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The evolution of molecular wave packet in superstrong laser fields
Suxing Hu,Zhizhan Xu
Chinese Science Bulletin , 1997, DOI: 10.1007/BF02882516
Abstract: In this note wc numerically simulate the wave packet evolution of H2 + in superstrong laser fields with the multiple electronic-states model. The result is that the evolution process of H2 + wave packet is mainly determined by the laser frequency. For the high-frequency fields H2 + wave packet extends out of the interaction region step by step. However, the H2 + wave packet is quickly dissociated in low-frequency fields. In addition, the molecular stabilization effect can be characterized at the intensity of 8 × 1015 W/cm2 for the low-frequency field ω1.
Influence of laser fields on the vibrational population of molecules and its wave-packet dynamical investigation

Wang Jun,Liu Fang,Yue Da-Guang,Zhao Juan,Xu Yan,Meng Qing-Tian,Liu Wing-Ki,

中国物理 B , 2010,
Abstract: The time-dependent wave packet method is used to investigate the influence of laser-fields on the vibrational population of molecules. For a two-state system in laser fields, the populations on different vibrational levels of the upper and lower electronic states are given by wavefunctions obtained by solving the Schr dinger equation with the split-operator method. The calculation shows that the field parameters, such as intensity, wavelength, duration, and delay time etc. can have different influences on the vibrational population. By varying the laser parameters appropriately one can control the evolution of wave packet and so the vibrational population in each state, which will benefit the light manipulation of atomic and molecular processes.
Laser Dressed Scattering of an Attosecond Electron Wave Packet  [PDF]
Justin Gagnon,Ferenc Krausz,Vladislav S. Yakovlev
Physics , 2010, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.82.033435
Abstract: We theoretically investigate the scattering of an attosecond electron wave packet launched by an attosecond pulse under the influence of an infrared laser field. As the electron scatters inside a spatially extended system, the dressing laser field controls its motion. We show that this interaction, which lasts just a few hundreds of attoseconds, clearly manifests itself in the spectral interference pattern between different quantum pathways taken by the outgoing electron. We find that the Coulomb-Volkov approximation, a standard expression used to describe laser-dressed photoionization, cannot properly describe this interference pattern. We introduce a quasi-classical model, based on electron trajectories, which quantitatively explains the laser-dressed photoelectron spectra, notably the laser-induced changes in the spectral interference pattern.
Wave packet dynamics with Bose-Einstein condensates  [PDF]
R. Dum,A. Sanpera,K. -A. Suominen,M. Brewczyk,M. Kus,K. Rzcazewski,M. Lewenstein
Physics , 1997, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevLett.80.3899
Abstract: We study wave packet dynamics of a Bose condensate in a periodically shaken trap. Dichotomy, that is, dynamic splitting of the condensate, and dynamic stabilization are analyzed in analogy with similar phenomena in the domain of atoms in strong laser fields.
Theoretical study of the influence of intense femtosecond laser field on the evolution of the wave packet and the population of NaRb molecule

