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Contemporary Islamic Renewal in Indonesia  [cached]
Azyumardi Azra
Kasarinlan : Philippine Journal of Third World Studies , 1996,
Abstract: During the early years of Suharto’s presidency, tension and conflict between Muslim groups and the government was widely evident. This discord was a result of government policies which the Muslims felt would uproot the influence of Islam from Indonesian politics. Towards the end of the 1980s, however, Islam began to show some convincing signs of revival. The turning point of Islamic reinvigoration was the acceptance of Pancasila by Muslim mass organizations as the foundation of their socio-political activities, thus ending the mutual suspicion between Muslims and the government. A more recent indication of Islamic resurgence is the increasing number of Indonesian haj pilgrims to Mecca and the formation of important Islamic organization, the All-Indonesian Muslim Intellectual Association, which serves as the sounding board for the Muslims to influence public policy. To conclude, the revival of Islam came at a time when Indonesia was enjoying economic growth. The crucial question, therefore, is how to maintain the momentum for economic growth so as to avoid possible negative effects of an economic regression on the revival of Islamic life. Moreover, Muslim activists working for a genuine revival of Islam should also deal with the problem of how to eliminate, or at least reduce, un-Islamic practices such as corruption and poor discipline among Indonesian Muslims.
Egi Arvian Firmansyah
Jurnal Inspirasi Bisnis dan Manajemen , 2017, DOI: -
Abstract: Islamic stocks are those which do not contradict with the Islamic teachings derived from Al-Quran, Sunnah, hadith and ijtihad of the qualified Islamic scholars. This is a qualitative research comparing the stock screening criteria in order to be categorized as sharia compliant stocks in two developing countries where most of the citizen are Muslims, i.e. Indonesia and Malaysia. As the sharia stock screening is in the field of muamalah and there is no single scholar (or group) accepted by the whole Muslims worldwide, each country sets its own screening criteria through its Islamic scholars by performing ijtihad as an effort to decide the sharia compliant stocks. It was found that there are differences in screening criteria between Indonesia and Malaysia stock exchange. These are based on the fiqh or understanding of the scholars in the two countries as well as the vision and investor to be targeted. The screening criteria need to be continuously improved or revised along with the changing need of investor and stock exchange strategy in collecting the fund especially from Middle East countries requiring sharia compliance.
State and Islamic response to the AIDS in Indonesia
Hudriansyah Rahman, Zaki Faddad
Indonesian Journal of Islam and Muslim Societies , 2012,
Abstract: This paper explores the historical narrations of AIDS in Indonesia that shape its construction. It will focus on the relation between Governmental and Islamic responses to HIV/AIDS. In this research, we will focus on the governmental official commission on AIDS prevention (KPA) which is concern about HIV and AIDS and MUI as a government Islamic institution. This paper will argued that the responses of both parties in the Indonesian “narrations” of HIV/AIDS can influence the practice of AIDS prevention. Government ways to treat AIDS in Indonesia have changed overtime in line with the development of medical and social work efforts to cope with the problem of HIV/AIDS. However the Islamic institution response in Indonesia does not change anymore and seems not to have seriously attention in the issue of HIV/AIDS, it can be look from the unchanging MUI’s fatwa which is limited the problem of AIDS solely as morality problem.
Islamic Bank Service Quality and Trust: Study on Islamic Bank in Makassar Indonesia  [cached]
Irwan Misbach,Surachman -,Djumilah Hadiwidjojo,Armanu -
International Journal of Business and Management , 2013, DOI: 10.5539/ijbm.v8n5p48
Abstract: Main theme that is always to be a hot topic for the management of Islamic banking is how to find an appropriate way to expand its market Islamic banking. Current market contribution of Islamic banking is only around 2% of the total national banking and only 1.6% of Muslims in Indonesia who use Islamic banks for their transactions and investment. It showed that customers have low interest on Islamic bank. Objectives of this research were to analyze the influence of service quality of Islamic bank on customer satisfaction and trust. Survey on 130 respondents in the city of Makassar, Indonesia was conducted to collect information to explore the relationship between customer perception of the service quality of Islamic bank, satisfaction and trust. Accidental sampling was used to select the respondents with criteria of not an employee of the bank, have transaction of more than once per month and use more than one product and service of the Islamic banking. The Structural Equation Model (SEM) is used to analyze the direct and indirect relationship between Islamic bank service quality, satisfaction and trust. The findings of this research were that service quality of Islamic bank had significantly of influence on customers’ satisfaction and then on their trust. Responsiveness of Islamic bank service was as the strongest attraction for customers to the Islamic bank. On the other hand, compliance was as the weakest attraction to the Islamic bank. Customers’ satisfaction played an important role to support service quality of Islamic bank in influencing trust.
