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STUDY ON THE CAUSES OF REGIONAL ECONOMIC DISPARITIES IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
Mihai Talmaciu,Borza Mioara
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2011,
Abstract: Successive enlargements of the European Union have led to increasing heterogeneity of the development levels of the states and regions members. The Romanian development regions are among the most poorly economically developed European regions and are regarded as economies based on production factors where the development of economy is mainly triggered by the poorly qualified labour and the natural resources. This paper aims to analyse and to identify the factors lying at the bottom of regional development and the causes of Romanian regional disparities, by comparative analyse and the break down the basic development indicators into their components. The regional economic disparities from Romania tend to be more prominent due following causes: low level of development of most regions, structure of economy dominated by economic sectors with a low productivity; the low research-innovation potential; the low share of the population having a higher education, reduced capacity of the poorly developed regions to withhold the highly qualified labour, the weak development of infrastructure, particularly poor quality of infrastructure networks. Romania stays anchored in a development model characterized by an anachronous economic structure, a poorly qualified labour, a slow accumulation of capital and a reduced sustainability of the development rate.
MACRO-REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN ROMANIA  [PDF]
MARIA O?IL,MIHAI P?REAN
Annals of the University of Petrosani : Economics , 2010,
Abstract: Economic disparities are disparities between levels of economicdevelopment of the areas or regions within a national economy. If economic literature hasfailed to explain the causes of inequalities in economic development of different regions of theEU, this issue became a priority in EU economic policy, especially after the adhesion ofGreece, Spain and Portugal, countries characterized by a lower level of development fromother EU countries and also marked by significant regional imbalances. European Unionsupports reducing disparities between different regions of Member States so that all regionsand their people to benefit from economic and social advantages of the Union. This paper aimsto highlight disparities between the macro-regions in Romania. Regional demarcation criterionin the NUTS system is the population’s number within a territory. Most pertinent argument isthat the goal of all activities in a society lies in meeting the needs of the individual and of thecommunity. This possibility is ensured by a certain level of economic development in the region.Less developed areas of Romania are located in Northern Moldova and in the South EasternRomanian Plain and the more developed areas include, in addition to Bucharest andConstanta, Transylvania and Banat regions.
Regional Disparities in the Transition Period
IBOLYA KURKó
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2009,
Abstract: The abolishment of the communist regime, the establishment of a democratic legal and institutional system brought important changes in the development of the regional economy of Romania. The old – from an economic point of view – differentiating factors have lost some of their importance, mainly the level of industrialization, which, in the past, was used to measure economic development. In addition, other factors came forward, that correlate more with the economic capacity, but, nowadays, their positive effect can only be increased by the combination of several other factors: foreign investments, as an indicator of regional attractiveness, regional GDP, the level of personal income, and the appreciation of human resources. Today, in the interest of enhancing the competitiveness of the regions a special role is reserved for entrepreneurial activity, the strength of the SME sector, the role of foreign working capital in the local economy, but also the territorial concentration of R&D centers. The study focuses on some aspects of disparities regarding the regional economic structure.
THE CURRENT STATE AND DYNAMICS OF REGIONAL DISPARITIES IN ROMANIA
Zizi Goschin,Daniela-L. Constantin,Monica Roman,Bogdan-Vasile Ileanu
Romanian Journal of Regional Science , 2008,
Abstract: The paper aims to highlight the dynamics and current state of regional disparities in Romania,discussing both inter-regional disparities -between the eight development regions, corresponding tothe NUTS II level- and intra-regional disparities -between the counties (corresponding to theNUTS III level) included in each region. The analysis of regional disparities has been based on aseries of data and indicators provided by Romanian official statistics for 2000 and 2005, processedby various statistical methods. We constructed a new variant of the relative distances rankingmethod adapted to the objective of our study, so as to make it possible to measure simultaneouslythe intra and inter-regional disparities. Based on a multidimensional index of inequality, the 41Romanian counties plus Bucharest municipality have been ranked and included into four majordevelopment categories, according to their relative position in economic development. Gini index,Herfindahl index and Theil index have been also employed, showing a low level of concentration,which suggests a relatively low amplitude of both inter-regional and intra-regional disparities.
Urban and rural educational system disparities in Romania
Mihaela Roberta STANEF
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2013,
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to analyze the complex multidimensional and multidisciplinary issue of the educational system in more details and to deal with conceptions, methodological approaches and the acquired knowledge, focused particularly on Romanian educational system.The mean of the paper is to present the complex issue of regional and territorial disparities in Romania. The educational system in Romania is at a crossroad. Initiated important reforms in the sector after the last 21 years – including changing the curriculum, student assessment, teacher training, funding and management module – will be continued to improve outcomes in education.
