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Lepton non-universality at LEP and charged Higgs  [PDF]
Jae-hyeon Park
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1088/1126-6708/2006/10/077
Abstract: A recent analysis of the LEP data shows an interesting deviation from lepton universality in W boson decays. An excess at the level of 2.8 sigma is found in the tau mode branching ratio with respect to the other two modes. It is suggested that this seeming lepton non-universality might stem from pair production of charged Higgs bosons almost degenerate with W, that preferentially decay to heavy fermions. It is shown that the deviation can be reduced to 1.4 sigma in two Higgs doublet model I without any conflict with the existing direct or indirect constraints. This conclusion is largely independent of tan beta, the ratio of Higgs vacuum expectation values. This scenario can be tested at the forthcoming international linear collider.
Search for charged Higgs bosons through the violation of lepton universality in ttbar events using pp collision data at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV with the ATLAS experiment  [PDF]
ATLAS Collaboration
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP03(2013)076
Abstract: In several extensions of the Standard Model, the top quark can decay into a bottom quark and a light charged Higgs boson H+, t to bH+, in addition to the Standard Model decay t to bW. Since W bosons decay to the three lepton generations equally, while H+ may predominantly decay into tau+nu, charged Higgs bosons can be searched for using the violation of lepton universality in top quark decays. The analysis in this paper is based on 4.6/fb of proton-proton collision data at sqrt(s) = 7 TeV collected by the ATLAS experiment at the Large Hadron Collider. Signatures containing leptons (e or mu) and/or a hadronically decaying tau (tau_had) are used. Event yield ratios between e+tau_had and e+mu, as well as between mu+tau_had and mu+e, final states are measured in the data and compared to predictions from simulations. This ratio-based method reduces the impact of systematic uncertainties in the analysis. No significant deviation from the Standard Model predictions is observed. With the assumption that the branching fraction B(H+ to tau+nu) is 100%, upper limits in the range 3.2%-4.4% can be placed on the branching fraction B(t to bH+) for charged Higgs boson masses m(H+) in the range 90-140 GeV. After combination with results from a search for charged Higgs bosons in ttbar decays using the tau_had+jets final state, upper limits on B(t to bH+) can be set in the range 0.8%-3.4%, for m(H+) in the range 90-160 GeV.
Hunting a light CP-odd non-standard Higgs boson through its tauonic decay at a (Super) B factory
Fullana, Esteban;Sanchis-Lozano, Miguel-Angel
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2007, DOI: 10.1016/j.physletb.2007.06.078
Abstract: Several scenarios beyond the minimal extension of the Standard Model still allow light non-standard Higgs bosons evading LEP bounds. We examine the mixing between a light CP-odd Higgs boson and $\eta_b$ states and its implications on a slight (but observable) lepton universality breaking in Upsilon decays which could be measured at the percent level at a (Super) B factory.
Lepton Universality Test in Upsilon(1S) decays at BaBar  [PDF]
Elisa Guido,for the BaBar Collaboration
Physics , 2009,
Abstract: Using a sample of 122 million Upsilon(3S) decays collected with the BaBar detector at the PEP-II asymmetric energy collider at the SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory, we measure the ratio R_taumu=BR(Upsilon(1S)->tau^+tau^-)/BR(Upsilon(1S)->mu^+mu^-); the measurement is intended as a test of lepton universality and as a possible search for a light pseudoscalar Higgs boson in Next to Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (NMSSM) scenarios. Such a boson could appear in a deviation of the ratio R_taumu from the Standard Model expectation, that is 1, except for small lepton mass corrections. The analysis exploits the decays Upsilon(3S) -> Upsilon(1S) pi^+pi^-, Upsilon(1S) -> l^+l^-, where l = mu, tau.
Supersymmetric Grand Unification and Lepton Universality in K-> l \nu Decays
Ellis, John;Lola, Smaragda;Raidal, Martti
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2008, DOI: 10.1016/j.nuclphysb.2008.12.006
Abstract: Motivated by the prospects for an improved test of lepton universality in K -> l \nu decays by the NA62 experiment at CERN, we study predictions for the possible lepton non-universality in K -> l \nu decays in supersymmetric models. Violations of \mu-e universality in this process may originate from mixing effects in the right-handed slepton sector, providing a unique window into this aspect of supersymmetric flavour physics in the large-\tan\beta region. Minimal unification scenarios with universal soft supersymmetry-breaking terms at the GUT scale would predict negligible violation of lepton universality. However, lepton non-universality may be observable in non-minimal grand unified models with higher-dimensional terms contributing to fermion masses, in which case renormalization effects above the GUT scale may enhance the mixing among the right-handed sleptons. This could leads to observable lepton non-universality in K -> l \nu decays in specific regions of the parameter space with high \tan \beta, large A terms and small charged Higgs boson mass. Observable non-universality in K -> l \nu decays would be correlated with a large value of BR(\tau -> e \gamma). The experimental upper limit on the electric dipole moment of the electron could be reconciled with leptogenesis, if the latter occurs at a relatively low scale, which would also alleviate the cosmological gravitino problem. Even if lepton non-universality is not seen in the near future, one may nevertheless obtain significant constraints on the model parameters and unknown aspects of right-handed fermion and sfermion mixing.
