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Nursing heroism in the 21st Century'
Philip Darbyshire
BMC Nursing , 2011, DOI: 10.1186/1472-6955-10-4
Abstract: Is heroism a legitimate part of nursing, or are nurses simply 'just doing their job' even when facing extreme personal danger? In this paper I explore the place and relevance of heroism in contemporary nursing. I propose that nursing heroism deserves a broader appreciation and that within the term lie many hidden, 'unsung' or 'unrecorded' heroisms. I also challenge the critiques of heroism that would condemn it as part of a 'militarisation' of nursing. Finally, I argue that nursing needs to be more open in celebrating our heroes and the transformative power of nursing achievements.The language of heroism may sound quaint by 21st Century standards but nursing heroism is alive and well in the best of our contemporary nursing ethos and practice.Any author addressing the topic of "Nursing Heroics: what it means in the 21st Century" faces a challenge and even more so when they take this on as the Vivian Bullwinkel Memorial Lecture.They are perhaps doomed before they begin, for what modern day nursing heroism outside of a war zone is ever going to be able to withstand comparison with the experiences of Sister Bullwinkel and her colleagues - during the fall of Singapore, the sinking of the Vyner Brooke, the murderous machine gunning of Vivian and her 21 fellow nurses on Radji Beach and her years of internment in the death camps of Sumatra.[1-3]Somehow, to mention any other forms of heroism in the same breath seems almost disrespectful, a feat of linguistic relativism designed to dilute or trivialize the power of the term. But please, bear with me as I explore the idea and the practices of nursing heroism in our current age.First, the more traditional concept of heroism as courage and providing service to others in the face of extreme personal danger is undoubtedly alive and well in nursing and in other human services. Firemen still enter burning buildings to save their occupants and nurses still join their health care colleagues in providing care to the hungry, the fearful
Education for Entry into Nursing Practice: Revisited for the 21st Century
Joel, L
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing , 2002,
Abstract: Professions progress through an expected evolutionary process. This consists of expanding the scientific base, creating technical workers to share in the essential mission of the field, standardizing and up-grading education for entry into practice, and moving forward with specialization. Nursing’s progression has been spotty and incomplete, largely because of the influence of external communities of interest, and the fact that nurses have resisted and personalized decisions that are necessary for future generations. For nursing, education for entry into practice has been the most contentious issue in this scheme of professional evolution. For almost 100 years, nurses have debated "entry", but moved to little planned change. Rather, nursing has been swept along by a host of social and educational circumstances that had little to do with nursing. The result has been a myriad of programs with graduates used interchangeably in the real world. This absence of consensus within the discipline of nursing causes consumer confusion, seriously compromises our ability to serve the public, and is intimately associated with the nursing shortage of 2002. What is adequate educational preparation for entry into professional practice for the 21st Century? Agreement on this issue is an essential step towards a preferred future. This paper is intended to raise issues, and to stimulate discussion around these issues, rather than to provide answers.
Nursing in the era of globalisation: challenges for the 21st century
Silva, Alcione Leite da;
Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem , 2008, DOI: 10.1590/S0104-11692008000400021
Abstract: the purpose of this paper was to reflect about issues related to the processes of globalization and the global impacts on health, pointing out some challenges for nursing in the twenty-first century. in this sense, the author outlines the forms and trends of globalization in the contemporary world, and the drastic impacts on human health and environment. to respond to the challenges of the globalized world, some ways are indicated, among which, the strengthening of nursing discipline stands out, together with some guidelines for education, research and nursing care, in a local and global scope.
Advanced Nursing Practice In The 21st Century: Do We Want To Be Right or Do We Want To Win?
