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Homosexuality in Ghana  [PDF]
I. D. Norman, B. Awiah, F. A. Norvivor, J. Komesuor, M. Kweku, F. N. Binka
Advances in Applied Sociology (AASoci) , 2016, DOI: 10.4236/aasoci.2016.61002
Abstract: Although homosexuality is a crime in Ghana, like many others in Africa, it is practiced in both the provincial towns and communities and in the major urban centres. Generally the society is reticent about discussing sex, yet the national society is as over-sexualized as those societies that openly discuss sex. This paper investigated the incidence and prevalence of homosexuality and lesbianism in Ghana. Assessment was done on association among psychosocial background, sexual attitudes and homosexuality, including the use of paraphernalia in the sexual lives of the people. This cross-sectional study consisted of questionnaire survey and documentary review on the internet. Respondents completed self-administered and anonymous survey with open-ended question about their sexuality and sexual preferences. The sample consisted of N = 1068 respondents. Sampling selection was of random, pre-stratified by gender and region, which was based on the population survey by the Ghana Statistical Service for 2009. We found that the national attitudes towards homosexuality in general were changing from ambivalence to focused activism and agitation against homosexuality on one hand and acceptance on the other hand. Homosexuality and lesbian practices are prevalent in all socio-economic classes and ages of society. The study revealed that pornography and other sex media were accepted as part of the sexual repertoire of Ghanaian society. The societal reticence about sexuality that exists among the population tends to distort sexual beliefs, and imposes fear and dishonesty in sexual identification. This situation may complicate interventions for sexually transmitted diseases, as well as sexual or mental health.
Psychobiology of Male Homosexuality: Recent Findings
Iván Annicchia rico
Universitas Psychologica , 2009,
Abstract: In this paper, empirical and theoretical reports which question the causes ofmale homosexuality are examined. According to these reports, male homosexualitydiffers from female homosexuality in some respects. Additionally,evidence favouring the consideration of male homosexuality as a biologicalcondition is shown: there are brain differences between gay men and heterosexualmen, there are genetic and perinatal factors associated to malehomosexuality, there are cognitive and behavioral differences between gayand heterosexual men, there are animal models for studying homosexuality;finally, there are negative findings concerning the psychosocial factorsassociated to male homosexuality.
Homosexuality, AIDS and Representation in Jarman's Modern Nature and Smiling in Slow Motion  [cached]
Federica Parenza
Altre Modernità , 2009,
Abstract: Homosexuality, AIDS and Representation in Jarman's Modern Nature and Smiling in Slow Motion
Homosexuality: A challenge to African churches  [cached]
Maake Masango
HTS Theological Studies/Teologiese Studies , 2009, DOI: 10.4102/hts.v58i3.596
Abstract: Globalization has brought numerous challenges to churches. Homosexuality is one of those challenges facing African churches. There has been a growing evidence of rejection, isolation, discrimination and condemnation as sub-human of homosexuals. Some conservative churches have misused Scripture in order to strengthen their case of condemnation. This article seeks to correct the misinterpretation or misuse of Scriptural passages. For example, Sodom and Gomorrah is often referred to as a passage of Scripture to justify condemnation, while this passage actually deals with judgment. Finally, the article challenges churches to use a pastoral approach which should lead to a healing ministering, especially to all of those who are isolated and rejected.
Sexually Antagonistic Selection in Human Male Homosexuality  [PDF]
Andrea Camperio Ciani, Paolo Cermelli, Giovanni Zanzotto
PLOS ONE , 2008, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0002282
Abstract: Several lines of evidence indicate the existence of genetic factors influencing male homosexuality and bisexuality. In spite of its relatively low frequency, the stable permanence in all human populations of this apparently detrimental trait constitutes a puzzling ‘Darwinian paradox’. Furthermore, several studies have pointed out relevant asymmetries in the distribution of both male homosexuality and of female fecundity in the parental lines of homosexual vs. heterosexual males. A number of hypotheses have attempted to give an evolutionary explanation for the long-standing persistence of this trait, and for its asymmetric distribution in family lines; however a satisfactory understanding of the population genetics of male homosexuality is lacking at present. We perform a systematic mathematical analysis of the propagation and equilibrium of the putative genetic factors for male homosexuality in the population, based on the selection equation for one or two diallelic loci and Bayesian statistics for pedigree investigation. We show that only the two-locus genetic model with at least one locus on the X chromosome, and in which gene expression is sexually antagonistic (increasing female fitness but decreasing male fitness), accounts for all known empirical data. Our results help clarify the basic evolutionary dynamics of male homosexuality, establishing this as a clearly ascertained sexually antagonistic human trait.
越南爵床科一新记录属——恋岩花属  [PDF]
邓云飞?,Do Van HAI?,Duong Duc HUYEN?
