Abstract:
Wrinkling of stretched elastic sheets is widely observed, and the scaling relations between the amplitude and wavelength of the wrinkles have been proposed by Cerda and Mahadevan. However, the surface effects should be taken into account when the sheet is even thinner. The surface energy was considered in this work, and the discrepancies with the classical theory has been discussed. A dimensionless parameter has been proposed to represent the size-dependence. A method of characterizing mechanical properties of thin film using wrinkles considering surface effects has also been proposed.

Abstract:
Nonlinear beam resting on linear elastic foundation and subjected to harmonic excitation is investigated. The beam is simply supported at both ends. Both linear and nonlinear analyses are carried out. Hamilton’s principle is utilized in deriving the governing equations. Well known forced duffing oscillator equation is obtained. The equation is analyzed numerically using Runk-Kutta technique. Three main parameters are investigated: the damping coefficient, the natural frequency, and the coefficient of the nonlinearity. Stability regions for first mode analyses are unveiled. Comparison between the linear and the nonlinear model is presented. It is shown that first mode shape the natural frequency could be approximated as square root of the sum of squares of both natural frequency of the beam and the foundation. The stretching potential energy is proved to be responsible for generating the cubic nonlinearity in the system.

Abstract:
We study the peculiar wrinkling pattern of an elastic plate stamped into a spherical mold. We show that the wavelength of the wrinkles decreases with their amplitude, but reaches a maximum when the amplitude is of the order of the thickness of the plate. The force required for compressing the wrinkled plate presents a maximum independent of the thickness. A model is derived and verified experimentally for a simple one-dimensional case. This model is extended to the initial situation through an effective Young modulus representing the mechanical behavior of wrinkled state. The theoretical predictions are shown to be in good agreement with the experiments. This approach provides a complement to the "tension field theory" developed for wrinkles with unconstrained amplitude.

Abstract:
We determine stability boundaries for the wrinkling of highly uni-directionally stretched, finely thin, rectangular elastic sheets. For a given fine thickness and length, a stability boundary here is a curve in the parameter plane, aspect ratio vs. the macroscopic strain; the values on one side of the boundary are associated with a flat, unwrinkled state, while wrinkled configurations correspond to all values on the other. In our recent work we demonstrated the importance of finite elasticity in the membrane part of such a model in order to capture the correct phenomena. Here we present and compare results for four distinct models:(i) the popular F\"oppl-von K\'arm\'an plate model (FvK), (ii) a correction of the latter, used in our earlier work, in which the approximate 2D F\"oppl strain tensor is replaced by the exact Green strain tensor, (iii) and (iv): effective 2D finite-elasticity membrane models based on 3D incompressible neo-Hookean and Mooney-Rivlin materials, respectively. In particular, (iii) and (iv) are superior models for elastomers. The 2D nonlinear, hyperelastic models (ii)-(iv) all incorporate the same quadratic bending energy used in FvK. Our results illuminate serious shortcomings of the latter in this problem, while also pointing to inaccuracies of model (ii), in spite of yielding the correct qualitative phenomena in our earlier work. In each of these, the shortcoming is a due to a deficiency of the membrane part of the model.

Abstract:
Spatially confined rigid membranes reorganize their morphology in response to the imposed constraints. A crumpled elastic sheet presents a complex pattern of random folds focusing the deformation energy while compressing a membrane resting on a soft foundation creates a regular pattern of sinusoidal wrinkles with a broad distribution of energy. Here, we study the energy distribution for highly confined membranes and show the emergence of a new morphological instability triggered by a period-doubling bifurcation. A periodic self-organized focalization of the deformation energy is observed provided an up-down symmetry breaking, induced by the intrinsic nonlinearity of the elasticity equations, occurs. The physical model, exhibiting an analogy with parametric resonance in nonlinear oscillator, is a new theoretical toolkit to understand the morphology of various confined systems, such as coated materials or living tissues, e.g., wrinkled skin, internal structure of lungs, internal elastica of an artery, brain convolutions or formation of fingerprints. Moreover, it opens the way to new kind of microfabrication design of multiperiodic or chaotic (aperiodic) surface topography via self-organization.

Abstract:
We consider the point indentation of a pressurized, spherical elastic shell. Previously it was shown that such shells wrinkle once the indentation reaches a threshold value. Here, we study the behaviour of this system beyond the onset of instability. We show that rather than simply approaching the classical `mirror-buckled' shape, the wrinkled shell approaches a new, universal shape that reflects a nontrivial type of isometry. For a given indentation depth, this ``asymptotic isometry", which is only made possible by wrinkling, is reached in the doubly asymptotic limit of weak pressure and vanishing shell thickness.

Abstract:
Elastic capsules can exhibit short wavelength wrinkling in external shear flow. We analyse this instability of the capsule shape and use the length scale separation between the capsule radius and the wrinkling wavelength to derive analytical results both for the threshold value of the shear rate and for the critical wave-length of the wrinkling. These results can be used to deduce elastic parameters from experiments.

Abstract:
Purpose: The main issue of this paper is to present results of finite element analysis of beams elements onunilateral elastic foundation received with a use of special finite elements of zero thickness designated forfoundation modelling.Design/methodology/approach: Computer strength analysis with a use of Finite Element Method (FEM)was carried out.Findings: The paper presents possibilities of special finite elements of zero thickness which enable takinginto consideration unilateral contact in construction-foundation interaction as well as an impact of surroundingconstruction environment to its behaviour.Research limitations/implications: Further researches should concentrate on taking into consideration amulti-layer aspects as well as elasto-plasticity of foundation.Practical implications: Modern engineering construction on elastic foundation analyze require not onlystandard analysis on Winkler (one parameter) foundation but also calculation of construction on two-parameterfoundation which will take into consideration a possibility of loosing contact between construction and foundation(unilateral contact).Originality/value: The paper can be useful for person who performs strength analysis of beams on elasticfoundation with a use of finite element method.

Abstract:
Propagation of a viscous fluid beneath an elastic sheet is controlled by local dynamics at the peeling front, in close analogy with the capillary-driven spreading of drops over a precursor film. Here we identify propagation laws for a generic elastic peeling problem in the distinct limits of peeling by bending and peeling by pulling, and apply our results to the radial spread of a fluid blister over a thin pre-wetting film. For the case of small deformations relative to the sheet thickness, peeling is driven by bending, leading to radial growth as $t^{7/22}$. Experimental results reproduce both the spreading behaviour and the bending wave at the front. For large deformations relative to the sheet thickness, stretching of the blister cap and the consequent tension can drive peeling either by bending or by pulling at the front, both leading to radial growth as $t^{3/8}$. In this regime, detailed predictions give excellent agreement and explanation of previous experimental measurements of spread in the pulling regime in an elastic Hele-Shaw cell \cite{puzovic-2012}.

Abstract:
A growing or compressed thin elastic sheet adhered to a rigid substrate can exhibit a buckling instability, forming an inward hump. Our study shows that the strip morphology depends on the delicate balance between the compression energy and the bending energy. We find that this instability is a first order phase transition between the adhered solution and the buckled solution whose main control parameter is related to the sheet stretchability. In the nearly- unstretchable regime we provide an analytic expression for the critical threshold. Compressibility is the key assumption which allows us to resolve the apparent paradox of an unbounded pressure exerted on the external wall by a confined flexible loop.