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社会网络视野下的乾隆治疆方略——兼评“新清史”研究
 [PDF]

焦若水
- , 2016,
Abstract: 摘要 清代国家疆域的形成是传统帝国向现代国家转型的重要标志。基于乾隆时期治疆理念的形成和发展历史,参考米华健《嘉峪关外》的叙事主轴,本文试图描述乾隆皇帝、中央与地方官员、改革派知识分子以及内地移民和商队等外在力量,与新疆本地民众、伯克、商人等本地力量的交互互动对清代新疆治理所产生的影响。研究发现,走出困扰“新清史”的情绪甚至主义之辩,人口格局和经济势力的变化才是理解清代新疆治理观念、格局及其成因的关键,以皇帝个人色彩体现出来的治理架构,背后的真正动因是客观的结构性社会现实与社会网络境况。
东疆春季一次大风沙尘天气成因分析
The Cause Analysis of a Windy Dust Weather in Spring in Eastern Xinjiang
 [PDF]

冯瑶
Climate Change Research Letters (CCRL) , 2016, DOI: 10.12677/CCRL.2016.52010
Abstract:
本文利用常规观测资料、数值预报和自动气象站资料,对东疆地区2015年春季一次大风沙尘天气进行了分析,结果表明:此次大风沙尘天气是高空低压槽、地面冷锋和冷高压移动过境所致,强的热力和动力条件是大风沙尘形成和维持的主要因素,大风沙尘发生的区域,大气处于高能不稳定状态,涡度、散度、总温度都有明显的指示意义。
Using the conventional observation data, numerical prediction and automatic weather stations data, this paper analyzed the windy dust weather in spring of 2015 in Eastern Xinjiang. The results showed that: the windy dust resulted from the upper low trough, surface cold front and moving cold high pressure, strong thermal and dynamic conditions were the main factors for the formation and maintenance of windy dust. In occurred area, the atmosphere is in a state of high energy. Vorticity, divergence and total temperature have obvious implications.
THE EAST XINJIANG-TYPE MAFIC-ULTRAMAFIC COMPLEXES IN OROGENIC ENVIRONMENTS
造山带环境中的东疆型镁铁—超镁铁杂岩

Gu Lianxing,Zhu Jianlin,Guo Jichun,Liao Jinjuan,Yan Zhenfu,Yan Hao,
顾连兴
,王金珠

岩石学报 , 1994,
Abstract: 新疆东部黄山-镜儿泉一带产有大-中型铜镍矿床的镁铁-超镁铁岩体是中石炭统弧后盆地引张环境下的热侵位产物,主要岩石类型有橄榄岩、辉橄岩、橄辉岩、二辉岩、辉长苏长岩、苏长辉长岩、辉长岩、橄长岩、辉长岩和闪长岩等;其超镁铁岩相对富铁.不具变质组构,并具橄榄石+斜方辉石+单斜辉石+角闪石±斜长石矿物组合;岩石化学以富硅、贫碱、贫铝、贫钙为特征,并具拉斑玄武岩系演化趋势。这些岩体是造山带杂岩体的一种新类型,可称为东疆型。
NEW TAXA OF THE GENUS RANUNCULUS FROM CHINA AND THEIR KARYOTYPES
中国毛茛属新分类群及其核型

Liao Liang Xu Ling-ling,
廖亮
,徐玲玲

植物分类学报 , 1997,
Abstract: Ranunculus shuichengensis L. Liao from Guizhou Province and R. silerifolius Levl var dolicanthus L. Liao from Yunnan Province are described as new and their kary-otypes are also reported in this paper. The new species showed two karyotypes, i. e. the common type 2n = 2x = 16 = 4m 2sm 10st(2SAT) and the heterozygoustype 2n = 2x = 16 = 4m 2sm 9st(lSAT) It(lSAT). The karyotype variation was the occurrence of het-eromorphous SAT-chromosomes. It is similar to R. trigonus Hand-Mazz. in mophology and karyotype, but different from the latter by petals broad-obovate, achenes suborbilcular and reduced short arm of SAT-chromosomes (See Plate 1). The karyotype of the new variety (2n = 2x=16 = 4m 2sm 10st(2SAT)) is not the same as that of var. silerifolius. According to the characteristics of the morphology and chromosomes, we consider that the two new taxa under study and R. trigonus are intermediate in the transition from x = 8 to x =7.
New Taxa of the Genus Ranunculus from China and Their Karyotypes
中国毛茛属新分类群及其核型

