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儿童4岁时的自我控制对其7岁及11岁社会适应的预测  [PDF]
张萍,梁宗保,陈会昌,张光珍,陈欣银4
心理科学 , 2014,
Abstract: 采用追踪设计,考察了138名儿童4岁时的自我控制对其7-11岁期间社会适应的影响。分别采用实验室观察法和问卷法测量了儿童的自我控制与社会适应。研究结果表明(1)儿童4岁时的自我控制存在显著的性别差异,其中女孩的自我控制水平显著高于男孩;(2)4岁时的自我控制能够显著负向预测7岁时母亲报告的外显和内隐问题行为,以及父亲报告的外显问题行为;(3)4岁时的自我控制能够显著负向预测7岁时教师评价的学习问题行为;(4)4岁时的自我控制能够显著负向预测11岁时父亲报告的外显问题行为;(5)4岁时的自我控制能够显著正向预测教师报告的挫折耐受能力。
11~15岁学生自我概念的发展  [PDF]
周国韬1,贺岭峰2
心里发展与教育 , 1996,
Abstract: 本文先以369名初中二年级学生为被试修订了song-hatie自我概念量表,又以500名11~15岁中小学学生为被试研究了青春前期自我概念的发展趋势.结果发现:①修订后的song-hatie自我概念量表取得了较好的信度和效度;②11-15岁学生的各项自我概念(身体自我除外)基本上表现出u字形发展趋势,初一(13岁)是自我概念发展的最低点.③身体自我概念未出现年级差异,但女生在初一、初二时的得分低于男生.
青海高原9岁与11岁多民族儿童记忆的比较研究
青海多民族儿童心理比较研究协作组,王骧业
心理学报 , 1985,
Abstract: 本文对青海高原的9个地区6个民族的了20名9岁与11岁被试的记忆发展,进行了比较研究。结果表明,撒拉族、回族、汉族儿童的记忆成绩之间无明显差异,但他们与蒙族、土族、藏族儿童的记忆成绩之间有明显差异。蒙族、土族与藏族儿童的记忆成绩之间也有明显差异。不同的历史文化联系,不同的地理环境、经济条件和不同的教育条件及语言因素是形成这种差异的原因,其中不同的教育条件是最直接、最重要的原因。结果还表明,各族儿童记忆的发展也具有一些共同的特点。
儿童2岁时的不顺从对4~11岁间社会适应的预测  [PDF]
曹睿昕,夏美萍,陈会昌,陈欣银,张琳琳,蔡晓露,高艳苹,杨柳
心理学报 , 2010,
Abstract: ?采用实验室观察、母亲报告和教师报告,对138名随机抽取的北京市2岁儿童进行追踪,考察2岁时的不顺从行为对4岁、7岁和11岁时社会适应的影响。结果表明:(1)2岁时的消极不顺从行为可正向预测7岁时母亲报告的外显问题行为、教师报告的攻击性-学习问题和11岁时母亲报告的学习问题。(2)2岁时的拒绝/协商行为可正向预测4岁时母亲报告的多动。(3)2岁时的反抗行为可正向预测11岁时教师报告的内隐问题行为。
LASIK as an alternative line to treat noncompliant esotropic children
Saeed AM, Abdrabbo MA
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2011, DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S26827
Abstract: SIK as an alternative line to treat noncompliant esotropic children Case Series (2184) Total Article Views Authors: Saeed AM, Abdrabbo MA Published Date December 2011 Volume 2011:5 Pages 1795 - 1801 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.2147/OPTH.S26827 Ahmed M Saeed, Mohamed A Abdrabbo Ebsar Eye Center, Benha University, Benha, Egypt Purpose: To assess the safety and efficacy of laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in facilitating strabismus management in noncompliant children with fully accommodative esotropia. Setting: Ebsar Eye Center, Benha University (Benha, Egypt). Methods: The study comprised 20 eyes of ten consecutive patients with accommodative esotropia. All patients were noncompliant with glasses and had refractive stability. They received brief general anesthesia and had bilateral LASIK using Wavelight Algretto Wave Eye-Q Excimer Laser (Alcon, Inc, Hunenberg, Switzerland) to fully correct their hyperopic refractive errors aiming to achieve orthophoria. Preoperative and postoperative best corrected visual acuity, cycloplegic refraction, angle of squint, and any LASIK complications were recorded. Follow-up period was 9 months. Results: The age of patients ranged 5.1–9.2 years and the hyperopic error range was +3.5 D to +6.75 D, with anisometropia 2 D or less. No patient had decreased best corrected visual acuity or loss of fusion ability. The postoperative refractive error ranged from -0.75 D to +1.5 D at the end of the study period. All patients achieved orthophoria. No significant intraoperative or postoperative complications were recorded. Conclusion: LASIK appears to be effective and relatively safe to treat accommodative esotropic children by reducing their hyperopic refractive error, however, patient selection is critical. Larger studies with longer follow-up are necessary to determine its long-term effects.