Kamsi Kamsi
Mukaddimah : Jurnal Studi Islam , 2012,
Abstract: There is nothing the so-called Islamic politics as politics in Islam is basically human affairs. The political terms mainly imply human’s efforts (ijitih}adiyyah) rather than sacred revealed doctrine. In historical point of views, the above assumption is clearly demonstrated through the multiple forms and dynamics of the state and religion relationship. This article is deemed to uncover the political dynamics of the state and religion relation in two biggest Muslim countries, Indonesia and Malaysia. It is argued that in these countries political regimes and their opponents speak on behalf of Islam legitimasing their struggles. In Indonesia, the state ideology, Pancasila, has been a major debate colouring the tension between the state and religion, whereas in Malaysia the so-called official religion is the main source of contestation. Problem politik Islam merupakan persoalan ijtih}adiyyah. Ini dibuktikan dengan relasi Islam dan negara yang mengalami pasang surut. Tulisan ini menjelaskan dinamika relasi Islam dan negara di dua negara muslim terbesar di dunia, Malaysia dan Indonesia. Di dua negara tersebut, baik rejim politik ataupun penentangnya, sama-sama mengatasnamakan Islam untuk melegitimasi perjuangan mereka. Jika di Indonesia, Pancasila menjadi warna penting dalam interpretasi Islam, maka di Malaysia doktrin ‘agama resmi’ menjadi sumber kontestasi. Kata kunci: Islam dan negara, Indonesia, Malaysia.
Michael Francis Laffan, Islamic Nationhood and Colonial Indonesia: The umma below the winds  [cached]
William Cummings
Journal for the Study of Religions and Ideologies , 2004,
Abstract: Michael Francis Laffan, Islamic Nationhood and Colonial Indonesia: The umma below the winds London: Routledge, 2003. xvi, 294 pp.
An Investigation on Islamic Bank Selection Criteria in Malaysia  [PDF]
Asma’ Rashidah Idris,,Khadijah Nik Muhammad Naziman,,Siti Sarah Januri
Terengganu International Management and Business Journal , 2011,
Abstract: Islamic bank in Malaysia was established in 1983. The development of Islamic bank is increasingly challenging with the participation of more conventional banks offering banking products and services based on Islamic principles. Therefore, it is crucial for Islamic bank to better position themselves in order to undertake and respond aggressively to the heftiness of the dual banking environment. This paper analyzes the factors considered as important by academicians in public institutions of higher learning in selecting a particular bank. The study reveals that religious value appears to be the most important factor. Other factors perceived to be important include trustworthiness, product variety, service facility and service efficiency. The results will benefit bank management in view of the stipulated vital information on the selection criteria.
Performance of Islamic Indices in Malaysia FTSE Market: Empirical Evidence from CAPM  [PDF]
Hooi Hooi Lean,Parham Parsva
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: The Capital Asset Pricing Model (CAPM) has been examined extensively for common stock return and index return. However, the examination with Islamic stocks is limited. This paper investigates the relationship between return and market risk for the Islamic stocks in Malaysia Financial Times Stock Exchange (FTSE) market. FTSE Bursa Malaysia EMAS Shariah Index (FBMSHA) and FTSE Bursa Malaysia Hijrah Shariah Index (FBMHS) are proxy for the Islamic portfolio. The finding provides some new insights on the performance of Islamic stocks in Malaysia FTSE market through stating the hypothesis that the risk of the Islamic indices is high in a downturn economic status in comparison with a normal period.
Islamic - Bank Selection Criteria In Malaysia: An AHP Approach  [PDF]
Muhamad Abduh,Mohd Azmi Omar
Business Intelligence Journal , 2012,
Abstract: The study of bank selection criteria has received attention from many bank marketing researchers. However, from its inception in three decades ago, this kind of study is still scanty for Islamic banking industry. The purpose of this study was to investigate the Islamic-bank selection criteria, particularly in Malaysia. To accomplish this purpose, information collected from 279 respondents within the Klang-valley area was incorporated in the analysis. The Analytic Hierarchy Process was used to rank the criteria based on the respondents' preferences. The result has shown that shariah-compliant attribute is the highest priority before an individual decides to patronize an Islamic bank. The next priorities are given to profitability, bank's reputation, bank's status, facilities and services, and friendly personnel respectively. Thus, one of the implications of this study is that Islamic banks cannot be too liberal by following all the footprints of conventional bank without giving attention to shariah principles and objectives of shariah.
Safety Procedure for Bridge Inspection in Sarawak, Malaysia  [PDF]
N. Mohamed Sutan,R. Baini,D.Z. Awang Aemeran
Journal of Applied Sciences , 2003,
Abstract: A study has been made on the scenario of safety procedure of bridge inspection in Sarawak, Malaysia. This project involved the gathering of information regarding the safety precaution taken during the inspection procedure of bridge in Sarawak.
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