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Light-Front Hamiltonian, Path Integral and BRST Formulations of the Chern-Simons-Higgs Theory in the Broken Symmetry Phase  [PDF]
Usha Kulshreshtha, Daya S. Kulshreshtha, James P. Vary
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2013, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2013.44A007
Abstract:

In the present work we study the Hamiltonian, path integral and BRST formulations of the Chern-Simons-Higgs theory in two-space one-time dimensions, in the so-called broken symmetry phase of the Higgs potential (where the phase φ(xμ) of the complex matter field Φ(xμ) carries the charge degree of freedom of the complex matter field and is akin to the Goldstone boson) on the light-front (i.e., on the hyperplanes defined by the fixed light-cone time). The theory is seen to possess a set of first-class constraints and the local vector gauge symmetry. The theory being gauge-invariant is quantized under appropriate gauge-fixing conditions. The explicit Hamiltonian and path integral quantization is achieved under the above light-cone gauges. The Heisenberg equations of motion of the system are derived for the physical degrees of freedom of the system. Finally the BRST quantization of the system is achieved under appropriate BRST gauge-fixing, where the BRST symmetry is maintained even under the BRST light-cone gauge-fixing.

Equivalence of Chern-Simons gauge theory and WZNW model using a BRST symmetry  [PDF]
Jens Fjelstad,Stephen Hwang
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(99)01138-7
Abstract: The equivalence between the Chern-Simons gauge theory on a three-dimensional manifold with boundary and the WZNW model on the boundary is established in a simple and general way using the BRST symmetry. Our approach is based on restoring gauge invariance of the Chern-Simons theory in the presence of a boundary. This gives a correspondence to the WZNW model that does not require solving any constraints, fixing the gauge or specifying boundary conditions.
Gribov copies, BRST-exactness and Chern-Simons theory  [PDF]
Marco Astorino,Fabrizio Canfora,Jorge Zanelli
Physics , 2012,
Abstract: The path integral approach for a 3D Chern-Simons theory is discussed with a focus on the question of metric independence and BRST-exactness in the light of Gribov ambiguity. Copies of the vacuum satisfying the strong boundary conditions and with trivial winding number are shown to exist. This problem is relevant for Yang-Mills theory in 2+1 dimensions as well. Furthermore, it is also shown that there are regular background metrics supporting an infinite number of zero modes of the Abelian Faddeev-Popov operator in the Coulomb gauge. In order to avoid overcounting one could restrict the possible metrics which enter in the gauge fixing but this would imply that, at a quantum level, three-dimensional Chern-Simons theories do depend on the metric.
BRST quantization of Matrix Chern-Simons Theory  [PDF]
Etera R. Livine,Lee Smolin
Physics , 2002,
Abstract: The BRST quantization of matrix Chern-Simons theory is carried out, the symmetries of the theory are analysed and used to constrain the form of the effective action.
Interpolating gauge fixing for Chern-Simons theory  [PDF]
K. Landsteiner,M. Langer,M. Schweda,S. P. Sorella
Physics , 1993, DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(94)90978-4
Abstract: Chern-Simons theory is analyzed with a gauge-fixing which allows to discuss the Landau gauge and the light-cone gauge at the same time.
Gauss Law Constraints in Chern-Simons Theory From BRST Quantization  [PDF]
M. Chaichian,W. F. Chen,Z. Y. Zhu
Physics , 1996, DOI: 10.1016/0370-2693(96)01105-7
Abstract: The physical state condition in the BRST quantization of Chern-Simons field theory is used to derive Gauss law constraints in the presence of Wilson loops, which play an important role in explicitly establishing the connection of Chern-Simons field theory with 2-dimensional conformal field theory.
Quantization of Even-Dimensional Actions of Chern-Simons Form with Infinite Reducibility  [PDF]
N. Kawamoto,K. Suehiro,T. Tsukioka,H. Umetsu
Physics , 1998, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(98)00465-9
Abstract: We investigate the quantization of even-dimensional topological actions of Chern-Simons form which were proposed previously. We quantize the actions by Lagrangian and Hamiltonian formulations {\`a} la Batalin, Fradkin and Vilkovisky. The models turn out to be infinitely reducible and thus we need infinite number of ghosts and antighosts. The minimal actions of Lagrangian formulation which satisfy the master equation of Batalin and Vilkovisky have the same Chern-Simons form as the starting classical actions. In the Hamiltonian formulation we have used the formulation of cohomological perturbation and explicitly shown that the gauge-fixed actions of both formulations coincide even though the classical action breaks Dirac's regularity condition. We find an interesting relation that the BRST charge of Hamiltonian formulation is the odd-dimensional fermionic counterpart of the topological action of Chern-Simons form. Although the quantization of two dimensional models which include both bosonic and fermionic gauge fields are investigated in detail, it is straightforward to extend the quantization into arbitrary even dimensions. This completes the quantization of previously proposed topological gravities in two and four dimensions.
BRST Gauge Fixing and Regularization  [PDF]
P. H. Damgaard,F. De Jonghe,R. Sollacher
Physics , 1995, DOI: 10.1016/0550-3213(95)00472-5
Abstract: In the presence of consistent regulators, the standard procedure of BRST gauge fixing (or moving from one gauge to another) can require non-trivial modifications. These modifications occur at the quantum level, and gauges exist which are only well-defined when quantum mechanical modifications are correctly taken into account. We illustrate how this phenomenon manifests itself in the solvable case of two-dimensional bosonization in the path-integral formalism. As a by-product, we show how to derive smooth bosonization in Batalin-Vilkovisky Lagrangian BRST quantization.
The BRST extension of gauge non-invariant Lagrangians  [PDF]
D. Bashkirov,G. Sardanshvily
Physics , 2004,
Abstract: We show that, in gauge theory of principal connections, any gauge non-invariant Lagrangian can be completed to the BRST-invariant one. The BRST extension of the global Chern-Simons Lagrangian is present.
Hamiltonian, Path Integral and BRST Formulations of the Restricted Gauge Theory of QCD2  [PDF]
Usha Kulshreshtha, Daya Shankar Kulshreshtha, James P. Vary
Journal of Modern Physics (JMP) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/jmp.2018.914150
Abstract: We study the Hamiltonian, path integral and Becchi-Rouet-Stora and Tyutin (BRST) formulations of the restricted gauge theory of QCD2 à la Cho et al. under appropriate gauge-fixing conditions.
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