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The Indian Stock Market and the Great Recession  [PDF]
Theoretical and Applied Economics , 2012,
Abstract: This study analyzes the impact of the outbreak of the Great Recession of 2007 on the behavior of the Indian stock market. The SENSEX index of the Bombay Stock Exchange is analyzed for the prerecession period of January 2002 – November 2007 and the postrecession outbreak period of December 2007 – July 2010. Substantial increase in SENSEX return volatility observed during the post-recession outbreak period, whereas no substantial difference in returns between two periods is found. Also strong co-movements in returns and volatility are observed between the SENSEX and other major stock indexes during the post-recession period. Our results establish the dominance of global factors in influencing Indian stock market behavior during periods of economic turmoil.
The neoliberal policy paradigm and the great recession
Stein Howard
Panoeconomicus , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/pan1204421s
Abstract: The paper examines the relationship between neoliberal policies and the Great Recession with a focus on the persistence of the policy paradigm in spite of overwhelming evidence of its role in creating the crisis. These economic problems are only the latest that have arisen in the wake of the three long decade experiment with these policy packages. The paper investigates the ideological, methodological, historical, theoretical, political and economic interests underlying the perpetuation of neoliberalism.
The moral economy of person production : the class relations of self-performance on “reality” television
Beverley Skeggs
Revista da Faculdade de Letras : Sociologia , 2010,
Abstract: Drawing on the textual analysis of an ESRC research project “Making Class and the Self through Mediated Ethical Scenarios”, the paper illustrates how “reality” television offers a visible barometer of a person’s moral value. The research included an examination of the shift to self-legitimation, the increased importance of reflexivity and the decline of class proposed by the individualisation thesis.2 We focused on self-transformation “reality” television programmes as public examples of the dramatisation of individualisation. The over-recruitment of different types of working-class participants to these shows and the positioning of many in need of transformation, enabled an exploration of how certain people and cultures are positioned, evaluated and interpreted as inadequate, deficient and requiring improvement. We found that the individualisation promoted through the programmes was always reliant upon access to and operationalisation of specific social, cultural, economic and symbolic capital
Fame Factory: Performing Gender and Sexuality in Talent Reality Television  [cached]
Hillevi Ganetz
Culture Unbound : Journal of Current Cultural Research , 2011,
Abstract: This article discusses how gender and sexuality are performed in a highly feminised cultural symbolic context. The object of study is a reality show where the contestants compete in mainstream popular music. Fame Factory is a Swedish talent-hunt television series with many similarities to Pop Idol. The audience may follow the struggle of the young artists off stage in the ‘Fame School’ in addition to seeing and voting on their feats on stage. In the Fame School they learn to sing, perform and dance, but also to perform masculinity, femininity and sexuality, even if this is not explicit. Through an analysis of some key episodes of this reality show, the article discusses how gender and sexuality are produced and reproduced within this music television context. It is shown how the performances rest on highly traditional conceptions of these categories, but there are also certain transgressions, especially concerning sexuality, which undermine hegemonic structures.
Overburndened and Underfunded: California Public Schools Amidst the Great Recession  [cached]
Rhoda Freelon,Melanie Bertrand,John Rogers
REMIE : Multidisciplinary Journal of Educational Research , 2012,
Abstract: Since 2008, many nations, including the United States, have struggled with the effects of a global recession. The state of California has been particularly impacted by the Great Recession. Unemployment rates in California are among the highest in the United States, and a weak fiscal environment has forced deep cutbacks to a variety of state services. This study uses California as a case to explore the effects of economic crisis on public schools and the students they serve. The study draws on two years of survey and interview data with a representative sample of public school principals across California. The data show that, during the Great Recession, students have experienced growing social welfare needs that often shape their well-being and their performance in schools. We also find that the capacity of public schools to meet these needs and provide quality education has been eroded by budget cuts. This study finds that schools primarily serving low-income families have been hardest hit during the recession, in part because they cannot raise private dollars to fill the gap left by public sector cuts. The Great Recession thus has undermined educational quality while producing widening educational inequality in California.
Matiur Rahman,Muhammad Mustafa
International Journal of Economics and Research , 2010,
Abstract: This paper is an exploration of the primary reasons for current U.S. great recession, its global transmission, major economic and financial programs, future challenges, and exit strategies. The root cause lies in the U.S. real estate market debacle due to massive subprime lending and proliferation of mortgage-backed securities. The real estate market trouble spilled over into U.S. major banks and other financial intermediaries as well as financial markets. Due to rapid financial globalization, the U.S. financial meltdown and deep recession caused damages to other major economies in the world. Worldwide major economic and financial programs saved the world economy from further deterioration, and set a stage for uncharted nascent recovery. There are dangers of high global inflation in the future with chance of double-dip recession if exit strategies are applied untimely to withdraw excess liquidity in inappropriate doses.