Harris, Ruth
Online Journal of Issues in Nursing , 1998,
Abstract: Because cost containment is a priority in our rapidly changing American health care system, the prestigious Pew Health Professions Commission (1995) has predicted a greater role for nurse practitioners (NPs) in the delivery of primary care. Factors favoring a broadened scope of NP responsibility for primary care include: (a) the pressing need to contain the nation's ever-escalating health care costs, (b) the present window of opportunity for advanced nursing practice, and (c) the need to use fewer resources more effectively. Because ours is a market-driven health care system with a growing surplus of physicians, NPs increasingly find themselves in direct competition with physcians for the same primary care jobs. Hence, market-driven (rather than identical) pricing of services is necessary if NPs are to compete successfully with medically trained providers of primary care. The brain has two functions: One is to be right and the other is to survive and sometimes we give up the latter. (Old Chinese proverb)
The Forum On China-africa Cooperation (focac): A Framework For China’s Re-engagement With Africa In The 21st Century  [PDF]
Chuka Enuka
e-BANGI : Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities , 2011,
Abstract: This article offers an examination of FOCAC as a framework for Sino-African engagement in the 21st Century. China’s growing and expanding engagement with Africa has assumed a prominent feature of International Relations and discourses. The engagement is multifaceted, encapsulating mainly trade and related economic ties. Given China’s fast economic and industrial growth, thirst and huge demand for new sources of energy and other resources has been generated, bringing China closer to Africa where the availability of these resources abound. This situates China’s renewed interest in Africa since the 21st Century. The deepening of economic involvement in Africa is realized through a mix of aid, special concessions, debt relief, scholarships, the provision of educational and medical training personnel and infrastructural investment projects. This represents a stark departure from the past under Mao Zedong, when the relationship was guided by the ideological conflict of the Cold War and especially Beijing’s attempts to dislodge Moscow’s influence in the Third World. Now economic pragmatism and symbolic diplomacy appear to navigate Sino-African relations. The lynchpin of China’s re-engagement of African in this century is the Forum on China-Africa Cooperation (FOCAC), initiated at the Ministerial Conference in Beijing in 2000. The article explores the FOCAC framework, assesses the reality of its promises, and addresses the question of its problems and challenges. The findings are that China’s increased presence in Africa under the FOCAC framework has been faced with criticisms and confrontations, but the forum has equally strengthened bilateral economic relationship between China and Africa, and has provided platform for Beijing to become a serious humanitarian benefactor to Africa.
Continuing Education for Environmental Sustainability in the 21st Century Nigeria: Issues and Perspectives
Deborah Egunyomi
The Social Sciences , 2013,
Abstract: Development in the 21st century portends grave implications for the environment, natural resources and ecosystem. This study therefore put in perspective the challenge of this trend for education. This study highlighted the different international organization position on sustainability and strategies for achieving it. The study traced the history and development of environmental education were appraised and framework for the development of environmental education in Nigeria, suggested, based on the features of environmental protection principles, the international commission on education for the 21 century report and the international conference of adult education recommendations for sustainable development through life-long learning. This study appraised environmental education in Nigeria and recommended features it must posses in order to achieve sustainability in the 21st century.
Teacher Education in Nigeria: Challenges to Educational Administrators in the 21st Century
E.D. Nakpodia,James Urien
The Social Sciences , 2013, DOI: 10.3923/sscience.2011.350.356
Abstract: This study conducts a comprehensive assessment of the role of educational administrators in Nigeria in view of the dynamism of the constantly changing political and economic landscape. The study presents information and recommendations on how teachers training and continuous professional development can be positively influenced by the school administrators which has posed as challenges to educational administrators in the 21st century. This is because teachers are very important in the overall development of any nation through their impact the educational system. It is obvious that teacher education is a process for continues updating of teacher s knowledge, skills and interest in their chosen field. Hence, it is a challenge for educational administrators to play several roles in teacher education in Nigeria.
Humanists for 21st century  [cached]
Joan Campàs
DIGITHUM , 2004,
Abstract: From certain critical considerations with respect to which, faced with the new challenges and transformations brought on by the information society which affect areas of culture, knowledge and learning, only fears and concerns arise, and, likewise, from a positive assessment of the Humanist manifesto for the 21st century, this paper reflects on three aspects that serve to reconfigure a new digital humanism: the complexity paradigm, the digital revolution and globalisation, leading to an invitation to form a political commitment and praxis to not convert humanists into a cultural illusion and mere ornamental whim of the system.
LEARNING AND INSTRUCTIONAL TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE 21ST CENTURY  [PDF]
Reviewed by Alev ATE?
The Turkish Online Journal of Distance Education , 2010,
Abstract: As an edited book, “Learning and Instructional Technologies for the 21st century” provides us a sense of integrated puzzle or a big picture which consists of valuable contributions and forward looking ideas in many chapters regarding instructional technology design, development, application, tools, models and views for the 21st century.In preface, Leslie Moller, an Associate Professor and former Chair of the Technology for Education and Training Division at the University of South Dakota, introduces the book and explains readers how the first AECT Research Symposia resulted a series of reading from leading scholars in instructional technology field.
National costumes of peoples of Russia at the turn of 20–21st century
Natal’ya M. Kalashnikova
European Researcher , 2011,
Abstract: The article covers the functionality of national costumes of Russian people in 20th century, describing the ways of preserving them in the 21st century
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