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徽派黄酒关键香气化合物的分离、鉴定与香气特征分析  [PDF]
高献礼
- , 2016, DOI: 10.13982/j.mfst.1673-9078.2016.11.040
Abstract: 本文以气相色谱-质谱法结合气相色谱-嗅闻和定量感官评价法对徽派黄酒关键香气化合物进行了分离及鉴定,并对其香气特征进行了分析。共从徽派黄酒中分离及鉴定出65种挥发性化合物,其中酸类8种、醇类12种、酯类16种、醛/酮类8种、呋喃类5种、酚类5种、含氮化合物3种、含硫化合物3种以及其他化合物5种。与对照相比(古越龙山黄酒),两者分离及鉴定出的化合物种类高度相似(87%),但各化合物相对含量存在一定差异。通过气相色谱-嗅闻法从徽派黄酒和对照中均鉴定出19种关键香气化合物,主要赋予黄酒酸、醇、果、花、窖、焦、烟气和药香。感官评价结果显示徽派黄酒醇香和曲香和焦香突出,诸香协调;对照醇香、曲香和果香突出,诸香协调。通过上述方法鉴定出了徽派黄酒中的关键香气化合物,与对照相比徽派黄酒具有自身独特的香气特征。
The aroma-active compounds in Anhui rice wine were isolated and identified using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry/gas chromatography-olfactometry (GC-MS/GC-O) coupled with quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) in this paper, and the aroma characteristics of Anhui rice wine were also analyzed. Sixty-five volatiles, including eight acids, 12 alcohols, 16 esters, eight aldehydes/ketones, five furans, five phenols, three nitrogen-containing compounds, three sulfur-containing compounds, and five other compounds, were isolated and identified from Anhui rice wine. Using Guyue Longshan rice wine as a control, the types of volatiles isolated and identified in both Chinese rice wines showed high similarity (87%), but there were differences in the relative contents of most volatiles between Anhui rice wine and the control. Nineteen aroma-active compounds were identified in both Anhui rice wine and the control using GC-O, and contributed to the sour, alcohol, fruit, floral, pit, caramel-like, smoky, and herbal flavors. The results of QDA showed that Anhui rice wine was characterized by a harmonious aroma with prominent alcohol, wheat qu, and caramel-like flavors, while the control sample was characterized by a harmonious aroma with prominent alcohol, wheat qu, and fruit flavors. The aroma-active compounds in Anhui rice wine were identified using the above methods, and Anhui rice wine was found to possess unique aroma characteristics when compared with those of the control.
徽派古村落建筑景观特征分析
Analysis of Huizhou Ancient Villages’ Characteristics in Landscape Architecture
 [PDF]

谢臻
Art Research Letters (ARL) , 2014, DOI: 10.12677/ARL.2014.34007
Abstract:
徽派古村落是指安徽省长江以南山区地域范围内,具有强烈的徽州文化特色,具有共同地域文化背景的历史传统村落。文章通过分析徽派古村落的建筑风格、结构、雕刻技艺及巧妙布局等,阐述了徽派古村落的建筑景观特征,并向人们展示出其独特且固有的审美价值。
Huizhou ancient villages are located in the south of the Yangtze River in Anhui which owns strong characteristics of Huizhou culture and the common culture. Through the analysis of Huizhou ancient villages’ style of architecture, structure, carving skills and clever layout, the article expounds the architectural landscape characteristics of Huizhou ancient villages and shows the unique and inherent aesthetic value to people.
The community charaeteristics of the taiwan beech forest of Qingliangfeng Mountain in Zhejiang.
浙江清凉峰台湾水青冈林的群落学特征

