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太湖水利同知署考略  [PDF]
刘延华,徐森
东南文化 , 2013,
Abstract: ????太湖水利同知署(俗称同知衙门),初设于江苏省苏州市同里镇,清雍正八年由礼科给事中陈沂震入官房改建而成,现仍留存。雍正十三年,衙署移驻东山,用东山文铎、褚菊书两家的房产办公,之后又有毁、建,现已无存。梳理同知衙署的设立背景、历史沿革、功能嬗变,为研究太湖水利史和专业衙署遗产提供了实证。
宋代应策时文概论  [PDF]
诸葛忆兵
- , 2016,
Abstract: 宋代应策时文最早出现在制科考试中,熙宁三年进士殿试,首次采用制策问答的方式考试,此后,殿试以策取士,大致沿袭不变。熙宁以后,士人逐渐将更多的学习热情转移到策问的写作上。殿试制策,考核士人两个方面的能力:对现实政治弊病的了解和应对方案,综合分析、归纳等逻辑思考能力和语言表达能力。宋代士人必须时时联系现实政治思考问题,他们进入仕途后,热衷于变革,时而大胆批评朝政,直抒己见,这与应策考试的训练有一定的关系。从格式角度考察,制策需要考核考生对现实社会和政治的多方面综合思考的能力,一道制策中总是提出多个问题。所以,应策时文事实上是由多篇政论文组成,与平常一题一议的政论文不同。应策时文受题目、时间、地点的限定,又有考试录取的现实目的,考生为了进入仕途,必须揣摩帝王或当政者的想法,以此作为应策时文的主要论点,贯穿全文。更有甚者,恶意攻击当时政坛上受排挤压迫的政治派别,应策时文遂堕落为朝廷鹰犬。此外,考生有个人经历的局限,回答问题时又有诸多功名利禄的考虑,面对现实政治和制策提问,绝大多数应策时文不可能提供深刻的见解,空疏肤浅是应策时文的通病。
Abstract:The stratagem and suggestion writing first appeared in the zhike examination (a special imperial examination in the Song Dynasty). In the palace examination in 1070, the text took a form of policy-making questionnaire. Afterwards, this kind of examination was regularized and inherited through dynasties. Thus scholars gradually devoted more efforts into stratagem and suggestion writing. In palace examination, two capacities were considered important: knowledge of political ills and corresponding policies, comprehensive analysis and expression ability. Song scholars, who were requested to consider problems with the context of real politics, were keen to make changes and bold in criticizing the government, which could be partly related to the training before examination. From the perspective of the format, the system needed to assess the candidates of comprehensive thinking on social and political dimensions, and usually had several questions under one subject. Therefore, the answering sheet was actually composed of a few pieces of article, different from the one-question-one-answering sheet. As the policy essays were limited by subject, time and place, with practical purposes in addition, most candidates tried to cater for the rulers in praise of the current politics. They would figure out the real thought of authority and took it as the main argument of the essay. Some of them went so far in malicious attacks against the groups in disadvantage. Limited by personal experiences and consideration on fame and fortune, most policy essays could not provide insightful opinions. Shallow emptiness was the common defect
“事企融合”与“事企分开”  [PDF]
张光阳
科技进步与对策 , 1998,
Abstract: 通过对湖北省农业科学院畜牧所和果茶所“事企融合”和“事企分开”改革的内容、特点及效果进行比较分析,指出存在观念滞后、改革不配套等问题,提出了要从解放思想、更新概念;优化外部环境;培植有科研优势的支柱产业;与社会资金开放式重组等方面深化改革,以增强农业科研单位综合实力,提高自我发展能力。农业科研改革农业科学研究所体制改革
SNA-based reasoning for multiagent team composition  [PDF]
Andre Filipe de Moraes Batista,Maria das Gra?as Bruno Marietto
Computer Science , 2015, DOI: 10.5121/ijaia.2015.6305
Abstract: The social network analysis (SNA), branch of complex systems can be used in the construction of multiagent systems. This paper proposes a study of how social network analysis can assist in modeling multiagent systems, while addressing similarities and differences between the two theories. We built a prototype of multi-agent systems for resolution of tasks through the formation of teams of agents that are formed on the basis of the social network established between agents. Agents make use of performance indicators to assess when should change their social network to maximize the participation in teams
SNA – a toolbox for the stoichiometric analysis of metabolic networks
Robert Urbanczik
