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基于DEM纹理特征的月貌自动识别方法探究  [PDF]
王琛智,汤国安,袁赛,孙建伟,刘凯
地球信息科学学报 , 2015, DOI: 10.3724/SP.J.1047.2015.00045
Abstract: 月海和月陆是两种最主要的月貌单元,对于月海及月陆快速准确地识别是进行各项月球研究的重要基础。目前,月海和月陆的识别大多采用DEM结合其派生地形因子建立指标体系的方法。这种方法虽然可在宏观尺度对月海和月陆进行识别和提取,但仍存在2个问题(1)可扩展性差,不同地区难以共用同一套地形因子构建指标体系;(2)指标体系中各因子权重设置具有较大的主观性。针对以上问题,本文以“嫦娥一号”探测器获取的全月球DEM数据,从月表地形纹理特征的角度出发,提出一种以月表DEM数据识别月海、月陆的自动快速的方法。首先,利用灰度共生矩阵模型,以DEM数据为基础,实现对典型月海、月陆地形纹理特征的量化,然后,对量化指标的筛选,构建能有效区分两类月表形貌单元的特征向量。在此基础上,选用离差平方和作为识别器,最终实现对月海和月陆的自动识别。本文识别方法的整体识别率达到85.7%;综上可知,该方法既能克服原有方法中因子权重设置的主观性,又具有较好的通用性。
Research and compilation of the Geomorphologic Atlas of the People’s Republic of China (1:1,000,000)

CHENG Weiming,ZHOU Chenghu,CHAI Huixia,ZHAO Shangmin,LIU Haijiang,ZHOU Zengpo,

地理学报 , 2011,
Abstract: Geomorphologic maps are one of the most fundamental materials of the natural environment. They have been widely used in scientific research, resource exploration and extraction, education and military affairs etc. An editorial committee was established in 2001 to collect materials for researching and compiling a set of new 1:1,000,000 geomorphologic atlas of China. A digital geomorphologic database was created with visual interpretation from Landsat TM/ETM imageries and SRTM-DEM etc. The atlas compiled from the database was finished. The main characteristics of the atlas are as follows: Firstly, Landsat TM/ETM imageries, published geomorphologic maps or sketches, geographical base maps, digital geological maps, and other thematic maps were collected, which were uniformly geometrically rectified, clipped into uniform sheets, and stored in the foundation database. Secondly, based on the legends of 15 sheets 1:1,000,000 maps published in the 1980s, a geomorphologic classification system was built by combining morphology and genesis types. The system comprised seven hierarchical layers: basic morphology, genesis, sub-genesis, morphology, micro-morphology, slope and aspect, material composition and lithology. These layers were stored in the database during visual image interpretation. About 2000 kinds of morpho- genesis and 300 kinds of morpho-structure were interpreted. Thirdly, the legend system was built, which included color, symbol bases and note bases etc., compilation standards and procedures were developed, 74 sheets of 1:1,000,000 covering all land and sea territories of China were compiled, the 1:1,000,000 geomorphologic atlas of the People’s Republic of China was finished and published. The atlas will fill the blanks in national basic scale thematic maps, and the geomorphologic database could be applied widely in many fields in the future.
语言族的L可识性、L半可识性与L强可识性  [PDF]
雷忠学
科学通报 , 1986,
Abstract: 郭聿琦等建立和讨论了语言族的半可识性和强可识性,给出了积分语言族可识的充要条件。本文建立和讨论了语言族的L可识性、L半可识性和L强可识性,给出了L积分语言族的L可识、L半可识和L强可识的充分条件。
一种优化的均匀色貌空间  [PDF]
李为,肖琨,崔桂华
北京理工大学学报 , 2003,
Abstract: 依据BFD,RIT-DuPont,Witt1999和Leeds等4组色差评估实验数据集,在色貌模型CIECAM97s修订版的基础上建立了一种优化的均匀色貌空间UCAS.用综合统计指标P′F/3评价该色貌空间,并引入优化的明度修正因子.结果表明,其均匀性接近德国1999年的色差标准DIN99,并优于CIE1976年推荐的CIELAB.
