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无 氧 条 件 下TiO2 薄 膜 界 面 光 催 化 反 应 的XPS 研 究  [PDF]
杨喜昆,胡显智,何 兵,楚国栋
分子催化 , 2009,
Abstract: 设 计 利 用 X 射 线 光 电 子 能 谱 仪 的 高 真 空 系 统 作 为 无 氧 条 件 下 光 催 化 反 应 和 分 析 的 场 所 , 研 究 真 空 无 氧 环 境 和 大 气 有 氧 环 境 中 紫 外 光 激 发 TiO2 薄 膜 表 面 的 光 催 化 反 应 , 并 对 无 氧 条 件 下 TiO2 薄 膜 降 解 亚 甲 基 蓝 进 行 初 步 探 索 . 结 果 表 明 , 在 大 气 有 氧 和 真 空 无 氧 条 件 下 TiO2 薄 膜 经 紫 外 光 照 后 , 表 面 的 化 学 组 成 和 化 学 状 态 均 发 生 了 变 化 ; 在 有 氧 环 境 中 TiO2 薄 膜 表 面 氧 含 量 增 加 , 而 在 无 氧 环 境 中 TiO2 薄 膜 表 面 氧 含 量 减 少 . TiO2 薄 膜 表 面 的 吸 附 氧 是 维 持 无 氧 条 件 下 光 催 化 反 应 的 重 要 原 因 , 增 加 薄 膜 表 面 吸 附 氧 的 含 量 能 提 高 TiO2 薄 膜 在 无 氧 环 境 中 的 催 化 活 性 . 此 外 , 无 氧 条 件 下 TiO2 薄 膜 降 解 亚 甲 基 蓝 光 催 化 反 应 过 程 中 , 亚 甲 基 蓝 分 子 只 是 脱 去 了 某 个 含 氮 的 基 团 , 生 成 了 中 间 产 物 , 而 并 没 有 完 全 降 解 .
百 合 鳞 片 快 繁 试 验 研 究  [PDF]
王海新,赵 艳,崔雪艳
北方园艺 , 2010, DOI: 10.11937/bfyy.201017056
Abstract:
红 掌 苗 期 施 肥 试 验 研 究  [PDF]
许震寰1,,唐霄铧1,,白为1,,卓 明1,孙 婷1
北方园艺 , 2010, DOI: 10.11937/BFYY.201017045
Abstract:
流行性乙型脑炎目动免疫的买验研究II.小白鼠免疫后的保护力与攻击途径的关系
许兆祥,周明先,陈立德
微生物学报 , 1964,
Abstract: 本文研究了小白鼠经流行性乙型脑炎疫苗免疫后对脑内与皮下攻击的保护力。此外,也进行了抗体水平与保护力关系的研究。实验证明小白鼠经一次脑炎疫苗免疫后虽然对脑内攻击没有保护力或保护力很低,但在皮下攻击时可以观察到小白鼠有很强的保护力,而且在免疫后一、=天时对少量病毒的皮下攻击已有保护现象。脑炎疫苗二次免疫小白鼠后,小白鼠不仅对皮下攻击有很高的保护力,而且对脑内攻击也能表现有保护现象,其保护指数不仅与疫苗量有关,而且与注射嗣隔有关,一般注射间隔短者其保护力较低,注射间隔长者其保护力则较强。实验并就明免疫的小白鼠对脑内攻击的保护力持续时间不长,而在血液中的中和抗体持续时间较久。最后,本文对机体的保护力与戚染途径的密切关系进行了讨论。
Photoelastic coupling in gallium arsenide optomechanical disk resonators  [PDF]
Christopher Baker,William Hease,Dac-Trung Nguyen,Alessio Andronico,Sara Ducci,Giuseppe Leo,Ivan Favero
Physics , 2014, DOI: 10.1364/OE.22.014072
Abstract: We analyze the magnitude of the radiation pressure and electrostrictive stresses exerted by light confined inside GaAs semiconductor WGM optomechanical disk resonators, through analytical and numerical means, and find the electrostrictive force to be of prime importance. We investigate the geometric and photoelastic optomechanical coupling resulting respectively from the deformation of the disk boundary and from the strain-induced refractive index changes in the material, for various mechanical modes of the disks. Photoelastic optomechanical coupling is shown to be a predominant coupling mechanism for certain disk dimensions and mechanical modes, leading to total coupling g$_{om}$ and g$_0$ reaching respectively 3 THz/nm and 4 MHz. Finally, we point towards ways to maximize the photoelastic coupling in GaAs disk resonators, and we provide some upper bounds for its value in various geometries.
综放开采顶煤与覆岩力链结构及演化光弹试验研究 Photoelastic experimental study on the force chain structure and evolution in top coal and overlaying strata under fully mechanized top coal caving mining  [PDF]
王金安,韩现刚,庞伟东,梁超,王美美
- , 2017,
Abstract: 综放开采过程中顶煤和覆岩由连续向非连续和散体介质状态转变,描述矿压在断裂覆岩和碎裂顶煤中的形成、传递方式和作用机理是综放开采矿压理论研究的难点.基于光弹试验原理,借助散体介质双轴加载双向流动光弹试验装置,对综放开采过程中散体顶煤与非连续覆岩关键层中力链网络结构及演化特征进行研究.研究发现:地层载荷在煤岩体中构成了错综复杂的弱-强力链网络.综放开采打破了初始力链网络结构的平衡,顶煤与覆岩中形成梁-拱复合力链拱结构,覆岩荷载以强力链形式传递到工作面前方煤体.随着工作面推进和顶煤放出,覆岩梁-拱力链网络不断扩展和演化,形成更大规模的力链拱结构.关键层弯曲、断裂和失稳运动,使工作面前方的强力链拱脚出现回缩现象,力链分布密度和强度增加,导致工作面来压现象.地层内水平力作用使顶煤与覆岩内的梁-拱力链结构效应较更加明显,整体拱结构形态愈加完整,强力链网络结构更加紧致,关键层断裂失稳时力链拱对工作面煤层的作用力更加显著.
Moving boundary and photoelastic coupling in GaAs optomechanical resonators  [PDF]
Krishna C. Balram,M. Davanco,Ju Young Lim,Jin Dong Song,K. Srinivasan
Physics , 2014,
Abstract: Chip-based cavity optomechanical systems are being considered for applications in sensing, metrology, and quantum information science. Critical to their development is an understanding of how the optical and mechanical modes interact, quantified by the coupling rate $g_{0}$. Here, we develop GaAs optomechanical resonators and investigate the moving dielectric boundary and photoelastic contributions to $g_{0}$. First, we consider coupling between the fundamental radial breathing mechanical mode and a 1550 nm band optical whispering gallery mode in microdisks. For decreasing disk radius from $R=5$ $\mu$m to $R=1$ $\mu$m, simulations and measurements show that $g_{0}$ changes from being dominated by the moving boundary contribution to having an equal photoelastic contribution. Next, we design and demonstrate nanobeam optomechanical crystals in which a $2.5$ GHz mechanical breathing mode couples to a 1550 nm optical mode predominantly through the photoelastic effect. We show a significant (30 $\%$) dependence of $g_{0}$ on the device's in-plane orientation, resulting from the difference in GaAs photoelastic coefficients along different crystalline axes, with fabricated devices exhibiting $g_{\text{0}}/2\pi$ as high as 1.1 MHz for orientation along the [110] axis. GaAs nanobeam optomechanical crystals are a promising system which can combine the demonstrated large optomechanical coupling strength with additional functionality, such as piezoelectric actuation and incorporation of optical gain media.
Photoelastic Stress Analysis by Use of Hybrid Technique and Fringe Phase Shifting Method
Tae Hyun Baek,
Tae
,Hyun,Baek

