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Understanding long-term sick leave in female white-collar workers with burnout and stress-related diagnoses: a qualitative study
Hélène Sandmark, Monica Renstig
BMC Public Health , 2010, DOI: 10.1186/1471-2458-10-210
Abstract: A qualitative methodology was chosen, and thematic, open-ended interviews were carried out with 16 women. The interviewees were strategically selected from a cohort of 300 women in full-time white-collar jobs in high-level positions, living in three urban areas in Sweden, and on long-term sick leave ≥90 days. A qualitative content analysis was carried out.The informants in the study were generally well educated, but a few had surprisingly little formal education considering their salary level and position on the labour market. The women were in professional positions more commonly held by men, either as specialists with some degree of managerial role or as executives with managerial responsibilities. Both external and internal stressors were identified. The analysis indicated that being in these gender-typed jobs could have induced sex discrimination and role conflicts. The women expressed strong agreement regarding success in working life, but emphasised the lack of competence matching in their present jobs. They also lacked the sense of having a rewarding job, saw leadership as weak, and disliked their present workplace and colleagues. Impaired health may have hindered them from changing jobs; conversely, their locked-in positions could have resulted in deterioration in their health status. The women displayed personal overcommitment, both at work and in private life, and had difficulties in setting limits.Factors in working life, as well as in private life, played an important role in the informants' deteriorated health and long-term sick leave. Job and workplace mismatching, problems in connection with company profitability, and poor leadership contributed to stress-related symptoms, resulting in reduced working capacity. On the basis of these findings, attention should be paid to identification of early indicators of exhaustion, and measures should be taken in work settings and in working life as a whole to promote retained work ability.The social status and ec
Diurnal profiles of salivary cortisol on workdays among construction workers versus white-collar workers
?sa Marie Hansen,Roger Persson,Anne Helene Garde,Bj?rn Karlson
SJWEH Supplements , 2006,
Abstract: OBJECTIVES: The aim of the present study was to test whether construction workers, who are known to have a relatively higher risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), had higher concentrations of cortisol in saliva and a lower relative variability when compared with white-collar workers. METHODS: Data from two groups of male construction workers with physically demanding job assignments, with either regular or extended workhours (N=40) and a group of white-collar workers recruited from both the private and the public sector (N=118) were examined. All of the workers had participated in previous research projects with similar methodology. Saliva was sampled during ordinary workdays at awakening, between 30 and 45 minutes after awakening, and approximately 14 hours after awakening. RESULTS: Compared with the white-collar workers, the construction workers had higher mean concentrations of cortisol in saliva, 36% and 14% for construction workers with regular and extended workhours, respectively. The observed differences weakened when the exact sampling time (time of day) was taken into consideration in the statistical modeling. Compared with the white-collar workers, the construction workers had a lower relative variability in salivary cortisol as measured by the coefficient of variation (CV 76% versus 99%). A detailed analysis revealed that the construction workers with regular workhours had the highest concentration of cortisol in saliva but the lowest relative variability when compared with the construction workers with extended workhours (CV 72% versus 82%). CONCLUSIONS: The results suggest that physically demanding construction work is associated with a less variable and increased cortisol excretion when compared with white-collar work.
Pattern of Smoking Habit among Greek Blue and White Collar Workers  [PDF]
George Rachiotis,Ioannis Karydis,Spyros Drivas,Christos Hadjichristodoulou
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , 2009, DOI: 10.3390/ijerph6061812
Abstract: The aim of our study was to investigate the prevalence of smoking in a Greek working population. A questionnaire regarding smoking habit was collected from 1,005 out of 1,200 blue and white-collar employees (response rate: 84%). The overall smoking prevalence was 48.4% and did not differ by sex, age, education, and occupation. The mean cigarette consumption per day was 25.54, with no difference observed by occupation. The above-mentioned findings, if confirmed by further research, are alarming and inconsistent with the prevalent pattern of smoking habits in the West.
