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 Sergei I. Potapenko European Journal of Contemporary Education , 2013, Abstract: The article presents the analysis of research toolkit, program and scientific results of Sochi School of Linguistic Rhetoric, formed at the Department of Russian Philology of Sochi State University. Generalized subject of integrated study of the system of discursive processes of Russian socio-cultural and educational environment at the integral conceptual basis of lingual rhetoric paradigm is considered as collective linguistic personality of scholars – representatives of Sochi School of Linguistic Rhetoric.
 Fethi Helal Open Journal of Modern Linguistics (OJML) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/ojml.2013.32020 Abstract: This paper is critically concerned with the recent attempts in contrastive rhetoric (CR) to interpret the linguistic and rhetorical differences found in the academic discourses produced by Anglophone and nonAnglophone academic and research writers. Framing this critique within a discourse view of language, culture and communication, this paper points to the need to go beyond such a priori, static, and too often vague concepts as language and culture as explanatory variables in intercultural (academic) rhetoric. Moreover, using data that examined the use of English in lingua franca contexts, the paper urges researchers in CR to consider the differences and misunderstandings arising from a history of socialization of academics to different discourse communities, varying assumptions of what constitutes appropriate academic genres, as well as the identities and meanings that are co-constructed in concrete and situated rhetorical action. It is believed that such a perspective on intercultural academic communication will not only help move the CR agenda forward, but will also lead to a better understanding of communicative and intercultural competence, and dialogue with the cultural academic “other”.
 Ol'ga I. Marchenko European Journal of Contemporary Education , 2013, Abstract: Word, sound, movement – we interact via these channels of communication. Rhetoric act cannot be considered separately from the body “language”. Human gesture doesn’t’ refer to the motion display, but to the language. You might say, it expands the idea via movement to someone else (partner, listener, audience). The same statement, accompanied with different gestures, can have opposite meaning. The special knowledge of body movements combination is called kinesics, its acquisition and application is the important means of linguistic personality formation.
 Bambang Yudi Cahyono K@ta : a Biannual Publication on the Study of Language and Literature , 2001, Abstract: The major aim of this article is to review studies of second language writing. The first part deals mainly with the process of writing in the second and first languages. The second part concerns contrastive rhetoric. In this second part, the findings of research studies on the relationship of first and second language rhetoric will be presented. Included in the discussion are research studies on contrastive rhetoric in the Indonesian context. The last section of this article concludes the discussion and proposes the implementation of more research on the relationship between Indonesian rhetoric and English rhetoric in essays written by Indonesian learners of English.
 Tiping Su Asian Social Science , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v5n8p150 Abstract: Close reading places great emphasis on the particular over the general, paying close attention to individual words, syntax, and the order in which sentences and ideas unfold as they are read. And rhetoric is the art of using language as a means to persuade. Along with grammar and logic or dialectic, rhetoric is one of the three ancient arts of discourse. Rhetoric inputs meanings into the discourse or text while close reading outputs the meanings from the discourse or text, which are the opposite processes of constructing meanings. Close reading was pioneered by the New Critics but commonly employed by late scholars and rhetoric was and is paid attention to by the scholars, too, which are closely related to each other. Rhetoric is categorized into textual, contextual and intertextual rhetoric, this paper tries to explore the hidden essence of the text, reveal the real motivation of the author and expose the artistic connotation of the works through close reading.
 Marina M. Mishina European Researcher , 2011, Abstract: The article in terms of linguo-rhetoric paradigm analyses pathos and methods of its verbalization from the perspective of linguistic personality of vers libre discourse texts author.
 Xiang Xu International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v3n11p83 Abstract: Advertisement is the major way of promoting sales. To achieve this aim, the AD language gets used to reinforce the effect with the help of rhetoric devices such as simile, metaphor, personification, pun, rhyme, etc. In term of the difference between English and Chinese, some translation methods including Literal Translantion, Free Translation and Modulation could be skillfully used during the time of translating rhetoric devices. Because almost all kinds of subject knowledge and commerce knowledge are involved in translation course, not only should the translator have abundant language skills and fertile fanciful abilities, but also understand commerce psychology and sales strategy. Thus, the translation contents could be pricisely restored. With the beautiful words and expressions and the easiness of reciting aloud, the final version of translation can be able to serve the purpose of promotinmg sales.
