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Roger Neil Lawrey,Janaki Ram Pillarisetti
Asian Social Science , 2011, DOI: 10.5539/ass.v7n3p108
Abstract: Energy prices in Brunei are highly subsidised and have not changed for over twenty years. Electricity is priced at approximately B$0.06 (US$0.044) per kWh and petrol (gasoline) varies from B$0.36 (US$0.26) per litre for regular to a maximum of B$0.53 (US$0.38) per litre for premium unleaded. With oil and natural gas prices at relatively high historical levels and the government attempting to reduce its influence on the economy and promote privatisation, the increasing size of the subsidies has come to the attention of policy makers. This paper considers likely market prices for energy in Brunei given current institutions and infrastructure and discusses issues associated with removal of the subsidies in this unique economy.
Dynamics and Inequalities in Energy Efficiency in China  [PDF]
Huijuan Xiao, Linhai Mei
Energy and Power Engineering (EPE) , 2019, DOI: 10.4236/epe.2019.113008
Abstract: As rapid economic growth in China in recent decades, the quality of economic growth through improvement of energy efficiency has attracted great attention. This paper evaluated energy efficiency of 29 provinces in China between 2000 and 2016 based on a global non-radial directional distance function. Moreover, the dynamics of energy efficiency were investigated using the non-radial global Malmquist-type efficiency index. The paper also sheds light on the evolution of inequalities in energy efficiency by decomposing interprovincial inequality into its within-region and between-region components. The findings of the study are as follows. First, the national energy efficiency was 0.49 in 2016, which indicated that 51% improvement could be made to reach the global technology frontier. Tianjin, Shanghai, Jiangsu, Shandong and Guangdong had the best energy efficiency in 2016, while Ningxia and Xinjiang had the lowest performance. Second, the national annual growth rate of energy efficiency was 3.4% between 2011 and 2016, which was a positive sign of energy efficiency improvement. Shandong made the biggest improvement in energy efficiency from 2011 to 2016, with 26.2% annual growth rate. Lastly, within-region inequality saw a decreasing trend after 2010 and was overtaken by between-region inequality in 2016.
Rebate subsidies, matching subsidies and isolation effects  [PDF]
Douglas D. Davis
Judgment and Decision Making , 2006,
Abstract: In a series of recent experiments (Davis, Millner and Reilly, 2005, Eckel and Grossman, 2003, 2005a-c, 2006), matching subsidies generate significantly higher charity receipts than do theoretically equivalent rebate subsidies. This paper reports a laboratory experiment conducted to examine whether the higher receipts are attributable to a relative preference for matching subsidies or to an ``isolation effect'' (McCaffery and Baron, 2003, 2006). Some potential policy implications of isolation effects on charitable contributions are also
Lucr?ri ?tiin?ifice : Management Agricol , 2009,
Abstract: The work approaches theoretical problems regarding the role of subsidies in agriculture, the situation of the subsidies in Romania, as well as the accounting policies regarding these subsidies. From the accounting point of view, we followed how the politics are being applied by the companies with agricultural orientation, for the two categories: subsidies related to the assets and subsidies related to incomes.
Subsidies and their Implications on Fisheries Management in St. Lucia
Kaitlan Lay
Dalhousie Journal of Interdisciplinary Management , 2011, DOI: 10.5931/djim.v7i1.63
Abstract: Worldwide, fisheries subsidies contribute to fleet overcapacity, overfishing, and to the decimation of the marine environment. Despite the fact that small-scale fisheries catch roughly the same amount of edible fish while causing less overall environmental damage, government preference for subsidy allotment continues to be in favor of industrial fisheries. St. Lucia is a Caribbean island which is recognized as a small vulnerable economy that relies heavily on its small-scale fisheries for economic and social development. The island nation has become largely dependent on foreign subsidies towards its fishery sector, with the majority of the subsidies designated to capacity enhancing programs, which lead to resource overexploitation. This report discusses the importance of directing subsidies away from programs that negatively impact the fishery and moving them towards beneficial programs, with a focus on the development and implementation of effective fisheries management systems for St. Lucia.
Research on the Effect of Government Information disclosure System on the Allocation Efficiency and Application Performance of Financial Subsidies

- , 2018,
Abstract: 政府信息公开是提高政府透明度及行政效率的重要制度安排,深刻影响政府资源配置效率与应用绩效。以我国2011-2015年A股民营上市公司为样本,研究企业注册地政府信息公开质量对企业财政补贴可获性及补贴绩效的影响,结果显示:政府信息公开程度越高的地区,民营企业通过政治关系获取财政补贴现象得以有效抑制,财政补贴配置效率和财政补贴的使用绩效更高。
The government information disclosure is the important institutional arrangements to improve government transparency and administrative efficiency, and has deeply influenced the government resource allocation effect, the fair competition environment and enterprise performance. Based on a sample of China's A-share listed private companies in 2011-2015, we study the impact of information disclosure quality of governments where companies are sampled on the availability of government subsidies and subsidies performance. Results show that: government information disclosure can effectively enhance government resources allocation efficiency; and have a positive impact on government subsidies performance. Our research conclusion shows that, in the area where Chinese government information publicity is high, curbing enterprises that relying too much on political relations to seek government subsidies; is more feasible, and the efficiency of allocation government subsidy and performance levels is higher.
