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《史记?八书》校改理据研究  [PDF]
王华宝
- , 2015,
Abstract: 最新出版的《史记》中华书局修订本,共列出校勘记3946条,涉及改动文字的有1250条。其中“八书”部分452条,涉及改动文字的有151条,与点校本原有140余处改动相比,在数字上相差并不大,基本符合《修订凡例》规定的“修订本以原点校本为基础”的原则。而具体情况则复杂得多,修订本“八书”部分新增36条改动,对点校本原改动之处作不同处理的也有26条。对两本异同情况的研究,特别是校改理据的研究,是《史记》文献学和古籍整理研究的重要内容。
The latest revised version of Shiji史记(Historical Records)published by Zhonghua Book Company has listed 3, 946 notes of collation in total, of which 1,250 notes are used to alter words. There are 452 notes in the part of Bashu八书(Eight Treaties), covering 151 notes for altering words. Compared with the revisions(over 140)in the punctuated edition, there is no significant difference in the number of revisions, which is basically in accordance with the rule requiring revised version to be based on the original punctuated one in Revision Guide. However, when it comes to a particular case, things will be more complex. The part of Bashu in the revised edition adds 36 changes. Besides, there are 26 alterations distinct from those in the punctuated edition. The study on the differences between the two versions, especially on the motivations for such alterations, occupies an important place in the area of edition and textual studies of Shiji and other ancient Chinese classics
翻译不确定性的认知理据  [PDF]
吴小芳,蒋金运
湖南工业大学学报(社会科学版) , 2008,
Abstract: 认知语言学的翻译观认为, 翻译是一种认知活动, 是在译者感知体验原文的基础上进行的。因此, 译者的 识解方式在翻译过程中起着十分重要的作用, 是产生翻译不确定性的主要理据。识解方式主要包括详略度、背景 知识、视角和突显。详略程度的高低、背景知识的差异、视角的差异和突显焦点不同, 译者对原文的识解会产生一 定的差异, 从而导致了翻译的不确定性。
网络同音别字与汉字理据
Homonymous Typos in the Web and Their Motivations in Chinese Words
 [PDF]

符渝
- , 2015, DOI: 1672-4283(2015)04-0161-07
Abstract: 网络同音别字是同音借用造成的字词关系错位现象。在网络流传过程中,由于文字使用者追求理据的心理、汉字表意和表音的竞争,以及个人使用走向社会通行的需要,一些同音别字又出现了追求理据,甚至重构理据的现象,为错位的字词关系重新建立联系。与传统用字一样,在网络用字中理据也是平衡汉字个人使用与社会通行两端的砝码,推动汉字不断发展
现代汉语主观位移句的认知理据探析  [PDF]
黄华新,,
浙江大学学报(人文社会科学版) , 2012,
Abstract: ?在主观位移句中,位移动词用于描写静态空间场景,这种位移动词的特殊用法可以从认知角度加以解释。主观位移及表层语言结构的形成依赖于人类概念整合、概念转喻和完型心理等认知能力与认知操作。主观位移产生于对动态空间和静态空间的概念整合操作之中。在主观位移的语言编码过程中,凸像的选择性、路径信息的必要性和方式信息的受抑制性等语言特点也具有认知理据。
类指句的体验哲学基础及认知理据
The Embodied Basis and Cognitive Motivation of Generic Sentences
 [PDF]

