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宋代应策时文概论  [PDF]
诸葛忆兵
- , 2016,
Abstract: 宋代应策时文最早出现在制科考试中,熙宁三年进士殿试,首次采用制策问答的方式考试,此后,殿试以策取士,大致沿袭不变。熙宁以后,士人逐渐将更多的学习热情转移到策问的写作上。殿试制策,考核士人两个方面的能力:对现实政治弊病的了解和应对方案,综合分析、归纳等逻辑思考能力和语言表达能力。宋代士人必须时时联系现实政治思考问题,他们进入仕途后,热衷于变革,时而大胆批评朝政,直抒己见,这与应策考试的训练有一定的关系。从格式角度考察,制策需要考核考生对现实社会和政治的多方面综合思考的能力,一道制策中总是提出多个问题。所以,应策时文事实上是由多篇政论文组成,与平常一题一议的政论文不同。应策时文受题目、时间、地点的限定,又有考试录取的现实目的,考生为了进入仕途,必须揣摩帝王或当政者的想法,以此作为应策时文的主要论点,贯穿全文。更有甚者,恶意攻击当时政坛上受排挤压迫的政治派别,应策时文遂堕落为朝廷鹰犬。此外,考生有个人经历的局限,回答问题时又有诸多功名利禄的考虑,面对现实政治和制策提问,绝大多数应策时文不可能提供深刻的见解,空疏肤浅是应策时文的通病。
Abstract:The stratagem and suggestion writing first appeared in the zhike examination (a special imperial examination in the Song Dynasty). In the palace examination in 1070, the text took a form of policy-making questionnaire. Afterwards, this kind of examination was regularized and inherited through dynasties. Thus scholars gradually devoted more efforts into stratagem and suggestion writing. In palace examination, two capacities were considered important: knowledge of political ills and corresponding policies, comprehensive analysis and expression ability. Song scholars, who were requested to consider problems with the context of real politics, were keen to make changes and bold in criticizing the government, which could be partly related to the training before examination. From the perspective of the format, the system needed to assess the candidates of comprehensive thinking on social and political dimensions, and usually had several questions under one subject. Therefore, the answering sheet was actually composed of a few pieces of article, different from the one-question-one-answering sheet. As the policy essays were limited by subject, time and place, with practical purposes in addition, most candidates tried to cater for the rulers in praise of the current politics. They would figure out the real thought of authority and took it as the main argument of the essay. Some of them went so far in malicious attacks against the groups in disadvantage. Limited by personal experiences and consideration on fame and fortune, most policy essays could not provide insightful opinions. Shallow emptiness was the common defect
《汉志·诗赋略》分类论略  [PDF]
左宜华,陈祥谦
湖南工业大学学报(社会科学版) , 2013,
Abstract: 《汉志·诗赋略》分类义例等问题为后世论争焦点。返归历史语境考索《汉志》分类的基本义例,整体观照并辨析《诗赋略》涵盖的文体、归类方式及内部之种属关系,探讨《汉志》的流变,可以廓清《诗赋略》原本源于《诗》的荀赋、杂赋,肇端楚辞的屈赋、陆赋,乐府采录的歌诗三类编目之事实。
周代策命的礼仪背景及文体特点  [PDF]
董芬芬
- , 2013,
Abstract: 周代策命是周天子策封赏赐诸侯或臣下的仪式上使用的实用文体,一般在太庙举行策命仪式时颁布,见证者为傧者,宣读者多为内史,有时是尹氏或其他史官。周代策命形成稳定的体制,通常包括封赏的原因、具体的赏赐及教导与勉励三部分。周代策命语言诚挚恳切,语气温润亲切,典雅舒缓,成为后世策命文体模仿的典范。
新发现唐朝最早''策学''之作考证  [PDF]
龚延明
浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2013,
Abstract: ?唐初的科举考试,不论进士科、明经科、制科都试策问。为了应对科考,举子习作策论,官员也撰写作为辅导性质的策论,大量策论遂应运而生,从而在唐代形成一种特殊文体———策论。研究唐代的策论,则成为“策学”。时至今日,唐代时务策留存甚少,能够确定的最早的科场进士时务策,为贞观间上官仪之进士对策。至于作为习作或辅导性质的策学之作,有学者认为中唐诗人白居易成书于元和间的《白氏策林》四卷是唐代留存至今的最早策学著作。其实,迄今为止所能见到的唐代保存至今的最早策学之作,当属日藏《令集解》中所载唐太宗贞观初魏徵撰写的进士《时务策》,它比《白氏策林》早出一百七十年左右。
Distributed Interference Alignment with Low Overhead  [PDF]
Yanjun Ma,Jiandong Li,Rui Chen
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: Based on closed-form interference alignment (IA) solutions, a low overhead distributed interference alignment (LOIA) scheme is proposed in this paper for the $K$-user SISO interference channel, and extension to multiple antenna scenario is also considered. Compared with the iterative interference alignment (IIA) algorithm proposed by Gomadam et al., the overhead is greatly reduced. Simulation results show that the IIA algorithm is strictly suboptimal compared with our LOIA algorithm in the overhead-limited scenario.
