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SIMULATION OF THE TWIN ROLL STAINLESS STRIP CASTING PROCESS
YC Miao,XM Zhang,GD Wang,
Y.C. Miao
,X.M. Zhang,G.D. Wang,H.S. Di and X.H. Liu

金属学报(英文版) , 2001,
Abstract: The position of the solidification completed temperature of twin roll stainless strip casting process is very important to the quality of the casting strip. In order to control this position, the .solidification completed temperature should be known at first. The present paper first. simulated dendritic microsegregation under conditions of twin roll stainless strip casting, and got the relationship between the temperature and solid fraction of the mush zone. The temperatures such as ZDT (equal to the solidifica- tion completed temperature and LIT (liquid impenetrable temperature), et al., also were obtained. Then by using the turbulent model, the flow and thermal fields of the pool of the twin roll stainless strip casting, and the speed and temperature fields oj different casting speeds were given cud also explained. The results are coincident with the experimental result. Combined with the results of these two simulations, the appropriated casting speed was found.
Clad strip casting by a twin roll caster  [PDF]
T. Haga,R. Nakamura,S. Kumai,H. Watari
Archives of Materials Science and Engineering , 2009,
Abstract: Purpose: Of this paper is to realize the casting of the clad strip by only one process. Therefore, the investigation of the ability of the casting of the clad strip by a vertical type twin roll caster was operated. The aim of the use of the twin roll caster to make clad strip was in the reduction of the production-energy of the clad strip.Design/methodology/approach: Used in the present study was a vertical type twin roll caster with the scriber. The scriber was used to prevent the mixture of the two kinds of the melts. The scriber was set at roll-bite, and the scriber contacted to the one of solidification layer. The melt was stopped by the scriber and the only the solidification layer was dragged by the roll.Findings: The clad strip with the clear interface could be by the vertical type twin roll caster with the scriber. The scriber was useful to drag only the solid and semisolid layer. The two kinds of strips were connected strictly at the interface of the clad strip. The clad strip was not broken at the interface by the continuous bending.Research limitations/implications: Are that 100 mm width-strip was cast in the present study. Ability of the clad strip that is wider than 100 mm was not clear. The control of the clad ratio was not investigated.Practical implications: The twin roll caster devised and investigated in this report is useful to cast clad strip like the brazing sheet for the radiator of the automobile.Originality/value: The vertical type twin roll cater to cast clad strip is original process. The scriber was used to prevent the mixture of the two kinds of melts. The scriber was not used in the previous research to cast clad strip at the twin roll caster, and use of the scriber was the first try.
High speed twin roll casting of 6016 strip  [PDF]
T. Haga,M. Ikawa,H. Watari,S. Kumai
Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering , 2006,
Abstract: Purpose: of this paper is to clear the possibility of high speed roll casting of thin aluminum alloy strip. 6016aluminum alloy is used for sheet metal of the automobile. Therefore, casting of 6016 was tried in this study.Castability and characteristics of roll cast 6016 strip were investigated.Design/methodology/approach: was a high speed twin roll caster. The high speed twin roll caster was designedto overcome the low castability of the twin roll caster.Findings: are as below. The 6016 could be cast at speed of 60 m/min. The thickness of the 6016 was 3 mm.The microstructure at as-cast and after T6 heat treatment was shown. The microstructure was very fine by theeffect of the rapid solidification. The mechanical properties were investigated by the tension test and 180 degreesbending test. The as-cast strip could be cold rolled down to 1 mm without homogenization. The result of tensiontest (gage length 50mm) of T4 strip was as below, tensile stress was 242 MPa, proof stress was 123 MPa andelongation was 26%. There was no crack at the outer surface of 180-degree-bent strip until contact. This showsthe strip endure the hem forming.Research limitations/implications: is the width of the strip was 100 mm. The test using a large scale twin rollcaster must be operated.Practical implications: are as below. The mechanical properties of the roll-cast 6016 were enough for the sheetmetal for the automobile. The low productivity of the twin roll caster could be improved, and economy 6016strip was able to produce.Originality/value: is that 6016 strip could be cast at speed 60 m/min and this strip had good mechanicalproperties.
