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福建不同地区人工引种无瓣海桑(Sonneratia apetala)生理生态研究  [PDF]
李元跃,段博文,陈融斌,潘文,周海超,王雷,陈扬,曾晨,黎中宝
海洋与湖沼 , 2012, DOI: 10.11693/hyhz201201012012
Abstract: 采用乙醇提取法、 纳氏比色法、 钼锑抗显色法及 F-C 法分别研究了人工引种于福建省漳浦、集美、泉港、连江无瓣海桑(Sonneratia apetala)成熟叶片的生理指标: 叶绿素、氮、磷及总酚含量。结果表明, 4 个地区叶片叶绿素 a 含量在(1.44±0.54)—(2.52±0.94)mg/g 之间波动, 叶绿素 b 含量范围在(0.54±0.02)—(0.94±0.11)mg/g 之间, 叶绿素 a/b 随着纬度的升高有增大趋势, 表明随纬度升高无瓣海桑对蓝紫光需求比例增大; 各地点无瓣海桑氮、磷含量均无显著差异, 且 N : P 比值均小于 14, 表明均存在 N 限制; 总酚含量随着纬度的升高而逐步升高, 可能与无瓣海桑生长条件随纬度的上升而受到外界环境胁迫增大有关。
Dynamics and species-diversities of artificial Sonneratia apetala,Sonneratia caseolaris and Kandelia candel communities
无瓣海桑、海桑、秋茄红树人工林群落动态及物种多样性研究

CHEN Yujun,LIAO Baowen,ZHENG Songfa,LI Mei,SONG Xiangyu,
陈玉军
,廖宝文,郑松发,

应用生态学报 , 2004,
Abstract: Studies on the dynamics and species diversities of artificial Sonneratia apetala,Sonneratia caseolaris and Kandelia candel communities showed that the arbor layer of S.apetala and S.caseolaris communities contained two distinctive sub layers.The upper layer was composed of S.apetala or S.caseolaris ,and the medium layer was composed of K.candel and Aegiceras corniculatum .The dominant population S.apetala or S.caseolaris in S.apetala and S.caseolaris communities only had old aged individuals but no regenerations appeared recently,while K.candel and A.corniculatum were actively progressive populations,which would possibly become dominant populations during the course of community development,showing that S.apetala and S.caseolaris were pioneer species for plantation,which could promote natural colonization of regional mangrove species when planted at open mudflat. K.candel was the actively progressive population in K.candel community,its natural regeneration and succession could be successful,while A.corniculatum and B.sexangula were initially progressive populations.The species composition and species diversities of S.apetala and S.caseolaris communities were similar,both contained the main species in K.candel community,namely, K.candel,A.corniculatum and Bruguiera sexangula ,showing that S.apetala and S.caseolaris could co exist with these regional species.To introduce and plant them could help to form complicated and diversified mangrove communities.During the early stage of the development,the species diversities of S.apetala and S.caseolaris communities were higher when their planting density was high.The species diversities grew slightly higher when the communities became older.
STUDIES ON THE QUANTITATIVE ATTENUATION EFFECT OF ARTIFICIAL MANGROVE KANDELIA OBOVATA AND SONNERATIA APETALA ON WAVES
秋茄(Kandelia obovata)和无瓣海桑(Sonneratia apetala)红树人工林消波效应量化研究

CHEN Yu-Jun,LIAO Bao-Wen,HUANG Bo,ZHANG Qiao-Min,XU Da-Ping,CHEN Yuan-Hai,LIN Wei-Hai,LI Mei,
陈玉军
,廖宝文,黄 勃,张乔民,徐大平,陈元海,林卫海,李 玫

海洋与湖沼 , 2011,
Abstract: Attenuation effect of artificial mangrove Sonneratia apetala and Kandelia obovata on waves was studied quantitatively through field monitoring at Sanjiang Bay, Dongzhai Harbor, Hainan. The results showed that bare mudflat could only attenuate waves slightly, with 1/10 wave height, 1/3 wave height and mean wave height reduced by 2.9%, 4.4% and 5.8% respectively after the waves traveled 50m across the mudflat. Significant attenuation effect on waves could be seen of both artificial mangrove forests. In general, 1/10 wave height, 1/3 wave height and mean wave height were reduced by 46.3%, 46.4% and 46.1% respectively after the waves traveled 50m across artificial K. obovata forest stand, and the same indexes were reduced by 30.1%, 29.6% and 28.8% respectively on artificial S. apetala forest stand. Larger section area of mangrove forest stand turned to result in higher wave attenuation rate. At shallow water area, attenuation rate of mangrove forest decreased as the water grew deeper. While at the same water depth, attenuation rate of mangrove increased as wave height grew higher. Attenuation rate of mangrove on waves kept a nonlinearly positive relationship with travel distance of the waves. With the extension of waves across mangrove forest, wave height tended to be reduced continually, while the decline rate became less significant gradually.
STUDY ON PHYSIOLOGICAL ECOLOGY OF SONNERATIA APETALA INTRODUCED IN DIFFERENT AREAS IN FUJIAN PROVINCE
福建不同地区人工引种无瓣海桑(Sonneratia apetala)生理生态研究

