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Search for Gauge Extensions of the MSSM at the LHC  [PDF]
Ahmed Ali,Durmus A. Demir,Mariana Frank,Ismail Turan
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.79.095001
Abstract: The extensions of the minimal supersymmetric model (MSSM), driving mainly from the need to solve the \mu problem, involve novel matter species and gauge groups. These extended MSSM models can be searched for at the LHC via the effects of the gauge and Higgs bosons or their fermionic partners. Traditionally, the focus has been on the study of the extra forces induced by the new gauge and Higgs bosons present in such models. An alternative way of studying such effects is through the superpartners of matter species and the gauge forces. We thus consider a $U(1)^\prime$ gauge extension of the MSSM, and perform an extensive study of the signatures of the model through the production and decays of the scalar quarks and gluino, which are expected to be produced copiously at the LHC. After a detailed study of the distinctive features of such models with regard to the signatures at the LHC, we carry out a detailed Monte Carlo analysis of the signals from the process pp-> n leptons + m jets + EMT, and compare the resulting distributions with those predicted by the MSSM. Our results show that the searches for the extra gauge interactions in the supersymmetric framework can proceed not only through the forces mediated by the gauge and Higgs bosons but also through the superpartner forces mediated by the gauge and Higgs fermions. Analysis of the events induced by the squark/gluino decays presented here is complementary to the direct Z' searches at the LHC.
LHC and the strongly-interacting extensions of the Standard Model
Gintner, Mikulas
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013,
Abstract: This was a plenary talk at the 19th Conference of Slovak Physicists reviewing the status, consequences, and prospects of the 125-GeV boson discovery. To illustrate a possible impact of the discovery on the strongly-interacting extensions of the Standard Model the preliminary results of the analysis of the top-BESS effective model with the 125-GeV scalar boson added were shown. The complete analysis has appeared recently in arxiv: .
Distinguishing Standard Model Extensions using Monotop Chirality at the LHC  [PDF]
Rouzbeh Allahverdi,Mykhailo Dalchenko,Bhaskar Dutta,Yu Gao,Teruki Kamon
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: We present two minimal extensions of the standard model that gives rise to baryogensis and include heavy color-triplet scalars interacting with a light Majorana fermion that can be the dark matter (DM) candidate. The electroweak charges of the new scalars govern their couplings to quarks of different chirality, which leads to different collider signals. These models predict monotop events at the LHC and the energy spectrum of decay products of highly polarized top quarks can be used to establish the chiral nature of the interactions involving the heavy scalars and the DM.
Dynamical R-parity Breaking at the LHC  [PDF]
Shao-Long Chen,Dilip Kumar Ghosh,Rabindra N. Mohapatra,Yue Zhang
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP02(2011)036
Abstract: In a class of extensions of the minimal supersymmetric standard model with (B-L)/left-right symmetry that explains the neutrino masses, breaking R-parity symmetry is an essential and dynamical requirement for successful gauge symmetry breaking. Two consequences of these models are: (i) a new kind of R-parity breaking interaction that protects proton stability but adds new contributions to neutrinoless double beta decay and (ii) an upper bound on the extra gauge and parity symmetry breaking scale which is within the large hadron collider (LHC) energy range. We point out that an important prediction of such theories is a potentially large mixing between the right-handed charged lepton ($e^c$) and the superpartner of the right-handed gauge boson ($\widetilde W_R^+$), which leads to a brand new class of R-parity violating interactions of type $\widetilde{\mu^c}^\dagger\nu_\mu^c e^c$ and $\widetilde{d^c}^\dagger\u^c e^c$. We analyze the relevant constraints on the sparticle mass spectrum and the LHC signatures for the case with smuon/stau NLSP and gravitino LSP. We note the "smoking gun" signals for such models to be lepton flavor/number violating processes: $pp\to \mu^\pm\mu^\pm e^+e^-jj$ (or $\tau^\pm\tau^\pm e^+e^-jj$) and $pp\to\mu^\pm e^\pm b \bar{b} jj$ (or $\tau^\pm e^\pm b \bar{b} jj$) without significant missing energy. The predicted multi-lepton final states and the flavor structure make the model be distinguishable even in the early running of the LHC.