Lead blood levels and others biomarkers, in children exposed to a lead smeltery. Lastenia, Tucumán, Argentina
Nora Martínez Riera,Norma Soria,Gabriela Feldman,Nora Riera
RETEL : Revista de Toxicología en Línea , 2006,
Abstract: Lead can produces adverse effects in the health of people, among others environmental contaminants. Lead absorption in growing children produces alterations in nervous system, reduces intellectual capacity, learning abilities, memory and social behavior. Several studies show that safety levels of lead in blood are related to alterations in growing up, audition, attention, learning abilities and behavior in children.Objective: perform a biological monitoring of a children group which have as a lead provider a lead smeltery near their homes. Some of them have problems with learning, behavior and memory.Methods: School children between five and sixteen years old were included in an evaluation by a learning local school committee in order to search witch of them have either learning or memory problems.Laboratory investigation: ALA -D ( amino delta levulinic dehidratase in blood and ALA-U (amino levulinic acid) in 24 hours urine and lead in blood as markers of exposition.Statistics: descriptive.Results: 133 childs; Lead: media: 22,9 ug/dl (10-45 ug/dl); ALA-D: media 14,7 U/L (2-23 U/L ), ALA-U: media 11 mg/l ( 5-45 mg/l ).Conclusion: in order with the high porcentage of children with elevated levels of lead in blood and showing the impact of the effect in long time period , the systematic and routine evaluation of etiology and clinical evaluation of children with neuroconductal alterations and or neurological problems may include lead investigation and diagnosis of lead intoxication.The relevance of the information about the effects of environmental contaminants in population health may be powered in order to perform corrective actions, understand the present problem and in the future prevent them.
Two Kantorovich-type inequalities and efficiency comparisons between the OLSE and BLUE  [cached]
Liu Shuangzhe,King Maxwell L
Journal of Inequalities and Applications , 2002,
Abstract: We first establish two matrix-determinant Kantorovich-type inequalities. Then we introduce two efficiency criteria and make efficiency comparisons between the ordinary least squares estimator and best linear unbiased estimator in linear models.
Zlatko Pu?kadija,Ivan ?tefani?,Nikola Kezi?,Zoran Grgi?
Poljoprivreda (Osijek) , 2001,
Abstract: Beekeeping in Croatia unlike many other productions was not subsidized until mid nineties. At the time of introduction of first subsidies honey market was very inefficient, and there was hardly any market for other bee products. Several years of implementation enables first analyses. The investigation is based on two complementary data sets, quantitative data on production and subsidies and farmers attitude toward importance of various measures. Croatian beekeepers compared with their colleagues from other transitional countries make business quite well. Major characteristics of Croatian beekeeping are low density (2.7 beehives per km2), relatively high degree of concentration (22.7 beehives per beekeeper) and relatively intensive production (20 kg of honey per beehive and year). Additional importance to the beekeeping gives the export being more than 1/10 of honey production. Introduction of subsidy for honey production in 1998 resulted in 12% increased annual production in 1999. Besides, a number of beehives increased by 11% in 1999, after just one year of beekeeping subsidy. According to HSSC-a in 1997 Croatian beekeepers produced 16000 queens. In 2001 they produced already 38968. Investigation of farmers’ attitude toward influence of various subsidies on their business decisions showed that more than half of beekeepers claimed they were not influenced at all. Subsidies for honey production and queen production had, partially or fully influence on decisions of 25% beekeepers. Subsidy for queen testing had partially or fully influence on decisions of 25% beekeepers. Subsidy for beekeeping was the most important for beekeepers (30.8% of beekeepers werepartially or fully influenced), although implementation of this measure was difficult since there is no registry of the beekeepers.
Effects of operating parameters on efficiency of lead removal by complexation-microfiltration process  [PDF]
Trivunac Katarina V.,Stevanovi? Slavica M.
Hemijska Industrija , 2012, DOI: 10.2298/hemind111122007t
Abstract: Majority of lead content found in the environment is the result of human activities. Heavy metals can be hazardous because they tend to bioaccumulate. Complexation-microfiltration process for the removal of Pb(II) ions was studied. The aim of microfiltration of the model wastewater containing heavy metal ions was finding an optimum ratio between the concentrations of the complexing agent and metal, and determining the most favorable pH value. The microfiltration experiments were carried out in a stirred dead-end cell. Diethylaminoethyl cellulose (DEAE 23) was selected as the complexing agent. Versapor membranes were used to separate formed polymer-metal complex. The concentration of heavy metal ions after microfiltration in aqueous solution was determined using the atomic absorption spectroscopy (AAS). Effects on the amount of complexing agent, concentration of metal ion, pH value and operating pressure on the flux, J, and rejection coefficient, R, were investigated. Experimental results indicate that the pH of the solution has considerable influence on the rejection coefficient. An increase in pH and the amount of complexing agents enabled us to obtain very high retention coefficient (99%).
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