2~11岁儿童问题行为的稳定性与变化  [PDF]
张光珍,梁宗保,陈会昌,张萍
心里发展与教育 , 2008,
Abstract: 本研究采用追踪研究方法,考察了儿童2岁、4岁、7岁、11岁时内隐问题行为和外显问题行为的稳定性和变化。结果发现,各个年龄阶段,父母报告的问题行为都具有中等程度的相关。儿童的问题行为2岁时最多,此后开始下降,11岁时问题行为最少。儿童的问题行为具有中等程度的连续性,2岁、4岁、7岁、11岁的问题行为之间的相关均非常显著。
LASIK as an alternative line to treat noncompliant esotropic children  [cached]
Saeed AM,Abdrabbo MA
Clinical Ophthalmology , 2011,
Abstract: Ahmed M Saeed, Mohamed A AbdrabboEbsar Eye Center, Benha University, Benha, EgyptPurpose: To assess the safety and efficacy of laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) in facilitating strabismus management in noncompliant children with fully accommodative esotropia.Setting: Ebsar Eye Center, Benha University (Benha, Egypt).Methods: The study comprised 20 eyes of ten consecutive patients with accommodative esotropia. All patients were noncompliant with glasses and had refractive stability. They received brief general anesthesia and had bilateral LASIK using Wavelight Algretto Wave Eye-Q Excimer Laser (Alcon, Inc, Hunenberg, Switzerland) to fully correct their hyperopic refractive errors aiming to achieve orthophoria. Preoperative and postoperative best corrected visual acuity, cycloplegic refraction, angle of squint, and any LASIK complications were recorded. Follow-up period was 9 months.Results: The age of patients ranged 5.1–9.2 years and the hyperopic error range was +3.5 D to +6.75 D, with anisometropia 2 D or less. No patient had decreased best corrected visual acuity or loss of fusion ability. The postoperative refractive error ranged from -0.75 D to +1.5 D at the end of the study period. All patients achieved orthophoria. No significant intraoperative or postoperative complications were recorded.Conclusion: LASIK appears to be effective and relatively safe to treat accommodative esotropic children by reducing their hyperopic refractive error, however, patient selection is critical. Larger studies with longer follow-up are necessary to determine its long-term effects.Keywords: accommodative esotropia, hyperopia, keratorefractive surgery, refractive error, esodeviation
中国11~18岁汉族男生肥胖与首次遗精年龄的相关性分析  [PDF]
温萌萌,朱广荣,王海雪
北京大学学报(医学版) , 2015,
Abstract: ?目的:分析我国11~18岁汉族男生肥胖与首次遗精年龄的相关性。方法:从2010年全国体质调研数据中选取11~18岁汉族男生的身高、体重、遗精报告情况,计算体质指数(bodymassindex,bmi),采用概率单位回归法计算半数首次遗精年龄。采用卡方检验分析11~18岁不同营养状况与遗精报告率的相关性,采用u检验比较肥胖组与非肥胖组半数首次遗精年龄的差异。结果:在城市男生12岁和17岁年龄组,乡村男生13岁年龄组,不同营养状况之间的遗精报告率差异有统计学意义(p<0.05)。半数首次遗精年龄在肥胖组和非肥胖组间差异具有统计学意义,肥胖组(13.90岁)较非肥胖组(14.00岁)提前(p<0.05)。结论:肥胖可能使男生首次遗精年龄提前。
8~11岁儿童单纯性肥胖影响因素的配对调查  [PDF]
谷晶, 董淑梅, 郭亚萍, 周宏文
中国公共卫生 , 1999,
Abstract: ?为探讨膳食、遗传、环境等因素与肥胖发生的关系,找出可疑致病因素,我们进行了8~11岁儿童肥胖影响因素的配对调查。现将结果报告如下。
5—11岁藏汉儿童长度概念稳定性的研究
陆士杰,李洪元
心理学报 , 1985,
Abstract: 本研究设计了长度比较的实验,检查了5—11岁青海高原藏汉儿童长度概念的稳定性。研究结果表明:(1)5—11岁藏汉儿童长度概念稳定性是随年龄增长而发展的。藏汉儿童的成绩,10岁以前各年龄组均无显著差异,唯有11岁组差异显著,而其中了,9,10岁是几个值得注意的转折年龄。(2)儿童长度概念稳定性的发展大致有四个思惟水平,据此可以划分成几个年龄阶段,但各个阶段之间没有绝对的界限。儿童长度概念稳定性的发展,是各种认知成分相互交织、相互作用的结果。(3)概念“守恒”是一个复杂的变化过程。研究结果表明,直接认识与间接认识的矛盾关系是儿童认知结构形成和发展的重要因素。(4)不同文化背景和教育条件对藏汉儿童长度概念稳定性的发展有一定影响。
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