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《史记?八书》校改理据研究  [PDF]
王华宝
- , 2015,
Abstract: 最新出版的《史记》中华书局修订本,共列出校勘记3946条,涉及改动文字的有1250条。其中“八书”部分452条,涉及改动文字的有151条,与点校本原有140余处改动相比,在数字上相差并不大,基本符合《修订凡例》规定的“修订本以原点校本为基础”的原则。而具体情况则复杂得多,修订本“八书”部分新增36条改动,对点校本原改动之处作不同处理的也有26条。对两本异同情况的研究,特别是校改理据的研究,是《史记》文献学和古籍整理研究的重要内容。
The latest revised version of Shiji史记(Historical Records)published by Zhonghua Book Company has listed 3, 946 notes of collation in total, of which 1,250 notes are used to alter words. There are 452 notes in the part of Bashu八书(Eight Treaties), covering 151 notes for altering words. Compared with the revisions(over 140)in the punctuated edition, there is no significant difference in the number of revisions, which is basically in accordance with the rule requiring revised version to be based on the original punctuated one in Revision Guide. However, when it comes to a particular case, things will be more complex. The part of Bashu in the revised edition adds 36 changes. Besides, there are 26 alterations distinct from those in the punctuated edition. The study on the differences between the two versions, especially on the motivations for such alterations, occupies an important place in the area of edition and textual studies of Shiji and other ancient Chinese classics
Python Data Plotting and Visualisation Extravaganza  [cached]
The Python Papers Monograph , 2009,
Abstract: This paper tries to dive into certain aspects of graphical visualisation of data. Specifically it focuses on the plotting of (multi-dimensional) data using 2D and 3D tools, which can update plots at run-time of an application producing or acquiring new or updated data during its run time. Other visualisation tools for example for graph visualisation, post computation rendering and interactive visual data exploration are intentionally left out.
翻译不确定性的认知理据  [PDF]
吴小芳,蒋金运
湖南工业大学学报(社会科学版) , 2008,
Abstract: 认知语言学的翻译观认为, 翻译是一种认知活动, 是在译者感知体验原文的基础上进行的。因此, 译者的 识解方式在翻译过程中起着十分重要的作用, 是产生翻译不确定性的主要理据。识解方式主要包括详略度、背景 知识、视角和突显。详略程度的高低、背景知识的差异、视角的差异和突显焦点不同, 译者对原文的识解会产生一 定的差异, 从而导致了翻译的不确定性。
网络同音别字与汉字理据
Homonymous Typos in the Web and Their Motivations in Chinese Words
 [PDF]

符渝
- , 2015, DOI: 1672-4283(2015)04-0161-07
Abstract: 网络同音别字是同音借用造成的字词关系错位现象。在网络流传过程中,由于文字使用者追求理据的心理、汉字表意和表音的竞争,以及个人使用走向社会通行的需要,一些同音别字又出现了追求理据,甚至重构理据的现象,为错位的字词关系重新建立联系。与传统用字一样,在网络用字中理据也是平衡汉字个人使用与社会通行两端的砝码,推动汉字不断发展
现代汉语主观位移句的认知理据探析  [PDF]
黄华新,,
浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2012,
Abstract: ?在主观位移句中,位移动词用于描写静态空间场景,这种位移动词的特殊用法可以从认知角度加以解释。主观位移及表层语言结构的形成依赖于人类概念整合、概念转喻和完型心理等认知能力与认知操作。主观位移产生于对动态空间和静态空间的概念整合操作之中。在主观位移的语言编码过程中,凸像的选择性、路径信息的必要性和方式信息的受抑制性等语言特点也具有认知理据。
marmap: A Package for Importing, Plotting and Analyzing Bathymetric and Topographic Data in R  [PDF]
Eric Pante, Benoit Simon-Bouhet
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0073051
Abstract: In this communication we introduce marmap, a package designed for downloading, plotting and manipulating bathymetric and topographic data in R. marmap can query the ETOPO1 bathymetry and topography database hosted by the NOAA, use simple latitude-longitude-depth data in ascii format, and take advantage of the advanced plotting tools available in R to build publication-quality bathymetric maps. Functions to query data (bathymetry, sampling information…) are available interactively by clicking on marmap maps. Bathymetric and topographic data can also be used to calculate projected surface areas within specified depth/altitude intervals, and constrain the calculation of realistic shortest path distances. Such information can be used in molecular ecology, for example, to evaluate genetic isolation by distance in a spatially-explicit framework.
XYLab: an interactive plotting tool for mixed multivariate data observation and interpretation  [cached]
Matteo Ramazzotti,Elodie Monsellier,Donatella Degl’Innocenti
Bioinformation , 2008,
Abstract: The correct display of data is often a key point for interpreting the results of experimental procedures. Multivariate data sets suffer from the problem of representation, since a dimensionality above 3 is beyond the capability of plotting programs. Moreover, non numerical variables such as protein annotations are usually fundamental for a full comprehension of biological data. Here we present a novel interactive XY plotter designed to take the full control of large datasets containing mixed-type variables, provided with an intuitive data management, a powerful labelling system and other features aimed at facilitating data interpretation and sub-setting.