LI Yuan-Yue,DUAN Bo-Wen,CHEN Rong-Bin,PAN Wen,ZHOU Hai-Chao,WANG Lei,CHEN Yang,ZENG Chen,LI Zhong-Bao,
李元跃
,段博文,陈融斌,潘 文,周海超,王 雷,陈 扬,曾 晨,黎中宝

海洋与湖沼 , 2012,
Abstract: In this paper, we analyzed the concentration of chlorophyll, nitrogen (N), phosphorus (P), and total polyphenol of the mature leaves of Sonneratia apetala which were introduced from Lianjiang, Quangang, Jimei and Zhangpu, using ethanol extract, Nessler's Reagent Spectrophotometry, Mo anti-antimony colorimetry and Folin-Ciocalteu respectively. The concentration of chlorophyll-a ranged from (1.44±0.54) to (2.52±0.94)mg/g, and the concentration of chlorophyll-b was from (0.54±0.02) to (0.94±0.11)mg/g. The concentrations of chlorophyll-a/b increased along with the increasing of the latitude, which demonstrated that the growing demand of blue-purple light by S. apetala. There was no significant difference between nitrogen and phosphorus in 4 sample areas. The N : P ratios were less than 14, which indicates N limited exists in these four sample areas. The concentration of polyphenol increased gradually with the latitude, which could be explained by the increasing environment stress.
珠江口无瓣海桑(Sonneratia apetala)湿地中浮游动物构成及富营养化评价  [PDF]
刘玉
海洋与湖沼 , 2013, DOI: 10.11693/hyhz201302004004
Abstract: 选择珠江口南沙区两处典型的以大面积人工种植红树植物无瓣海桑(Sonneratia apetala)为主的感潮河涌, 进行湿地区域中的浮游动物研究。于2011年5月和11月对开放性河涌湿地14涌(A区)和封闭性河涌湿地19涌(B区)中的浮游动物进行调研, 从种类数和丰度、污染指示种和优势种、营养指数E和污染指数A等方面对浮游动物进行群落结构和功能的分析, 并以此对湿地水质和无瓣海桑的净化能力进行评价。结果表明, B区林内原生动物总丰度可达106 ind/L数量级, 7种丰度优势种均为纤毛虫类, 优势种哑铃中缢虫(Mesodinium rubrum), 1种赤潮原生动物种类, 单种丰度在春秋两季可达1.8×105 ind/L、5.1×105 ind/L。桡足类、枝角类在春季B区林内丰度最高, 分别可达576 ind/L和46 ind/L, 显示春季可能为其繁殖季节。轮虫相对不耐污染生境。指数E和指数A均远高于判断阈值。提出了二项浮游动物的富营养判断标准和二条原则。据此判断, B区湿地存在极重的有机污染现象, 主要可能与无瓣海桑林内凋落物量较大或根系分泌物的作用且林内水流不畅有关。
Bioaccumulation of Zn and Pb in Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. and Sonneratia apetala Buch. Ham. from Urban Areas of Mumbai (Bombay), India
A Shete, VR Gunale, GG Pandit
Journal of Applied Sciences and Environmental Management , 2007,
Abstract: Accumulation of heavy metals (Zn, Pb) was studied in two mangrove species Avicennia marina (Forsk.)Vierh. and Sonneratia apetala Buch.Ham. under field conditions. Variation in concentration of metals was found in leaf, root and sediment samples of these two species from different localities. Both the species of mangroves from different locations had high concentration of zinc when compared to lead. Lead showed less mobility towards the leaf tissue. In comparison to Sonneratia apetala, roots of Avicennia marina showed higher accumulation of the metals.
Energy situation of Sonneratia apetala - S. caseloris forest in Futian of Shenzhen
深圳福田无瓣海桑—海桑林能量的研究

