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Is the ATIC terminology oriented to nursing phenomena?  [PDF]
Maria Eulàlia Juvé-Udina
Open Journal of Nursing (OJN) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojn.2012.24057
Abstract: The main goal of this observational and descriptive study is to evaluate whether the diagnosis axis of a nursing interface terminology meets the content validity criterion of being nursing-phenomena oriented. Nursing diagnosis concepts were analyzed in terms of presence in the nursing literature, type of articles published and areas of disciplinary interest. The search strategy was conducted in three databases with limits in relation to period and languages. The final analysis included 287 nursing diagnosis concepts. The results showed that most of the concepts were identified in the scientific literature, with a homogeneous distribution of types of designs. Most of these concepts (87.7%) were studied from two or more areas of disciplinary interest. Validity studies on disciplinary controlled vocabularies may contribute to demonstrate the nursing influence on patients’ outcomes.
Mapping the Diagnosis Axis of an Interface Terminology to the NANDA International Taxonomy  [PDF]
Maria-Eulàlia Juvé Udina,Maribel Gonzalez Samartino,Cristina Matud Calvo
ISRN Nursing , 2012, DOI: 10.5402/2012/676905
Abstract: Background. Nursing terminologies are designed to support nursing practice but, as with any other clinical tool, they should be evaluated. Cross-mapping is a formal method for examining the validity of the existing controlled vocabularies. Objectives. The study aims to assess the inclusiveness and expressiveness of the nursing diagnosis axis of a newly implemented interface terminology by cross-mapping with the NANDA-I taxonomy. Design/Methods. The study applied a descriptive design, using a cross-sectional, bidirectional mapping strategy. The sample included 728 concepts from both vocabularies. Concept cross-mapping was carried out to identify one-to-one, negative, and hierarchical connections. The analysis was conducted using descriptive statistics. Results. Agreement of the raters’ mapping achieved 97%. More than 60% of the nursing diagnosis concepts in the NANDA-I taxonomy were mapped to concepts in the diagnosis axis of the new interface terminology; 71.1% were reversely mapped. Conclusions. Main results for outcome measures suggest that the diagnosis axis of this interface terminology meets the validity criterion of cross-mapping when mapped from and to the NANDA-I taxonomy. 1. Introduction Language plays an important role in defining what nurses do and why they do it. In recent decades, language systems have become a priority for international nursing agendas. Standardized controlled vocabularies are a means to develop, express, and understand nursing phenomena and actions through concepts; to quote Matney et al. “structured nursing terminologies are needed to drive, document and evaluate nursing practice” [1]. The use of electronic health records and information systems at all levels of the healthcare agencies is now widespread all over the world. In order to optimize the efficiency of these records and systems and to facilitate the exchange of information among professionals and institutions, they must be based on controlled vocabularies [2, 3]; as Müller-Staub et al. explain “standardized computer-compatible professional terminology is becoming a requirement, especially by institutions and healthcare systems that bear the costs of health care” [4]. Controlled nursing vocabularies can be implemented as interface terminologies at the point of care and as administrative terminologies to retrieve nursing clinical data in order to support decision-making [4–6]. To date, twelve nursing terminologies and data sets have been recognized by the American Nurses Association (ANA) for supporting nursing practice: the North American Nursing Diagnosis
Terminology bank of nursing language for adult intensive care unit
Meire Chucre Tannure, Tania Couto Machado Chianca
Revista de Enfermagem UFPE On Line , 2009,
Abstract: The new scenario brought about by globalization has created the need for a reorganization of patient care and the use of a language understood by all members of the nursing staff. This aim can be achieved with the use of classification systems, but no such system has been found for nursing care in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), despite International Counsil of Nursing Interest. Collecting and codifying terms used by nursing staff in specific areas is a necessary step for the production of ICNP catalogues in these specific areas.