Liao Liang,Xu Ling-ling,
廖亮
,徐玲玲

中国科学院研究生院学报 , 1997,
Abstract: Ranunculus shuichengensis L. Liao from Guizhou Province and R. silerifolius Lévl var dolicanthus L. Liao from Yunnan Province are described as new and their karyotypes are also reported in this paper. The new species showed two karyotypes, i. e. the commnon type 2n = 2x= 16 = 4m + 2sm + 10st(2SAT) and the heterozygoustype 2n = 2x = 16= 4m + 2sm + 9st(1SAT) + 1t(1SAT). The karyotype variation was the occurrence of het eromorphous SAT-chromosomes. It is similar to R. trigonus Hand-Mazz. in mophology and karyotype, but different from the latter by petals broad-obovate, achenes suborbilcular and reduced short arm of SAT-chromosomes (See Plate 1 ). The karyotype of the new variety (2n=2x=16 = 4m + 2sm + 10st(2SAT)) is not the same as that of var. silerifolius. According to the characteristics of the morphology and chromosomes, we consider that the two new taxa under study and R. trigonus are intermediate in the transition from x = 8 to x= 7.
Holocene Climatic Instability Recorded by a Lake Sediment Section in Northeast Xinjiang, China
东疆北部全新世气候不稳定性的湖泊沉积记录

XUE Ji-bin,ZHONG Wei,ZHAO Yin-juan,PENG Xiao-ying,
薛积彬
,钟 巍,赵引娟,彭晓莹

中国沙漠 , 2008,
Abstract: 对新疆东疆北部巴里坤湖2.5m深的沉积剖面进行了年代学、沉积物粒度、TOC、磁化率和CaCO3含量分析,对比研究确定了巴里坤湖的碳库年龄约为750a,据此建立了研究剖面的年代序列。研究表明,各气候代用指标序列揭示了巴里坤湖地区全新世期间存在多次干湿气候波动,并伴随着一系列突发气候事件,其中有6次事件可以与全新世北大西洋浮冰碎屑事件及GISP2冰芯氧同位素记录进行良好对比,且呈现出显著约1.6ka的变化周期,表明高纬度北大西洋地区的气候变化可能通过对西风环流的影响与中国西北干旱区的气候变化密切相关。谱分析揭示出研究区气候变化还具有显著的200a,133a,108a和77a周期,可能与太阳活动周期有关。63.0—5200calaBP和4300-3500calaBP期间巴里坤湖地区气候较为干旱,结合广泛的区域对比认为,中全新世干旱事件具有普遍性。
Cluster Analysis of Ranunculus Species
SURANTO
Biodiversitas , 2002,
Abstract: The aim of the experiment was to examine whether the morphological characters of eleven species of Ranunculus collected from a number of populations were in agreement with the genetic data (isozyme). The method used in this study was polyacrilamide gel electrophoresis using peroxides, estarase, malate dehydrogenase, and acid phosphatase enzymes. The results showed that cluster analysis based on isozyme data have given a good support to classification of eleven species based on morphological groups. This study concluded that in certain species each morphological variation was profit to be genetically based.
Studies on Ranunculus Population: Isozymic Pattern
SURANTO
Biodiversitas , 2001,
Abstract: Species of Ranunculus is small herb grows at quite high altitudes, ranging from several hundreds to more than a thousand meter above sea level. They can occupy a variety of habitats such as moist soils or can even grow sub merged or floating in stream. A few numbers of species from different populations have been recorded to have morphological complexity, which could cause a problem for the work of taxonomists in making decisions. In order to support taxonomists in solving their problem, a new experimental method using SDS-PAGE will be used to explore the isozyme data. The main purpose of this research was to investigate whether or not isozyme data can be used to clarify the morphological complexity of Ranunculus species. In this study, nine species of Ranunculus from different populations were used. Five to twenty plants were sampled for electrophoresis studies. Four enzyme systems: peroxidase, esterase, malate dehydrogenase and acid phosphatase were chosen. The results showed that every enzyme gave its specific pattern in each species and common band always found in nine species tested. This experiment proved that genetic data (isozyme) quite promoting to be applied in higher plant taxonomy in solving the morphological complexity problem.
New Medicinal Fritillaries from Xinjiang
新疆药用贝母新植物

Duan Xian-Zhen,Zheng Xiu-Ju,
段咸珍
,郑秀菊

中国科学院研究生院学报 , 1989,
Abstract: Thirteen new varieties of the genus Fritillaria (Liliaceae) are described trom Xinjiang, China.
Electrophoresis Studies of Ranunculus triplodontus Populations  [PDF]
SURANTO
Biodiversitas , 2000,
Abstract: The main purposes of this research were to investigate whether the two distinct types of the morphological character of Ranunculus triplodontus were genetically controlled or environmental influence. In order to prove the above, electrophoretic examinations were carried out employing for four enzyme systems. The medium support of polyacrilamide was chosen. The samples were collected from seven populations around central plateau and the leaves were used as the isozyme data. The result indicated that variation occurred in certained populations. However, this isozyme data were not able to separate the two types of R. triplodontus into different species. Based on the cluster analysis showed that three groups of seven populations of R. triplodontus were appeared. This research confirms that morphologically distinct species was not supported by the isozyme data, thus the variation found in certain population was mainly influenced by the environmental conditions, and therefore could not be considered as taxonomically distinct.
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