High speed twin roll casting of 6016 aluminium alloy strip  [PDF]
H. Sakaguchi,T. Haga,H. Watari,S Kumai
Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering , 2007,
Abstract: Purpose: of this paper is to clear the possibility of high speed roll casting of aluminum alloy strip. In the bodyof the automobiles, a sheet of 6016 aluminum alloy is adopted for the outer panel. Therefore, casting of 6016was tried in this study. Characteristics of roll cast 6016 were investigated.Design/methodology/approach: was a high speed twin roll caster. The high speed twin roll caster was designedto overcome the low castability of the twin roll caster.Findings: are as below. 6016 alloy could be cast into the strip continuously at the speed of 60m/min. Thethickness of the strip was 3.4 mm. The microstructure at as-cast and after T4 heat treatment was shown. Themicrostructure was very fine. The mechanical properties were investigated by the tensile test and 180 degreesvending test. The as-cast strip could be cold rolled without homogenization to 1mm. Result of tensile test wastensile strength was 230MPa, 0.2% proof stress was 118MPa and elongation was 33%. 6016 strip of T4 heattreatment could be bent 180 degrees without occurrence of crack at the outer surface or breaking.Research limitations/implications: is the width of the strip was 100 mm. It is necessary to test twin roll casterequipped wide rolls.Practical implications: are as below. The mechanical properties of the roll-cast 6016 were enough for the sheetmetal for the automobile. The low productivity of the twin roll caster could be improved.Originality/value: is that 6016 strip could be cast continuously at speed 60 m/min and this strip had goodmechanical properties.
Casting of aluminum alloy strip using an unequal diameter twin roll caster  [PDF]
T. Haga,H. Inui,H. Watari,S. Kumai
Archives of Materials Science and Engineering , 2008,
Abstract: Purpose: of this paper is to clear the property and ability of an unequal diameter twin roll caster to castcommercial size strip. Therefore, 400mm-width strip was cast as first step. Surface-condition, microstructure andmechanical property of the strip was investigated.Design/methodology/approach: Method used in the present study was an unequal diameter twin roll caster.This method was devised to realize easy operation of the twin roll casting and increase of casting speed.Findings: are that 400-width-strip of 3084, 5182 and 6022 could be cast at speed of 20 m/min. This strip wasabout 4 mm-thick. There were some defects on the surface. As cast strip could be cold-rolled down to sheetof 1 mm-thick. 180 degrees bending test was operated on the 6022 sheet after T4 heat treatment. Crack did notoccurred at the outer surface when strip was bent at width-direction.Research limitations/implications: is that the quantity of the melt was 21kg and investigation of theproperties was not enough for practical use. The larger weight of melt must be cast for production.Practical implications: are as below. The 400mm-width strip can be cast easily by the unequal diameter twinroll caster. This caster can be adapted to 3083, 5182 and 6022.Originality/value: as below. The economy sheet with 400mm width can be produced by the unequal diameter twinroll caster. 3083, 5182 and 6022 can be cast at the speed of 20m/min. The thickness of the strip was about 4mm.
High speed roll casting of Mg alloy strip by a vertical type twin roll caster  [PDF]
T. Haga,H. Watari,S. Kumai
Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering , 2006,
Abstract: Purpose: The possibility of high speed roll casting of AZ31, AM60 and AZ91 was investigated. Warm deep drawing of roll cast magnesium alloy was operated. and formability of roll cast magnesium strip was cleared.Design/methodology/approach: A vertical type high speed twin roll caster was used. The roll casting was operated in the air atmosphere. The casting speed was from 60 m/min up to 180 m/min. Low temperature casting was adopted to realize high speed casting.Findings: Strip thinner 3 mm with 100 width could be cast continuously. The casting ability became better with increasing content of Al. Roll cast Mg alloy strips could be hot-rolled down to 0.5 mm. AZ31 as-cast strip could be thinner down to 0.5 mm only by three times of hot rolling. Deep drawing was operated with three kinds of Mg alloy at 250°C, and LDR value was larger than 2.0. It was shown that deep drawing of AZ91 alloy for casting was possible.Research limitations/implications: There was tendency that cracks occurred at the center in the thickness direction as Al content increased.Practical implications: Sheet metal forming of magnesium alloy with high content Al can be realized.Originality/value: It was shown that possibility of high speed roll casting of magnesium alloy, and warm deep drawing of roll cast AZ91 strip.