Administering the MADRS by telephone or face-to-face: a validity study
Marleen LM Hermens, Herman J Adèr, Hein PJ van Hout, Berend Terluin, Richard van Dyck, Marten de Haan
Annals of General Psychiatry , 2006, DOI: 10.1186/1744-859x-5-3
Abstract: The present study was a validity study. During an in-person interview at the patient's home a trained interviewer administered the MADRS. A few days later the MADRS was administered again, but now by telephone and by a different interviewer. The validity of the telephone rating was calculated through the appropriate intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC).Mean total score on the in-person administration was 24.0 (SD = 11.1), and on the telephone administration 23.5 (SD = 10.4). The ICC for the full scale was 0.65. Homogeneity analysis showed that the observation item 'apparent sadness' fitted well into the scale.The full MADRS, including the observation item 'apparent sadness', can be administered reliably by telephone.The Montgomery ?sberg Depression Rating Scale (MADRS) is one of the most frequently used and validated observer-rated depression scales. The scale was developed more than 20 years ago but is still favorite among researchers to measure the severity of depressive disorders and the changes of depressive symptoms during therapy [1]. Until now, the MADRS was only used in an in-person situation with the depressed patient. It is not clear whether the MADRS can be reliably administered by telephone.The fact that patient and interviewer have to meet face-to-face makes the MADRS rather cost- and time-consuming. Almost a decade ago a self-rating version of the MADRS, the MADRS-S, was published. It was claimed to be equivalent to the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), also a self-rating instrument for depression [2]. The scales were highly intercorrelated (r = 0.869). The BDI is the most widely used self-rating depression scale [3]. While the self-rating version of the MADRS can make a contribution in reducing costs, it suffers from at least two limitations. The first limitation is that there are no observers involved. Clinicians may prefer an observer-rated scale for different reasons, for example because self-perception of patients with severe depressions can be
Partial matching face recognition method for rehabilitation nursing robots beds  [PDF]
Dongmei Liang,Wushan Cheng
Computer Science , 2015,
Abstract: In order to establish face recognition system in rehabilitation nursing robots beds and achieve real-time monitor the patient on the bed. We propose a face recognition method based on partial matching Hu moments which apply for rehabilitation nursing robots beds. Firstly we using Haar classifier to detect human faces automatically in dynamic video frames. Secondly we using Otsu threshold method to extract facial features (eyebrows, eyes, mouth) in the face image and its Hu moments. Finally, we using Hu moment feature set to achieve the automatic face recognition. Experimental results show that this method can efficiently identify face in a dynamic video and it has high practical value (the accuracy rate is 91% and the average recognition time is 4.3s).
The Hope and Adaptation Scale (HAS): Establishing Face and Content Validity  [PDF]
Andrew Soundy, Simon Rosenbaum, Tracey Elder, Derek Kyte, Brendon Stubbs, Laura Hemmings, Carolyn Roskell, Johnny Collett, Helen Dawes
Open Journal of Therapy and Rehabilitation (OJTR) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/ojtr.2016.42007
Abstract: Purpose: To develop and test the face and content validity of a scale that assesses an individual’s adaptation and expression of hope to a life changing events, disease or trauma. Method: The Hope and Adaptation Scale was developed and tested across three stages. Stage 1 involved the use of a review of literature to conceptually map the tool. Stage 2 required exploratory investigations of the questionnaire by members of an expert panel. Stage 3 assessed the construct validity of the resulting scale. Results: Through the processes of Stage 1 and 2, the tool was developed and reduced to a 3-item scale that assessed a spectrum of hope-related responses and a spectrum of adaptation-related responses. Stage 3 identified fifteen independent health care professionals who assessed the scale. The content validity index of the resultant scale was 0.6 that was above the required level to be acceptable. The hope spectrum responses scored the highest content validity ratio (0.73). Discussion: The proposed scale appears to have face and content validity for application to a various number of events, disease or trauma experiences. Further testing of the scale is required for application in specific population groups.