ZAN Qijie,WAN Bosun,WANG Yongjun,
咎启杰
,王伯荪,王勇军

应用生态学报 , 2003,
Abstract: Based on the measurement of biomass and productivity, the caloric value of different fractions of two species in S. apetala-S. caseloris forest, and their standing crop of energy and net energy production were determined. There were some differences in caloric values among the fractions of S. apetala and S. caseloris, and the caloric value of leaf was the highest, while that of the fine-roots was the lowest. The caloric values of various fractions of S. apetala were much higher than those of S. caseloris. The standing crop of energy in S. apetala-S. caseloris forest was 84,744.72 kJ.m-2. The standing crop of energy accumulated in S. apetala population was 54,693.26 kJ.m-2, accounting for 64.54% of the total, and that of S. caseloris population was 30,051.46 kJ.m-2, accounting for 35.46%. The energy return value of litters was 24,549.54 kJ.m-2.yr-1, that of S. apetala population was 17,233.99 kJ.m-2.yr-1(accounting for 70.16%), and that of S. caseloris population was 7,325.55 kJ.m-2.yr-1(29.84%). The net energy production was 50,391.4 kJ.m-2.yr-1 for S. apetala-S. caseloris forest in 1999, in which the net energy production of S. apetala population was 31,778 kJ.m-2.yr-1.
Changes in Carbon Pool and Stand Structure of a Native Subtropical Mangrove Forest after Inter-Planting with Exotic Species Sonneratia apetala  [PDF]
Weizhi Lu, Shengchang Yang, Luzhen Chen, Wenqing Wang, Xiaona Du, Canmou Wang, Yan Ma, Guangxuan Lin, Guanghui Lin
PLOS ONE , 2014, DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091238
Abstract: In this study, we compared stand structure, biomass and soil carbon pools, and litterfall production between a mixed mangrove forest consisting of Aegiceras corniculatum inter-planted with the exotic Sonneratia apetala and a native monospecific forest dominated by A. corniculatum in the intertidal area of Zhanjiang, Guangdong Province, southeast China. The goal of this study was to test the hypothesis that inter-planting fast growing exotic mangrove S. apetala into subtropical native mangrove forests will significantly increase C sequestration. Although the tree heights and basal diameters of S. apetala were significantly higher than those of A. corniculatum, the density of the 12-year-old S. apetala trees in the mixed forest was much smaller than that of A. corniculatum in the monospecific forest. In contrast to several previous studies on S. apetala forests planted directly on mangrove-free mudflats, the mixed mangrove forest showed no significant difference in either standing biomass or soil carbon pools from the native monospecific mangrove forest (p = 0.294 and 0.073, respectively) twelve years after inter-planting with S. apetala. Moreover, carbon cycling was likely speeded up after inter-planting S. apetala due to higher litterfall input and lower C/N ratio. Thus, inter-planting fast-growing S. apetala into native mangrove forest is not an effective way to increase carbon sequestration in this subtropical mangrove forest. Given that exotic plant species may exert negative impact on native mangrove species and related epifauna, this fast-growing mangrove species is not suitable for mangrove plantation projects aiming mainly at enhancing carbon sequestration.
Influences of Salinity on the Growth and Some Ecophysiological Characteristics of Mangrove Species,Sonneratia apetala Seedlings
盐度对无瓣海桑幼苗的生长和某些生理生态特性的影响

CHEN Chang-Ping,WANG Wen-Qing,LIN Peng,
陈长平
,王文卿,林鹏

植物学报 , 2000,
Abstract: 本文研究了盐度(0‰~50‰)对无瓣海桑幼苗生长的影响。盐度对无瓣海桑幼苗长叶数、茎长、植株鲜重、主根长、根系鲜重等方面起抑制作用;随盐度的提高,无瓣海桑幼苗成活率下降;但盐度对无瓣海桑幼苗叶片面积存在一个低盐(0‰~10‰)促进、高盐(15‰~40‰)抑制的过程;盐度对叶绿素含量的影响总趋势是随盐度提高,低盐时叶绿素含量下降,而当盐度超过10‰时上升。因此认为:1)无瓣海桑幼苗在无盐存在下,也可正常生长;2)无瓣海桑具有较高的耐盐能力,在盐度0‰~25‰内可正常生长,超过25‰,其生长受到抑制。
Accumulation and Cycle of Heavy Metal in Sonneratia apetala and S.caseolaris Mangrove Community at Futian of Shenzhen,China
深圳福田红树林无瓣海桑与海桑群落的重金属累积和循环

Zan Qijie,Wang Yongjun,Wang Bosun,
昝启杰
,王勇军,王伯荪

环境科学 , 2002,
Abstract: The absorption, accumulation, distribution and cycle of Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr and Ni in S. apetala and S. caseolaris Mangrove Community at Futian Mangrove Nature Reserve of Shenzhen were studied. The results showed that the Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr and Ni contents in forest soil were increased from bottom to surface layer, and the storage of the five heavy metals in the surface layer(depth 0-30 cm) was Zn > Pb > Ni > Cr > Cu. The concentration ability was S. caseolaris > S. apetala > K. candel. The existing accumulation of Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr and Ni in the community were respectively 23,019.61 micrograms/m2, 23,429.65 micrograms/m2, 117,870.41 micrograms/m2, 6835.79 micrograms/m2, 12,995.08 micrograms/m2. The annual absorption were 6592.20 micrograms/m2, 2664.77 micrograms/m2, 24,123.56 micrograms/m2, 853.25 micrograms/m2, 1990.86 micrograms/m2, respectively. The annual return were 3179.50 micrograms/m2, 1300.64 micrograms/m2, 8401.31 micrograms/m2, 398.99 micrograms/m2, 646.20 micrograms/m2, respectively. The annual net retention accumulation of Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr and Ni in the community were 3413.07 micrograms/m2, 1364.13 micrograms/m2, 15,722.25 micrograms/m2, 454.25 micrograms/m2, 1344.66 micrograms/m2. The turn over period of Cu, Pb, Zn, Cr and Ni were 8, 19, 15, 18 and 21 years.
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