Factors associated with utilization of traditional Chinese medicine by white collar foreign workers living in Taiwan
Maria Daly, Chen-Jei Tai, Chung-Yeh Deng, Li-Yin Chien
BMC Health Services Research , 2009, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6963-9-10
Abstract: This study applied a cross-sectional survey design. A total of 207 white-collar foreign workers of a non-Asian background currently holding National Health Insurance cards who had lived in Taiwan for 4 months or more participated in this study.The prevalence of TCM use was 45%. The most frequently used therapies were traditional Chinese herbs/medicine and acupuncture. Factors indicating the likelihood of TCM usage were age 31–40 years, visit to an allopathic medical doctor in the last year, ability to read Chinese, having a friend or family member available to assist in the use of TCM, and access to information about TCM services available in Taiwan.Utilization of TCM by people of a non-Asian background living in Taiwan appears to be most influenced by enabling factors including language ability, access to information, and informal reference persons.Taiwan, a modern Chinese country, has a National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS) that provides coverage of general medical expenses to virtually all of its citizens and foreign workers [1]. Included in the NHIS are both modern allopathic medical care and traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Although allopathic medicine is more predominant, over 3,700 licensed doctors of TCM practice in 2,500 hospitals and clinics around the country [1]. Patients are free to choose any health care provider registered under the NHIS for their care, without the need for approval by a gatekeeper.The number of foreign residents in Taiwan has increased from 30,000 in 1991 to almost 293,000 in 2005 [2]. Much of this population is South East Asian but a significant number, around 15%, are professional/skilled or white collar workers from the United States, Australia, Canada and Europe [3]. There have been few studies of non-Asian foreign workers living in Taiwan and little is known about how this high level of TCM availability is accessed and used by this population. Previous studies about TCM utilization were mostly among people with a Chinese et
Burnout and work engagement of South African blue-collar workers: The development of a new scale
L Brand-Labuschagne, K Mostert, S Rothmann Jnr, JC Rothmann
Southern African Business Review , 2012,
Abstract: Research in South Africa on work-related well-being (specifically burnout and work engagement) has focused mainly on white-collar workers. Although blue-collar workers form a major part of the South African work force, no valid and reliable instruments exist to measure burnout and work engagement of blue-collar workers. The objectives of this study were (1) to develop a work-related well-being scale that measures burnout and work engagement of blue-collar workers; (2) to test the newly developed items using Rasch analysis; and (3) to test the factorial validity and reliability of the new scale. A cross-sectional survey design was used in a convenience sample of blue-collar workers in different industries in South Africa (N=2769). Following scale development procedures, a scale was developed to measure burnout (exhaustion and cynicism) and work engagement (vigour and dedication). Using Rasch analyses, two items were eliminated, resulting in an 18-item instrument. Five items were retained to measure exhaustion, five items to measure cynicism, four items to measure vigour and four items to measure dedication. The results of the confirmatory factor analysis showed that a twofactor model with two higher-order factors – burnout (consisting of exhaustion and cynicism) and work engagement (consisting of vigour and dedication) – fit the data best. All the scales were reliable.
HEALTH STATUS AND LIFESTYLE RELATED RISK FACTORS AMONG MIGRANT WORKERS IN SHAH ALAM, MALAYSIA
Aisyah Binti Abdul Jabar,Khin Hla Hla Thein, Hasanain Faisal Ghazi, Mohammed A. AbdalQader, Hesham Shebl , Mohammed Faez Baobaid
global journal of public health medicine , DOI: -
Abstract: Introduction: In Malaysia, it’s about 4-5 million of the migrant’s workers that involve in occupation that seriously give and effect to their health, which is in construction, manufacturing, agriculture, services, and domestic work. Thus, study is conducted to identify the non- communicable disease (NCDs) risk factor among the migrant workers in migrant workers in Shah Alam of both genders. Methods: A cross- sectional study was conducted among 50 migrant workers in Shah Alam using convenience sampling method. Both questionnaires and measurement were used in data collection. The questionnaire included sociodemographic data, behavioral and lifestyle data and medical history. Results: A total of 32% of migrant workers either oversight or obese. 56% of them are involve in vigorous activity. most of them are not a smoker person which is about 86%. 20(40%) of them have history of hypertension only 6(12%) of them have diabetes Conclusion: The main findings of our study that, 32% of the migrant workers either overweight or obese. More health promotion and regular screening are required especially, for people with high risk or having hypertension and diabetes history.