VALORIFICATION OF THE TOURISTIC POTENTIAL AND OF THE INTELLECTUAL CAPITAL WITHIN THE HOSPITALITY INDUSTRY - CASE STUDY ON THE TOURISTIC AREA OF SUCEVITA – ROMANIA  [cached]
Valentin HAPENCIUC,Pavel STANCIU,Iulian CONDRATOV,Ruxandra BEJINARU
Revista de Turism : Studii si Cercetari in Turism , 2011,
Abstract: This study shows how the entrepreneurs in the Sucevi a tourism area managed to build their business and how they try to fit it within the whole area, taking into account existing natural and manmade touristic potential. The study focused on four objectives which aimed at: knowing the motivation for the establishment and development of tourist activities, quantifying the influence of formal education and practical experience on managing a business in tourism, finding out how the tourism entrepreneur is aware of the potential area Sucevi a and how it can be sold, knowing the role and place of infrastructure, and relational capital. The four objectives were reflected in a questionnaire that was used as a tool in the investigation on a sample of tourist facilities in the mentioned area.
Identifying Regional Economic Disparities and Convergence in Romania
Daniela ANTONESCU
Journal of Knowledge Management, Economics and Information Technology , 2012,
Abstract: Regional convergence is a key objective of cohesion and balanced development at regional level. The existences of regional imbalances do nothing only delay the achievement this objective, requiring the emergence of viable and appropriate measures of the new European context. This article aims to use the appropriate models based on dispersion method (variance) to identify the dynamics and amplitude differences in the level of regional development in European Union and Romania. The results of this research indicate first that the disparities between development regions in Romania have growth more rapidly in recent years, but the EU integration may have enhanced per-capita income convergence processes. These findings may be able to find new tools to reduce income inequalities in next programming period.
Built Infrastructure Disparities in Romania  [PDF]
MáRIA-ERZSéBET BEREKMéRI
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2006,
Abstract: Our paper focuses on built infrastructure disparities in Romania, especially on: the drinking water supply, the sewage system, the gas supply, the thermic energy, the telephone, and the public roads networks. We used statistical data from the 2003 Statistic Annual of Romania and we made our research using quantitative methods as well as calculating certain disparity indices (e.g. Hirschmann–Herfindahl Index, the Dual Index) in order to show the interregional disparity increase/decrease.
Intellectual Capital and organizational learning capability  [PDF]
S. Khayat Moghadam,M. R. Zabihi,M. Kargaran,A. Hakimzadeh
Journal of Soft Computing and Applications , 2013, DOI: 10.5899/2013/jsca-00011
Abstract: In knowledge-based economy, intellectual capital is used in order to create and increase enterprise value and the success of an organization depends on its ability to manage this scarce resource. In addition, one of the important features of an organization that can assist in the creation and sharing of knowledge and compared to other organizations creates them sustainable competitive advantage, is the organizational learning capability. The purpose of this paper is to examine the relationship between intellectual capital and organizational learning capability (OLC). Data were collected from Khorasan Razavi Regional Water Autoraty and the research data was collected through questionnaires. Statistical sample size is considered equal to 150, validity of questionnaires was examined by Cronbach's alpha and results are generated by structural equations model (SME) method. Results show that human capital and structural capital have a significant relationship with organizational learning capability but there is not significant relationship between relational capital with organizational learning capability. Human capital is the greatest factor among these three types of intellectual capital in governmental organization. This study also provides managerial implications and limitations to data collection.
The Regional Disparities. Foreign Direct Investment in Romania  [PDF]
IBOLYA KURKó
Romanian Review of Regional Studies , 2006,
Abstract: After the collapse of its economic system, Romania entered a new economic, social, and political period named transition. The transition from a planned economy to a market oriented one, the opening of the borders, the consolidation of the political and juridical systems led to the appearance of foreign direct investment as well as to its permanent increase. Against the frame of internal changes, the Romanian foreign policy evolved in a new direction marked by the country joining NATO and its accession to the European Union. After 1989, economic, political, and demographical changes influenced all Romanian settlements. Still, these changes had selective effects pushing some counties to progress and other to decline. Foreign investment concentrated especially in the areas where the infrastructure already built, the development level, and accessibility were more significant as well as the area where the local factors were more interested in making changes. This contributed to regional disparities as investment focused especially in Bucharest and in the North-West and West Development Regions. In our study we present the evolution of foreign direct investment in Romania in the last years and the disparities between regions and counties.
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