 Alejo López Anclajes , 2012, Abstract: uno de los elementos centrales de las Retóricas de la Antigüedad era la puritas. La puritas consiste en la corrección gramatical de la expresión lingüística, es la cualidad elocutiva que tiende a mantener la pureza incontaminada de la lengua. Este fenómeno lingüístico presenta a partir de fines del siglo XX un esfuerzo normativo extemporáneo en el marco de una posmodernidad marcada por los flujos incontrolables de sujetos y lenguas, fenómeno que se refleja claramente en toda su complejidad y en sus tensiones constitutivas, en la gestación y evolución de lenguas híbridas como el spanglish y en la consecuente producción literaria de sistemas literarios marginales como el de la poesía niuyorrique a. La poética niuyorrique a de autores como Tato Laviera (1951-) configura una retórica del spanglish como lengua de la extraterritorialidad y la intersticialidad, una retórica de la impureza y la fruición que deviene una "literatura menor" en su sentido deleuzeano. one of the key elements of the rhetorics of Antiquity was puritas. Puritas consists of grammatical correctness in linguistic expression, it is the locutionary quality which tends to maintain the uncontaminated purity of language. This linguistic phenomenon presents from the end of the twentieth century an untimely normative effort in the context of a postmodern era marked by the uncontrollable flows of persons and languages, a phenomenon that is clearly reflected in all its complexity and its constitutive tensions in the gestation and evolution of hybrid languages such as Spanglish and the subsequent production of marginal literary systems like nuyorican poetry. The nuyorican poetry of authors such as Tato Laviera (1951 -) sets a rhetoric of Spanglish as a language of extraterritoriality and interstitiality, a rhetoric of impurity and delight that becomes a "minor literature" in its Deleuzian sense.
 Physics , 2005, DOI: 10.1016/j.physa.2006.02.044 Abstract: We study network configurations that provide optimal robustness to random breakdowns for networks with a given number of nodes $N$ and a given cost--which we take as the average number of connections per node $\kav$. We find that the network design that maximizes $f_c$, the fraction of nodes that are randomly removed before global connectivity is lost, consists of $q=[(\kav-1)/\sqrt\kav]\sqrt N$ high degree nodes (hubs'') of degree $\sqrt{\kav N}$ and $N-q$ nodes of degree 1. Also, we show that $1-f_c$ approaches 0 as $1/\sqrt N$--faster than any other network configuration including scale-free networks. We offer a simple heuristic argument to explain our results.
 PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0082771 Abstract: Background Because the movement of stock prices is not only ubiquitous in financial markets but also crucial for investors, extensive studies have been done to understand the law behind it. In particular, since the financial crisis in 2008, researchers have a more interest in investigating large market volatilities in order to grasp changing market trends. Methodology/Principal Findings In this work, we analyze the breakouts and breakdowns of both the Standard & Poor’s 500 Index in the US stock market and the Shanghai Composite Index in the Chinese stock market. The breakout usually represents an ongoing upward trend in technical analysis while the breakdown represents an ongoing downward trend. Based on the renormalization method, we introduce two parameters to quantize breakouts and breakdowns, respectively. We discover scaling behavior, characterized by power-law distributions for both the breakouts and breakdowns in the two financial markets with different power-law exponents, which reflect different market volatilities. In detail, the market volatility for breakdowns is usually larger than that for breakouts. Moreover, as an emerging market, the Chinese stock market has larger market volatilities for both the breakouts and breakdowns than the US stock market (a mature market). Further, the short-term volatilities show similar features for both the US stock market and the Chinese stock market. However, the medium-term volatilities in the US stock market are almost symmetrical for the breakouts and breakdowns, whereas those in the Chinese stock market appear to be asymmetrical for the breakouts and breakdowns. Conclusions/Signicance The methodology presented here provides a way to understand scaling and hence volatilities of breakouts and breakdowns in stock price dynamics. Our findings not only reveal the features of market volatilities but also make a comparison between mature and emerging financial markets.
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