BMC Bioinformatics , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2105-7-129
Abstract: SNA is a interactive, high performance toolbox for analysing the possible steady state behaviour of metabolic networks by computing the generating and elementary vectors of their flux and conversions cones. It also supports analysing the steady states by linear programming. The toolbox is implemented mainly in Mathematica and returns numerically exact results. It is available under an open source license from: http://bioinformatics.org/project/?group_id=546 webcite.Thanks to its performance and modular design, SNA is demonstrably useful in analysing genome scale metabolic networks. Further, the integration into Mathematica provides a very flexible environment for the subsequent analysis and interpretation of the results.Advances in genomics have enabled the large scale reconstruction of biochemical reaction networks where the main information provided concerns the stoichiometry and reversibility of the involved reactions. While such models disregard the kinetics of the reactions, biologically meaningful predictions can nevertheless be obtained by analysing the stoichiometrically viable steady states of the network [1]. The aim of SNA is to provide a comprehensive interactive environment for such stoichiometric network analysis.In mathematical terms the stoichiometrically viable steady states form a convex polyhedral cone which is called the flux cone. Recently [2] it has been pointed out that instead of analysing the full flux cone, one can consider a simpler object, the conversion cone. This amounts to giving a black box description of the metabolism which only takes into account the consumption and production of external compounds. So, the conversion cone describes the overall reactions, (in the sense of [3]) which can be effected in steady state between the external metabolites of the network, disregarding the internal mechanism.Linear Programming, as in Flux Balance Analysis [4], can be used to search for specific points in these cones. But executing a linear pr
服装企业中的商品企画  [PDF]
纺织学报 , 1996,
Abstract: 本文介绍了日本服装企业中高效、规范的企画体系,并具体说明了企画的内容、组织结构、周期等特点。
周代策命的礼仪背景及文体特点  [PDF]
董芬芬
- , 2013,
Abstract: 周代策命是周天子策封赏赐诸侯或臣下的仪式上使用的实用文体,一般在太庙举行策命仪式时颁布,见证者为傧者,宣读者多为内史,有时是尹氏或其他史官。周代策命形成稳定的体制,通常包括封赏的原因、具体的赏赐及教导与勉励三部分。周代策命语言诚挚恳切,语气温润亲切,典雅舒缓,成为后世策命文体模仿的典范。
论校企分开的途径选择  [PDF]
杨竹节
科技进步与对策 , 2002,
Abstract: 高校企业已成为中国高科技产业的重要力量。校企分开虽然困难重重,却是企业发展的必然要求。探讨了校企分开的途径选择。高校校办企业校企分离校企分开
校办产业不能校企不分  [PDF]
杨竹节
科技进步与对策 , 2001,
Abstract: 高等院校所办企业已成为我国科技产业的主力之一。分析了校企不分的弊病及校企分开的难点,认为校企应尽可能分析,目标是校企完全分离,以利于我国产业结构的优化升级,促进新经济的健康成长。“校企不分”产权结构利益机制中国高校校办产业
基于SNA的网络舆情演变分析方法  [PDF]
吴少华,崔鑫,胡勇
- , 2015,
Abstract: 中文摘要: 为研判网络舆论发展态势与趋势,对网络整体及网民个体(Agent)的SNA属性参数——网络密度、中心度、网络中心势等及其动态变化的含义进行分析,揭示出网络舆论态势的演变过程、特征和规律,为网络舆论提供态势研判与引导决策支持。通过天涯论坛上的网络舆情事件的SNA属性参数的定量分析验证该方法具有一定的实际应用价值。
Abstract:To study the Internet public opinion evolution, an analysis method taking the parameters’ increment of the network and the Agent as the study object, which was based on social network analysis (SNA), was proposed. By the quantitative analyses of SNA properties, the general evolution rules of the incident in the Internet public opinion were revealed. The information for decision of guiding the public opinion was provided according to the rule. The method was verified with the records of an incident in Tianya BBS forum and the result showed that the study is practically useful.
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