Abstract:
Electron cooling is a well-established method to improve the phase space quality of ion beams in storage rings. In the common rest frame of the ion and the electron beam the ion is subjected to a drag force and it experiences a loss or a gain of energy which eventually reduces the energy spread of the ion beam. A calculation of this process is complicated as the electron velocity distribution is anisotropic and the cooling process takes place in a magnetic field which guides the electrons. In this paper the cooling force is calculated in a model of binary collisions (BC) between ions and magnetized electrons, in which the Coulomb interaction is treated up to second-order as a perturbation to the helical motion of the electrons. The calculations are done with the help of an improved BC theory which is uniformly valid for any strength of the magnetic field and where the second-order two-body forces are treated in the interaction in Fourier space without specifying the interaction potential. The cooling force is explicitly calculated for a regularized and screened potential which is both of finite range and less singular than the Coulomb interaction at the origin. Closed expressions are derived for monochromatic electron beams, which are folded with the velocity distributions of the electrons and ions. The resulting cooling force is evaluated for anisotropic Maxwell velocity distributions of the electrons and ions.

Abstract:
Practical expressions are derived for evaluation of electrical and thermal conductivities and thermopower of degenerate electrons in the outer envelopes of neutron stars with magnetic fields. All tensor components of the kinetic coefficients are calculated (those related to conduction along and across magnetic field and to the Hall currents). The kinetic coefficients are presented as energy averages of expressions containing energy dependent effective relaxation times of two types, associated either with longitudinal or with transverse currents. The calculation is based on the effective scattering potential proposed in the previous paper (astro-ph/9903127), which describes the electron-ion and electron-phonon scattering, taking into account correlation effects in strongly coupled Coulomb liquid and multi-phonon scattering in Coulomb crystal, respectively. Analytic fitting formulae are devised for the effective relaxation times at arbitrary field strength. Basing on these results, we calculate the transport coefficients at various temperatures, densities, and magnetic fields pertinent to the neutron star envelopes.

Abstract:
We obtain explicit expressions for thermodynamic quantities of a relativistic degenerate free electron gas in a magnetic field in terms of Hurwitz Zeta functions. The formulation allows for systematic expansion in all regimes. Three energy scales appear naturally in the degenerate relativistic gas: the Fermi energy Ef, the temperature T and an energy related to the magnetic field or Landau level spacing, eB/Ef. We study the cold and warm scenarios, T << eB/Ef and eB/Ef << T, respectively. We reproduce the oscillations of the magnetization as a function of the field in the cold regime and the dilution of them in the warm regime.

Abstract:
To study the relativistic thermodynamic properties of a Fermi gas in a strong magnetic field, we construct the relativistic thermodynamic potential by the relativistic Fermi distribution function taking into account that the motion of particles in a plane perpendicular to the magnetic field is quantized. With this general potential at hand, we investigate all the thermodynamic quantities as a function of densities, temperatures and the magnetic field. We obtain a novel set of adiabatic equations. Having the expression of the pressure and adiabatic state equations, we determine the sound velocity for several cases revealing a new type of sound velocity. Finally, we disclose the magnetic cooling in the quantized electron Fermi gas, which is based on an adiabatic magnetization in contrast to the known adiabatic demagnetization.

Abstract:
The wake behind a large object (such as the moon) moving rapidly through a plasma (such as the solar wind) contains a region of depleted density, into which the plasma expands along the magnetic field, transverse to the flow. It is shown here that (in addition to any ion instability) a bump-on-tail which is unstable appears on the electrons' parallel velocity distribution function because of the convective non-conservation of parallel energy. It arises regardless of any non-thermal features on the external electron velocity distribution. The detailed electron distribution function throughout the wake is calculated by integration along orbits; and the substantial energy level of resulting electron plasma (Langmuir) turbulence is evaluated quasilinearly. It peaks near the wake axis. If the mass of the electrons is artificially enhanced, for example in order to make numerical simulation feasible, then much more unstable electron distributions arise; but these are caused by the unphysical mass ratio.

Abstract:
We present a simple model for electron transport in a possible layer of exotic nuclear clusters (in the so called nuclear pasta layer) between the crust and liquid core of a strongly magnetized neutron star. The electron transport there can be strongly anisotropic and gyrotropic. The anisotropy is produced by different electron effective collision frequencies along and across local symmetry axis in domains of exotic ordered nuclear clusters and by complicated effects of the magnetic field. We also calculate averaged kinetic coefficients in case local domains are freely oriented. Possible applications of the obtained results and open problems are outlined.