Singlet Extensions of the Standard Model at LHC Run 2: Benchmarks and Comparison with the NMSSM  [PDF]
Raul Costa,Margarete Mühlleitner,Marco O. P. Sampaio,Rui Santos
Physics , 2015,
Abstract: The Complex singlet extension of the Standard Model (CxSM) is the simplest extension which provides scenarios for Higgs pair production with different masses. The model has two interesting phases: the dark matter phase, with a Standard Model-like Higgs boson, a new scalar and a dark matter candidate; and the broken phase, with all three neutral scalars mixing. In the latter phase Higgs decays into a pair of two different Higgs bosons are possible. In this study we analyse Higgs-to-Higgs decays in the framework of singlet extensions of the Standard Model (SM), with focus on the CxSM. After demonstrating that scenarios with large rates for such chain decays are possible we perform a comparison between the NMSSM and the CxSM. We find that, based on Higgs-to-Higgs decays, the only possibility to distinguish the two models at the LHC run 2 is through final states with two different scalars. This conclusion builds a strong case for searches for final states with two different scalars at the LHC run 2. Finally, we propose a set of benchmark points for the real and complex singlet extensions to be tested at the LHC run 2. They have been chosen such that the discovery prospects of the involved scalars are maximised and they fulfil the dark matter constraints. Furthermore, for some of the points the theory is stable up to high energy scales. For the computation of the decay widths and branching ratios we developed the Fortran code sHDECAY, which is based on the implementation of the real and complex singlet extensions of the SM in HDECAY.
Implications of LHC data on 125GeV Higgs-like boson for the Standard Model and its various extensions  [PDF]
Suyong Choi,Sunghoon Jung,P. Ko
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP10(2013)225
Abstract: Recent data on 125 GeV Higgs-like boson at the LHC starts to constrain the electroweak symmetry breaking sector of the SM and its various extensions. If one imposes the local gauge symmetry of the Standard Model (SM) ($SU(3)_c \times SU(2)_L \times U(1)_Y$) to the SM and any possible new physics scenarios, the SM Higgs properties will be modified by intrinsically two different ways: by new physics either coupling directly to the SM Higgs boson $h$, or affecting indirectly the SM Higgs properties through the mixing of $h$ with a SM singlet scalar $s$. The models of two Higgs doublet, extra sequential and mirror fermions belong to the first category, whereas the models with a hidden sector dark matter, extra vector-like fermions and new charged vector bosons, which can enhance the diphoton rate of the SM Higgs-like resonance, belong to the second category. We perform a global fit to data in terms of the effective Lagrangian description of two interaction eigenstates of scalar bosons, a SM Higgs and a singlet scalar, and their mixing. This framework is more suitable to study singlet-extended scenarios discussed above compared to other approaches based on the Lagrangian of mass eigenstates. With fairly model-independent assumptions, the effective Lagrangian contains at most four free parameters still encompassing the majority of models in the literature. Interestingly, the SM gives the best fit if all data from ATLAS and CMS are used, whereas various singlet extensions can fit better to individual ATLAS or CMS data. Without further assumptions, an upper bound on the total width (or, non-standard branching ratio) is generically obtained. Furthermore, global fit based on our parameterization can be used to probe interactions of the singlet scalar if the singlet resides below $2m_W$.
Techni-dilaton signatures at LHC  [PDF]
Shinya Matsuzaki,Koichi Yamawaki
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1143/PTP.127.209
Abstract: We explore discovery signatures of techni-dilaton (TD) at LHC. The TD was predicted long ago as a composite pseudo Nambu-Goldstone boson (pNGB) associated with the spontaneous breaking of the approximate scale symmetry in the walking technicolor (WTC). Being pNGB, whose mass arises from the explicit scale-symmetry breaking due to the dynamical mass generation, the TD should have a mass MTD lighter than other techni-hadrons, say MTD \simeq 600GeV for the typical WTC model, which is well in the discovery range of the ongoing LHC experiment. We develop a spurion method of nonlinear realization to calculate the TD couplings to the standard model (SM) particles and explicitly evaluate the TD LHC production cross sections at sqrt{s}=7TeV times the branching ratios in terms of MTD as an input parameter for 200GeVWW/ZZ signature with the recent ATLAS and CMS bounds and find that in the case of 1DM the signature is consistent over the whole mass range due to the large suppression of TD couplings, and by the same token the signal is too tiny for the TD to be visible through this channel at LHC. As for the 1FM, on the other hand, a severe constraint is given on MTD to exclude the TD with MTD<600GeV, which, however, would imply an emergence of somewhat dramatic excess as the TD signature at MTD>600GeV in the near future. We further find a characteristic signature coming from the gamma gamma mode in the 1FM. In sharp contrast to the SM Higgs case, it provides highly enhanced cross section~0.10--1.0fb at around MTD \simeq 600GeV, which is large enough to be discovered during the first few year's run at LHC.