实验力学 , 2006,
Abstract: Photoelastic fringe patterns for stress analysis are investigated by use of hybrid technique and fringe phase shift method. The first one is a hybrid method which combines the conformal mapping technique and measured data away from the edge of a geometric discontinuity. Photoelastic data are hybridized with complex variable/mapping techniques to calculate photoelastic stress-field around a circular hole or an elliptical hole in plates under uniaxial tensile loading. This method determines full-field stresses in perforated finite tensile plates containing either a circular or an elliptical hole. The second one is a fringe phase shift method to separate isochromatics and isoclinics from photoelastic fringes of a circular disk under diametric compression by use of phase shift method. Digitally determined isochromatics and isoclinics are agreed well with those of manual measurements.
An Approximate Method for Photoelastic Analysis of Composites
复合材料光弹性分析的近似方法

Xu Luwen Luo Wenlin,
许陆文
,罗文琳

实验力学 , 1987,
Abstract: A simplified strain-optic law for photoelastic composites is being propoced in this paper. According to this law the difference and direction of major principal strain of orthotropic model moterials can be obtained from only two photoelastic measurements (isochromatie-fringe order and isoclinic angle). This is an approximate method for orthotropic photoelastic analysis. The maximum error between the experimental results and the predictions of the approximate method is approaching to 10 percent. By using this law the orthotropic photoelastic anylysis is easier to make. Therefore the method is practical for engineering utilization.
花 山 椒 花 粉 生 活 力 研 究  [PDF]
郭伟珍,赵京献,臧永琪,王立丽
北方园艺 , 2010, DOI: 10.11937/bfyy.201002020
Abstract:
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