking system increases continuously in the last years. The main factors which have influenced this process were: the privatization of the majority of state capital banks and the perspective of accession of our country in the EU. In the period assessed, there are two approaches: in the first period banks have had very good performances due to their market share in a low competitive banking environment and after the privatization of some state capital banks, the leader of the market lost market share in the favor of other bank with greater performances.
Competitiveness of Romanian Agriculture after EU Accession
Mihaela NECULITA,Daniela Ancuta SARPE,Valentin NECULITA,Rodica Emanuela AFANASE
Risk in Contemporary Economy , 2012,
Abstract: The purpose of the paper is to determine whether after joining European Union, Romanian agriculture became more competitiveness on Unique Market. Romania need significant financial help to solve various structural problems, one of the main problems being the low competitiveness in attracting European funds. Taking all the aspects into consideration, this paper trying to develop an objective analysis of the current state of Romanian agriculture competitiveness, by means of pertinent data and statistics. Competitiveness increase, not only in agriculture, has become a primordial framework of the economic development strategies of most world countries. Agriculture can be an important asset for Romania, in the battle to become more competitive to the European level. Romania should win the market share and increase its exports to the EU market. According to European officials, Romania should find gaps on an already competitive market or to become competitive on new markets.
The Romanian economy - four years after the EU accession  [PDF]
Laurian LUNGU
Eastern Journal of European Studies , 2011,
Abstract: The first four years of Romania’s membership confirmed that the accession to the EU had, overall, positive effects on the economy. Although the pace of structural reforms had slowed down after 2007, they picked up again after the start of financial crisis, at the end of 2008. Households’ wealth and purchasing power have increased despite the recent drop over the last two years. Looking ahead, Romania’s economy will need to enhance its competitiveness and pursue a growth model which would make it less dependent on external shocks. Economic strategies leading to both physical and human capital accumulation would need to be clearly defined and supported by all political parties. With monetary policy aimed at maintaining price stability, fiscal policy would have a defining role in preserving and enhancing competitiveness. The pursuance of sound fiscal and monetary policies would be paramount in achieving sustained growth in the years to come.
THE IMPACT OF EUROPEAN INTEGRATION ON THE ROMANIAN BANKING SYSTEM  [PDF]
Dragan (Santamarian) Oana Raluca
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: This paper describes the evolution registered by the Romanian banking system over the last years in the context of accession to the European Union. The analysis presents the progress registered by our banking system, the main characteristics of Romanian banking activity after 2007 as well as a brief analysis of profitability indicators
THE REFORM OF NATIONAL BANK OF ROMANIA AFTER ACCESSION TO EU: CHALLENGES AND PERSPECTIVES  [PDF]
Cocris Vasile,Capraru Bogdan
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2008,
Abstract: In January 2007, Romania had become a member of the European Union and the National Bank of Romania a member of The European System of Central Banks (ESCB). This event was a confirmation of the success of Romanian reforms, but, on the other hand, it was a beginning of a new stage in the process of accomplishing the nominal and real convergence conditions, set in the Maastricht Treaty. In this study we have done some considerations about the NBR’s reform performances before and after EU accession and, also, we have talked about the main challenges and perspectives for Romanian central bank in the new economic environment imposed by the integration process.
THE FACTORS THAT INFLUENCE THE ROMANIAN BANKING MARKET DURING POST-ACCESSION PERIOD  [PDF]
Turkes (V?nt) Mirela Catalina
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: In a developing economy, like the one of Romania, frequent changes take place in all areas, including the banking market. The Romanian banking environment is frequently influenced by various factors. The article shows the changes that have taken place in the Romanian banking market during the period 2007-2010 as a consequence of these factors. The research consisted in presenting the most important political, economical, social and technological factors which have influenced the banking market after Romania’s integration to the European Union. Based on the analysis of these factors’ influence, I have presented the developing manner of the Romanian banking market after joining the European Union, but also the problems faced in the context of the current global crisis.
ROMANIA'S EU ACCESSION IMPACT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF ROMANIAN ECONOMY  [PDF]
Cristian ?ncal??r?u,Sorin-?tefan Maha
CES Working Papers , 2010,
Abstract: Romania joined the EU on January 1, 2007. Becoming a full member had effects on both Romania and the European Union. Once the Association Treaty had been signed, a complex process of integration began. The integration process didn’t end after Romania’s EU accession but will continue to integrate the economies of all Member States. The questions that we answer are: Which were the effects felt by Romania in the pre-accession period? What happened after the accession to the European Union?
SOCIAL SECURITY IN ROMANIA AFTER EU ACCESSION. RISKS AND TRENDS  [PDF]
Ciprian Panzaru
CES Working Papers , 2011,
Abstract: This article reflects the evolution of the social security system in Romania after accession to the European Union. Social security states its specificity as a basic concept that encompasses all the collective measures established by legislation to maintain individual or family income, to provide income when some or all sources have been lost or exhausted or in cases where the individual must cope with increased expenses. From this perspective, social security is a system that takes into account both the protection of able-bodied people (by the social insurance system) and of those who cannot work or are socially disadvantaged. For Romania, the social security system is currently profoundly affected due to the low ratio between the number of productive Romanian citizens, contributors to the public budget and social funds, and the beneficiaries of these funds. The study highlights this issue and focuses primarily on the effect produced on the social security component by the external labor migration, a phenomenon accentuated by Romania’s EU accession. Basically, Romania has registered, according to Eurostat, only after 2007, more than 1 million migrants, most constituting the economically active population, the phenomenon having a major impact on the sustainability of the social security system.
Structural and Qualitative Analysis of the Romanian Banking System  [PDF]
Anisoara Niculina APETRI,Iuliana Oana MIHAI,Camelia Catalina MIHALCIUC
Annals of Dun?rea de Jos University. Fascicle I : Economics and Applied Informatics , 2010,
Abstract: The banking sector, the predominant component of the Romanian financial system, had a relatively stable structure in the period 2005-2009 and has experienced significant consolidation, particularly in the years 2005-2006, this being sustained mainly by the restructuring and privatization process, but also by Romania's EU accession perspective and the competitive environment in this area. Given the new status of Romania as EU member country, the competition in the banking system has increased significantly, leading to both structural changes, but also to changes in levels of analysis indicators of banking structure and performance. Following this analysis, it appears that, recently, our country's banking system saw a dynamic and unprecedented diversification resulting from the economic development of the society and adaptation to EU requirements, and we can say that in Romania there is, now, a modern and competitive banking system, which provides circulation of the domestic economy and provides banking products and services in accordance with trends in the European banking sector.
COSTS AND BENEFITS AS A RESULT OF ROMANIA’S ACCESSION TO THE EU
ANCA MONICA BRATA
Lucr?ri ?tiin?ifice : Management Agricol , 2009,
Abstract: The issue of Romania joining the EU has been and will continue to be very much debated. The pros and cons do not only refer to integration itself, wanted by all the Romanian political forces, but also the costs and benefits (of any kind) that might appear after being EU member. Also, the criteria set by the EU for accession are a source of great controversy, due to the difference of vision regarding attainment of these criteria, adoption and the way for implementing the necessary measures to bring Romanian legislation, including the economical one, with the EU.
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