Aluminum Alloy Semisolid Strip Casting Using an Unequal Diameter Twin Roll Caster  [PDF]
T. Haga,H. Sakaguchi,H. Inui,H. Watari
Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering , 2005,
Abstract: Purpose: A Purpose of the present study was to break through the disadvantage of the twin roll caster for aluminum alloy. They were slow casting speed and limitation of alloy. For example, the casting speed was slower than 5 m/min, and casting of hypereutectic Al-Si alloy was difficult. In order to break through the disadvantages, semisolid casting using an unequal diameter twin roll caster was tested its ability.Design/methodology/approach: The specification of the unequal diameter twin roll caster is as below. The diameter of the upper roll was 250 mm, and that of the lower roll was 1000 mm. The width of the roll was 100 mm. The semisolid slurry was made by a cooling slope.Findings: The microstructure of the strip became very fine. Especially, primary and eutectic Si became very fine. This was the effect of rapid solidification. As the result, the ductility of Al-16%Si was improved.Research limitations/implications: 6111 aluminum alloy strip was cast at speeds of 5, 10 and 20 m/min. This caster could cast the strip at the speeds higher than the conventional twin roll caster. Start of casting was very easy. The hypereutectic Al-16%Si alloy, which has wide freezing zone, could be cast in to the strip by the unequal diameter twin roll caster. This was the effect of the cooling of the strip on the lower roll.Originality/value: The roll cast Al-16mass%Si strip had good ductility, and could be cold rolled. Annealed 0.5 mm thick Al-16mass%Si could be bent at radius of 0.75mm.
Investigation of the solute transportation coupled with heat transfer and fluid flow during twin-roll strip casting process

Yongsheng WANG,Chenxi JI,Jiongming ZHANG,Xinhua WANG,Wanjun WANG,

金属学报(英文版) , 2009,
Abstract: Mathematical model of solute C] distribution in twin-roll strip casting process has been setup successfully with Calcosoft for the first time. Simulation result shows that in the center of the molten steel pool between the two rolls there is a vortex flow, which is a solute enriched area. But the highest solute concentration position is at the solidification front of the columnar grain zone near the cooling roll surface. Another solute enriched position is in the back flow above the nip point. Combined wit...
High speed twin roll casting of Al-3Si-0.6Mg strip  [PDF]
T. Haga,M. Ikawa,H.Watari,S.Kumai
Journal of Achievements in Materials and Manufacturing Engineering , 2006,
Abstract: Purpose: Purpose of this paper is to clear the possibility of high speed roll casting of thin strip of Al-3%Si-0.6%Mg alloy. Investigation of the mechanical properties of the roll cast Al-3%Si-0.6%Mg strip was purpose, too.Design/methodology/approach: Method used in the present study was high speed twin roll caster and low temperature casting. These methods were used to realize rapid solidification, and increase of casting speed.Findings: Findings are that Al-3%Si-0.6%Mg was could be cast at speed of 60 m/min. This strip was 3.1 mm-thick. As cast strip could be cold-rolled down to sheet of 1 mm-thick. 180 degrees bending test was operated on the sheet after T4 heat treatment and crack was not occurred at the outer surface.Research limitations/implications: Research limitation is that the width of the strip was 100 mm and investigation of the properties was not enough for practical use. Wider strip must be cast using the twin roll caster of the size for production.Practical implications: Practical implications are as below. The economy sheet for the auto mobile can be produced by the high speed twin roll caster. Al-3%Si-0.6%Mg can be used both the casting and plastic forming. Therefore, fractionation in the recycle of the aluminum alloy will becomes easy. The content of Fe in the recycled aluminum alloy increases. Fe becomes intermetallic of AlSiFe. Si for Mg2Si becomes deficient. 3%Si was enough for Mg2Si if AlSiFe was precipitated. Al-3%Si-0.6%Mg is suitable for recycle.Originality/value: The result means the roll cast Al-3%Si-0.6%Mg has ability to be used as the body sheet of the auto mobile.
Microstructure and Eutectic Carbide Morphology of the High Speed Steel Strips Produced by Twin Roll Strip Casting Process
Hongshuang DI,Xiaoming ZHANG,Guodong WANG,Xianghua LIU,
HongshuangDI
,XiaomingZHANG,GuodongWANG,XianghuaLIU

材料科学技术学报 , 2003,
Abstract: The M2 high-speed steel strip was produced by using the laboratory scale twin roll strip caster. The microstructure and eutectic carbide morphology of thus produced products were observed and analyzed, and the comparison of those with conventional products was carried out. The effects of the processing parameters such as the melting temperature, the pouring temperature, rolling speed and separating force on the microstructure and eutectic carbide morphology and their distribution were analyzed. The spheroidizing process of the strips in the annealing process was investigated. The relations between the growth and spheroidizing of the eutectic carbide and the annealing technology were obtained, and the mechanism of the twin roll strip casting process improving the eutectic carbide spheroidizing was discussed. The theoretical instruction for determining the subsequent treatment process was provided.
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