Study on the Current Employment Situation of Migrant Workers  [PDF]
Lili Wang
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2017, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2017.51013
Abstract: After the Opinions of the State Council on Solving Problems of Migrant Workers is carried out, the migrant workers’ situation has been improved, especially that their income has been increased greatly, the problem of wages in arrears has been abated, and the services provided by the government have been enhanced. However, some basic problems such as the migrant workers’ low income and difficult life have not been changed fundamentally. Thus, in order to carry out all of the policies of solving migrant workers’ problems, we should promote the institutional innovation, increase related investment, and gradually eliminate the institutional and financial obstacles of the citizenization of migrant workers; only in these ways can we solve the migrant workers’ problems.
Social Influence of Migrant Workers’ ICT Using in China  [PDF]
Chun Mao
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2014, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2014.42007
Abstract:

Social influence is one of the most important factors in changing one’s behavior. There are many factors included in social influence of migrant workers’ information communication technology (ICT) using in China. For example, family, friends, related agencies such as Trade Union and the Department of human resources and social security, and the leaders of villages, play important roles in influencing the migrant workers community to use ICT equipment. The primary research method is quantitative. There are 200 migrant worker respondents from 4 provinces. The result indicates that social influence on migrant workers’ ICT usage is not high. Colleagues, family, and villagers do influence migrant workers’ use of ICT. The lowest mean score in this research is relating to the relevant migrant workers agencies.

The Commoditization of White Collar Work  [cached]
Andrew Holmes,John Ryan
International Journal of Business and Management , 2009, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v4n1p17
Abstract: The next wave is already upon us, although it still has a very long way to run. White collar work is now well on the way to commoditization. The combination of an aging population, the increased codification of work through the standardization of processes, the increasing sophistication and scope and scale of IT systems and the availability of a cheap and well educated labour force from across the world means that much of the routine work that is now undertaken by well paid staffers will eventually be automated, outsourced, offshored or executed by less expensive personnel. Be warned, this is not just about the simple and routine activities undertaken by administrative personnel. As we will see later, most white collar work is potentially up for grabs, including lawyers, consultants and even surgeons. In fact, any work which does not require high level expertise has the potential to be commoditized.
Is Midlife Occupational Physical Activity Related to Disability in Old Age? The SNAC-Kungsholmen Study  [PDF]
Elisabeth Rydwik, Anna-Karin Welmer, Sara Angleman, Laura Fratiglioni, Hui-Xin Wang
PLOS ONE , 2013, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0070471
Abstract: Objectives Leisure-time physical activity (PA) has been established to be related to more years lived without disability. However, less is known about the relationship between occupational PA and disability in old age. The aim of the study was 1) to investigate whether midlife occupational PA is related to late-life disability, and 2) to test the hypothesis that the association differs according to the occupational categories of blue and white collar work. Methods The study population was derived from the Swedish National Study on Aging and Care, and consisted of a random sample of 1804 subjects aged 72 and above. The association of occupational PA during the longest held occupation with disability in old age was determined using logistic regression. Results There was no significant relationship between occupational PA and disability in personal or instrumental activities of daily living (ADL) after controlling for demographic and health-related factors. However, in stratified analyses moderate levels of occupational PA was associated with a lower odds ratio of dependency in personal ADL amongst white collar workers, compared to low level of occupational PA (OR = 0.34 95% C1 0.12–0.98). Conclusions Moderate levels of midlife occupational PA were associated with a decreased risk of personal ADL disability in old age among white collar workers, but not among blue collar workers. Our results highlight the importance of encouraging white collar workers to engage in physical activity during or outside work hours.
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