热带亚热带植物学报 , 2010, DOI: 10.3969/j.issn.1005-3395.2010.1.2397
Abstract: 报道越南爵床科1新记录属——恋岩花属(echinacanthusnees)。长柄恋岩花(e.longipesh.s.lo&d.fang)原仅记载分布于中国的广西,在越南和中国云南为分布新记录。
越中祁氏藏书世家考述  [PDF]
马黎明
图书馆工作与研究 , 2014,
Abstract: ?本文对明代越中祁氏藏书世家进行了溯源,主要对祁承火業、祁彪佳、祁理孙、祁班孙等为代表的人物谱系和相关藏书楼作了考述。
The Structure of Explanations and Counter-Explanations of Homosexuality  [PDF]
Fabrizzio Mc Manus
Open Journal of Philosophy (OJPP) , 2012, DOI: 10.4236/ojpp.2012.24035
Abstract: The aim of this paper is to revisit an ongoing controversy within the so called “Science Wars”; more specifically, I will address a particular topic within the “human nature” debate: the ontological and epistemological status of homosexuality. I claim that, in this particular chapter of the “Science Wars”, we are continually left in an explanatory impasse even when more data are collected, more rigorous experimental techniques are developed, more subtle arguments are offered and more pluralistic narratives are told. My diagnosis of the source of this impasse leads me to the conclusion that here we are dealing with a structural problem that cannot be solved with an elaboration of new models and theories that maintain an on- tology and an epistemology that are no longer suited as an explanans of human nature in general, and homosexuality in particular. Nevertheless, my analysis of the structural features of the biological explanations and the constructivist counter-explanations also leads me to the belief that, although biologists do not fully understand the intricacies of subjects, neither constructivists understand the facticity of evolution and the challenge that it implies. If so, then the subject might be the right target of explanation. And, if so, constructivists might be right about the uniqueness of human homosexuality as a modern, western phenomenon explainable in terms of subjectivities and identities that mold and are molded by desires and institutions. But, if they are, evolution is not expendable because now we are facing a most intriguing question: How is that we humans became subjects?
Psychosocial Roots of Stigma of Homosexuality and Its Impact on the Lives of Sexual Minorities in India  [PDF]
Sanchita Srivastava, Purnima Singh
Open Journal of Social Sciences (JSS) , 2015, DOI: 10.4236/jss.2015.38015
Abstract: The present study examined the factors related to the negative attitude of society towards sexual minorities living in India. This study also explored further the impact of such stigmatization and carrying homosexual identity on the lives of lesbian and gay individuals. To fulfill the objectives, two studies were conducted. Study 1 included 24 heterosexuals and this study scrutinized the societal perspective regarding homosexuality and attitude towards it. Results showed that homosexuality is a strong stigma in India. The results further provided factors responsible for the prevalence of negative attitudes towards homosexuality. Study 2 included 34 sexual minorities (gay & lesbian) and explored the impact of stigmatization on their lives. It also demonstrated the adverse effect of the stigma on the lives and wellbeing of the sexual minorities. The present paper provides an exhaustive theoretical and empirical underpinning of the development and existence of the stigma of homosexuality in Indian society. The results have implications for understanding and mitigating stigma in various walks of life.
Los enigmas de la homosexualidad Homosexuality enigmas
Gustavo Adolfo García Sarduy,Oscarlyns Cardoso Nú?ez,Francisco Amaro Hernández,Nelson Mejías álvarez
Humanidades M??dicas , 2002,
Abstract: Esta revisión se realizó con el propósito fundamental de reflejar aspectos de la homosexualidad tales como su definición, orígenes, trastornos psicológicos asociados y lo concerniente a las terapias de cambio. Dentro de los resultados más relevantes podemos encontrar la variedad de definiciones existentes, sus diversos orígenes desde el punto de vista biológico, psicológico y social, la variedad de trastornos psicológicos asociados y los diferentes criterios acerca de la efectividad de las terapias de cambio. Como conclusiones más importantes encontramos que realmente hacen mucha falta las investigaciones sobre esta variante de la sexualidad para llegar a comprenderla en toda su magnitud, además de profundizar en el conocimiento de los orígenes de la heterosexualidad para algún día llegar a comprender totalmente la homosexualidad This revision was carried out with the main objective of reflecting aspects of homosexuality such as its definition, origins, psychological dysfunctions that may be associated to it and some ideas concerning the so - called “therapies of change”. Among the most outstanding findings we can mention the variety of existent definitions, their diverse origins from the biological, psychological and social points of view, the variety of psychological dysfunctions connected to it and the different criteria about the effectiveness of the therapies of change. The most important conclusions point out the real necessity of investigations on this variant of sexuality to end up understanding it in all its magnitude, besides deepening into the knowledge about the origins of heterosexuality in order to understand homosexuality thoroughly
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