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NEW CHALLENGES FACED BY EUROPEAN COMPANIES AND THEIR STAKEHOLDERS  [PDF]
SASU Dinu Vlad,MOCANU Mihaela,BOBE Claudia-Maria
Annals of the University of Oradea : Economic Science , 2010,
Abstract: The European Union is currently affected by the financial crisis that spread internationally. The member states face difficulties such as price volatility, uncertainties, liquidity issues, cases of bankruptcy, increased unemployment rate, and decreasing GDP. The present paper analyses the challenges faced under these new circumstances by the European companies and their stakeholders. By taking into consideration the threats and weaknesses faced by firms and other interested parties, we emphasize the importance that transparency and communication among companies and their stakeholder have in overcoming financial difficulties.
Challenges Faced by Manufacturing Companies in Sustaining Conformance to ISO9001:2008 in Zimbabwe: A Case Study of a Textiles Manufacturing Company
Eng. William Msekiwa Goriwondo,Davison Zimwara,,Samson Mhlanga,,C. T. Mutopa
International Journal of Innovative Technology and Exploring Engineering , 2012,
Abstract: Development of the ISO 9001:2008 Quality Management System (QMS) has seen many companies willing to implement it and get certification so as to improve quality delivery. Due to the globalization phenomenon, certification to ISO9001 becomes a prerequisite. Many manufacturing companies in Zimbabwe have been certified in a quest to improve their quality delivery. The main certification body in Zimbabwe is the Standards Association of Zimbabwe (SAZ). This paper is based on a case study research for KT Textiles and it assesses the challenges that one certified manufacturing company is facing in a bid to sustain conformance to the ISO 9001: 2008QMS. Questionnaires and Interviews were the main research instruments used in the study. There was also reference to archival records and minutes of important meetings from the organization. Using stratified random sampling, questionnaires were administered to both managers and employees drawn from different departments. Employees were also interviewed to provide further information to compliment the questionnaire data. The data was analyzed using statistical graphs and charts. This research identified how the organization applies the 8 principles of ISO 9001:2008 QMS. The research findings revealed that the main challenges faced by the firm in maintaining the QMS are lack of top management involvement and support, lack of employee creativity and innovation, lack of focused internal audits, preventive maintenance schedule and data analysis lack priority.
The Challenges of Innovation in American Companies: An Executive Ethnographic Investigation
Crane,Frederick G; Meyer,Marc H;
Journal of technology management & innovation , 2011, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-27242011000400014
Abstract: effective, sustained innovation remains one of the great challenges facing almost every company in america. but research shows that the average firm is failing at innovation most of the time. using an ethnographic research approach, including field research and depth interviewing, the authors of the paper report what executives revealed as the principal reasons why their companies are struggling with innovation.
Challenges in Management Accounting Innovation Adoption: Evidence from Malaysian Companies
International Journal of Finance and Accounting , 2013, DOI: 10.5923/j.ijfa.20130202.13
Abstract: The purpose of this paper is to highlight the main challenges or issues in the adoption of Value Engineering (VE) viewed as a management accounting innovative technique within Malaysian companies. VE relates to a systematic and multi-disciplinary team approach adopted by companies which analyze the functional requirements of new and existing products, projects or services. The aim is to achieve the essential function at the lowest overall cost while maintaining customers’ optimum value assurance. A survey was conducted to determine VE issues faced by companies within each of the Malaysian automotive and construction industries. The survey findings showed that time and attitude related issues encountered by both the industries were the main challenges that were holding up VE application. The paper contributes to the literature in management accounting innovation domain specifically in relation to VE by highlighting VE adoption critical challenges, as opposed to presenting critical success factors. The findings of the study will provide important insights for companies on possible challenges faced when contemplating how to introduce innovative technique such as VE into their social system. An understanding of the challenges in innovation adoption will bring greater confidence of success when implementing management accounting techniques such as VE.
Innovation in the Public Sector: Public Managers Challenges and Future Prospects  [cached]
Dan Florin STANESCU
Essachess : Journal for Communication Studies , 2009,
Abstract: Public managers are graduated young people who passed trough an accelerated development program preparing them for careers at the highest levels of the Civil Service. Civil Service fast streamers are exposed to a range of placements in government departments and agencies and they are placed in regularly changing roles of intensive responsibility to prepare them for future senior managerial positions. Methodology: Interviews with major stakeholders took place in order to find out their opinions on the overall impact of public managers on the Romanian Civil Service over the last 3 years. More than 25 senior civil servants and 40 Public Managers were interviewed using both face to face and phone interviews. The research is the more important as the studies on the subject are almost inexistent and it approaches a group of people being in essence, policy advisers, project leaders, experts, liaison and many other job titles all in one. Therefore, it is highly important to understand the challanges and future prospects of those Public Managers as they represent a group of people able to meet the fresh challanges that come from the rapidly changing business and political environment.
