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Uniform Transnational Assessment of the Environmental Indices from the Romanian Catchment Area of the Tisa River  [PDF]
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The uniform transnational assessment of the environmental indices in the catchment area of the Tisa river aims at rehabilitating, protecting and conserving the environmental systems, as well as creating a commonly strategic demarche concerning a sustainable spatial development, based on integrated intersectorial approaches of environmental issues, viewed in their territorial dimension. The information necessary in underlining the current situation in the Romanian catchment area of the Tisa has been structured according to the following categories of analysed indices: sources of surface waters, resources of drinkable water and water supply resources, the risk of not reaching the environmental objectives, significant sources of water pollution (punctual sources of pollution, diffuse sources of pollution, significant hydromorphic pressure), the quality of water, significant sources of air pollution, soils affected by agricultural and industrial activities, nature protection and waste management.
The Analysis of Land Use Based on CORINE Land Cover in the Romanian Part of the Tisa Catchment Area  [PDF]
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The analysis of the land use structure of the 13 counties of the Romanian part of Tisa catchment area has been made according to the 2000 edition of CORINE Land Cover, while the 1990 edition has been used for comparative purposes. Out of the total area of 8,269,229.48 hectares, the forests cover 37.92%, the arable lands 35.02% and the grasslands 17.97%. The other types of land use have lower weights, such as the continuous and discontinuous urban fabric 4.81%, the orchards 1.10% and the vineyards 0.98%. In the category of forests, the following types of land use are included: broad-leaved forests, which form the majority (24.72%), coniferous forests (6.22%), mixed forests (3.46%) and transitional woodland-shrub areas (3.52%). The forests are mainly located in the Carpathians and the hills. The non-irrigated arable lands (23.50%) are predominant within the arable lands. They lie mostly in the Western Plain and in the basins and corridors of the Transylvanian Depression and the Western Hills. The analysis of the dynamics of the land use structure between 1990 and 2000 indicates a relative stability in the case of forests, a decrease of arable lands and an increase of grasslands.
Economic Peculiarities of the Romanian Tisa River Basin  [PDF]
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2010,
Abstract: A possible answer to the current challenges of the Tisa catchment area, correlated with water management, social and economic development, environmental conservation, is the transnational initiative of the five countries drained by the tributaries of the Tisa River. In this context, the spatial development has a major impact on the Romanian Tisa catchment area by providing the economic cohesion. The purpose of the present paper is to define the current status of economy in the Romanian Tisa River Basin, through the filter of achieving the level of competitiveness claimed by the national, European, or global authorities. By setting several quantitative indicators, analyzed for a standard territorial level (NUTS 3), for a definite time interval (2002-2007), those more or less competitive economic branches, activities or aspects of the analyzed territory were identified, and, at the same time, the elements that “hinder” development, the traditional remnants, or the existing entrepreneurial initiatives. On the basis of relevant indicators, the calculation of an index of competitiveness was proposed at territorial level, the results certifying a certain level of competitiveness for the region under consideration.
Synthetical Approach to the Romanian Tisa Basin  [PDF]
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2007,
Abstract: This issue of the Romanian Review of Regional Studies is dedicated to the synthesis of the project entitled “The analysis of the present state of territorial development tendencies in the Romanian Tisa Basin”, representing the first stage of research, at national level, of the development phenomena within the entire hydrographical basin, approached together by Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, Ukraine and Serbia.
Energetic Equipment in the Romanian Tisa Catchment Area
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The article presents the context of energetic equipment in the TICAD area, traditional and alternative sources of energy, and includes a short presentation and the possibilities of use for each of them
Features of the Built Patrimony and the Heritage of the “Lands” in the Romanian Tisa Basin  [PDF]
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2010,
Abstract: We realised this analysis, as a part of an international project, in order to underline the potential of this region for its appropriate territorial arrangement targeting touristic activities. In order to analyse the built patrimony in the Romanian Tisa Basin we considered relevant a regional synthesis where we analysed territorial units from two general perspectives (the spatial and the temporal one) revealed in a synthesis and a map which allowed us underline the significance of capitalising the built patrimony in this region where the rivers flowing into the Tisa ensured its unity. We started our study from the list for historical monuments of the counties with part of their territory or with the whole territory in the Romanian Tisa Basin. We revealed the importance of the built patrimony in the Romanian Tisa Basin and the spiritual heritage belonging to the twelve ethnographic units named “lands” in several possible directions of touristic capitalisation we mentioned at the end of our paper.