Leptophobic boson signals with leptons, jets and missing energy  [PDF]
Bogdan A. Dobrescu
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: Color-singlet gauge bosons with renormalizable couplings to quarks but not to leptons must interact with additional fermions ("anomalons") required to cancel the gauge anomalies. Analyzing the decays of such leptophobic bosons into anomalons, I show that they produce final states involving leptons at the LHC. Resonant production of a flavor-universal leptophobic $Z'$ boson leads to cascade decays via anomalons, whose signatures include a leptonically decaying $Z$, missing energy and several jets. A $Z'$ boson that couples to the right-handed quarks of the first and second generations undergoes cascade decays that violate lepton universality and include signals with two leptons and jets, or with a Higgs boson, a lepton, a $W$ and missing energy.
Search for the Higgs boson in lepton, tau and jets final states  [PDF]
D0 Collaboration
Physics , 2012, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.88.052005
Abstract: We present a search for the standard model Higgs boson in final states with an electron or muon and a hadronically decaying tau lepton in association with two or more jets using 9.7 fb^{-1} of Run II Fermilab Tevatron Collider data collected with the D0 detector. The analysis is sensitive to Higgs boson production via gluon fusion, associated vector boson production, and vector boson fusion, followed by the Higgs boson decay to tau lepton pairs or to W boson pairs. The ratios of 95% C.L. upper limits on the cross section times branching ratio to those predicted by the standard model are obtained for orthogonal subsamples that are enriched in either H -> tau tau decays or H -> WW decays, and for the combination of these subsample limits. The observed and expected limit ratios for the combined subsamples at a Higgs boson mass of 125 GeV are 11.3 and 9.0 respectively.
Test of lepton universality in Upsilon(1S) decays at BaBar  [PDF]
The BABAR Collaboration,P. del Amo Sanchez
Statistics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.104.191801
Abstract: The ratio $R_{\tau\mu}(\Upsilon(1S)) = \Gamma_{\Upsilon(1S)\to\tau^+\tau^-}/\Gamma_{\Upsilon(1S)\to\mu^+\mu^-}$ is measured using a sample of $(121.8\pm1.2)\times10^6$ $\Upsilon(3S)$ events recorded by the BABAR detector. This measurement is intended as a test of lepton universality and as a search for a possible light pseudoscalar Higgs boson. In the standard model (SM) this ratio is expected to be close to 1. Any significant deviations would violate lepton universality and could be introduced by the coupling to a light pseudoscalar Higgs boson. The analysis studies the decays $\Upsilon(3S)\to\Upsilon(1S)\pi^+\pi^-$, $\Upsilon(1S)\to l^+l^-$, where $l=\mu,\tau$. The result, $R_{\tau\mu}(\Upsilon(1S)) = 1.005 \pm 0.013(stat.) \pm 0.022(syst.)$, shows no deviation from the expected SM value, while improving the precision with respect to previous measurements.
First Observation of Upsilon(3S) --> tau tau and Tests of Lepton Universality in Upsilon Decays  [PDF]
D. Besson,CLEO Collaboration
Physics , 2006, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.98.052002
Abstract: Using data collected with the CLEO-III detector at the CESR e+e- collider, we report on a first observation of the decay of the Upsilon(3S) to tau tau, and precisely measure the ratio of branching fractions of Upsilon(nS),n=1,2,3 to tau tau and mu mu final states, finding agreement with expectations from lepton universality. We derive absolute branching fractions for these decays, and also set a limit on the influence of a low mass CP-odd Higgs boson in the decay of the Upsilon(1S).
Search for the Standard Model Higgs Boson Produced in Association with a $W$ Boson in the Isolated-Track Charged-Lepton Channel Using the Collider Detector at Fermilab  [PDF]
Adrian Buzatu
Physics , 2011,
Abstract: This dissertation presents an experimental search for the Standard Model Higgs boson produced in association to the W boson in proton antiproton collisions at a center of mass energy of 1.96 TeV and recorded with the Collider Detector at Fermilab. We improve the sensitivity of the WH search by 17% through increased signal yield by 33% by introducing a novel method to reconstruct charged lepton candidates based on an isolated track, as well as a novel method to combine triggers in order to maximize the signal yield and yet not use an OR between triggers. The observed (median expected) 95% confidence level SM Higgs upper limits on cross section times branching ratio vary between 2.39 x SM (2.73 x SM) for a Higgs mass of 100 GeV/c^2 to 31.1 x SM (31.2 x SM) for a Higgs mass of 150 GeV/c^2, while the value for a 115 GeV/c^2 Higgs boson is that of 5.08 x SM (3.79 x SM).
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