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Vector bundles with infinitely many souls  [PDF]
Igor Belegradek
Mathematics , 2001,
Abstract: We construct the first examples of manifolds, the simplest one being the product of S^3, S^4, and R^5, which admit infinitely many complete nonnegatively curved metrics with pairwise nonhomeomorphic souls.
Codimension two souls and cancellation phenomena  [PDF]
Igor Belegradek,Slawomir Kwasik,Reinhard Schultz
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: For each nonnegative integer we find an open (4m+9)-dimensional simply-connected manifold admitting complete nonnegatively curved metrics whose souls are non-diffeomorphic, homeomorphic, and have codimension 2. We give a diffeomorphism classification of the pairs (N, soul) when N is a nontrivial complex line bundle over the product of 7-sphere and complex projective plane: up to diffeomorphism there are precisely three such pairs, distinguished by their non-diffeomorphic souls.
Rays and souls in von Mangoldt planes  [PDF]
Igor Belegradek,Eric Choi,Nobuhiro Innami
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: We study rays in von Mangoldt planes, which has applications to the structure of open complete manifolds with lower radial curvature bounds. We prove that the set of souls of any rotationally symmetric plane of nonnegative curvature is a closed ball, and if the plane is von Mangoldt, we compute the radius of the ball. We show that each cone in the Euclidean 3-space can be smoothed to a von Mangoldt plane.
Несколько замечаний по поводу второго тома Мертвых душ
(Some Comments on the Second Volume of “Dead Souls”)

Erik Egeberg
Poljarnyj Vestnik , 2003,
Abstract: The present article deals with the various problems that faced N. V. Gogol' working on vol. II of his great novel. Attention is paid not only to ideological and psychological matters, but also to the more complicated composition pattern which can be discerned in the five preserved chapters of "Dead Souls" II.
Moduli spaces of nonnegative sectional curvature and non-unique souls  [PDF]
Igor Belegradek,Slawomir Kwasik,Reinhard Schultz
Mathematics , 2009,
Abstract: We apply various topological methods to distinguish connected components of moduli spaces of complete Riemannian metrics of nonnegative sectional curvature on open manifolds. The new geometric ingredient is that souls of nearby nonnegatively curved metrics are ambiently isotopic.
Nonnegative pinching, moduli spaces and bundles with infinitely many souls  [PDF]
Vitali Kapovitch,Anton Petrunin,Wilderich Tuschmann
Mathematics , 2004,
Abstract: We show that in each dimension $n\ge 10$ there exist infinite sequences of homotopy equivalent but mutually non-homeomorphic closed simply connected Riemannian $n$-manifolds with $0\le \sec\le 1$, positive Ricci curvature and uniformly bounded diameter. We also construct open manifolds of fixed diffeomorphism type which admit infinitely many complete nonnegatively pinched metrics with souls of bounded diameter such that the souls are mutually non-homeomorphic. Finally, we construct examples of noncompact manifolds whose moduli spaces of complete metrics with $\sec\ge 0$ have infinitely many connected components.
Colour naming as a means to present the concept of ‘life’ in N. Gogol’s epic poem Dead Souls  [PDF]
Alimpiyeva R.,Sotnichnenko Yu.
Vestnik Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University , 2013,
Abstract: This articles analyses lexemes with the colour meaning of ‘white’, ‘green’, and ‘yellow’ as representatives of meanings related to the concept of LIFE — beauty, hope, faith. The author stresses the connection between these lexemes with the “living” images opposed to the lifeless world of Dead Souls.
A classification of 5-dimensional manifolds, souls of codimension two and non-diffeomorphic pairs  [PDF]
Sadeeb Ottenburger
Mathematics , 2011,
Abstract: Let T(\gamma) be the total space of the canonical line bundle \gamma over CP^1 and r an integer which is greater than one and coprime to six. We prove that L_r^3\times T(\gamma) admits an infinite sequence of metrics of nonnegative sectional curvature with pairwise non-homeomorphic souls, where L_r^3 is the standard 3-dimensional lens space with fundamental group isomorphic to Z/r. We classify the total spaces of S^1-fibre bundles over S^2\times S^2 with fundamental group isomorphic to Z/r up to diffeomorphism and use these results to give examples of manifolds N which admit two complete metrics of nonnegative sectional curvature with souls S and S' of codimension two such that S and S' are diffeomorphic whereas the pairs (N,S) and (N,S') are not diffeomorphic. This solves a problem posed by I. Belegradek, S. Kwasik and R. Schultz.
The Souls Of Europe
Govert J. Buijs
Limes. Cultural Regionalistics , 2009, DOI: 10.3846/2029-0187.2009.2.126-139
Abstract: How should Europe deal politically with its legacy as a so-called "Christian civilization"? Should this imply an overt reference to God or to the Christian or Judeo-Christian tradition in European constitutional documents (as was debated when the so-called "Treaty Establishing a Constitution for Europe" was tabled)? This debate raised the old "politico-theological problem": does a political order need some kind of metaphysical or religious grounding, a "soul", or can it present itself as a purely rational order, the result of a utilitarian calculus? In this article it is argued that the secular idea of the state as an inherent element in the "Judeo-Christian tradition", for a "divine state" usurps a place that is only God's. So, this religious tradition itself calls for a secular state, and this inherent relationship between religion and secularity has become a key element for the interpretation of European civilization, most notably in the idea of a separation of the church and the state. But the very fact that this is a religious idea does imply that the European political order cannot be seen as a purely rational political order without a soul. The idea of a "plural soul" is proposed as a way out of the dilemma.
Good Relations between Nurses and Patients: Spreading the Wings of Imagination, Protecting Patients’ Souls  [PDF]
Mayumi Uno, Yukari Katayama
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2018, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2018.84021
Abstract:
Objective: To ascertain a method for building good nurse-patient relations from the narratives of veteran nurses who have accumulated profound nursing experience, and to show these phenomena in model form. Methods: Semi-structured interviews were conducted, verbatim records of the contents of the interviews produced, and qualitative analysis undertaken. Results of analysis and concepts considered important were shown in model form. Results: Veteran nurses, utilizing their nursing specialization, showed “Concern as humans,” transcending their professional specialty. This was expressed as “spreading the wings of imagination” in order to know what is important to patients, and “protecting souls” in order to defend, together with patients, what is most important to the latter. “Spreading the wings of imagination to protect patients’ souls” became the key to build good nurse-patient relations. Conclusion: Nurses with deep experience expressed building good nurse-patient relations as “spreading the wings of imagination and protecting patients’ souls.” We were able to ascertain that in nursing practice, using the sensitivity of veteran nurses, is one way of manifesting nursing conduct.
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