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Limits on sterile neutrino mixing using atmospheric neutrinos in Super-Kamiokande  [PDF]
The Super-Kamiokande Collaboration,:,K. Abe,Y. Haga,Y. Hayato,M. Ikeda,K. Iyogi,J. Kameda,Y. Kishimoto,M. Miura,S. Moriyama,M. Nakahata,Y. Nakano,S. Nakayama,H. Sekiya,M. Shiozawa,Y. Suzuki,A. Takeda,H. Tanaka,T. Tomura,K. Ueno,R. A. Wendell,T. Yokozawa,T. Irvine,T. Kajita,I. Kametani,K. Kaneyuki,K. P. Lee,T. McLachlan,Y. Nishimura,E. Richard,K. Okumura,L. Labarga,P. Fernandez,S. Berkman,H. A. Tanaka,S. Tobayama,J. Gustafson,E. Kearns,J. L. Raaf,J. L. Stone,L. R. Sulak,M. Goldhaber,G. Carminati,W. R. Kropp,S. Mine,P. Weatherly,A. Renshaw,M. B. Smy,H. W. Sobel,V. Takhistov,K. S. Ganezer,B. L. Hartfiel,J. Hill,W. E. Keig,N. Hong,J. Y. Kim,I. T. Lim,T. Akiri,A. Himmel,K. Scholberg,C. W. Walter,T. Wongjirad,T. Ishizuka,S. Tasaka,J. S. Jang,J. G. Learned,S. Matsuno,S. N. Smith,T. Hasegawa,T. Ishida,T. Ishii,T. Kobayashi,T. Nakadaira,K. Nakamura,Y. Oyama,K. Sakashita,T. Sekiguchi,T. Tsukamoto,A. T. Suzuki,Y. Takeuchi,C. Bronner,S. Hirota,K. Huang,K. Ieki,T. Kikawa,A. Minamino,A. Murakami,T. Nakaya,K. Suzuki,S. Takahashi,K. Tateishi,Y. Fukuda,K. Choi,Y. Itow,G. Mitsuka,P. Mijakowski,J. Hignight,J. Imber,C. K. Jung,C. Yanagisawa,H. Ishino,A. Kibayashi,Y. Koshio,T. Mori,M. Sakuda,R. Yamaguchi,T. Yano,Y. Kuno,R. Tacik,S. B. Kim,H. Okazawa,Y. Choi,K. Nishijima,M. Koshiba,Y. Suda,Y. Totsuka,M. Yokoyama,K. Martens,Ll. Marti,M. R. Vagins,J. F. Martin,P. de Perio,A. Konaka,M. J. Wilking,S. Chen,Y. Zhang,K. Connolly,R. J. Wilkes
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.91.052019
Abstract: We present limits on sterile neutrino mixing using 4,438 live-days of atmospheric neutrino data from the Super-Kamiokande experiment. We search for fast oscillations driven by an eV$^2$-scale mass splitting and for oscillations into sterile neutrinos instead of tau neutrinos at the atmospheric mass splitting. When performing both these searches we assume that the sterile mass splitting is large, allowing $\sin^2(\Delta m^2 L/4E)$ to be approximated as $0.5$, and we assume that there is no mixing between electron neutrinos and sterile neutrinos ($|U_{e4}|^2 = 0$). No evidence of sterile oscillations is seen and we limit $|U_{\mu4}|^2$ to less than 0.041 and $|U_{\tau4}|^2$ to less than 0.18 for $\Delta m^2 > 0.8$ eV$^2$ at the 90% C.L. in a 3+1 framework. The approximations that can be made with atmospheric neutrinos allow these limits to be easily applied to 3+N models, and we provide our results in a generic format to allow comparisons with other sterile neutrino models.
Atmospheric neutrinos, long-baseline neutrino beams and the precise measurement of the neutrino oscillation parameters  [PDF]
Giuseppe Battistoni,Paolo Lipari
Physics , 1998,
Abstract: Measurements of atmospheric neutrinos by Super-Kamiokande an other detectors have given evidence for the existence of neutrino oscillations with large mixing and $\Delta m^2$ in the range 10^{-3}-10^{-2} eV^2. In this work we discuss critically some of the possible experimental strategies to confirm this result and determine more accurately the neutrino oscillation parameters. A possible method is the development of long-baseline accelerator neutrino beams. The accelerator beams can have higher intensity and higher average energy than the atmospheric flux, and if (\nu_\mu \leftrightarrow \nu_\tau) oscillations are indeed the cause of the atmospheric neutrino anomaly, they can produce a measurable rate of $\tau$ leptons for most (but not all) of the values of the oscillation parameters that are a solution to the atmospheric data. On the other hand measurements of atmospheric neutrinos with large statistics and/or better experimental resolutions, can also provide convincing evidence for oscillations, thanks to unambiguous detectable effects on the energy, zenith angle and L/E_\nu distributions of the events. The study of these effects can provide a precise determination of the oscillations parameters. The range of L/E_\nu available for atmospheric neutrinos is much larger than in long-baseline accelerator experiments, and the sensitivity extends to lower values of \Delta m^2.