Ma Ning,Wang Mei-Shan,Yang Chuan-Lu,Ma Xiao-Guang,Wang De-Hua,

中国物理 B , 2010,
Abstract: Employing the two-state model and the time-dependent wave packet method, we have investigated the influences of the parameters of the intense femtosecond laser field on the evolution of the wave packet, as well as the population of ground and double-minimum electronic states of the NaRb molecule. For the different laser wavelengths, the evolution of the wave packet of 6{ }^1\Sigma ^ + state with time and internuclear distance is different, and the different laser intensity brings different influences on the population of the electronic states of the NaRb molecule. One can control the evolutions of wave packet and the population in each state by varying the laser parameters appropriately, which will be a benefit for the light manipulation of atomic and molecular processes.
Analytical Approach to Wave Packet Dynamics of Laser-Driven Particles beyond the Dipole Approximation  [PDF]
M. Verschl,C. H. Keitel
Physics , 2005,
Abstract: An analytical approach to quantum mechanical wave packet dynamics of laser-driven particles is presented. The time-dependent Schroedinger equation is solved for an electron exposed to a linearly polarized plane wave of arbitrary shape. The calculation goes beyond the dipole approximation, such that magnetic field effects like wave packet shearing are included. Analytical expressions for the time-dependent widths of the wave packet and its orientation are established. These allow for a simple understanding of the wave packet dynamics.
Quantum and semiclassical phase-space dynamics of a wave packet in strong fields using initial-value representations  [PDF]
C. Zagoya,J. Wu,M. Ronto,D. V. Shalashilin,C. Figueira de Morisson Faria
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1088/1367-2630/16/10/103040
Abstract: We assess the suitability of quantum and semiclassical initial value representations, exemplified by the coupled coherent states (CCS) method and the Herman Kluk (HK) propagator, respectively, for modeling the dynamics of an electronic wave packet in a strong laser field, if this wave packet is initially bound. Using Wigner quasiprobability distributions and ensembles of classical trajectories, we identify signatures of over-the-barrier and tunnel ionization in phase space for static and time-dependent fields and the relevant sets of phase-space trajectories in order to model such features. Overall, we find good agreement with the full solution of the time-dependent Schr\"odinger equation (TDSE) for Wigner distributions constructed with both initial-value representations. Our results indicate that the HK propagator does not fully account for tunneling and over-the-barrier reflections. However, it is able to partly reproduce features associated with the wave packet crossing classically forbidden regions, although the trajectories employed in its construction always obey classical phase-space constraints. We also show that the Coupled Coherent States (CCS) method represents a fully quantum initial value representation and accurately reproduces the results of a standard TDSE solver. Furthermore, we sow that both the HK propagator and the CCS approach may be successfully employed to compute the time-dependent dipole acceleration and high-harmonic spectra. Nevertheless, the semiclassical propagator exhibits a worse agreement with the TDSE than the outcome of the CCS method, as it neither fully accounts for tunneling nor for over-the-barrier reflections. This leads to a dephasing in the time-dependent wave function which becomes more pronounced for longer times.
Fictitious time wave packet dynamics: II. Hydrogen atom in external fields  [PDF]
T. Fab?i?,J. Main,G. Wunner
Physics , 2009, DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevA.79.043417
Abstract: In the preceding paper [T. Fabcic et al., preprint] "restricted Gaussian wave packets" were introduced for the regularized Coulomb problem in the four-dimensional Kustaanheimo-Stiefel coordinates, and their exact time propagation was derived analytically in a fictitious time variable. We now establish the Gaussian wave packet method for the hydrogen atom in static external fields. A superposition of restricted Gaussian wave packets is used as a trial function in the application of the time-dependent variational principle. The external fields introduce couplings between the basis states. The set of coupled wave packets is propagated numerically, and eigenvalues of the Schrodinger equation are obtained by the frequency analysis of the time autocorrelation function. The advantage of the wave packet propagation in the fictitious time variable is that the computations are exact for the field-free hydrogen atom and approximations from the time-dependent variational principle only stem from the external fields. Examples are presented for the hydrogen atom in a magnetic field and in crossed electric and magnetic fields.
Photoionization of NaK molecule with a double-well potential in femtosecond pump--probe pulse laser fields
Photoionization of NaK molecule with a double-well potential in femtosecond pump-probe pulse laser fields

Yu Jie,Wang Sen-Ming,Yuan Kai-Jun,Cong Shu-Lin,

中国物理 B , 2006,
Abstract: The method of time-dependent quantum wave packet dynamics is used to calculate the femtosecond pump--probe photoelectron spectra and study the wave packet dynamic processes of the double-minimum potential state 61∑+ of NaK in intense laser fields. The evolutions of the wave packet and the photoelectron energy spectra with time and internuclear distance are described in detail. The wave packet dynamic information of the 61∑+ state can be extracted from the photoelectron energy spectra.
Gauge invariance and wave packet simulations in the presence of dipole fields  [PDF]
Thierry Martin
Physics , 1994, DOI: 10.1016/0921-4526(95)00374-I
Abstract: A method for performing wave packet simulations in dipole fields is presented. Starting from a Hamiltonian with non commuting terms, a gauge transformation leads to a new Hamiltonian which allows to calculate explicitly the evolution operator. In this new gauge, the dipole field is fully included in the {\it vector} potential. The method of Goldberg, Schwartz and Schey based on the Caley form of the evolution operator is then generalized, and the resulting scheme is applied to describe a switching device based on Rabi oscillations. The probability to tunnel in the free region exhibits a plateaux structure as the wave function is emitted by ``bursts'' after each Rabi oscillation has been completed.
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