Returnee Managers and Enterprise Innovation Performance—Based on the Corporate Risk-Taking  [PDF]
Jing Qiao
Modern Economy (ME) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/me.2019.103042
Abstract:

This paper uses the data of 224 Chinese listed companies from 2007 to 2017 to study the relationship between returnee managers, risk-taking and corporate innovation performance. The research results show that the returnee managers are significantly positively correlated with the innovation performance of the enterprise; the returnee managers are positively related to the enterprise risk-taking; the risk-taking is the mediator of the returnee managers and the innovation performance of the enterprises.

Innovation Environment in Small Technology-Based Companies
Gon?alves Silveira Fiates,Gabriela; Azevedo Fiates,José Eduardo; Ribeiro Serra,Fernando A; Portugal Ferreira,Manuel;
Journal of technology management & innovation , 2010, DOI: 10.4067/S0718-27242010000300006
Abstract: innovation has been identified as a strategy to achieve competitive advantage, particularly in contexts of change and especially for technology-based companies - tbcs. although the adoption of innovation strategies is not easy, small companies have an organizational environment more conducive to innovation. this article examines how managers and employees of small tbcs perceive aspects of the internal environment of innovation in the organization (culture, organizational structure, personnel and infrastructure) and their suitability for the innovation process. this is a qualitative research from a multicase study on five companies located in an incubator. data were collected through open interviews, using a semi-structured script, with one of the managers and two employees from each company. data were analyzed from preliminary content analysis. the results showed some discrepancies between the perceptions of managers and employees about the issues investigated and their suitability for the innovation system, as well as between reality and the theoretical basis used.
Managing Innovation: An Empirical study of innovation and Change in Public and Private Companies  [cached]
Ugo Joseph Nnanna
Journal of Management Research , 2009, DOI: 10.5296/jmr.v1i2.120
Abstract: The purpose of this research was to study the impact of innovation and change in public and private companies and its relationship to the overall net income or losses in the respective companies. The research describes and explains the relationship between managers/leaders and how innovation and change is perceived in these companies by the key employees’. The factors that will be considered in this study are the behavioral aspects of employees’ perception of innovation, and their ability to accept change in their respective daily functions. Results for Hypothesis 1 for all companies based on the surveyed results demonstrate that under favorable economic conditions companies with good leadership easily implement innovation and have favorable bottom line. Hypothesis 2 for all companies also demonstrates that under favorable economic conditions employees that are open to Innovation and Change in Public and Private Companies directly translates to a favorable bottom line.
The dimensions of it portfolio management (ITPM): an analysis involving it managers in Brazilian companies
Dolci, Pietro Cunha;Ma?ada, Ant?nio Carlos Gastaud;
JISTEM - Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management , 2011, DOI: 10.4301/S1807-17752011000200005
Abstract: the aim of this study is to explore and validate the dimensions of it portfolio management (itpm) in brazilian companies, based on three different models. five case studies were carried out in brazilian companies that invest more than nine million reals per year in it. eight top it executives from those organizations who had knowledge of the dimensions of itpm were interviewed. items were modified and new items included within the dimensions, while examples of equipment or systems applicable to each of the four dimensions were also identified. research that helps managers to better understand and structure their it investments by using the dimensions of itpm is important to assist in the management of such resources.
THE DIMENSIONS OF IT PORTFOLIO MANAGEMENT (ITPM): AN ANALYSIS INVOLVING IT MANAGERS IN BRAZILIAN COMPANIES  [cached]
Pietro Cunha Dolci,Ant?nio Carlos Gastaud Ma?ada
JISTEM - Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management , 2011,
Abstract: The aim of this study is to explore and validate the dimensions of IT Portfolio Management(ITPM) in Brazilian companies, based on three different models. Five case studies were carriedout in Brazilian companies that invest more than nine million reals per year in IT. Eight top ITexecutives from those organizations who had knowledge of the dimensions of ITPM wereinterviewed. Items were modified and new items included within the dimensions, whileexamples of equipment or systems applicable to each of the four dimensions were alsoidentified. Research that helps managers to better understand and structure their IT investmentsby using the dimensions of ITPM is important to assist in the management of such resources.
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