Octant sensitivity for large theta(13) in atmospheric and long baseline neutrino experiments
Chatterjee, Animesh;Ghoshal, Pomita;Goswami, Srubabati;Raut, Sushant K.
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013,
Abstract: One of the unknown parameters in neutrino oscillations is the octant of the mixing angle theta_{23}. In this paper, we discuss the possibility of determining the octant of theta_{23} in the long baseline experiments T2K and NOvA in conjunction with future atmospheric neutrino detectors, in light of non-zero value of theta_{13} measured by reactor experiments. We consider two detector technologies for atmospheric neutrinos - magnetized iron calorimeter and non-magnetized Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber. We present the octant sensitivity for T2K/NOvA and atmospheric neutrino experiments separately as well as combined. For the long baseline experiments, a precise measurement of theta_{13}, which can exclude degenerate solutions in the wrong octant, increases the sensitivity drastically. For theta_{23} = 39^o and sin^2 2 theta_{13} = 0.1, at least ~2 sigma sensitivity can be achieved by T2K+NOvA for all values of delta_{CP} for both normal and inverted hierarchy. For atmospheric neutrinos, the moderately large value of theta_{13} measured in the reactor experiments is conducive to octant sensitivity because of enhanced matter effects. A magnetized iron detector can give a 2 sigma octant sensitivity for 500 kT yr exposure for theta_{23} = 39^o, delta_{CP} = 0 and normal hierarchy. This increases to 3 sigma for both hierarchies by combining with T2K+NOvA. This is due to a preference of different theta_{23} values at the minimum chi^2 by T2K/NOvA and atmospheric neutrino experiments. A Liquid Argon detector for atmospheric neutrinos with the same exposure can give higher octant sensitivity, due to the interplay of muon and electron contributions and superior resolutions. We obtain a ~3 sigma sensitivity for theta_{23} = 39^o for normal hierarchy. This increases to > ~4 sigma for all values of delta_{CP} if combined with T2K+NOvA. For inverted hierarchy the combined sensitivity is ~3 sigma.
Octant sensitivity for large theta(13) in atmospheric and long baseline neutrino experiments  [PDF]
Animesh Chatterjee,Pomita Ghoshal,Srubabati Goswami,Sushant K. Raut
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP06(2013)010
Abstract: One of the unknown parameters in neutrino oscillations is the octant of the mixing angle theta_{23}. In this paper, we discuss the possibility of determining the octant of theta_{23} in the long baseline experiments T2K and NOvA in conjunction with future atmospheric neutrino detectors, in light of non-zero value of theta_{13} measured by reactor experiments. We consider two detector technologies for atmospheric neutrinos - magnetized iron calorimeter and non-magnetized Liquid Argon Time Projection Chamber. We present the octant sensitivity for T2K/NOvA and atmospheric neutrino experiments separately as well as combined. For the long baseline experiments, a precise measurement of theta_{13}, which can exclude degenerate solutions in the wrong octant, increases the sensitivity drastically. For theta_{23} = 39^o and sin^2 2 theta_{13} = 0.1, at least ~2 sigma sensitivity can be achieved by T2K+NOvA for all values of delta_{CP} for both normal and inverted hierarchy. For atmospheric neutrinos, the moderately large value of theta_{13} measured in the reactor experiments is conducive to octant sensitivity because of enhanced matter effects. A magnetized iron detector can give a 2 sigma octant sensitivity for 500 kT yr exposure for theta_{23} = 39^o, delta_{CP} = 0 and normal hierarchy. This increases to 3 sigma for both hierarchies by combining with T2K+NOvA. This is due to a preference of different theta_{23} values at the minimum chi^2 by T2K/NOvA and atmospheric neutrino experiments. A Liquid Argon detector for atmospheric neutrinos with the same exposure can give higher octant sensitivity, due to the interplay of muon and electron contributions and superior resolutions. We obtain a ~3 sigma sensitivity for theta_{23} = 39^o for normal hierarchy. This increases to > ~4 sigma for all values of delta_{CP} if combined with T2K+NOvA. For inverted hierarchy the combined sensitivity is ~3 sigma.