On Macroeconomic Reforms and Macroeconomic Resiliency: Lessons from the Great Recession  [PDF]
Peter J. Montiel
Modern Economy (ME) , 2011, DOI: 10.4236/me.2011.24058
Abstract: What are the payoffs from macroeconomic reforms? Whether such reforms yield higher long-term growth has long been controversial. However, the experience of the Great Recession suggests that other important benefits may have been neglected in the controversy over the growth benefits of reform. Specifically, in contrast with previous international recessions, recovery from the Great Recession has been led by emerging and developing economies, many of which have implemented significant reforms over the past two decades. How much of the resilience of these economies can be attributed to these reforms, and what do these lessons suggest for the desirability of further reforms? This paper is intended to provide some preliminary answers to these questions.
Great Recession and paradigm shift – towards sustainable development of agriculture and rural areas
Wiktor Szyd?o
Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development , 2012,
Abstract: Great Recession is another proof that the current paradigm of economic growth should be changed. It ought to be applied to all sectors, including agriculture. The farming sector was strongly affected by substantial price increases of some products. It was especially painful for poorer consumers in developing and Third World countries, while its benefits were channelled mainly to big farmers and speculators in developed economies. Common Agricultural Policy could not avert this turbulence. The implementa-tion of the concept of sustainable development is a possible solution of this problem as its approach is more holistic and humanistic. However, the implementation of adequate reforms is very slow. It is a sign that leading US and EU policymakers attempt to stay within the limits of current model of growth.However, the second wave of price hikes may prove to be more lasting, which would further deepen income inequality.
The Great Recession and Drinking Outcomes: Protective Effects of Politically Oriented Coping  [PDF]
Judith A. Richman,Robyn Lewis Brown,Kathleen M. Rospenda
Journal of Addiction , 2014, DOI: 10.1155/2014/646451
Abstract: Research derived from the stress paradigm suggests that certain types of coping (e.g., problem-focused coping instead of behavioral disengagement) are protective against problem-related drinking to deal with social stressors. Going beyond the typical focus in the coping literature, we hypothesize that stressors engendered by macrolevel social forces may require coping actions within the political realm in contrast to modes of coping focused outside of the political realm. A United States sample of 663 respondents completed a mail survey in 2010, including measures of stressful consequences of the Great Recession, drinking patterns and problems, modes of coping encompassed in the Brief COPE instrument, and politically oriented coping. Structural equation modeling examined whether modes of coping mediated the links between stressors and drinking outcomes. A substantial portion of the associations between stressors and drinking was explained by modes of coping. Politically oriented coping was protective against problem drinking for both genders. Future studies should further explore politically oriented coping in addition to modes of coping outside of the political realm when studying the relationships between macrolevel social stressors and deleterious drinking outcomes. 1. Introduction Social scientists who explore factors mediating and moderating the relationships between social stressors and mental health, including drinking outcomes, have highlighted modes of coping [1, 2]. These studies have explored behaviors which protect people from being psychologically harmed [3] and cognitive appraisals which influence behaviors such as problem-focused coping [4] or using alcohol to self-medicate distress [5]. However, studies have not considered the characteristics of the stressful situation itself that may make certain coping strategies more or less effective [6]. In particular, psychiatric epidemiologic studies have tended to emphasize microlevel stressors (e.g., stressors in individuals’ role domains) and, until recently, have ignored the linkages between macrolevel social forces and the daily stressors in people’s lives [7–9]. However, macrolevel social conditions can affect the magnitude of stressors experienced in people’s lives and the extent to which they experience “cumulative adversity” [10]. This paper focuses on coping with the fallout from one type of macrolevel social stressor: the recent Great Recession. This economic downturn constituted the most severe economic crisis in the United States since the Great Depression [11] and had persisting
Technologies of Virtual Reality in Psychology of Sports of Great Advance: Theory, Practice and Perspectives  [PDF]
Yuri P. Zinchenko,Galina Ya. Men'shikova,Aleksander M. Chernorizov,Aleksander E. Voyskunskiy
Psychology in Russia : State of Art , 2011,
Abstract: The article is devoted to the problem of using a new experimental technology of "virtual reality" (VR) in psychological research. Methods of virtual reality actively become embedded in tooling of up-to-date experimental psychology. Next in turn there is a task of embedding of VR technologies in various areas of applied psychology like sport psychology. Application of modern computer methods dis covers new perspectives for sport psychology.
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