Low-overhead truthful energy-efficient routing protocol in selfish wireless Ad hoc networks
自私无线Ad Hoc网络中一个低开销的诚实能效路由协议

YUAN Xin-hui,CHEN Song-qiao,JIANG Xin-hua,
袁新辉
,陈松乔,蒋新华

计算机应用 , 2008,
Abstract: A feasible way to stimulate cooperation in selfish Ad Hoc networks is to reimburse the forwarding service providers for their cost. We proposed a low overhead truthful energy-efficient protocol called LOTER, which introduced the VCG mechanism into the selfish wireless Ad Hoc networks. In LOTER, the node collected its neighbors' information. The destination node selected several RREP paths. If it was on the RREP path, the node sent its collected information to the source node. Based on such information, the ...
《黔诗纪略》收录诗歌年限考略  [PDF]
何水英
民族文学研究 , 2015,
Abstract: 人们通常认为《黔诗纪略》只辑明代黔诗,此属误解。《黔诗纪略》不仅录明诗,也录清诗。莫友芝对易代之际诗人的朝代归属处理方式及其“存人”“存诗”编纂思想是其《黔诗纪略》收录清诗的主要原因;这一误解易使《黔诗纪略》材料误用,忽略其所录清诗的价值。
约束销栓混凝土柱的试验研究  [PDF]
陈希方
工业建筑 , 1989, DOI: 10.23204/j.gyjz198911003
Abstract: 本文通过试验和分析表明,无论是中心受压还是偏心受压条件下,约束销栓混凝土柱,约束加宽销栓混凝土柱和名义销栓混凝土柱的承载能力、延性性能,以及对核心混凝土的约束效果,都远远优于参数相同的销栓混凝土柱;而且后者只反映本身的结构性能,不能代表高比厚大很多的钢包混凝土销栓连接的墙体结构性能;只有约束销栓混凝土柱一类(包括加宽和名义)的性能,才接近钢包混凝土销栓连接的墙体结构性能。因此,钢包混凝土销栓连接拱结构的研究,应依约束钢包混凝土销栓连接拱带等一类试验为准。
秦???略?段??地???  [PDF]
地质论评 , 1957,
Abstract: 1956年暑假,在中?科?院西北分院????的西北科??合考察?中,西北大?地?系部份教??成一?小?,沿?成?路由??到略?一段,?行了一次踏勘性的地??察,看到了一些不同於前人所?的地??象。?一些新的看法是否正?,有待於今後?一步的仔??察研究去加以?明。因此,以下的??,??作者?秦?地?一些
矩阵exp(at)的扑策计算公式及其应用  [PDF]
任玉成
武汉理工大学学报 , 1992,
Abstract: ?本文将拉普拉斯变换用于矩阵exp(at)的扑策算法,得到了exp(at)的计算公式及其在求解微分方程组中的应用。
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