Neutrino mass due to the mixing among neutrinos and gauginos  [PDF]
Daijiro Suematsu
Physics , 2000, DOI: 10.1016/S0370-2693(01)00413-0
Abstract: We consider the explanation of both data of the atmospheric neutrino and the solar neutrino by the neutrino mass matrix derived from the mixing of neutrinos and gauginos in the extended MSSM with an extra U(1) gauge symmetry. This scenario directly relates the neutrino mass to supersymmetry. The structure of the mass hierarchy and the mixing is determined only by the extra U(1)-charge of neutrinos. Although the model is rather simple, it may be able to realize both the small and large mixing angle solutions for the solar neutrino problem. In particular, the large mixing angle MSW solution for the solar neutrino problem can be easily realized. We discuss the relation between the extra U(1)-charge and four solutions for the solar neutrino problem.
The Reach of INO for Atmospheric Neutrino Oscillation Parameters  [PDF]
Tarak Thakore,Anushree Ghosh,Sandhya Choubey,Amol Dighe
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP05(2013)058
Abstract: The India-based Neutrino Observatory (INO) will host a 50 kt magnetized iron calorimeter (ICAL@INO) for the study of atmospheric neutrinos. Using the detector resolutions and efficiencies obtained by the INO collaboration from a full-detector GEANT4-based simulation, we determine the reach of this experiment for the measurement of the atmospheric neutrino mixing parameters ($\sin^2 \theta_{23}$ and $|\Delta m_{32}^2 |$). We also explore the sensitivity of this experiment to the deviation of $\theta_{23}$ from maximal mixing, and its octant.
Large Mixing Angle MSW and Atmospheric Neutrinos from Single Right-Handed Neutrino Dominance and U(1) Family Symmetry  [PDF]
S. F. King
Physics , 1999, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(00)00109-7
Abstract: Single right-handed neutrino dominance (SRHND) in the 23 sector of the light effective neutrino mass matrix has been proposed as a natural explanation for the concurrent large 23 mixing angle and large 23 mass hierarchy. In this paper we show how large 12 mixing angles, suitable for the large mixing angle (LMA) MSW solution to the solar neutrino problem, may arise from SRHND. In order to understand the conditions for SRHND and LMA MSW we first consider the case of one and two right-handed neutrinos, and obtain simple analytic conditions which are then extended to the case of three right-handed neutrinos. We then introduce a single U(1) family symmetry and show how these analytic conditions may be translated into U(1) charge assignments and perform a systematic search for the simplest examples.
Neutrino Mass Spectrum with $ν_μ$ $\to$ $ν_s$ Oscillations of Atmospheric Neutrinos  [PDF]
Q. Y. Liu,A. Yu. Smirnov
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1016/S0550-3213(98)00269-7
Abstract: We consider the ``standard'' spectrum of the active neutrinos (characterized by strong mass hierarchy and small mixing) with additional sterile neutrino, $\nu_s$. The sterile neutrino mixes strongly with the muon neutrino, so that $\nu_{\mu} \leftrightarrow \nu_s$ oscillations solve the atmospheric neutrino problem. We show that the parametric enhancement of the $\nu_{\mu} \leftrightarrow \nu_s$ oscillations occurs for the high energy atmospheric neutrinos which cross the core of the Earth. This can be relevant for the anomaly observed by the MACRO experiment. Solar neutrinos are converted both to $\nu_{\mu}$ and $\nu_s$. The heaviest neutrino ($\approx \nu_{\tau}$) may compose the hot dark matter of the Universe. Phenomenology of this scenario is elaborated and crucial experimental signatures are identified. We also discuss properties of the underlying neutrino mass matrix.
Effective Mass Matrix for Light Neutrinos Consistent with Solar and Atmospheric Neutrino Experiments  [PDF]
S. P. Rosen,Waikwok Kwong
Physics , 1995,
Abstract: We propose an effective mass matrix for light neutrinos which is consistent with the mixing pattern indicated by solar and atmospheric neutrino experiments. Two scenarios for the mass eigenvalues are discussed and the connection with double beta decay is noted.
Searches for sterile neutrinos with IceCube DeepCore  [PDF]
Soebur Razzaque,A. Yu. Smirnov
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.85.093010
Abstract: We show that study of the atmospheric neutrinos in the 10--100 GeV energy range by DeepCore sub-array of the IceCube Neutrino Observatory can substantially constrain the mixing of sterile neutrinos of mass $\sim 1$ eV with active neutrinos. In the scheme with one sterile neutrino we calculate $\nu_\mu-$ and $\bar{\nu}_\mu-$ oscillation probabilities as well as zenith angle distributions of $\nu_\mu^{CC}$ events in different energy intervals in DeepCore. The distributions depend on the mass hierarchy of active neutrinos. Therefore, in principle, the hierarchy can be identified, if $\nu_s$ exists. After a few years of exposure the DeepCore data will allow to exclude the mixing $|U_{\mu 4}|^2 \geq 0.02$ indicated by the LSND/MiniBooNE results. Combination of the DeepCore and high energy IceCube data will further improve sensitivity to $\nu_s$ mixing parameters.
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