ZHANG,Fang,gang,
张方钢

浙江大学学报(农业与生命科学版) , 2001,
Abstract: Fagus hayatae is one of the Chinese National Protected Plant,Second class.It distributed patternly at several mountain peaks in Zhejiang Province ,forming dominant plant community. This paper deals with preliminary investigation on Fagus hayatae community located at Qingliangfeng mountain of Zhejiang i.e. characteristics of distribution,appeavence of community; floristic components and structure.As a result of analysis,the Fagus hayatae community at Qingliangfeng shows its high dominance,firm stability,well preserved and associated one of the principal vegetation type of the deciduous broad leaved forest in local medium mountain regions.
良渚文化神徽解析  [PDF]
黄建康
东南文化 , 2006,
Abstract: ????良渚文化的中心在太湖流域,太湖流域的原始文化从早期发展到良渚文化时期,是良渚文化神徽产生的时间条件;太湖流域特殊的地理环境和气候条件,是良渚文化神徽产生的空间条件。由于这一地区的人对频繁发生的洪水的恐惧,从而把雷神作为天神来敬仰,这正是良渚文化神徽的真正内涵,这种信仰在某些少数民族地区流传至今。
试论期刊刊徽设计中的民俗观念  [PDF]
余朝晖
科技与出版 , 2011,
Abstract: 期刊刊徽设计的表现手法多种多样,展示民俗观念是其中最有效的手段之一。从原始图腾到现代标志,文章试图从刊徽设计的民俗观念中寻找突破口,来挖掘现代科技期刊刊徽设计中所蕴涵的民俗观念,诠释刊徽深邃的意蕴和独特的魅力。
早熟梨新品种‘徽香’  [PDF]
贾兵,刘莉,叶振风,衡伟,张水明,刘普,朱立武
园艺学报 , 2012,
Abstract: ‘徽香’梨是从砂梨品种‘清香’的早熟芽变中选育出的新品种,果实成熟期比‘清香’早7d,果实阔卵圆形,果形指数0.97,平均单果质量228.0g;可溶性固形物含量11.1%,总酸含量0.88%,维生素c含量2.2mg·kg-1,硬度11.8kg·cm-2;果肉细腻,甜酸,微香,石细胞少;综合性状优于‘清香’。
梨新品种‘徽源白’  [PDF]
刘普,衡伟,贾兵,刘莉,叶振风,朱立武
园艺学报 , 2014,
Abstract: ‘徽源白’梨为中熟品种。果肉乳白色,质地细腻,水分足,口感脆爽,果心小,可食率高。果实含可溶性固形物11.0%,维生素c109.8mg?kg-1,可溶性糖8.62%,可滴定酸0.103%,糖酸比为83.69,果形指数0.88,平均单果质量269.7g。在安徽黄山地区8月上旬成熟,具有较强的抗病性。
黄桃新品种‘徽黄’  [PDF]
高正辉,徐义流,*张金云,潘海发,束冰,岳兰菊
园艺学报 , 2013,
Abstract: ‘徽黄’是从njc83黄桃单枝变异中选出的早熟黄桃新品种,成熟期比njc83黄桃提前7~10d。果实近圆形,稍有果尖,缝合线中深,两半部较对称,果柄粗短,梗洼深广。平均单果质量156g,最大210g。果实成熟后果皮金黄,果尖及向阳面有红晕,果肉纯黄、无红色纤维,粘核,肉质弹性好,不溶质,具有香味,可溶性固形物10.3%,果实去皮硬度7.1kg·cm-2,酸甜适中,适于加工和鲜食。果实发育期83d左右。丰产,适应性强。
徽派版画中的名作《古歙山川图》作者考  [PDF]
张国标
东南文化 , 2000,
Abstract: ????本文对徽派版画中的《古歙山川图》的作者做了比较详尽的考证。
论徽州古村落研究对徽学发展的方法论价值  [PDF]
王邦虎
安徽大学学报(哲学社会科学版) , 2007,
Abstract: 徽学研究之方法论的发展状况是徽学学科走向成熟的标志。徽州古村落的研究不仅会借助于实证主义、功能主义、结构主义、文化唯物主义等方法论取向上的创新而发展出一系列的具体研究方法,更会因此而改变徽学研究由历史学范式一统天下的沉寂局面,实现徽学研究范式的重大突破。
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