The Territory of the Tisa Catchment Area between Natural and Functional Organization  [PDF]
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2010,
Abstract: The TICAD project is in essence a symbiosis between what natural organization of the territory through the agency of catchment areas means and its anthropogenic organization having growth poles and gravity axes as pillars. The analysis highlights the historically-exemplified difficulties in correlating the two forms of organization and the factors that caused them. An increase of the index of spatial overlapping and functional imbrication between them can be noticed with the approach of lower hydrographic taxa (collectors, 1st to 3rd rank tributaries) and regional taxa (region, county, microregion, commune), a genuine identification often appearing for the basal ones. The new geopolitical circumstances, induced by the creation and enlargement of the European Union, represent a catalyst for the organisation of the Tisa river basin in the light of the new concepts of economic, cultural or environmental cross-border collaboration.
Romanian Labour Market – Vulnerable persons and vulnerabilities
Cristina BOBOC,Emilia ?I?AN,Daniela TODOSE
Revista Roman? de Statistic? , 2011,
Abstract: Romanian economy’s transition process began suddenly and was accompanied by disintegration of former political and economic system. In terms of GDP per capita, Romania has been one of the poorest countries in Central and Eastern Europe. Also, the Romanian economy was one of the most agrarian economies in Europe. Completely isolated from the informational point of view, Romania had a fully centralized economic system. Beginning of transition was completely chaotic, especially because of the complexity of integrating the fundamentals of democracy and market economy. Internal problems, instability, political corruption or lack of appropriate reforms have led to a difficult restructuring and privatization process.In this paper we present and analyze the tendencies and vulnerabilities on Romanian labor market between 19991 and 2009 versus EU member states. There were identified three shocks with major social impact on Romanian economy: the revolution in December 1989; the EU accession in January 2007 and the world economic crisis began in 2007. These three structural shocks have deeply influenced and still do the evolution of Romanian labor market.
The Incentive Components of the Tourist Offer from the Romanian Tisa Basin – Major Markers of the Regional Tourist Development Strategy  [PDF]
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2010,
Abstract: This paper makes a thoroughly analysis of the main factors which stimulate and define the tourism in the Tisa River basin in concerning both the primary touristic offer (the natural and the anthropic frame) and the infra-structural components, in order to identify the main opportunities of tourism development that are to be found as well as to prefigure the direction of this field’s development, which points out a real potential from this point of view. Consequently, after a preliminary identification of the whole range of tourist resources that are implied or can be implied in making the attractive endowment of the analysed region, we establish the main planning priorities, so that – on this basis – to indicate the main types of tourism and the possible tourist arrangements whose practising and, respectively, achievement, would permit the plenary integration of the Tisa River basin into the regional, national, and international tourist circuits.
Premises and Challenges of Entrepreneurship in Romanian Rural Areas  [PDF]
Raluca IGNAT
Economia : Seria Management , 2012,
Abstract: The rural inhabitants need to face and survive structural changes in rural economy and, thus, to become more market oriented. Traditions and old skills were somehow lost and new activities were approached. In order to reach them, public policy intervened and supported several types of activities. The public authorities demand Romanian inhabitants from rural areas to be truly competitive in a fully shacked economy. Therefore, the research question is: what are the premises and challenges that Romanian inhabitants from rural areas confront to? Entrepreneurial skills of Romanians in rural areas are a matter of national interest. The problem of entrepreneurships has, at least, two meanings in the present paper: the premises and challenges of the free manifestation of private initiative and the importance of this manifestation for national economy. The approach is pragmatic, for public policy. The main objectives of the research are: to identify the premises and challenges of the entrepreneurship in Romanian rural areas and to elaborate relevant solution for public policy in order to conduct to robust rural economy as a result of entrepreneurial expression. Therefore, next financial plan of the Romanian national Rural Development Programme 2014-2020 needs to take into consideration the premises and challenges of entrepreneurship, as this is the only pertinent solution for added value creation in rural economy. And the strategic approach is to define the future profile of Romanian rural inhabitant.

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