类指句的体验哲学基础及认知理据
The Embodied Basis and Cognitive Motivation of Generic Sentences
 [PDF]

付正玲
- , 2017, DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2017.06.016
Abstract: 类指句基于认知主体对客观存在的主观体验,对一类事物的某种属性进行概括性描述。结合体验哲学理论和概念转喻理论,对类指句的体验哲学基础及认知理据进行研究发现:(1)类指思维具有体验性、无意识性和转喻性;(2)类指句的认知推理主要体现在“类”与“例”之间的转喻映射关系,可将类指句分为“类代例”“例代类”“类代例和例代类叠加”三种转喻模型;(3)类指句中反例的存在是转喻思维的结果。从体验哲学及认知语言学视角研究类指句是一个具有前瞻性的尝试,意义在于为指称研究提供新的视角。
Generic sentences make generalizations about certain properties of a category. By employing embodied philosophy and conceptual metonymy theory, this paper attempts to discuss the basis and cognitive motivations of generic sentences and the conclusions are as follows. First, generic thinking is embodied, unconscious and metonymic. Second, cognitive inference of generic sentences manifests itself in the interaction between type and instance, and generic sentences accordingly fall into three metonymic models:TYPE FOR INSTANCE, INSTANCE FOR TYPE, Combination of TYPE FOR INSTANCE and INSTANCE FOR TYPE. Third, exceptions are the result of metonymic thinking. The study of generics from the perspective of embodied philosophy and cognitive linguistics is a forward-looking attempt and provides a new perspective to the research of reference
Plotting positions close to the exact unbiased solution: application to the Pozzuoli's bradeysism earthquake data  [PDF]
Pasquale Erto,Antonio Lepore
Statistics , 2014,
Abstract: Graphical techniques are recommended for critical applications in order to share information with non-statisticians, since they allow for a visual analysis and helpful understanding of the results. However, graphical estimation methods are often underestimated because of their minor efficiency with respect to the analytical ones. Therefore, finding unbiased plotting positions can contribute to rise their reputation and to encourage their strategic use. This paper proposes a new general plotting position formula which can be as close as needed to the exact unbiased plotting positions. The ability of the new solution in estimating quantiles for both symmetrical and skewed location-scale distributions is shown via Monte Carlo simulation. An applicative example shows how the proposed formula enables to perform, with known accuracy, the graphical analysis of critical data, such as the earthquake magnitudes registered during the serious 1983-1984 bradyseismic crisis in Campi Flegrei (Italy). Moreover, the proposed formula gives a unified look at existing plotting positions and a definitive insight into plotting position controversies recently renewed in the literature.
Quantitatively Plotting the Human Face for Multivariate Data Visualisation Illustrated by Health Assessments Using Laboratory Parameters  [PDF]
Wang Hongwei,Liu Hui
Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine , 2013, DOI: 10.1155/2013/390212
Abstract: Objective. The purpose of this study was to describe a new data visualisation system by plotting the human face to observe the comprehensive effects of multivariate data. Methods. The Graphics Device Interface (GDI+) in the Visual Studio.NET development platform was used to write a program that enables facial image parameters to be recorded, such as cropping and rotation, and can generate a new facial image according to values from sets of normal data ( was still counted as 3). The measured clinical laboratory parameters related to health status were obtained from senile people, glaucoma patients, and fatty liver patients to illustrate the facial data visualisation system. Results. When the eyes, nose, and mouth were rotated around their own axes at the same angle, the deformation effects were similar. The deformation effects for any abnormality of the eyes, nose, or mouth should be slightly higher than those for simultaneous abnormalities. The facial changes in the populations with different health statuses were significant compared with a control population. Conclusions. The comprehensive effects of multivariate may not equal the sum of each variable. The 3 facial data visualisation system can effectively distinguish people with poor health status from healthy people. 1. Introduction Data visualisation is the study of visual representation of data to communicate information clearly and effectively through graphical means [1–3]. The medical sciences have a uniquely intertwined relationship with bioinformatics. The rapidly expanding field of biology creates enormous challenges to enable researchers to gain insights from large and highly complex data sets. Although researchers and practitioners often create patterns that can be visually identified, such as charts, graphs, and interactive displays, when solving a large range of problems, there are no definite accepted methods to identify these complex relationships [4–6]. Traditional data visualisation systems are mostly based on mathematical models, but complex bioinformatic correlations may not follow previously known statistical rules. Therefore, it is essential to explore methods for data visualisation that do not completely rely on mathematical models. We established the facial data visualisation system based on changes in human facial features. Certain specific bioinformatics rules for correlations may be elucidated with the use of the data visualisation system. Chernoff first developed the idea of using human facial characteristics as a means to visualise data [7, 8]. The idea behind using faces is
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