Validity and Reliability of Direct Observation of Procedural Skills in Evaluating the Clinical Skills of Nursing Students of Zahedan Nursing and Midwifery School  [cached]
Mohamad Sahebalzamani,Hojatallah Farahani,Mojgan Jahantigh
Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences , 2012,
Abstract: Background: To evaluate the validity and reliability of assessing the performance of nursing students using the Direct Observation of Procedural Skills (DOPS).Materials and Method: This research was conducted on 55 nursing internship students in 8 procedures. A DOPS consisted of an assessor observing a student when performing skills, completing a checklist with the student and providing verbal feedback. The procedures were selected among the core skills of nursing according to the views of faculty members. Content validity, criterion validity (correlation the average scores of nursing clinical and theoretical courses separately with DOPS score, relation of each item with DOPS), construct validity (inspection of internal construction), reliability (examination of internal consistency, inter-rater reliability) were examined. Results: Correlation of DOPS scores with the theoretical and clinical average scores were 0.117 (p=0.429) and 0.376 (p= 0.008) respectively. There has been a significant relation between each skill and DOPS total score (p= 0.001) that indicates a desired internal construction of the exercise. The reliability of the exercise was measured as 94% by Cronbach alpha coefficient. Minimum and maximum correlation coefficient in the inter-rater reliability were 42% and 84% respectively which were significant in all cases (p=0 .001). Conclusion: In conclusion, our results showed that DOPS has the validity and reliability for objective evaluation of procedural skills in nursing
Validity of content and face validity of the instrument "Perception of behaviors of harmonized care" Validez de contenido y validez facial del instrumento "Percepción de comportamientos de cuidado humanizado" Validade de conteúdo e validade facial do instrumento "Percep o de comportamentos de cuidado humanizado"  [cached]
REINA GAMBA NADIA CAROLINA,VARGAS ROSERO ELIZABETH
Avances en Enfermería , 2008,
Abstract: A methodological research was carried out whose objective was to determine the face validity and content validity of the instrument "Perception of behaviors of humanized nursing care" of Rivera and Triana, with twelve patients and/or their permanent care taker, who were hospitalized in the Clínica Country, and with eleven experts in the area of nursing research. The results of the validity process through psychometric tests show that said instrument has a high face validity with patients, with an agreement index of 0,94, a face validity with experts in the nursing area, with an average index, by an agreement index of 0,78 and a high content validity, with a content validity index of 0,83. However, in the qualitative analysis of face and content validity performed by the experts, several observations were found about the operationalization of the perception concept of nursing humanized care behaviors, that lead to suggest theoretical support of the instrument has to be revised again. Se presenta la realización de una investigación metodológica que tuvo como objetivo determinar la validez facial y la validez de contenido del instrumento "Percepción de comportamientos de cuidado humanizado de enfermería" de Rivera y Triana, con doce pacientes y/o su cuidador permanente, que estuvieron hospitalizados en la Clínica Country, y con once expertos en el área de investigación en enfermería. Los resultados del proceso de validez a través de las pruebas psicométricas se alan que el instrumento mencionado tiene una validez facial con pacientes alta, con un índice de acuerdo de 0,94, una validez facial con expertos en el área de enfermería, con un índice medio, por un índice de acuerdo de 0,78 y una validez de contenido alta, con un índice de validez de contenido de 0,83. Sin embargo, en el análisis cualitativo de la validez facial y de contenido realizado por los expertos se encontraron diversas observaciones acerca de la operacionalización del concepto de percepción de comportamientos de cuidado humanizado de Enfermería, que llevan a sugerir que el respaldo teórico del instrumento debe ser revisado nuevamente. Esse estudo apresenta a realiza o de uma pesquisa metodológica que objetivou determinar a validade facial e de conteúdo do instrumento "Percep o de comportamentos de cuidado humanizado de enfermagem" de Rivera e Triana, com doze pacientes, e/ou a enfermeira permanente, hospitalizados na Clínica Country, e com onze especialistas na área de pesquisa em enfermagem. Os resultados do processo de validade através das provas sicométricas apontam para determinar qu
Standards of the nursing knowledge and its interface to the attendance to the domiciliary - a literature review  [cached]
Maria R Lacerda,Ivete PS Zagonel,Soriane K Martins
Online Brazilian Journal of Nursing , 2006,
Abstract: The attendance to the domiciliary health resurges as an alternative modality to the model of attention to the health of the country and the professional nurse who acts in this area as commitment and responsibility to improve its knowledge. Thus, this article, is a theoretical reflection on the interface of the standards of the knowledge of nursing identified by Barbara Carper (1978), Munhall (1993), White (1995) and brazilians studious where they point the possibility, importance and relevancy with respect to the area of nursing and in special in domiciliary attendance to the health while caring practice that confers an uneven and particular situation to the inserted client in its domicile. This interface is based on the reciprocity with the well-taken care of being, propitiating learning and growth conditions, in order to contribute for the consolidation of new experiences, enriching the capacity to take care of the nurse, patient and family member.
Amorphous interface layer in thin graphite films grown on the carbon face of SiC  [PDF]
R. Colby,M. L. Bolen,M. A. Capano,E. A. Stach
Physics , 2011, DOI: 10.1063/1.3635786
Abstract: Cross-sectional transmission electron microscopy (TEM) is used to characterize an amorphous layer observed at the interface in graphite and graphene films grown via thermal decomposition of C-face 4H-SiC. The amorphous layer does not to cover the entire interface, but uniform contiguous regions span microns of cross-sectional interface. Annular dark field scanning transmission electron microscopy (ADF-STEM) images and electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) demonstrate that the amorphous layer is a carbon-rich composition of Si/C. The amorphous layer is clearly observed in samples grown at 1600{\deg}C for a range of growth pressures in argon, but not at 1500{\deg}C, suggesting a temperature-dependent formation mechanism.
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