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从节气歌谣、谚语看二十四节气的活态传承  [PDF]
季中扬
- , 2018,
Abstract: 二十四节气作为时间经验框架,是一种抽象的形式,具体的生产、生活经验构成了二十四节气文化丰富多彩的内容,内容与形式的自由结合产生了既有普遍性、又有地方性的二十四节气知识。二十节气内容与形式之间的自由结合关系,使其传播有着超空间性,传承具有超时间性。二十四节气作为一种知识,歌谣、谚语是其主要存在形态与传承方式。在当代社会,各种传统的节气歌作为文化遗产已经得到或者应该得到保护,但更为重要的是,出现了大量新编节气歌。这说明二十四节气作为时间经验框架在现代社会仍然有着实用功能,而且歌谣、谚语仍然是其主要存在形态。
As a framework of temporal experience,the system of twenty-four solar terms is abstract in form,but at the same time it is also a type of culture full of rich and colorful contents based on the concrete specificproduction and life experience. The free combination of content and form of the solar terms has produced abody of knowledge of seasonal points,which has both universality and local features. The interaction betweenthe content and form of twenty-four solar terms has made them widely spread despite the distances in space andsmoothly inherited despite the differences in time. As a body of knowledge,the twenty-four solar terms haveexisted and been inherited mainly in the form of ballads and proverbs. In the contemporary society,all kinds oftraditional songs of seasonal points have been or should be protected as cultural heritage. But more importantly,a lot of new songs of this type have appeared. This shows that the twenty-four solar terms as a time experienceframework still have practical function in modern society,and the relevant ballads and proverbs are still themain form of their existence
亚东璃眼蜱产卵的观察  [PDF]
姚文炳,丁玉茂,李保平
昆虫学报 , 1983,
Abstract: 亚东璃眼蜱用家兔喂血后放在30℃、各种湿度和无光条件下观察产卵情况。从宿主体自然掉下的饱血雌蜱,体重平均为1,321.3±462.6毫克;总产卵数平均为13,392±5,041.4粒;总产卵数/饱血体重平均为10.08±1.33:总产卵重/饱血体重平均为0.599±0.06;产卵前期平均为4.9±0.52天;产卵期平均为18.1±2.93天;一天内产卵最多平均为2,173.1±745.8粒;产卵高峰产卵开始后的第3天。饱血体重与总产卵数和产卵天数间以及总产卵数与一天内产卵最多数目间都有非常显著的正相关。饱血体重和总产卵数与雌蜱吸血前的体重有关。从宿主体人工摘下未饱血雌蜱的体重为136—395毫克,其产卵过程中各种相关关系与自然掉下的饱血雌蜱相似,但产卵高峰所需天数缩短和体重最轻者(136—155毫克)其产卵前期所需天数延长。
温、湿度对亚东璃眼蜱产卵的影响  [PDF]
姚文炳
昆虫学报 , 1985,
Abstract: 饱食的亚东璃眼蜱雌虫从兔体掉下至死亡期间,放在各种恒定的温、湿度条件下进行观察。饱食的雌蜱在20—40℃间皆可进行产卵,而在15℃和45℃未进行产卵。产卵的温度低阈为16.61℃,有效积温为74.78日度。产卵前期的天数与温度(20—40℃间)有非常显著的负相关。寿命、产卵期和达到产卵高峰等的天数在20—30℃间,当温度升高而使天数明显缩短和提前;而在30—40℃间,其天数稍有缩短。产卵力在20℃有明显降低,而在25—40℃间无明显影响。寿命、产卵力以及产卵前期、产卵期和达到产卵高峰等的天数与相对湿度在25—90%间均无明显的影响。
温度对亚东璃眼蜱发育的影响  [PDF]
姚文炳
昆虫学报 , 1988,
Abstract: 亚东璃眼蜱的卵、饱食的幼虫和若虫分放在四个等级的温度、相对湿度90%和黑暗的条件下,观察温度对各期发育的影响.在20°、25°、30°和35℃条件下,卵期发育的平均日数分别为71.87±0.05、31.55±0.03、21.02±0.03和16.47±0.03天;幼虫蜕化期分别为25.02±0.05、13.01±0.03、8.75±0.02和6.40±0.02天;若虫蜕化期分别为47.32±0.22、24.2±0.13、14.36±0.08和10.78±0.06天.在各种温度条件下若虫蜕化为成虫的时间,雄虫比雌虫长.卵期发育的积温为321.77日度,而幼虫和若虫蜕化期分别为129.97和212.39日度.卵期发育的温度低阈为15.07℃,而幼虫和若虫蜕化期分别为14.88和15.58℃.