付正玲
- , 2017, DOI: 10.13718/j.cnki.xdsk.2017.06.016
Abstract: 类指句基于认知主体对客观存在的主观体验,对一类事物的某种属性进行概括性描述。结合体验哲学理论和概念转喻理论,对类指句的体验哲学基础及认知理据进行研究发现:(1)类指思维具有体验性、无意识性和转喻性;(2)类指句的认知推理主要体现在“类”与“例”之间的转喻映射关系,可将类指句分为“类代例”“例代类”“类代例和例代类叠加”三种转喻模型;(3)类指句中反例的存在是转喻思维的结果。从体验哲学及认知语言学视角研究类指句是一个具有前瞻性的尝试,意义在于为指称研究提供新的视角。
Generic sentences make generalizations about certain properties of a category. By employing embodied philosophy and conceptual metonymy theory, this paper attempts to discuss the basis and cognitive motivations of generic sentences and the conclusions are as follows. First, generic thinking is embodied, unconscious and metonymic. Second, cognitive inference of generic sentences manifests itself in the interaction between type and instance, and generic sentences accordingly fall into three metonymic models:TYPE FOR INSTANCE, INSTANCE FOR TYPE, Combination of TYPE FOR INSTANCE and INSTANCE FOR TYPE. Third, exceptions are the result of metonymic thinking. The study of generics from the perspective of embodied philosophy and cognitive linguistics is a forward-looking attempt and provides a new perspective to the research of reference
仿拟及其生成理据  [PDF]
刘景霞,黄海瑛
湖南工业大学学报(社会科学版) , 2013,
Abstract: 仿拟是一种修辞行为。仿拟中的本体和仿体之间有着语义和结构上的联系,仿体依附本体而存在, 相似性是仿拟的基本特性。仿拟同时是一种认知活动。从仿拟的特性出发,以概念理论为指导,通过实例分析发现:仿拟现象包含着概念整合的认知过程,仿拟的生成是经过不同心理空间的跨空间映射合成新空间来完成的。
訊息來源可信度、情感認同與涉入程度對大學生採信消費性網路謠言之影響 The Influence of Source Credibility, User’s Affection and Involvement on College Student’s Belief toward Internet Rumors  [PDF]
Wen-Yi Hsu,Chaoyun Liang
Journal of Educational Media & Library Sciences , 2007,
Abstract: 本研究以訊息「來源可信度」、「情感認同」,與「涉入程度」作為變項,探討大學生在採信消費性網路謠言的影響程度。研究群希望藉此喚醒大學生對網路訊息的自覺,並將研究成果提供企業產品行銷及個人防堵謠言之參考。本研究結果發現:一、發訊者及訊息內容是否具專家權威性,將影響收訊者對消費性網路謠言的判斷;二、不同情感認同的收訊者在採信網路謠言的程度上,並沒太大差異;但在消費行為上卻稍有差異;三、涉入程度在來源可信度與情感認同兩方面,對於大學生採信消費性網路謠言均有正向影響。 The purpose of this study is to investigate the correlative causality of college students’ belief to consuming network rumors. “Source credibility,” “affection” and “involvement” are operated as the main variable effects on college students’ belief to these rumors. By using “involvement” as a moderator, this study analyzes its correlation with the other factors. This study is designed to awake college students’ attention to network messages, and to provide suggestions for the enterprises. The findings of this study include: 1. both source credibility and involvement have positive effects on the college students’ belief to consuming network rumors; 2. affection has part of effect on the college students’ belief to consuming network rumors, but with no causal relation; and 3. both source credibility and involvement have positive effects on the college students’ belief to consuming network rumors under different involvements.
指导性案例运用的理据与要求――以指导性案例的功能为分析视角
The rationale and requirements of the guiding case application: The function of a guiding case as an analytical perspective
 [PDF]

宋菲
- , 2018, DOI: 1672-3104(2018)03-0034-08
Abstract: 摘 要: 解决指导性案例“援引难”问题的关键在于明确其法源地位。指导性案例的“指导性”功能是该法源地位产生的基础,并同时作为案例运用的理据。“指导性”功能是指导案例所具有的内部效能,在实践中展现为清晰法律、补充法律和创设规则等三个方面。其中,补充法律功能具有最广泛应用性,其实质是通过法律解释来发掘裁判规则。在此功能指引下,指导性案例运用必须满足区分“适用的规则”与“规则的适用”、结合案件产生背景提炼和运用裁判规则、突破“一案一释”以实现解释效力的普适性等要求。
Abstract: The key to solving the problem of “citing difficulty” in guiding cases is to clarify the legal status. The “guiding” function of a guiding case is the foundation of the generation of the legal status, and at the same time is also the rationale for the guiding case application. The “guiding” function is the internal effectiveness of guiding the case, which is in practice shown in such three aspects as clarifying law, supplementing law and stipulating rules. Among them, its supplementary legal function has the most extensive application, whose essence is to explore the rules of referees through legal interpretation. Under the guidance of this function, the application of guiding cases must meet the requirements of distinguishing “applicable rules” and “rules application”, combining the background of the case to refine and apply case rules, and breaking through “one case and one interpretation” to achieve universality of interpretation effectiveness
中央宏观调控权力配置理据刍议  [PDF]
黄亮?
天府新论 , 2013,
Abstract: 鉴于宏观调控对于我国整个宏观经济运行的重要性和复杂性,国家多次指示应合理配置宏观调控部门职能,形成科学、权威、高效的宏观调控体系。然而,目前理论与实务界对宏观调控权力配置的基础理论问题的关注度较低,使我国宏观调控权力配置的完善缺少了重要的原则性指导和方法论依据。针对上述问题,本文借用了政治学、社会学、制度经济学等多种视角,从分权理论、政策搭配理论、系统论、冲突理论和集体行动理论探讨了中央宏观调控权力配置的理论依据,并分别阐释了这些理论与权力配置命题的内在耦合。
海南坡鹿(cervuseldihainanus)仔鹿对卧息地的选择  [PDF]
宋延龄,李善元
兽类学报 , 1991,
Abstract: ?1986年和1987年的10月至12月共发现14个海南坡鹿仔鹿的卧息地。研究表明,仔鹿对卧息地的选择不受母鹿影响。在保护区围栏内的多种栖息地中,仔鹿对次生落叶季雨林白下的茅、黄茅草坡有明显偏爱,有12个卧息地被发现于这种环境中。该环境在每10平方米面积内约有1-2株小乔木,30-60株灌木,草本植物高于50厘米,通视条件良好。仔鹿对卧息地的选择似乎与水源无关,但不能排除风向对仔鹿选择卧息地坡向有所影响。适当地清除过于密集的灌丛,有利于仔鹿栖息。
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