Multiphoton signatures of goldstini at the LHC  [PDF]
Gabriele Ferretti,Alberto Mariotti,Kentarou Mawatari,Christoffer Petersson
Physics , 2013, DOI: 10.1007/JHEP04(2014)126
Abstract: We study models of gauge mediated SUSY breaking with more than one hidden sector. In these models the neutralino sector of the MSSM is supplemented with additional light neutral fermions, the nearly massless gravitino and the massive pseudo-goldstini. For the case where the Bino is the lightest ordinary SUSY particle, its preferred decay is to a photon and the heaviest pseudo-goldstino, which generically cascades down to lighter pseudo-goldstini, or to the gravitino, in association with photons. This gives rise to multiphoton plus missing energy signatures at the LHC. We investigate in detail simplified models where the SUSY spectrum consists of the right-handed sleptons, a Bino-like neutralino, the pseudo-goldstini and the gravitino. We compare against existing LHC searches and show that the sensitivity to our models could be significantly improved by relaxing the kinematic cuts and requiring additional final state particles. We propose inclusive searches in the final state with at least three photons plus missing energy and in the final state with at least two photons plus two leptons plus missing energy, the former being sensitive to any production mode and the latter being optimized for slepton pair production. We show that they could lead to an observation (or strong constraints) already with the data set from LHC Run I, and present prospects for LHC Run II.
Signatures of Spherical Compactification at the LHC  [PDF]
Hooman Davoudiasl,Thomas G. Rizzo
Physics , 2007, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevD.76.055009
Abstract: TeV-scale extra dimensions may play an important role in electroweak or supersymmetry breaking. We examine the phenomenology of such dimensions, compactified on a sphere $S^n$, $n \geq 2$, and show that they possess distinct features and signatures. For example, unlike flat toroidal manifolds, spheres do not trivially allow fermion massless modes. Acceptable phenomenology then generically leads to "non-universal" extra dimensions with "pole-localized" 4-$d$ fermions; the bosonic fields can be in the bulk. Due to spherical symmetry, some Kaluza-Klein (KK) modes of bulk gauge fields are either stable or extremely long-lived, depending on the graviton KK spectrum. Using precision electroweak data, we constrain the lightest gauge field KK modes to lie above $\simeq 4$ TeV. We show that some of these KK resonances are within the reach of the LHC in several different production channels. The models we study can be uniquely identified by their collider signatures.
LHC Higgs Signatures from Topflavor Seesaw Mechanism
Wang, Xu-Feng;Du, Chun;He, Hong-Jian
High Energy Physics - Phenomenology , 2013,
Abstract: We study LHC Higgs signatures from topflavor seesaw realization of electroweak symmetry breaking with a minimal gauge extension SU(2) x SU(2) x U(1). This elegant renormalizable construction singles out top quark sector (instead of all other light fermions) to join the new SU(2) gauge force. It predicts extra vector-like spectator quarks (T, B), new gauge bosons (W', Z'), and a pair of neutral Higgs bosons (h, H). We demonstrate that for the lighter Higgs boson h of mass 125GeV, this model predicts modified Higgs signal rates in h --> \gamma\gamma, WW*, ZZ* channels via gluon fusions, in h --> tau tau mode via vector boson fusions, and in h --> bb mode via gauge boson associate productions. We perform a global fit for our theory by including both direct search data (LHC and Tevatron) and indirect precision constraints. We further analyze the LHC discovery potential for detecting the heavier Higgs state H.
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