The Effect of the Geomorphologic Type as Surrogate to the Time Factor on Digital Soil Mapping  [PDF]
Huixia Chai, Sheng Rao, Reibo Wang, Jing Liu, Qi Huang, Xuejie Mou
Open Journal of Soil Science (OJSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/ojss.2015.56012
Abstract: Many environmental variables are frequently used to predict values of soil in locations where they are not measured. Digital soil mapping (DSM) has a long-standing convention to describe soils as a function of climate, organisms, topography, parent material, time and space. It is obvious that terrain, climate, parent material and organisms are used frequently in the prediction of soil properties while time and space factors are rarely used. Time is the indirect factor for the formation and development of soil. Moreover, it is very useful to explicit and implicit estimates of soil age for DSM. However, it is often difficult to obtain time factor. In the absence of explicit soil age data, geomorphologic data are commonly related to soil relative age. Consequently, this study adopts the geomorphologic types (genesis type of geomorphology) as surrogate to the time factor and analyzes its effect on DSM. To examine this idea, we selected the Ili region of northwestern China as the study area. This paper uses geomorphologic data from a new digital geomorphology map as the implicit soil age in predictive soil mapping. For this study, Soil-landscape inference model (SoLIM) was used to predict soil properties based on the individual representation of each sample. This model applies the terrain (topography), climate, parent material (geology) and time (geomorphologic type) to predict soil values in the study area where they are not measured. And the independent sample validation method was used to estimate the precision of results. The validation result shows that the use of geomorphologic data as surrogate to the time factor in the individual representation leads to a considerable and significant increase in the accuracy of results. In other words, implicit estimates of soil age by genesis type of geomorphology are very useful for DSM. This increase was due to the high purity of the geomorphologic data. This means that the geomorphologic variable, if used, can improve the quality of DSM. Predicted value through the proposed approach comes closer to the real value.
中国北方末次造貌期及环境变迁  [PDF]
闵隆瑞,迟振卿
第四纪研究 , 1998,
Abstract: :1987年杨怀仁提出造貌运动一词,笔者进而将较新地质时期内最终形成现代地貌的一次运动时期称为末次造貌运动期(简称本次造貌期)。据中国北方几个大盆地、大平原和黄土高原的造貌剖析,认为末次造貌期主要发生在晚更新世晚期至全新世早期,其形式以缓慢的大面积的抬升(或下降)运动为主。在某些构造单元中,还受气候因素的影响。由于未次造貌期地质时期较新,与人类关系更为密切,故对其研究有较重要的意义。
阿赖耶识试析  [PDF]
黄晨
浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2002,
Abstract: ?阿赖耶识是佛教唯识宗建立的根据,"万法唯识"是依据它而成立的.作为区别于眼、耳、鼻、舌、身、意的第八识,它含藏一切,变现一切,是人类认识的起源和究竟.但是它又不是一个客体的存在,不能混同于灵魂、神我或者本体,它是精神之流,是通过对佛教缘起论和性空无我论的深度阐释而证成的.
Preliminary assessment of rockslide and rockfall hazards using a DEM (Oppstadhornet, Norway)  [PDF]
M.-H. Derron,M. Jaboyedoff,L. H. Blikra
Natural Hazards and Earth System Sciences (NHESS) & Discussions (NHESSD) , 2005,
Abstract: The increasing availability and precision of digital elevation model (DEM) helps in the assessment of landslide prone areas where only few data are available. This approach is performed in 6 main steps which include: DEM creation; identification of geomorphologic features; determination of the main sets of discontinuities; mapping of the most likely dangerous structures; preliminary rock-fall assessment; estimation of the large instabilities volumes. The method is applied to two the cases studies in the Oppstadhornet mountain (730m alt): (1) a 10 millions m3 slow-moving rockslide and (2) a potential high-energy rock falling prone area. The orientations of the foliation and of the major discontinuities have been determined directly from the DEM. These results are in very good agreement with field measurements. Spatial arrangements of discontinuities and foliation with the topography revealed hazardous structures. Maps of potential occurrence of these hazardous structures show highly probable sliding areas at the foot of the main landslide and potential rock falls in the eastern part of the mountain.
强可识语言族
郭聿琦
科学通报 , 1984,
Abstract: Σ为一有限集,Σ~*表示Σ生成的自由么半群,Σ~*的元素与子集分别称为Σ上的字与语言,2~(Σ*)表示Σ~*的幂集,L(Σ)=2~(Σ*)—{φ}的子集称为Σ上的语言族。在人工智能中的一些问题的推动下,1974年Havet等人开创了语言的分支代数结构的研究,定义了有限分支自动机,从而导致了作为有限分支自动机识别的所谓可识语言族的研究;Havel在文献2]中又引进了语言的相似度的概念,进而定义了语言之间的一种距离d,使(L(Σ),d)成一距离空间;文献2]中还定义了语言族的一种替换性,并证明了,语言族是自相容的,当且仅当它具替换性且为L(Σ)的闭集。
强可识语言族  [PDF]
郭聿琦
科学通报 , 1984,
Abstract: Σ为一有限集,Σ~*表示Σ生成的自由么半群,Σ~*的元素与子集分别称为Σ上的字与语言,2~(Σ*)表示Σ~*的幂集,L(Σ)=2~(Σ*)—{φ}的子集称为Σ上的语言族。在人工智能中的一些问题的推动下,1974年Havet等人开创了语言的分支代数结构的研究,定义了有限分支自动机,从而导致了作为有限分支自动机识别的所谓可识语言族的研究;Havel在文献[2]中又引进了语言的相似度的概念,进而定义了语言之间的一种距离d,使(L(Σ),d)成一距离空间;文献[2]中还定义了语言族的一种替换性,并证明了,语言族是自相容的,当且仅当它具替换性且为L(Σ)的闭集。
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