从“自述其名”方式看“卒章显志”叙事模式的变迁 ――以《崧高》《?A民》《巷伯》《节南山》《?s宫》为中心  [PDF]
邵炳军
- , 2015,
Abstract: 《诗?小雅?巷伯》《节南山》《大雅?崧高》《?A民》《鲁颂??s宫》的“叙述者”皆采用在卒章“自述其名”方式“显志”的叙事结构模式,即在叙事文本中以“真实作者”替换了叙述者“我”,是一种最典型的“公开的叙述者”,其共同特点就是叙事主体显性评价与自我意识的不断强化。由此而开创的在诗歌叙事文本中“卒章显志”的叙事模式,对后世中国诗歌乃至个体文学创作产生了深刻影响。
Narrators of shijing?xiaoya?xiangbo诗?小雅?巷伯, jienanshan节南山, daya?songgao 大雅?崧高, zhengmin?A民, and lusong?bigong鲁颂??s宫 adopted a narrative mode characterized by revealing their names at the end of the texts to bring out their motives. In other words, they replaced the narrator “I” with the authorial “I’, referring to the real author himself. This is a typical case of overt narrator. One thing they have in common is the strengthening of the narrative subject’s overt evaluation and self-consciousness. Such a narrative mode has exerted a profound influence on the creation of Chinese poetry and even literature in general
关于?粒??理???之??  [PDF]
?云龙
地质与勘探 , 1957,
Abstract: 关于?粒?进之原理??,目前还?有一个完整?点。苏联也正在进行??。几年?,虽然我?在?探效率上、?量上,有了?大的提高,但在理论上仍然是落后的。为了改变这一情况,有必要在?粒?进的理?研究上,进行一番??时?的??研究工作,以便用技术理?去指导实际工作,进一步提高?探工作的技术水平。目前?粒?进理?,虽然还?有获得?一的?点,然而基本上是在下边三种说法中进行??:第一种主?是:未被破碎的?粒,在?心压力的参助下对岩石压碎和碾磨;第二种主?是:已被破碎之?粒在?心压力的作
玻色气体的磁性  [PDF]
陶成君,顾强
物理 , 2010,
Abstract: ?物质磁性一直是凝聚态物理研究的重要课题.以往对磁性的探索主要是以费米子(局域或巡游的电子)为研究对象.由于传统的玻色系统液氦没有自旋,不表现磁性,玻色系统的磁性很少被关注.碱金属原子气体玻色-爱因斯坦凝聚的实现,在开辟了冷原子物理研究领域的同时,也打开了研究玻色系统磁性的大门.这是因为碱金属原子通常具有超精细结构,是旋量玻色气体,能够展示磁性.文章通过对比费米气体的相关结果,介绍了旋量玻色气体磁性的研究概况和最新进展,特别是铁磁性玻色气体的磁性相变以及在低温下铁磁性凝聚体的动力学特征.
研究論文/從日本311大地震看文化典藏單位在自然災害中所扮演的文化救援角色/薛理桂、吳宇凡
薛理桂、吳宇凡 Li-Kuei Hsueh, Yu-Fan Wu
Journal of Library and Information Science , 2011,
Abstract: 近年來,自然災害所造成的大規模文化資產破壞已超越其他類型的危害形式,這樣的情形已被世界各國所重視。文化典藏單位在傳統上有其既有之社會責任,在文化資產遭遇各式災害所帶來的侵襲時,文化典藏單位更是責無旁貸,如何利用其現有的資源,避免增加社會成本與文化損失,以協助受災地區文化資產進行救援,乃是目前相當迫切且必要的課題。本文擬藉由日本文化典藏單位於311 大地震所採取之文化救援行動,探討文化典藏單位在面臨自然災害時所扮演的文化救援角色,並檢視世界各國的做法,提出相關建議,以加強我國政府面對自然災害所帶來的文化資產危機處理能力,並作為相關單位日後擬訂政策之參考。 In recent years, the natural disaster caused large scale damages to the cultural heritages around the world. Traditionally, organizations of cultural custody have their social responsibility, and the valuable cultural heritages have to be preserved during various disaster. This paper mainly discusses the role of cultural custody organizations when faced natural disaster. During 311 Earthquake happened in Japan, the country’s cultural custody organizations implemented several rescue efforts to preserve cultural heritage. The experience of Japan and other countries should also serve as the reference of policy-making when facing crisis management of cultural heritage caused by natural disaster. 頁次:41-55
新疆南疆部分地区 3 种璃眼蜱的分子生物学鉴定
Molecular Identification of Three Species of Ticks in Southern Xinjiang
 [PDF]

李凯瑞,,,,,张路瑶,,,刘永宏
- , 2018, DOI: 10.7606/j.issn.1004-1389.2018.12.002
Abstract: 旨在对新疆南疆部分地区璃眼蜱属的蜱进行分子生物学鉴定,了解其分布情况。采集新疆南疆部分地区蜱,通过形态学鉴定将璃眼蜱属蜱作为样本,通过 12S rDNA和 16S rDNA基因扩增、测序及序列分析进行蜱种类鉴定。13个采样点共559只璃眼蜱属蜱,鉴定为3种,分别为小亚璃眼蜱、亚洲璃眼蜱和残缘璃眼蜱。
Molecular identification of Hyalomma ticks in parts of Southern Xinjiang was conducted to understand their distribution. Ticks were collected from parts of Southern Xinjiang and taken as samples of Hyalomma ticks by morphological identification, the species identification was carried out by 12S rDNA and 16S rDNA gene amplification, sequencing and sequence analysis. A total of 559 Hyalomma ticks from 13 sampling sites had been identified as 3 species of Hyalomma ticks, Hyalomma anatolicum, Hyalomma asiaticum, and Hyalomma detritum respectively. The results laid foundation for prevention and control of Hyalomma ticks and tick-borne diseases.
顺层片理形成机制分析
蔡学林
科学通报 , 1981,
Abstract: 片理是区域变质岩系特有的一种面理构造。不少地质学家比较重视对它的研究,提出了不同的认识,其中分歧较大的要算顺层片理,一是认为与层面一致的片理,属顺层片理,一是认为顺层片理是轴面片理在褶皱翼部的表现。为了探讨顺层片理,从1976年起,我们对河南省桐柏县围山城金银多金属矿带的片理进行了研究。本文根据该区的研究,结合大别山、秦岭等地变质岩系片理观察,讨论了顺层片理特征、与褶皱关系、形成机制等问题。
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